Thomas Prence, Governor of Plymouth Colony

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Thomas Prence, IV

Nicknames: "First Governer of the American Colonies", "Govenor - Arrived Plymonth 11 09 1621 on ship Fortune"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Prence, III and Elizabeth Prence (Tolderby)
Husband of Mary Prence; Patience Prence; Mary Prence; Apphia Prence (Quicke) and Mary Howes
Father of James Prence; Rebecca Freeman; Thomas Prence, V; Hannah Sparrow; Mercy Freeman (Prence) and 6 others
Brother of Katherine Prince; Rebecca Prence; Mercy Prence; Susanna Wade (Prence) and Martha Malone

Occupation: Govenor - he was notable for his especial hatred of heretics, particularly Quakers., Carriage Maker, Governor of Plymouth, 1634-5, 1638-9, 1657-73, 4th, 8th & 12th Governor of New Plymouth Colony (1634-1635, 1638-1639, 1657-1673)
Managed by: Brian Christman
Last Updated:

About Thomas Prence, IV

Thomas Prence had 4 wives. 1) Patience Brewster 2) Mary Collier 3) Apphia (Quick) Freeman (divorced from Samuel Freeman) and 4) Mary (?) Howes (widow of Thomas Howes)

Note: Thomas Prince, Senior, carriage maker of All Hallows, Dorking, London, England, in his will of 1630 mentions, "my son Thomas Prence now remayninge in New England in parts beyond seas." The proper spelling of this surname is Prince and it was so written by his immediate and collateral forebares, but Gov. Thomas chose to write it as Prence.

He was the first elected Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Served either as Governor or Assistant Governor for the remainder of his years.

He raised a corps of volunteers to assist the Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay Colonies in defeating the Pequot Indians. In 1638, he was active in the capturing, trial, and execution of four young servant men of Plymouth who attacked a solitary Indian at Pawtucket, within the Colony limits, robbing and mortally wounding him.

He was the first of a group of Plymouth residents to settle at Eastham on Cape Cod in 1644, where he built his home in 1646. Legend, woodcut and poem testify to the pear tree which he brought from England and planted on his Eastham farm. . . He again became Governor in 1657, stipulating that he must continue to reside in Eastham, contrary to the usual requirement of Plymouth residence for Governors of the Colony. In October of 1665, the Colony finally requested his removal to Plymouth 'for the more convenient administration of justice'. The Colony purchased of Edward Gray the residence 'Plain Dealing' for the Governor's use, located nearly two miles from the center of town on the road to Boston.

"It was in 1660 when Thomas Prence was Governor of the Colony, and concerned his daughter. "The tolerant course of the elder Arthur Howland toward Quakers had earned the ill will of Gov. Prence, and when in 1660 he found Arthur Howland, Jr., had woed his daughter Elizabeth, he had the swain before the General court, where he was fined œ5 because he had disorderly and unrighteously endeavored to obtain the affections of Mistress Elizabeth Prence, and was put under a bond of œ50 to refrain and desist. But Prence, like Canute, was unable to control the forces of nature. This action was in July, but before the next spring the imperious Governor seems to have been forced to capitulate, for Arthur, Jr., and Elizabeth were united and in the course of events there was a Thomas Howland and a Prence Howland. " - Lysander Salmon Richards, History of Marshfield, Volume One3rd

The Plymouth Church Records said of him, 'He was excellently qualifyed for the office of a Governour, he had a countenance full of majesty and therein as well as otherwise a terrour to evil doers

Will dated 13 March, prob. 5 June, 1673, beq. to wife Mary goods that were hers before marriage; to his seven daus. Hannah Marcye, Jane Marsh, Jane, wife of Mark Snow, Mary Tracye, Sary Howes, Elizabeth Howland and Sary Howes, Elizabeth Howland and Judith Barker; to gr. ch. Theophilus Mayo and Susanna Prence, dau. of his son Thomas, deceased; to son John Freeman. Bro. Thomas Clarke to be a help to the wife.

From Great Migration Begins:

In the "1633" Plymouth list of freemen Thomas Prence was just after the councillors, and ahead of those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:3]. "Thomas Prence, gen.," is in the 7 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth freemen [ MBCR 1:52]. In the list of assistants at the head of the "1639" list of Plymouth Colony freemen, but as this list was revised and annotated his name was included in the "Nawsett" portion of the list [PCR 8:173, 177]. In Eastham section of 1658 list of Plymouth freemen, and in Plymouth section of list of 29 May 1670 [PCR 5:274, 8:201]

His inventory included a long list of books valued at £14 2d., including two great Bibles and "100 of psalm books."

