Thomas Tommy of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

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About Thomas Tommy of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

"Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, Earl Marshal (1 June 1300 – August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Margaret of France and a younger half-brother of Edward II."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10962884

http://greatyarmouthhistory.com/perlustration/Earls%20of%20Norfolk/ThomasDe%20Brotherton,%20Earl%20of%20Norfolk.htm

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I1179&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I898&tree=Nixon

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I145955&tree=Welsh

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/27196

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10192.htm

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Citations / Sources:

[S4] #11232 The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., vol. 6 no. 1 p. 92, 198.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 85. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S13] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 20 line 16:29, p. 136 line 155:31.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 1 p. 15, vol. 30 p. 34-35.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 4 p. 182.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 19.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 198.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1967 ed. preface lxii-lxiii.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 56 p. 152-153.

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 38.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S49] Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, (Periodical. Chobham, Surrey, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2005- Published twice yearly.), vol. 2 no. 2 July 2006 p. 91, 99.

[S53] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 ., p. 151.

[S173] #538 Knights of Edward I (1929-1932), Moor, Charles, (Publications of the Harleian Society. Visitations: volumes 80-84. 5 volumes. [London: Harleian Society], 1929-1932), FHL book 942 B4h; FHL microfilm 162,078 items 1-3., p. 173.

[S207] #235 The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham (1847), Lipscomb, George, (Four volumes. London: J. & W. Robins, 1847), FHL book Q 942.575 H2Li; FHL microfilms 990,261-99., vol. 1 p. 203.

[S439] #248 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank; but Uninvested with Heritable Honors (1834-1838), Burke, John, (4 volumes. London: Published for Henry Colburn, by R. Bentley, 1834-1838), FHL book 942 D2bc., vol. 1 p. 54. -------------------- Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk Place of Burial: St. Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England Birth: May 24, 1300 Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Death: August 4, 1338 (38) England, Earl, Norfolk, England Immediate Family: Hide Show

Son of Edward I Longshanks, King of England and Margeurite of France Husband of Mary Plantagenet, Alice de Hayles, Countess of Norfolk and Mary Brotherton (de Braose) Father of Edward Plantaganet of Brotherton, Margaret Marshall Plantagenet, Dutchess of Norfolk, Alice of Brotherton (Plantaganet) and John Plantaganet Brother of Edmund Of Woodstock Kent, Eleanor Plantagenet and Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent Half brother of Daughter (E01) Plantagenet, Eleanor of England, Joan (E03) Plantagenet, John (E04) Plantagenet, Henry (E05) Plantagenet and 16 others, Katherine (E02) Plantagenet, Julian (E07) Plantagenet, Joan of Acre, Countess of Gloucester & Hertford, Alphonso (E09) Plantagenet, Earl of Chester and Prince of England, Margaret (E10) Plantagenet, Berengaria (E11) Plantagenet, Isabella (E12) Plantagenet, Mary of Woodstock, Nun of Amesbury, Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess of Hereford, Son (E14) Plantagenet, b.1284-d1285, Edward II of England, John De Botetourte, John (U1) Plantagenet, John Malley, Queen Margaret England Plantagenet and King Edward II England Plantagenet « less


Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk1

b. 1 June 1300, d. circa August 1338
    Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk was born on 1 June 1300 at Brotherton, Yorkshire, North Riding, England.
He was the son of Edward I 'Longshanks', King of England and Marguerite de France.
He married, firstly, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles, between 1316 and 1320.2 

He married, secondly, Mary de Braose, daughter of Peter de Braose and Agnes (?), circa 1328.

He died circa August 1338.2 He was buried at Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.
    Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk was a member of the House of Plantagenet. He gained the title of Earl of Norfolk on 16 December 1312.
He gained the title of 1st Earl Marshall of England.

Children of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and Alice Hayles

1.Edward of Brotherton4 b. c 1319, d. b 13 Sep 1337

2.Margaret Marshall Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk+1 b. c 1321, d. 24 Mar 1399/0

3.Alice of Brotherton+1 b. c 1324, d. Nov 1351

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Child of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and Mary de Braose

1.John Plantagenet1 b. bt 1328 - 1362

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10192.htm#i101920

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Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (June 1, 1300 – August 4, 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on February 10, 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

  1. Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)
  2. Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again circa March 28 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbay family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

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Individual Record FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File

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Thomas "of Brotherton" Plantagenet [Earl of Norfolk] Compact Disc #17 Pin #407425 (AFN: 8XJD-5C) Pedigree

Sex:  M  --

Event(s)

