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Thomas Huxley

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Death: Died in Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis HUXLEY and Frances Huxley
Husband of Sarah Huxley
Father of Thomas Huxley; John Huxley; Mary Huxley; Elizabeth King; Sarah Barlow Kellogg and 4 others
Brother of Elizabeth HUXLEY; George HUXLEY and Mary HUXLEY

Occupation: Selectman for Suffield
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Huxley

Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut By Lucius Barnes Barbour Pg.556

http://books.google.com/books?id=WJ_XiLoXvLkC&pg=PA558&lpg=PA558&dq=Hannah+Hill+Spencer+1692&source=bl&ots=C4QaMah3Lw&sig=0AomX9yl_smnX-vhZHXUA_OnIVI&hl=en&ei=cseLTITSNIr2tgOGtK3RBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CDQQ6AEwCTgU#v=onepage&q=Hannah%20Hill%20Spencer%201692&f=false

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 Thomas Huxley of New Haven, 1660, was a servant of John Wakeman.  He was called servant in the will of Wakeman in which he bequeathed his gun to Thomas Huxley, providing Thomas "carried himself honestly and faithfully".  Mr. Wakeman's will was probated in Hartford, Sept 14, 1661.  We have every reason to believe that he accompanied his master to Hartford and that he was given the gun.

               Thomas Huxley, while seemingly of lowly origin, did nothing to tarnish the name.  Rather, he added to it as he advanced steadily in the communities in which he lived.  In May 1667, Thomas married Sarah, oldest daughter of Sergt. Thomas Spencer of Hartford.  
               He became the owner of several pieces of land in Hartford, he sold most of this land and removed to a new settlement, Suffield.  Here in 1678 he was granted 60 acres of land on High Street facing the Green.  He was voted a freeman in 1681, as a "householder and a member of ye church."  March 6, 1683 Thomas was elected to the office od Selectman, the highest local office of a settlement.  In 1681 he was chosen "a keeper of Public House of Entertainment."

-------------------- Suffield Historical Society

Sergt Thomas Huxley       
  b. ca. 1641, England; d. 21 Jul 1721, Suffield, CT; son of Francis Huxley & Frances nln; m. May 1667, Hartford, CT, Sarah Spencer; dau. of Thomas Spencer & Sarah Bearding; b. ca. 1646, Hartford, CT; d. 24 Oct 1712, Suffield, CT.
               Children:
      1       Thomas Huxley, b. 7 Apr 1668, prob. Hartford, CT; d. 8 Oct 1712, Suffield, CT.
   2‑2       John Huxley, b. 1670, prob. Hartford, CT; m. (1) Elizabeth King; m. (2) Experience Gibbs.
   3‑3       Mary Huxley, b. 1672, prob. Hartford, CT; m. Ichabod Smith.
   4‑4       Elizabeth Huxley, b. 1673, prob. Hartford, CT; m. James King.
   5‑5       Sarah Huxley, b. 1675, prob. Hartford, CT; m. (1) James Barlow; m. (2) Ebenezer Smith; m. (3) Martin Kellogg.
   6‑6       Jared Huxley, b. 21 Jan 1679, Suffield, CT; m. (1) Hannah Smith; m. (2) Mary Norton.
   7‑7       Hannah Huxley, b. 3 Feb 1681, Suffield, CT; m. Matthew Copley.
      8       Nathaniel Huxley, b. 26 Aug 1683, Suffield, CT; d. 27 Jun 1685, Suffield, CT.
   8‑9       William Huxley, b. 26 Jun 1687, Suffield, CT; m. Mindwell Pope.

               Thomas Huxley of New Haven, 1660, was a servant of John Wakeman.  He was called servant in the will of Wakeman in which he bequeathed his gun to Thomas Huxley, providing Thomas "carried himself honestly and faithfully".  Mr. Wakeman's will was probated in Hartford, Sept 14, 1661.  We have every reason to believe that he accompanied his master to Hartford and that he was given the gun.

               Thomas Huxley, while seemingly of lowly origin, did nothing to tarnish the name.  Rather, he added to it as he advanced steadily in the communities in which he lived.  In May 1667, Thomas married Sarah, oldest daughter of Sergt. Thomas Spencer of Hartford.  

               He became the owner of several pieces of land in Hartford, he sold most of this land and removed to a new settlement, Suffield.  Here in 1678 he was granted 60 acres of land on High Street facing the Green.  He was voted a freeman in 1681, as a "householder and a member of ye church."  March 6, 1683 Thomas was elected to the office od Selectman, the highest local office of a settlement.  In 1681 he was chosen "a keeper of Public House of Entertainment."