OFFICES: Plymouth Governor, 1634, 1638, 1657-72 [ MA Civil List 35]. Assistant, Plymouth Colony, 1632-33, 1635-37, 1639-56 [PCR 1:32, 36, 48, 116, 140, 2:8, 15, 33, 40, 52, 56, 71, 83, 115; MA Civil List 37-38]. Treasurer, 1637 [PCR 1:48; MA Civil List 36]. Council of War, 1637 [PCR 1:60, PTR 1:16]. Commissioner for the United Colonies, 1645, 1650, 1653-58, 1661-63, 1670-72 [MA Civil List 28-29].

  In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:188].

ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land Thomas Prence received one acre as a passenger on the Fortune [PCR 12:5]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle Thomas Prince, Patience Prince and Rebecca Prince are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth persons in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

  In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 Thomas Prence was assessed £1 7s. [PCR 1:9]. He was omitted from the list of 27 March 1634. His cattle mark was three marks on the outer side of the ear [ PTR 1:2].
  Thomas Prence received grants of land, 1 July 1633, 14 March 1635/6, 20 March 1636/7 meadow at Jones River; 6 March 1636/7 land between two cedar swamps at Island Creeke Pond; 5 February 1637/8 all the land between Greenes Harbor and South River; 2 April 1638 a garden place; 5 November 1638 ten acres of land "in some convenient place about the town"; 3 December 1638 an acre and a half at Smilt River; 2 December 1639 a parcel between John Barnes's garden and George Watson's field; 16 September 1641 an enlargement at the head of his Joanes River lot; 17 October 1642 an additional six acres at Joanes River; 2 October 1650 granted rights to bass fishing at Cape Cod [PCR 1:14, 40, 51, 56, 77, 83, 102, 103, 136, 142, 145, 163, 2:26, 49, 161]. He exchanged land with John Combe, Phinehas Pratt and John Barnes [PCR 1:25, 30, 12:197].
  On 14 September 1638 Mr. Thomas Prence purchased two acres of land on the south side of the second brook from Ellinor Billington and Francis Billington [PCR 12:37]. On 29 May 1643 he contributed 6d. to buy drumheads and £14 to buy bread [PTR 1:14-15]. About 1645 Mr. Thomas Prence acknowledged that he had sold to Mr. Edmond Freeman all his house and garden place and barn in Plymouth, ten acres of upland in the woods and five acres in the second brook, and eleven acres by John Barnes's land and one farm at Joanes River [PCR 12:129-30]. On 11 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Jacob Cooke of Plymouth, planter, forty acres of upland in Rocky Noocke with three acres of marsh [PCR 12:175]. On 13 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Richard Church of Nawset, carpenter, and to Anthony Snow of Marshfield, feltmaker, upland and marsh at Marshfield and forty acres of upland received by grant dated 5 February 1647 [PCR 12:176].
  On 13 June 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to "Mr. Edward Buckley" of Marshfield five acres of marsh in Marshfield [ MD 9:234, citing PCLR 2:1:155]. On 12 July 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to John Browne of Rehoboth "my half share with other purchasers situate and being near Rehoboth and Sowamsett" [MD 10:16, citing PCLR 2:1:159]. On 31 August 1658 Thomas Prence sold to John Cooke of Plymouth two acres of marsh meadow at Jones River [MD 13:44, citing PCLR 2:2:6].
  On 5 February 1665 the town of Plymouth granted Mr. Thomas Prence six acres of upland meadow on the west side of Jones River meadow and on 16 March 1667[/8] twelve acres more there [PTR 1:83, 97].
  On 8 December 1662 Thomas Prence deeded to "my son [i.e., stepson] Samuell Freeman and Mercye his wife the house and land Samuel now dwelleth in" [PCLR 3:201]. On 20 September 1664 Thomas Prence deeded to John Freeman of Eastham "all that his upland and meadow lying on the southeast side of great Namskekett, viz: a parcel of upland containing eight acres ... with five acres of meadow"; also two acres of meadow with ten acres of upland [PCLR 3:28]. On 14 November 1669 Thomas Prence exchanged one hundred acres "of upland lying upon Pachague Neck on the southerly side of Teticutt River" with "Mrs. Alice Bradford the executrix of Mr. William Bradford," receiving in return "a half share of Purchase Land at Satuckett, be it forty-five acres more or less, and also the one-half of twenty-five acres of meadow" [PCLR 3:171]. On 2 May 1670 Thomas Prence of Plymouth, Gent., sold to Thomas Paine of Eastham, cooper, "all my one-half share of Purchase Land at Paomett," with the consent of "Mrs. Prence" [PCLR 5:480]. On 25 July 1672 Thomas Prence, Esquire, Governor of New Plymouth, deeded to John Freeman Sr. of Eastham "one parcel of land containing thirty acres"; "another parcel of land containing eight acres ... of swamp and upland"; "one other parcel of marshland, containing twenty-four acres"; "also forty acres of upland"; "also [another] forty acres of upland"; "also fifteen acres of upland"; and "also five acres of upland" [PCLR 3:278].
 
The inventory of "Thomas Prence Esqr. lately deceased" was taken 23 April 1673 and totalled £422 10s. 7d. [MD 3:206-16, citing PCPR 3:1:60-70]. Real estate was listed at the end of the inventory, but unvalued: "one hundred acres of land lying in the town of Middleberry at or near Winnapaukett pond and the brook going from it"; "one share of meadow lying in a certain tract of meadow called the Major's meadow that lieth upon Namassakett River, betwixt the pond and the weir"; "one hundred acres of land lying on the northerly side of Teticutt River"; "a considerable tract of land that lieth on the easterly side of Namassakett River between Winnapauckett pond and a tract of land called the Major's purchase"; "eight acres of land on the westerly side of Namassakett River"; "a grant of ten or twelve acres of land and a small parcel of meadow at Jones River meadow in the township of Plymouth"; "ten acres of land lying on the south side of a cart way that goeth to Lakenham, called Prence bottom in Plymouth"; "the one half of fifty or sixty acres of land and three acres of meadow between him and Major Winslow in Middleberry"; "twenty acres of land and three acres of meadow at Tonsett in the township of Eastham"; "eight acres of land lying on Pochey Island in the aforesaid Eastham"; and "one fourth part of a mill at Satuckett and lands adjoining to it" [MD 3:215-16].
  On 10 June 1673 John Freeman, Jonathan Sparrow, John Tracy, Mark Snow, Jeremiah Howes, Arthur Howland and Isaac Barker receipted to "our mother-in-law Mrs. Mary Prence late wife and executrix to our father Thomas Prence Esquire deceased" for their shares of the estate of Thomas Prence [MD 33:97-100 (with photograph of the unrecorded original)].
  On 10 June 1676 Josiah Winslow, Esquire, "attorney for ... Susanna Prence at Catheren Gate near the Tower in London ..., singlewoman"; and John Freeman in the right of Mary his wife and as attorney for "Mary Prence, relict and executrix of the last will and testament of the honored Thomas Prence, late Governor ... deceased," and of Jonathan Sparrow and Hannah his wife, Marke Snow and Jane his wife, and Jeremiah Howes and Sarah his wife, daughters of the said Thomas Prence; and John Tracye and Mary his wife, Arthur Howland and Elizabeth his wife, and Isacke Barker and Judith his wife, daughters also of the said Thomas Prence, sold to Constant Southworth, treasurer and agent of Plymouth Colony, "all that our dwelling house, messuage or tenement" in Plymouth "at a place commonly called Plain Dealing"; signed by Josiah Winslow, John Freeman, John Trasye, Arthur Howland and Isack Barker [PCLR 4:124].

MARRIAGE: (1) Plymouth 5 August 1624 Patience Brewster [ Prince 229], daughter of WILLIAM BREWSTER; she died late in 1634 (in a letter to his son John Winthrop Jr. dated 12 December 1634, JOHN WINTHROP reported that "the pestilent fever hath taken away some at Plimouth, among others Mr. Prence the governor his wife ..." [ WP 3:177]).

  (2) Plymouth 1 April 1635 Mary Collier [PCR 1:34], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER; she died perhaps by 1644.
  (3) After 1 July 1644 (when she witnessed Rev. George Phillips's will as Apphia Freeman in Watertown [ NEHGR 3:78]) and certainly some considerable time before 8 December 1662 (when Thomas gave land to her son) Apphia (Quick) Freeman, former wife of SAMUEL FREEMAN, daughter of William Quick of London [ TAG 11:178].
  (4) After 26 February 1665[/6] and by 1 August 1668 Mary (_____) Howes, widow of Thomas Howes [MD 6:157-65, 230-35]. She died 9 December 1695 [MD 6:230, citing YarTR 3:328].

CHILDREN:

   With first wife
   i   REBECCA, b. say 1625 (living at time of cattle division in 1627 [PCR 12:10]); m. Plymouth 22 April 1646 Edmund Freeman [PCR 2:98].
   ii   THOMAS, b. say 1627 (in the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle is a second Thomas Prence, inserted at the end of the tenth lot; this may be the son Thomas Prence, born at about the time this list was compiled, and added separately from his family); m. _____ _____ (an appendix to the fifth edition of Morton's Memorial refers to letters from the widow and daughter of this Thomas Prence, in London, to his father, the immigrant [pp. 424-25]; these letters have apparently never been published, but copies of some of them are held by the Massachusetts Historical Society).
   iii   HANNAH, b. say 1629; m. (1) Eastham 13 February 1649/50 Nathaniel Mayo [PCR 8:26]; m. (2) by 1671 Jonathan Sparrow [MD 14:193-203].
   iv   MERCY, b. say 1631; m. Eastham 13 February 1649/50 John Freeman [PCR 8:26].
  With second wife
   v   JANE, b. Duxbury 1 November 1637 [MD 6:230]; m. Eastham 9 January 1660[/1] Mark Snow [PCR 8:28], son of NICHOLAS SNOW.
   vi   MARY, b. say 1639; m. by about 1661 John Tracy [ Tracy Gen 26].
  Perhaps with third wife
   vii   JUDITH, b. say 1645; m. (1) Plymouth 28 December 1665 Isaac Barker [PCR 8:31], son of ROBERT BARKER; m. (2) after 1693 William Tubbs [ PPR 1:168; PLR 2:123].
   viii   ELIZABETH, b. about spring 1647 [WP 5:169]; m. Marsh~field 9 December 1667 Arthur Howland [ MarVR 10], son of Arthur Howland [ NGSQ 71:90-91].
   ix   SARAH, b. about 1648 ("departed this life March the 3d 1706 in the 60th year of her age," tombstone, Yarmouth, which conflicts with YarVR [NEHGR 59:217]); m. by about 1669 Jeremiah Howes (birth of child estimated by child's date of marriage), her stepbrother [MD 6:233; NEHGR 59:217-18].

COMMENTS: For many years it was believed that Prence had married only three times and that his last wife was "Mary" Freeman, but this was straightened out in 1904 by Ella Florence Elliott, who divided the erroneous construct into its proper wholes, revealing divorcee Apphia Freeman and widow Mary Howes as Prence's last two of four wives [MD 6:230-35].

  Establishing the probable date of marriage for Apphia and Thomas Prence has significant implications for the parentage of Prence's last three children. Apphia is last seen as a Freeman 1 July 1644, about a year before the birth of Prence's seventh child, and at the end of a six- year hiatus in the birthdates of his children. She is called "Mrs. Freeman" as late as 15 October 1646 in a deed where she appears as an abutter, but this does not necessarily imply that she had not remarried by this date, since it was not unusual for archaic bounds to be used in this sort of description [ SLR 1:78].
  In a letter dated at Plymouth 8 June 1647, Thomas Prence wrote to John Winthrop that "since my parting company [with you] I have almost met with Jacob's trial in his travel between Bethel and Ephrath: God's having been heavy upon my wife and that for diverse months and is not yet removed" [WP 5:169]. In Genesis 35:16-19 Jacob's favorite wife Rachel died between Bethel and Ephrath after giving birth to a son she named Benoni, but he called Benjamin. Prence here is referring to the birth of his own daughter Elizabeth, apparently a difficult childbirth.
  On 6 March 1637/8, having been elected governor, Thomas Prence was excused from the requirement that the governor live in Plymouth, and was permitted to retain his residence in Duxbury [PCR 1:79]. When he was again elected governor, in 1657, he was allowed to maintain his residence in Eastham, but in 1663 the court ordered that the governor's house at Plymouth be enlarged, and by 1665 Prence again became a resident of Plymouth [ Dawes-Gates 2:684].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Perhaps due to the fact that Thomas Prence had no grandsons that carried the Prence surname, little attention has been directed to this family. A very brief account of his family was prepared in 1852 by David Hamblen and a more substantial treatment was published in 1931 by Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:682-94].