 Birth:   1 Jun 1300   Brotherton,Yorkshire,England  
Death:   abt Aug 1338 
    Burial:      Bury St. Edmunds Abbey,Suffolk,England  

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Parents

Father:  Edward I "Longshanks", King of England     Disc #17     Pin #391523   
Mother:  Marguerite Margaret Le /Hardi     Disc #17     Pin #395019  

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Marriage(s)

Spouse:  Marie (Mary) de Ros     Disc #17     Pin #412292  
Marriage:  abt 1328      

Spouse:  Mary "Marshal" de Braose [CountessNorfolk     Disc #17     Pin #407427  
Marriage:  abt 1331  
 of,,Kent,England  

Spouse:  Alice de Hales/Halys/Itayls [Countess of Norfol     Disc #17     Pin #407428  
Marriage:  abt 1316/18  
 Harwich,Essex,England  

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Personal Information Title: [Earl of Norfolk]

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Individual Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19

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Thomas "of Brotherton" Prince Of ENGLAND ;[EARL OF NORFOLK] (AFN: 8XJD-5C) Pedigree

Sex:  M  Family    

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Event(s)

Birth:   1 Jun 1300     , Brotherton, Yorkshire, England   
Death:   Wp 4 1338 Aug        
Burial:        Abbey, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England   

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Parents

Father:  Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND (AFN: 8WKN-4B)  Family  
Mother:  Marguerite Princess Of FRANCE (AFN: 8XJD-46)   

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Marriage(s)

Spouse:  Alice De HALES ;[COUNTESS OF NORFOLK] (AFN: 9FV9-7B)  Family  
Marriage:  Abt 1318    Of, Harwich, Essex, England    
    
Spouse:  Mary "Marshal" De BRAOSE (BREWOSE) (AFN: V9SQ-R0)  Family  
Marriage:  Abt 1331    Of, , Kent, England  
   
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Family Group Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19

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Husband's Name

Thomas "of Brotherton" Prince Of ENGLAND ;[EARL OF NORFOLK] (AFN:8XJD-5C)  Pedigree  

Born:  1 Jun 1300  Place:  , Brotherton, Yorkshire, England   
Died:  Wp 4 1338 Aug  Place:     
Buried:    Place:  Abbey, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England   
Married:  Abt 1318  Place:  Of, Harwich, Essex, England   

Father:  Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND (AFN:8WKN-4B)  Family  
Mother:  Marguerite Princess Of FRANCE (AFN:8XJD-46)   

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Wife's Name

Alice De HALES ;[COUNTESS OF NORFOLK] (AFN:9FV9-7B)  Pedigree  

Born:  Abt 1302  Place:  Of, Harwich, Essex, England   
Died:  Abt 1327  Place:     
Married:  Abt 1318  Place:  Of, Harwich, Essex, England   

Father:  Roger HALYS (AFN:G8ZZ-CW)  Family  
Mother:    

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Children

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1.  Sex  Name    
 M Edward PLANTAGENET (AFN:9FTQ-KQ)  Pedigree  
   Born:  Abt 1320   Place:  Of, , Norfolk, England   
   Died:  Bef 1332   Place:  (sp Vp)   

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2.  Sex  Name    
 F Margaret PLANTAGENET (AFN:9FTX-35)  Pedigree   
   Born:  Abt 1322   Place:  Of, , Norfolk, England   
   Died:  24 Mar 1398/1399   Place:    

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3.  Sex  Name    
 F Alice PLANTAGENET ;[PRINCESS OF ENGLAND] (AFN:9FV9-8H)  Pedigree   
   Born:  Abt 1324   Place:  Of, , Norfolk, England   
   Died:  Bef 30 1351/1352 Jan   Place:  
=========================================================

ID: I808

Name: Thomas Plantagenet , Earl of Norfolk

Surname: Plantagenet

Given Name: Thomas

Suffix: , Earl of Norfolk

Sex: M

Birth: 1 Jun 1300 in Brotherton, York, England

Death: Aug 1338

Reference Number: 2101270

_UID: 4FC80E5C3864BB498844482A91117BD14DBF

Change Date: 13 Nov 1999 at 15:15:25

Father: Edward I King of England b: 17 Jun 1239 in Westminster, England

Mother: Margaret de Hondi , Princess of France b: 1275 in of Parris, France

Suggested Next Step:

Search OneWorldTree for:

Plantagenet, Thomas , Earl of Norfolk

Marriage 1 Alice de Hales , Countess of Norfolk b: ABT 1300 in of Harwich, Essex, England

Married: 1316

Children

Margaret Plantagenet , Dutchess of Norfolk b: 1320 in Brotherton, York, England

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Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on February 10, 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again circa March 28 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbay family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points

References
Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_Earl_of_Norfolk

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Proof...BDM from www.familysearch.org


   

Thomas 'Brotherton' Plantagenet Pedigree

 Male   Family   

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Event(s):

Birth:  
Christening:  
Death:  AUG 1338    
Burial:     

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Marriages:

 Spouse:  Alice Halys OR Hales  Family 
 Marriage:  About 1320   , , England  

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Messages:

Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church. No additional information is available. Ancestral File may list the same family and the submitter.   