Thomas Huxley. He died July 21, 1721, at Suf- field, Mass. \\'hile first stated, it was not his first act. Of his origin and youth the compiler has not found anything- which can be rehed on to show this. He appeared at the wedding" at the residence of Thomas Spencer in Hartford, Conn., in May, 1667, and married Sarah Spencer, but from whence he came to the colony or how old he was remains a sealed book. Judg"ing- from his death, he was tlicn between 20 and 30 years of age, and may have been born in the colonies about 1640-5, or he may have been the immigrant ancestor who arrived quite young. His name appears in Savage's Genealogical Diction- ary in ^■olume 2 at page 514, as one of the original settlers of the Hartford colony, and the names of his wife and children are correctly gi\'en, l)ut no intimation is given frt)m whence he came or who his ancestors were. There was a bequest of a gun to him in the will of John Wakeman, at that time treas- urer of New Haven, probated in Hartford, in 1661, which was written in New Ha\'en in 1660, and which indicates that he was in New Haven in 1660. and in the employ of John Wake- man, and in that year he took the oath of Fidelity in New Haven. John W^akeman removed from New Haven to Hart- ford in 1 66 1, and died there. Since it appears that Thomas was in his employ at that time and not married, it is highly probable he als(^ went with Wakeman to Hartford, but how he came to be in New Haven in 1660 and before, is the "Stone wall" up against which the compiler has landed in this search, without the means of passing over.

The slight "cue" referred to on a fcM-mer page, consists of two items each obtained from two different sources. First it appears from the records of Suffield that one James Barlow was in Sufiield in 1680 and on the TOth day of January, 1688, he married Sarah Huxley, and Savage in his Genealogical Dictionary in volume i in stating this fact says "She was a daughter of Thomas Huxley of Suftield ; that a son James

24 THE HUXLEY FAMILY.

\vas born January 7, 1689. and that Barlow died March 16, 1690." That she was a daughter of Thomas Huxley is not credible, for he had a daughter Sarah who is well accounted for as hereafter appears and who could not be the same as this Sarah, who then may have been a sister of Thomas. If so, who w^as their father and where was he? Secondly, in Emery's History of the Ministry of Taunton. Mass.. which is fifty or sixty miles directly east of Hartford, Conn., in a list of forty- five names of the first distribution of lands to settlers in Taunton in 1638, given on page 2>7 this entry appears :

"I Henry Uxley, 8 acres."

A few^ years later he sold this land, but it does not appear where he went or wlio his family was if he had any.

Bailies in his History of New Plymouth, at page 288, under the subject Taunton, says: "At the head of the list of purchasers stands the name of Henry Uxley without the re- spectable prefix of Mr. None now can tell who he was, whence he came, or whither he went. His name is extinct; not a vestige remains, not a memorial exists to tell us what kind of a man he was, or at what period he sought the Indian Co- hannet. His house and lot were sold to Richard Williams, and about him (meaning \\'illiams) much is known, for he may in some measure be considered the father, if not the founder of Taunton." Bailies then gives the same list of pur- chasers as Emery, and begins it "i Henry Uxley, 8 acres," etc., and on page 289 he says "It is also probable Henry Uxley, Richard Williams (and 6 others whom he names) were in Taunton previous to this period for most of these antient pur- chasers came immediately from Dorchester."

If he had a house, it is highly probable he had a family, and 'Uxley may have been the cockney English for Huxley, written in the records by the officer according to his own sweet will, for nothing then seemed to control anyone in his spelling, but no known record tells that Thomas and Sarah "c^'crc his children though some suspicions are aroused.

Beyond this the whole matter rests in speculation without knowledge.

Sarah Spencer was born in 1647, and was a daughter of Sergeant Thomas Spencer and Sarah (Bearding) Spencer,

FIRST GENERATION. 2^

who was one of the original settlers in Hartford in 1636, and in April, 1639, he was one of the deputies to the first General Assembly, or Court held under the first free written constitu- tion for the Hartford colonies adopted in January, 1639. This constitution divorced the church and state and contained the essential germ of all political liberty since found in the United States, in all written constitutions from that day to the present time, all of which clearly appears in Trumbull's History of Early Connecticut.

Upon the land records of Hartford in Book of Distribu- tions, page 352, appears the first title of lands that any Huxley held in the United States, and is the 48th one in the colony of Connecticut and is as follows : "Land in Hartford upon River Connecticut belonging to Thomas Huxley and his heirs for- ever. One parcell which he received of Obadiah Spencer lying in the neck of land, containing by estimation four acres and halfe (be it more or less) and abutts on the common fence on the west, and on the swamp belonging to the north meadow on the east, and on Obediah Spencer's land on the north, and John Pantry's land on the south. Acknowledged by me, August 29, 1671."

"Witness, John Allen, Recorder. Obediah Spencer.

John Pantry."