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Governor of Plymouth Colony 1634, 1638, 1657-72

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CHILDREN WITH PATIENCE BREWSTER:

Thomas PRENCE b: 22 May 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
Rebecca PRENCE (PRINCE) b: 1 Jun 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
Hannah PRENCE b: 1628 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
Robert PRENCE b: Abt 1626-1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
Mercy PRENCE (PRINCE) b: 4 Jan 1631 in Duxbury, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
Hannah PRENCE b: 1628 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts
James PRENCE b: 1625-1633 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts

Notable Descendants:

Vice Presidents Hannibal Hamlin and Dan Quayle, Rev. Edmund H. Sears (composer of "It Came Upon The Midnight Clear"), artist Norman Rockwell, actor John Howard Payne (America's First Hamlet), Bing Crosby and his brother Bob Crosby are descendants.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Prence

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bucknum/f_22.html

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wingfamilyofamerica/p982.htm#i2022948

http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/Genealogy/famousdescendants.php

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bob_fitzgerald&id=I9308

Thomas Prence came to Plymouth on the "Fortune" in November of 1621 at the age of twenty-two, and from the beginning seemed to have taken a leading role in Plymouth affairs. Of the eight Plymouth Undertakers, who seemed to be the most important men in the colony in 1627, Prence was the only one who had not arrived on the Mayflower. He became governor in 1634, and was elected an Assistant in 1635,and from then on he was either an Assistant or governor every year for the rest of his life. He also served as treasurer, as president of the Council of War, and in various other capacities. With the death of Bradford in 1657, Prence became without doubt the most important and influential man in the colony. He was of a conservative nature, as is shown by his siding with Bradford and Winslow in the 1645 Vassall controversy, and by his actions against the Quakers. He was involved in several law suits which were decided in his favor, such as 1650, when Strong Fumell of Boston submitted a written humble apology to the court for having evily slandered Mr. Prence after the latter sued him for 200 pounds damage. In1665 as compensation for having required Prence, as governor, to reside in Plymouth, the court ordered that he would be paid 50 pounds per yearas long as he remained governor, and he was given a house in the Plain Dealing area of Plymouth as a residence (in 1668, at his request, the court sold him that house for 150 pounds). He engaged in many land transactions, and he died a wealthy man,leaving a personal estate in excess 400 pounds and some eleven tracts ofland, at least two of them containing 100 acres each. He was no doubt chagrined over Arthur Howland's eventually successful suit for the hand of his daughter Elizabeth, and he probably was not happy over the marriage of two of his daughters to sons of Edmond Freeman. The mention in his will of his deceased son Thomas' daughter Susanna Prence would indicate that he died without surviving male issue in the Prence line. His reputation for intolerance, particularly toward the Quakers, hasclouded over his extensive service to the colony. He presided over thecourt in the very sane and reasonable handling of Plymouth's first witchcraft trial in 1661. He dealt in a humane way with the Indians, and missionary Thomas Mayhew wrote of his "gentle and kind dealing" with them, and he also presided over the court as governor in 1638 when the momentous decision was made to execute the white men who had murdered an Indian. He showed wisdom in 1637 when he negotiated with the Massachusetts men who unjustly demanded much of the land on the Connecticut River that Plymouth had purchased from the Indians and he advocated and brought about a free school system in the colony. "Thomas Prence Esquire Govr: of the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth Died the 29th of March 1673 and was Interred the 8th of Aprill following; after hee had served God in the office of Govr: sixteen yeares or neare therunto hee finished his Course in the 73 yeare of his life; hee was a worthy Gentleman very pious; and very able for his office and faithfull in the Discharge therof studious of peace a welwiller to all that feared god; and a terrour to the wicked, his; Death was much lamented, and his body honorably buryed att Plymouth the Day and yeare abovemensioned" (Plym. Col. B. M. B., p. 39). "Governor Prence arrived at Plymouth Colony in 1621 on the 'Fortune'. Of the eight 'Plymouth Undertakers, who seemed to be the most important men in the colony in 1627, Prence was the only one who has not arrived on the 'Mayflower'. He became Governor in 1634 and was elected an Assistant in 1635. From then on he was either an Assistant or Governor every year until his death in 1673. He also served as treasurer, as president of the Council of War, etc. With the death of Bradford in 1657, Prence became, without doubt, 'the most important and influential man in the Colony'." "In 1644 he moved to Eastham. He was later induced to move back to Plymouth by a gift of a large farm, 'Plain Dealing'. In 1665, as compensation for having required Prence, as Governor, to reside in Plymouth, the court ordered that he would be paid 50 pounds per year as long as he remained Governor. In addition, he was given a house in the Plain Dealing area of Plymouth as a residence and in 1668, at his request, the court sold him that house for 150 pounds. He engaged in many land transactions and he died a wealthy man, leaving a person estate in excess of 400 pounds and some eleven tracts of land, at least two of them containing 100 acres each." "Prence was of a conservative nature and it is said that his reputation for intolerance, particularly toward the Quakers, has clouded over his extensive service to the Colony. It is said he presided over the court in a very sane and reasonable handling of Plymouth's first witchcraft trial in 1661, and that he dealt with the Indians in a humane way." Text of his will to be entered, as well as details of his inventory. "Establishing the probable date of marriage for Apphia and Thomas Prence has significant implications for the parentage of Prence's last three children. Apphia is last seen as a Freeman 1 July 1644, about a year before the birth of Prence's seventh child, and at the end of a six-year heatus in the birthdates of his children. She is called "Mrs. Freeman" as late as 15 October 1646 in a deed where she appears as an abutter, but this does not necessarily imply that she had not remarried by this date, since it was not unusual for archaic ounds to be used in this sort of description." Details to be entered., "Mr. Thomas Prence, gentleman, d. 29 Mch 1673 ae. 72: 'a wellwiller to all that feared God and a terrour to the wicked.' He came to Plymouth in the Fortune in Nov 1621, removed to Duxbury 1635, to Eastham 1644, and later returned to Plymouth. Governor of the Colony of New Plymouth for about sixteen years." "It has been asserted that he was subsequently married [after Mary Collier], but there appears no conclusive proof of the fact. The assertion rests upon two significant declarations which are are yet inexplicable. First, the declaration of Gov. Prence in 1662 and 1671 that Samuel Freeman of Eastham was his 'beloved son-in-law', and secondly, upon the injunction of Captain Thomas Howes of Yarmouth, i 1676, upon going forth in the expedition to the Narraganset country to fight the Indians, to allow 'Mother Prence to enjoy without molestation, during her natural life, the house she now lives in.' The births of the children of Gov. Prenc, by his wives Patience and Mary, are not recorded either at Plymouth or Eastham."