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Individual Record  FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File  

Thomas Prince Of PLANTAGENET Compact Disc #3 Pedigree

Sex:  M  

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Event(s)

Birth:   1 Jun 1300  
 BROTHERTON,YORKS,England  
Death:   aft 4 Aug 1338   

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Parents

Father:  Edward I (LONGSHANKS) PLANTAGENET     Disc #3  
Mother:  Margaret QUEEN Of      Disc #3  

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Notes and Sources

Notes:  Available on CD-ROM Disc# 3   
Sources:  None   

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Submitter

WAYNE BRINGHURST (---) 

17184 HOLLY DR., FONTANA, CALFORNIA

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Submission Search: 300440-070199182426

URL:   
CD-ROM:  Pedigree Resource File - Compact Disc #3 
CD-ROM Features:   Pedigree View, Family View, Individual View, Reports, Downloadable GEDCOM files, Notes and Sources. 
Order Pedigree Resource File CD-ROMS 
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Individual Record FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File

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Thomas of Brotherton PLANTAGENET Earl of Norfolk Compact Disc #8 Pin #755559 Pedigree Sex: M

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Event(s)

Birth:   1 Jun 1300   Brotherton, Yorkshire, England  
Death:   Aug 1338   

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Parents

Father:  Edward I Longshanks ENGLAND King of     Disc #8     Pin #755561   
Mother:  Hardi, Marguerite FRANCE Princess of     Disc #8     Pin #755006  

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Marriage(s)

Spouse:  Alice (Itayls) HAYLES,     Disc #8     Pin #755560  
Marriage:    

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Notes and Sources

Notes:  None   
Sources:  None   

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Submitter

John MORRIS 

7525 Tampa Way , Shreveport, La., United States of America 71105

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Submission Search:  674442-121699143331 
URL:   
CD-ROM:  Pedigree Resource File - Compact Disc #8 
CD-ROM Features:   Pedigree View, Family View, Individual View, Reports, Downloadable GEDCOM files, Notes and Sources. 
Order Pedigree Resource File CD-ROMS 
===================================

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Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (June 1, 1300 – August 4, 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on February 10, 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had three children:

1) Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

2) Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

3. Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married before March 28 1335 to Mary Brewes, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbay family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

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Thomas "of England"

Earl of Norfolk

--------------------

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Thomas of Brotherton

Coat of arms of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk

Coat of arms of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk

Earl of Norfolk

Successor Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess of Norfolk

Spouse Alice Hayles

m. 1319; dec. 1330

Mary Braose

m. 1335; wid. 1338

Issue

Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk

Alice of Norfolk

Father Edward I Longshanks, King of England

Mother Marguerite of France

Born 1 June 1300(1300-06-01)

The manor house, Brotherton

Died 4 August 1338 (aged 38)

Burial The abbey, Bury St. Edmunds

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

  1. Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)
  2. Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit] Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

[edit] References

  1. ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

Mortimer, Ian. The Greatest Traitor, 2003.

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

House of Plantagenet

Born: 1 June 1300 Died: 4 August 1338

English royalty

Preceded by

Edward of Carnarvon,

Prince of Wales Heir to the English Throne

as heir presumptive

7 July 1307 - 13 November 1312 Succeeded by

Edward of Windsor,

Earl of Chester

Political offices

Preceded by

The Lord Segrave Lord Marshal

1315–1338 Succeeded by

The Countess of Norfolk

Peerage of England

New creation Earl of Norfolk

1312–1338 Succeeded by

Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess

[show]

v • d • e

House of Plantagenet

Titles

Count of Gâtinais (origin) · Count of Anjou · Count of Maine · King of Jerusalem (claim) · Duke of Aquitaine · Duke of Normandy · King of England · Lord of Ireland · Duke of Brittany · Lord of Cyprus · Prince of Wales · King of the Romans (claim) · King of France (claim) · King of Sicily (claim) · King of Castile (claim)