"More one parcell of land which he bought of John Pantry, with the consent of Capt. John Tallcott lying in the neck of land containing by estimation two acres of land, be it more or less ; and abutts on the common fence on the west, and on the swamp belonging to the north meadow east, on John Pantry's land on the south, and Thomas Huxley's land on the north. Acknowledged the 29th of August, 1671. "Witness hereto. Per me, John Tallcott,

John Allen, Recorder. John Pantry."

Thomas Leffingwell."

On October 30. 1674, he sold this land to George Knight, and in company with his wife's half brother Thomas Spencer, removed his family to Suffield, Mass., where his wife died October 24, 1712. On the Distribution Book in Sufiield it appears that by the award of the Selectmen in 1678 he re-

26 THE HUXLEY FAMILY.

ceived the title to 60 acres of land on the east line of High street, and he afterwards acquired title to other lands. On Octo- ber 13. 1669. he was made a freeman of Hartford colony as appears from the Collected Records of ,Conn.. from 1665 to 1667 at page 518 and again on Oct. 12, 1681, he was made a freeman by the General Court at Boston, as appears from Col. Rec. of Mass., vol. 5. at pages 320- r, and owing to the impor- tance and peculiarity- of this regulation, and that Thomas was the only Huxley wdio attained to this distinction it is thought proper to make fuller statement of its significance.

Every one was then a subject of Great Britain and did not need to be naturalized in the sense as now understood, yet be- fore he was permitted to exercise the right of suffrage, or hold any office, bv the laws of the colony, he must l)e made a free- man, which prior to 1664 re(|uired him to prove by the certifi- cate of the pastor of his church that he was a respectable mem- ber of the Congregational church, and after that date by a like certificate that he was correct in doctrine and conduct, but not necessaril)' a member. It is worthy of remark that out of the more than 22,000 immig'rants from 1630 to 1691, not more than 2,000 ever f)ecame Freemen, so that while it has often been said the whole body of freemen in the beginning, met to make the laws and decide the i)olic)" of the colony, yet it is plain to see that the political power was in fact exercised by a small body of the real inhabitants, scarcely sufficient to make up the body of officers. The whole body of freemen and the whole body of the people were 1)\- no manner of means identical. The certificate was "The names of those 'men which desiar to tak ther freedom of this Comon Wealth, and are householders and members of ye church, are Thos. Spencer, Thos. Huxley."

Daniel ffisher,

Pastor."

The oath administered to Thomas on Oct. 12. 16S1, was as follows : "I, Thomas Huxley, being by God's providence an Inhabitant and Freeman within the Jurisdiction of this Com- monwealth; do freely acknowledge myself to be subject to the Government thereof: Awd, therefore, do here swear b)- the great and dreadful name of the Ever li\ing God. that I will l)e

FIRST r.F.XF.RATTON. 2'J

true and faithful to the same, and will accordingiy yield assis- tance and support thereunto, with my person and estate, as in equity 1 am bound; and will also trul\- endeaxor to maintain and preserve all the liberties and privileg-es thereof, submitting myself to the wholesome Laws and Orders made and estab- lished by the same. And further that 1 will not plot or practice any evil against it, or consent to any that shall so do ; but will timely discover and reveal the same to lawfull Authority now^ here established, and for the si)eedv i)revention thereof.

Moreover, I doe solemnh' bind mvself in the sight of God, that when I shall l)e called to give my voyce touching any such matter of this state, in which Freemen are to deal. 1 will give my vote and suffrage as I shall judge in mine own conscience may best conduce and tend to the publike weal of the body, so help me God in the Lord Jesus Christ."

After taking this most formidable and iron clad oath, the record shows he was chosen a serg'eant of militia at Hartford, and by a vote of the town of Suffield, Mass., in i686. he was chosen a keeper of a "Public House of Entertainment" which was situated on High street. The records and History of Suf- field further show that he was one of thirty-four legal voters in all town affairs, as- recorded by Major Pynchon at the first town meeting held on March g. 1682, and at the election on March 6, 1683, '^^ ^^'^^ elected to the office of Selectman which he held, except in occasional years, till 1706. This was the highest and most important office in the town, and during all these years he was prominent in all public affairs, his name appearing frequentl\' in the records and history of Suftield.

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Thomas Huxley's Timeline

1641
1641
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1665
1665
Age 24
Hartford, CT
1668
April 7, 1668
Age 27
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1670
1670
Age 29
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1673
1673
Age 32
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1673
Age 32
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1675
May 8, 1675
Age 34
Southfield (Present Suffield), Hampshire County (Present Hartford County), Massachusetts Bay Colony (Present Connecticut)
1679
January 21, 1679
Age 38
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1681
February 3, 1681
Age 40
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
1683
August 26, 1683
Age 42
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA