Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff (c.1428 - 1474) MP

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Birthplace: Maenordilo, Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Death: Died in Bardsey Island, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Occupation: Earl of Cardiff
Managed by: Patricia Norton Chong
Last Updated:

About Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff

  • http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2286.htm#i68723
  • 'Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd
  • 'M, b. circa 1425, d. 1474
  • Father Gruffudd ap Nicolas b. c 1393, d. 1 Feb 1461
  • Mother Mabel Dwnn b. c 1399
  • ' Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd was born circa 1425 at of Cantref Mawr, Carmartenshire, Wales. He married Elizabeth Gruffudd, daughter of Sir John Griffith, Sheriff of Stafford and Catherine Tyrwhitt, circa 1442. Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd died in 1474.
  • 'Family Elizabeth Gruffudd b. c 1420
  • Children
    • ◦Margaret verch Thomas+ b. c 1444
    • ◦Sir Rhys ap Thomas, Constable of Cardigan+1 b. c 1449, d. 1525
  • Citations
  • 1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 79-80.
  • ____________________
  • http://www.thepeerage.com/p39434.htm#i394336
  • 'Thomas ap Gruffudd1
  • 'M, #394336, d. between 1472 and 1474
  • Last Edited=2 Jan 2010
  • ' Thomas ap Gruffudd was the son of Gruffurd ap Nicholas and Mabli ap Maredudd.2 He married, firstly, Elsbeth Griffith, daughter of Sir John Griffith, in 1438.1 He married, secondly, Jonet Malephant, daughter of Henry Malephant, in 1472.1 He died between 1472 and 1474 at Pennal, Merionethshire, Wales, killed in a skirmish.1
  • ' Thomas ap Gruffudd was Deputy Sheriff of Cardiganshire from 1442 to 1443.1 He was Deputy Justiciar of South Wales in 1455.1
  • Child of Thomas ap Gruffudd
    • 1.Margaret ap Thomas+1
  • Child of Thomas ap Gruffudd and Elsbeth Griffith
    • 1.Sir Rhys ap Thomas+2 b. c 1449, d. 1525
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1255. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 2.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • ____________________
  • http://www.welshleigh.org/genealogy/prichardancestry/prichardhistorical5.htm
  • I-188.OWAIN and 'Thomas ap GRUFFUDD' and their families
  • Ralph Griffiths covers the activities of GRUFFUDD’S sons and grandsons in his Sir Rhys ap Thomas and his Family. OWAIN was cast in his father’s image (p.17). His activities in Pembrokeshire caused such concern that his father was summoned before the king’s Council in 1443 to explain the young man’s behavior. OWAIN was one of a number of Welsh chieftains who were outlawed during the ungoverned decade leading to the Wars of the Roses, and the poet Lewis Glyn Cothi was also outlawed but was sheltered by OWAIN: “When formerly I was wandering in Gwynedd, Owen gave me his gold and his wine to save my life”. OWAIN returned to Pembrokeshire, where his activities were such that in 1452 he had to secure a pardon for a wide range of serious offences. OWAIN’S home was at Cwrt Bryn-y-beirdd (court of the hill of the bards) opposite Carreg Cennen castle south east of Llandeilo, which still existed in 1809 as “a very large and remarkably built ancient mansion” (Fenton’s Tours in Wales, quoted in Jones Historic Carms Homes, p.17). His wife ALSWN was the daughter of the Pembrokeshire squire HENRY MALEPHANT of Upton castle, who is thought to have Norman ancestry. OWAIN and other relations including his son MORRIS BOWEN were excluded from a general pardon issued by the Yorkist Edward IV, but their position was regularized in 1471 during the brief return to the throne of the Lancastrian Henry VI (p.30).
  • OWAIN’S younger brother 'Thomas was escheator for Cardiganshire between 1438 and 1450, and he succeeded his father as deputy Chamberlain in 1454 and as leaseholder of Dinefwr in 1460. The two brothers gave strong support to Jasper Tudor, who had been created earl of Pembroke, but their side was defeated at Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, where the Yorkist opposition included their cousin John DWNN. After being captured at Carreg Cennen castle they had to make terms with Sir Roger VAUGHAN II and Sir Richard Herbert. Thomas regained possession of Dinefwr, which he held until 1465, but his Lancastrian sympathies caused him to be excluded from all offices thereafter until his death in 1474.
  • 'Thomas’s wife Elizabeth was the heiress and only child of Sir John Gruffudd (d.1471) of Abermarlais, lord of Llansadwrn and of lands in Cardiganshire. Her family was important in Welsh history, one ancestor having commanded Welsh troops in the French wars including Crecy in 1346, and been knighted. More importantly, the family descended from Ednyfed Fychan, seneschal of Llywelyn the Great, and Gwenllian, the daughter of the LORD RHYS, as did the Tudor family (J.Davies p.140). After Elizabeth’s death, Thomas married Jonet MALEPHANT, sister of OWAIN’S wife ALSWN (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, p. 28).
  • All of Elizabeth’s estate descended to their son Rhys ap Thomas (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, pp.16,61). Francis Jones says that their descendants at Abermarlais took the name Jones, and much later Sir Henry Jones’s heiress married Sir Francis Cornwallis in 1665 (Hist Carms Homes, p.4). An interesting aside for the LEIGH family is that a daughter of this marriage, Frances Cornwallis, became the second wife of Sir Charles LLOYD, the son of BRIDGETT LEIGH and Sir Francis LLOYD of Maesyfelin.
  • 'Thomas ap GRUFFUDD’S' son Rhys ap Thomas was generally considered the greatest supporter of Henry Tudor at Bosworth, and was rewarded with a knighthood. He had a remarkable career. After Henry VII made his eldest son Arthur the Prince of Wales, he sent the boy to Ludlow castle under Sir Rhys’s guardianship. Rhys recovered the Dinefwr estates, which his descendants continued to hold apart from a few breaks (their mansion stands near the ruins of Dinefwr castle).
  • __________________

--------------------

During the 1460s, Thomas ap Gruffydd led one of the most influential Lancastrian families in South WALES.

  The son of Gruffydd ap Nicholas, Thomas helped his father establish their family’s ascendancy throughout southwest Wales in the 1440s and 1450s. This dominance was often achieved by force and in defiance of the law and the will of a weak and distant king. The family’s position was threatened after 1455, when the struggle between the English houses of LANCASTER and YORK spilled into Wales, forcing many Welsh families to choose sides. In 1456,HENRY VI sent his half brother, Edmund TUDOR, earl of Richmond, to Wales to reestablish royal authority. Within months, Richmond was at war with William HERBERT and Walter DEVEREUX, the chief Welsh lieutenants of Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York. By joining with Richmond, Thomas and his father earned a royal pardon for all past offences in October 1456. Although the earl died in November, the decision was, at least initially, a wise one, for Richmond’s brother, Jasper TUDOR, earl of Pembroke, restored Lancastrian control to much of Wales over the next three years. After his father’s death in 1460, Thomas and his brothers maintained their Lancastrian allegiance, fighting alongside Pembroke at the Battle of MORTIMER’S CROSS in February 1461, and holding the castle of Carreg Cennen against a Yorkist siege until May 1462. Compelled at last to surrender the castle, Thomas negotiated an agreement that guaranteed his freedom. Thereafter, Thomas and his brothers led the continuing resistance to Yorkist rule in southern and western Wales. After an unsuccessful uprising in 1464, Thomas and his younger son RHYS AP THOMAS fled to BURGUNDY, where they entered the service of Duke PHILIP and, after his death in 1467, the service of his son Duke CHARLES. In Wales, Thomas’s brothers and older sons so vexed the Yorkist regime that EDWARD IV specifically excluded them from a pardon offered to the Lancastrian defenders of HARLECH CASTLE in July 1468. After Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, restored Henry VI to the throne in October 1470, the Lancastrian READEPTION government offered the family a full pardon, and Pembroke’s return to Wales restored the family’s local authority (see Edward IV, Overthrow of). Thomas and his son returned from the continent in 1471, only to find that Edward IV had regained the throne (see Edward IV, Restoration of). Although some of his relatives submitted, Thomas continued at odds with the Herberts, the chief Yorkist family of Wales. He was killed in about 1473 in an encounter with Herbert forces in southern Wales. Although at peace with Edward IV, Thomas’s family was superseded in its local influence in the 1470s by the COUNCIL that ruled Wales in the name of Prince Edward (see Edward V, King of England).