Armorial of Plantagenet

Branches

House of Lancaster · House of York · House of Beaufort

Monarchs,

their queens

and issue

Henry II of England

Queen consort: Eleanor of Aquitaine

William IX, Count of Poitiers · Henry the Young King · Richard I of England · Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany · Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony · Leonora, Queen of Castile · Joan, Queen of Sicily · John of England

Illegitimates: William de Longespée, Earl of Salisbury · Geoffrey, Archbishop of York

Henry the Young King

Queen consort: Marguerite of France

William (died in infancy)

Richard I of England

Queen consort: Berengaria of Navarre

Illegitimates: Philip of Cognac

John of England

Queen consort: Isabella of Angoulême

Henry III of England · Richard, Earl of Cornwall · Joan, Queen of Scots · Isabella, Holy Roman Empress · Eleanor

Illegitimates: Joan, Lady of Wales · Richard FitzRoy · Oliver FitzRoy · Geoffrey FitzRoy · John FitzRoy · Henry FitzRoy ·

Osbert Gifford · Eudes FitzRoy · Bartholomew FitzRoy · Maud FitzRoy · Isabel FitzRoy · Philip FitzRoy · William de Forz

Henry III of England

Queen consort: Eleanor of Provence

Edward I of England · Margaret, Queen of Scots · Beatrice, Duchess of Brittany · Edmund, Earl of Lancaster · Katherine

Edward I of England

Queen consorts:Eleanor of Castile · Marguerite of France

Eleanor, Countess of Bar · Joan, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester · Alphonso, Earl of Chester · Margaret, Duchess of Brabant · Mary Plantagenet · Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford · Edward II of England · Thomas, Earl of Norfolk · Edmund, Earl of Kent

Edward II of England

Queen consort: Isabella of France

Edward III of England · John, Earl of Cornwall · Eleanor, Countess of Guelders · Joan, Queen of Scots

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_Earl_of_Norfolk"

Categories: 1300 births | 1338 deaths | Earls in the Peerage of England | Earls Marshal | Heirs to the English and British thrones | House of Plantagenet | People of the Wars of Scottish Independence

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Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk1

M, #101920, b. 1 June 1300, d. circa August 1338

    Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk was born on 1 June 1300 at Brotherton, Yorkshire, North Riding, England.2 He was the son of Edward I 'Longshanks', King of England and Marguerite de France. He married, firstly, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles, between 1316 and 1320.2 He married, secondly, Mary de Braose, daughter of Peter de Braose and Agnes (?), circa 1328.3 He died circa August 1338.2 He was buried at Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.2

http://thepeerage.com/p10192.htm

    Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk was a member of the House of Plantagenet. He gained the title of Earl of Norfolk on 16 December 1312.2 He gained the title of 1st Earl Marshall of England.1

Children of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and Alice Hayles

1.Edward of Brotherton4 b. c 1319, d. b 13 Sep 1337

2.Margaret Marshall Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk+1 b. c 1321, d. 24 Mar 1399/0

3.Alice of Brotherton+1 b. c 1324, d. Nov 1351

Child of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and Mary de Braose

1.John Plantagenet1 b. bt 1328 - 1362

Citations

===============

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Thomas of Brotherton


Coat of arms of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk

Earl of Norfolk

Successor Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess of Norfolk


Spouse Alice Hayles

m. 1319; dec. 1330

Mary Braose

m. 1335; wid. 1338

Issue

Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk

Alice of Norfolk

Father Edward I Longshanks, King of England

Mother Marguerite of France

Born 1 June 1300(1300-06-01)

The manor house, Brotherton

Died 4 August 1338 (aged 38)


Burial The abbey, Bury St. Edmunds

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit] Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_Earl_of_Norfolk

--------------------

Born & Died in 1280 or 1281.

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Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

  1. Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)
  2. Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.

From wikipedia article

--------------------

Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (June 1, 1300 – August 4, 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. He was named in honor of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favorite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on February 10, 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, to Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had three children:

1) Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

2) Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

3. Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married before March 28 1335 to Mary Brewes, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas was also an ancestor of two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

--------------------

He was the son of King Edward I "Longshanks" & Margaret of France.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_Earl_of_Norfolk

--------------------

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit]Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit]Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

[edit]References

^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

--------------------

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit]Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit]Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

[edit]References

^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

--------------------

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit] Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

[edit] References

^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

Mortimer, Ian. The Greatest Traitor, 2003.

