Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize Winner

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Thomas Hunt Morgan, MD

Birthplace: Lexington, KY, USA
Death: Died in Pasadena, CA
Immediate Family:

Son of Charlton Hunt Morgan, Counsel at Messina and Ellen Key Morgan
Husband of Lilian Vaughan Sampson
Father of Howard Key Morgan; Edith Sampson Morgan; Lilian Vaughan Morgan and Isabel Merrick Morgan
Brother of Charlton Hunt Morgan, Jr. and Ellen Key Howard Morgan

Occupation: 1933 Nobel prize winning biologist
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize Winner

Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American embryologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for discoveries relating the role the chromosome plays in heredity.

Morgan received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in zoology in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan's research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University Morgan was able to demonstrate that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics. When he was awarded the Nobel Prize, he was the first person awarded the Prize in genetics.

During his distinguished career, Morgan wrote 22 books and 370 scientific papers, and, as a result of his work, Drosophila became a major model organism in contemporary genetics. The Division of Biology he established at the California Institute of Technology produced seven Nobel Prize winners.

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Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize Winner's Timeline

September 25, 1866
Lexington, KY, USA
June 6, 1904
Age 37
Philadelphia, PA, USA
February 22, 1906
Age 39
June 25, 1907
Age 40
January 5, 1910
Age 43
August 20, 1911
Age 44
New Bedford, MA, USA
December 4, 1945
Age 79
Pasadena, CA
Johns Hopkins, PhD