Matching family tree profiles for Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff
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About Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff
- 'Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd
- 'M, b. circa 1425, d. 1474
- Father Gruffudd ap Nicolas b. c 1393, d. 1 Feb 1461
- Mother Mabel Dwnn b. c 1399
- ' Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd was born circa 1425 at of Cantref Mawr, Carmartenshire, Wales. He married Elizabeth Gruffudd, daughter of Sir John Griffith, Sheriff of Stafford and Catherine Tyrwhitt, circa 1442. Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd died in 1474.
- 'Family Elizabeth Gruffudd b. c 1420
- ◦Margaret verch Thomas+ b. c 1444
- ◦Sir Rhys ap Thomas, Constable of Cardigan+1 b. c 1449, d. 1525
- 1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 79-80.
- 'Thomas ap Gruffudd1
- 'M, #394336, d. between 1472 and 1474
- Last Edited=2 Jan 2010
- ' Thomas ap Gruffudd was the son of Gruffurd ap Nicholas and Mabli ap Maredudd.2 He married, firstly, Elsbeth Griffith, daughter of Sir John Griffith, in 1438.1 He married, secondly, Jonet Malephant, daughter of Henry Malephant, in 1472.1 He died between 1472 and 1474 at Pennal, Merionethshire, Wales, killed in a skirmish.1
- ' Thomas ap Gruffudd was Deputy Sheriff of Cardiganshire from 1442 to 1443.1 He was Deputy Justiciar of South Wales in 1455.1
- Child of Thomas ap Gruffudd
- 1.Margaret ap Thomas+1
- Child of Thomas ap Gruffudd and Elsbeth Griffith
- 1.Sir Rhys ap Thomas+2 b. c 1449, d. 1525
- 1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1255. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- 2.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- I-188.OWAIN and 'Thomas ap GRUFFUDD' and their families
- Ralph Griffiths covers the activities of GRUFFUDD’S sons and grandsons in his Sir Rhys ap Thomas and his Family. OWAIN was cast in his father’s image (p.17). His activities in Pembrokeshire caused such concern that his father was summoned before the king’s Council in 1443 to explain the young man’s behavior. OWAIN was one of a number of Welsh chieftains who were outlawed during the ungoverned decade leading to the Wars of the Roses, and the poet Lewis Glyn Cothi was also outlawed but was sheltered by OWAIN: “When formerly I was wandering in Gwynedd, Owen gave me his gold and his wine to save my life”. OWAIN returned to Pembrokeshire, where his activities were such that in 1452 he had to secure a pardon for a wide range of serious offences. OWAIN’S home was at Cwrt Bryn-y-beirdd (court of the hill of the bards) opposite Carreg Cennen castle south east of Llandeilo, which still existed in 1809 as “a very large and remarkably built ancient mansion” (Fenton’s Tours in Wales, quoted in Jones Historic Carms Homes, p.17). His wife ALSWN was the daughter of the Pembrokeshire squire HENRY MALEPHANT of Upton castle, who is thought to have Norman ancestry. OWAIN and other relations including his son MORRIS BOWEN were excluded from a general pardon issued by the Yorkist Edward IV, but their position was regularized in 1471 during the brief return to the throne of the Lancastrian Henry VI (p.30).
- OWAIN’S younger brother 'Thomas was escheator for Cardiganshire between 1438 and 1450, and he succeeded his father as deputy Chamberlain in 1454 and as leaseholder of Dinefwr in 1460. The two brothers gave strong support to Jasper Tudor, who had been created earl of Pembroke, but their side was defeated at Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, where the Yorkist opposition included their cousin John DWNN. After being captured at Carreg Cennen castle they had to make terms with Sir Roger VAUGHAN II and Sir Richard Herbert. Thomas regained possession of Dinefwr, which he held until 1465, but his Lancastrian sympathies caused him to be excluded from all offices thereafter until his death in 1474.
- 'Thomas’s wife Elizabeth was the heiress and only child of Sir John Gruffudd (d.1471) of Abermarlais, lord of Llansadwrn and of lands in Cardiganshire. Her family was important in Welsh history, one ancestor having commanded Welsh troops in the French wars including Crecy in 1346, and been knighted. More importantly, the family descended from Ednyfed Fychan, seneschal of Llywelyn the Great, and Gwenllian, the daughter of the LORD RHYS, as did the Tudor family (J.Davies p.140). After Elizabeth’s death, Thomas married Jonet MALEPHANT, sister of OWAIN’S wife ALSWN (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, p. 28).
- All of Elizabeth’s estate descended to their son Rhys ap Thomas (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, pp.16,61). Francis Jones says that their descendants at Abermarlais took the name Jones, and much later Sir Henry Jones’s heiress married Sir Francis Cornwallis in 1665 (Hist Carms Homes, p.4). An interesting aside for the LEIGH family is that a daughter of this marriage, Frances Cornwallis, became the second wife of Sir Charles LLOYD, the son of BRIDGETT LEIGH and Sir Francis LLOYD of Maesyfelin.
- 'Thomas ap GRUFFUDD’S' son Rhys ap Thomas was generally considered the greatest supporter of Henry Tudor at Bosworth, and was rewarded with a knighthood. He had a remarkable career. After Henry VII made his eldest son Arthur the Prince of Wales, he sent the boy to Ludlow castle under Sir Rhys’s guardianship. Rhys recovered the Dinefwr estates, which his descendants continued to hold apart from a few breaks (their mansion stands near the ruins of Dinefwr castle).
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Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff's Timeline
Maenordilo, Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Dynafour, South Wales
Maenordilo, Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Bardsey Island, Carmarthenshire, Wales