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

House of Plantagenet

Born: 1 June 1300 Died: 4 August 1338

English royalty

Preceded by

Edward of Carnarvon,

Prince of Wales Heir to the English Throne

as heir presumptive

7 July 1307 - 13 November 1312 Succeeded by

Edward of Windsor,

Earl of Chester

Political offices

Preceded by

The Lord Segrave Lord Marshal

1315–1338 Succeeded by

The Countess of Norfolk

Peerage of England

New creation Earl of Norfolk

1312–1338 Succeeded by

Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton

--------------------

ALIA: Thomas de Brotherton /Earl of Norfolk/

Birth: 1 JUN 1300 in Brotherton, Yorkshire, England

Death: AUG 1338

_FA1: Acceded: 16 Dec 1312.

_FA2: The first Earl Marshall of England.

_FA3: Interred: Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.

Note: Thomas Plantagenet, eldest son of King Edward I by his 2nd wife, Margaret, dau. of Phillip III, or "the Hardy," of France, was born at Brotherton, in Yorkshire, anno 1301, whence the surname "de Brotherton," and before he had attained his thirteenth year, was advanced by special charter of his half-brother King Edward II (at the dying request of his predecessor), dated 16 December, 1312, to all the honours which Roger le Bigod, sometime Earl of Norfolk, and Marshal of England, did enjoy by the name of earl, in the co. Norfolk, with all the castles, manors, and lands, which the said Roger possessed in England, Ireland, and Wales, which had become vested in the crown by the surrender of the said Roger. But in some years afterwards, the king seized upon the marshalship in the Court of King's Bench because the Earl of Norfolk had failed to substitute some person on his behalf to attend the justices of that court upon their journey into Lancashire; he had, however, restitution of the high office upon paying a fine of £100. This prince was repeatedly in the wars of Scotland, temp. Edward II and Edward III, in the latter of which reigns he had a confirmation of the Earldom of Norfolk and the office of earl marshall. He m. 1st, Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, Knt., of Harwich, by whom he had issue, Margaret and Alice. The prince m. 2ndly, Mary, dau. of William, Lord Roos, and widow of William Braose, and had a son, John, who became a monk at the abbey of Ely. Thomas of Brotherton d. in 1338, when the Earldom of Norfolk became extinct, but his elder dau. and co-heir, who eventually became sole heiress, the Lady Margaret Plantagenet, was created Duchess of Norfolk for life by King Richard II, 20 September, 1397. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 433, Plantagenet, surnamed de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and Earl Marshal]

-------------------------------------

(added by Heather Calvert)

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, now became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)

Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbay family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

[edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit] Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

-------------------- Thomas of Brotherton


Coat of arms of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk Earl of Norfolk Successor Margaret, 2nd Countess and Duchess of Norfolk


Spouse Alice Hayles m. 1319; dec. 1330 Mary Braose m. 1335; wid. 1338 Issue Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk Alice of Norfolk Father Edward I of England Mother Margaret of France Born 1 June 1300(1300-06-01) The manor house, Brotherton Died 4 August 1338(1338-08-04) (aged 38) Burial The abbey, Bury St. Edmunds

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, Lord Marshal of England (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Margaret of France.

Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished in the 1930's due to disrepair, although the new 17th century wing still exists. He was named in honour of Thomas à Beckett, since his mother had prayed to him during her pregnancy. [1]

Edward quickly rushed to the queen and the newborn baby and had him presented with two cradles. His brother Edmund was born in the year after that. They were overseen by wetnurses until they were six years old. Like their parents, they learned to play chess and riding horses. They were visited by nobles and their half-sister Mary of Woodstock, who was a nun. Their mother often accompanied Edward on his campaigns to Scotland, but kept herself well-informed on their well-being.[2]

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas's half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Lord Marshal of England. While his brother was away fighting in Scotland, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers. When his nephew Edward III reached his majority and took the government into his own hands Thomas became one of his principal advisors. It was in the capacity of Lord Marshal that he commanded the right wing of the English army at the Battle of Halidon Hill on July 19th 1333.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had three children:

Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 – 1334) Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 – 1399) Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

References:

Hilton, Lisa (2008). Queens Consort, England's Medieval Queens. Great Britain: Weidenfeld & Nichelson. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-7538-2611-9. ^ Hilton, Lisa (2008). p. 240. ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

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Thomas Tommy of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk's Timeline

1300
June 1, 1300
Brotherton, Yorkshire, England
1316
1316
Age 15
Harwich, Essex, UK
1319
1319
Age 18
Of, , Norfolk, England
1320
1320
Age 19
Norfolkshire, Norfolk, , England
1324
1324
Age 23
of, Norfolk, England
1328
1328
Age 27
1338
August 1338
Age 38
Norfolk, Norfolk, England
1927
October 31, 1927
Age 38
October 31, 1927
Age 38
October 31, 1927
Age 38