◦EPITHET: Styled "the Elder". (Evans, British Genealogist, book 8 p. H66)

MILITARY: "renowned soldier inthe War of the Roses". (Rowland, Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi, p. 11)
DISTINCTION: Esquire. (Thomas, Golden Grove MS, book 2 p. A139)
LIVING: 1439-1442. (Bartrum, Welsh Genealogies 300-1400, vol. 5 p. 330)
RESIDENCE: Dynefawr.
RESIDENCE: Dinefwr. (Society of Cymmrodorion, Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940, p. 839)
RESIDENCE: Dinefawr. (Rowland, Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi, p. 11)
RESIDENCE: Abermarlais. (Dwnn, Heraldic Visitations of Wales, vol. 1 p. 98 fn. 8)
RESIDENCE: Newton. (Evans, British Genealogist, book 8 p. H66)
REMARKS: "one of the most accomplished men ofhis age and although inclined towards peace, he was owing to the unsettled state of the times engaged in several duels". (Rowland, Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi, p. 11)

◦(Research):KINSHIP: Conflict/Error> Dwnn's 'Heraldic Visitations of Wales' volume 1 page 246 omits this generation from the name string.

KINSHIP: Conflict/Error> Dwnn's 'Heraldic Visitations of Wales' volume 1 page 98 shows him twice on the page once as illegitimate with his wife called daughter of the Duke of Burgundy, and again as llegimate with wife Elsbeth Gruffydd. The later Thomas is the correct Thomas.
KINSHIP: Conflict/Error> Evan's 'British Genealogist' book 2 page B96 and book 3 page C35 omit this generation from the name string.
KINSHIP: Conflict/Error> Evans' 'British Genealogist' book 8 page H66 gives him additional illegitimate children. First a son Hywel who is the same individual as Hopkin, and secondly a daughter Margred who married William ap Thomas of Llangathen.
MARRIAGE: Conflict/Error> Rowland's 'Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi' page 11 shows him married to "Elsbeth (Elisabeth,) daughter of John the Bold, Duke of Burgundy".

1.[S2437] #4568 Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400 (1980), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (25 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. [Wales]: University of Wales Press, 1980), FHL book 942.9 D2bp; FHL microfiche 6025561., vol. 3 p. 87; vol. 5 p. 330; vol. 6 p. 425; vol. 9 p. 682; vol. 11 p. 845.

2.[S1257] #248 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank; but Uninvested with Heritable Honors (1834-1838), Burke, John, (4 volumes. London: Published for Henry Colburn, by R. Bentley, 1834-1838), FHL book 942 D2bc., vol. 3 p. 266; vol. 4 p. 40.

3.[S2410] #1105 Genealogies of the Carmarthenshire Sheriffs from 1539-1913 (1910-1913), Buckley, James, (2 volumes. Carmarthen: W. Spurrell, 1910-1913), FHL book 942.98 D2b., p. 3, 5, 6, 8.

4.[S2436] #4569 Welsh Genealogies AD 1400-1500 (1983), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (18 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1983), FHL book 942.9 D2bw., vol. 1 p. 46, 131; vol. 3 p. 351, 358, 367, 369, 381, 395, 417, 452; vol. 4 p. 640, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648.

5.[S121] Peerage (Collins, Brydges), Brydges, Sir Egerton, 1762-1837, (9 vols. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL 942 D22bc., vol. 7 p. 500, 504.

6.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 1 p. 22, 35, 38, 49, 53, 55, 56, 59, 61, 62, 75, 85, 97, 98*, 99, 102, 103, 118*, 131*, 135, 139, 153, 154, 163, 164, 181, 185, 188, 189*, 191, 210*, 237, 244, 291, 295.

7.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 1 p. 6a*, 25, 33, 37, 46*, 58*, 74, 84, 86*, 103, 108, 114, 123, 135, 143, 155*, 194, 265; book 2 p. B11*, 12, 13, 16, 23*, 28, 65, 109, 121*; book 3 p. C22, 26, 37*, 40, 94, 117, 119, 124, 126, 128; book 4 p. D62, 125, 142, 146;.

8.[S2436] #4569 Welsh Genealogies AD 1400-1500 (1983), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (18 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1983), FHL book 942.9 D2bw., vol. 5 p. 702, 726, 727, 731, 744, 784, 785; vol. 6 p. 873, 926, 981; vol. 7 p. 1168, 1201; vol. 8 p. 1256, 1407; vol. 9 p. 1462, 1525.

9.[S2424] #12647 Llyfr Baglan, or, the Book of Baglan, Compiled Between the Years 1600 and 1607: Transcribed from the Original Manuscript Preserved in the Public Library at Cardiff (1910), Williams, John, (London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910), FHL book 942.97/B1 D2w; FHL microfilm 104,835., p. 37, 183, 205.

10.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 1 p. A77, 110; book 2 p. A139*; book 6 p. D760, 832; book 9 p. G1058; book 11 p. I1237; book 12 p. K1478; book 19 p. 19, 49; book 20 p. 91*.

11.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 13, 26*, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 47*, 45, 52*, 53, 56, 57*, 59, 60, 62, 155, 284.

12.[S324] WG 1400-1500 - 1st List, Bartrum, Peter C., (Aberystwyth. Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru/The National Library of Wales. 1996), FHL 942.9 D2bw., p. 34, 65.

13.[S327] WG 300-1400 - 6th List, Bartrum, Peter C., (Aberystwyth. Llyfregell Genedlaethol Cymru / The National Library of Wales. 1999.), FHL 942.9 Dwbp supp. 6., p. 17.

14.[S325] WG 300-1400 - 5th List, Bartrum, Peter C., (Aberystwyth. Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru / The National Library of Wales. 1996.), FHL 942.9 Dwbp supp. 5., p. 19.

15.[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. 389.

16.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F10, 38, 50, 63; book 8 p. H45, 66*.

17.[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 1 p. 189.

18.[S277] Castel Gorfod 12, National Library of Wales no: Castel Gorfod 12, (Microfilm of original transcripts located in the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth. Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilm 104352., p. B335.

19.[S348] Dictionary of Welsh Biography, Society of Cymmrodorion, (20 Bedford Square. London. 1969.), FHL 920.0429 C992c 1959., p. 840.

20.[S4923] Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi, Rowland, John, (Microreproduction of original published: Carermarthen : William Spurrell, 1877. vi. 23 p. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1982), FHL BRITISH Fiche [6024300]., p. 11*.

21.[S4923] Pedigree of the Ancient Family of Dolau Cothi, Rowland, John, (Microreproduction of original published: Carermarthen : William Spurrell, 1877. vi. 23 p. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1982), FHL BRITISH Fiche [6024300]., p. 11.

22.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 1 p. 97, 139, 185.

23.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 8 p. H45.

24.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 11 p. I1273.

25.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 6 p. D760.

26.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 6 p. D832.

27.[S2424] #12647 Llyfr Baglan, or, the Book of Baglan, Compiled Between the Years 1600 and 1607: Transcribed from the Original Manuscript Preserved in the Public Library at Cardiff (1910), Williams, John, (London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910), FHL book 942.97/B1 D2w; FHL microfilm 104,835., p. 37.

28.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 45, 56.

29.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 1 p. 108; book 2 p. B23.

30.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 33, 47.

31.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 31.

32.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 1 p. 155.

33.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 20 p. 91.

34.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 1 p. 188.

35.[S2436] #4569 Welsh Genealogies AD 1400-1500 (1983), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (18 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1983), FHL book 942.9 D2bw., vol. 3 p. 643.

36.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 1 p. A77.

37.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 57, 284.

38.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 155.

39.[S2410] #1105 Genealogies of the Carmarthenshire Sheriffs from 1539-1913 (1910-1913), Buckley, James, (2 volumes. Carmarthen: W. Spurrell, 1910-1913), FHL book 942.98 D2b., p. 4.

40.[S2410] #1105 Genealogies of the Carmarthenshire Sheriffs from 1539-1913 (1910-1913), Buckley, James, (2 volumes. Carmarthen: W. Spurrell, 1910-1913), FHL book 942.98 D2b., p. 8.

41.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 1 p. 37.

42.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 1 p. A110.

43.[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F63.

44.[S2410] #1105 Genealogies of the Carmarthenshire Sheriffs from 1539-1913 (1910-1913), Buckley, James, (2 volumes. Carmarthen: W. Spurrell, 1910-1913), FHL book 942.98 D2b., p. 6.

45.[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 2 p. A139.

46.[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 1 p. 35, 38, 49, 53, 61, 62, 75, 85, 98, 103, 118, 131, 153, 154, 164, 188, 189, 191, 210.

47.[S2437] #4568 Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400 (1980), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (25 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. [Wales]: University of Wales Press, 1980), FHL book 942.9 D2bp; FHL microfiche 6025561., vol. 5 p. 330.

48. Evans, H.T.,Wales and the Wars of the Roses (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1995).

49. Griffiths, Ralph A., Sir Rhys ap Thomas and His Family (Cardiff, UK: University of Wales Press, 1993).



 
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Thomas "Hynaf" ap Gruffudd, Earl of Cardiff's Timeline

1428
1428
Maenordilo, Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
1439
1439
Age 11
Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
1444
1444
Age 16
Dynafour, South Wales
1451
1451
Age 23
Maenordilo, Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire, Wales
1460
1460
Age 32
Herefordshire, England
1470
1470
Age 42
Ammanford, Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdom
1474
1474
Age 46
Bardsey Island, Carmarthenshire, Wales
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