Change Date: 20 APR 1999 Father: Thomas PRENCE b: ABT 1575 in Leclade, CG, England Mother: Elizabeth TOLDERBY b: ABT 1577 in Lechlade, CG, England Marriage 1 Patience BREWSTER Married: 5 AUG 1624 in Plymouth, MA 5 4 Marriage 2 Mary COLLIER b: bef 18 Feb 1611/1612 in Southwark, CS, England Marriage 3 Apphia QUICK Marriage 4 Mary b: ABT 1603 in England Married: 1668 12 Sources: Text: Dudley G. Brown, Sr.'s Pedigree Charts, 4524 Forest Wood Trail, Sarasota, FL. Text: Information supplied by Dave Wilma (DavidWilma@aol.com) accessed by GENDEX. Type: Book Author: Robert Charles Anderson Periodical: The Great Migration Begins Publication: (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995) Type: Periodical Author: Josiah Paine Title: Early Settlers of Eastham Periodical: Library of Cape Cod History & Genealogy, No. 32 & 33 Type: Book Author: Henry James Young Periodical: George Eldridge, Hydrographer and Eliza Jane his wife; Their Ancestors and their Descendants Publication: (Carlisle, PA: privately printed, 1982) Type: Periodical Author: [Anonymous] Title: Thomas Prence Periodical: The Mayflower Quarterly Date: (August, 1967) Text: Pedigree Chart from Nancy D. Adams, 1526 Pelican Point Drive, Sarasota, FL 34231-6792. Type: Periodical Author: James W. Hawes Title: Thomas Howes of Yarmouth, Mass., and some of his Descendants Periodical: Cape Cod Library of Local History & Genealogy, No. 31 Type: Book Author: Charles A. Collier Periodical: The Story of our Branch of the Collier Family Publication: (Santa Barbara, CA: Privately printed, 1975) Type: Book Author: Justin Winsor Periodical: History of the Town of Duxbury, Massachusetts, with Genealogical Registers Publication: (Boston: Crosby & Nichols, 1849) Type: Periodical Author: Robert S. Wakefield Title: The Children of William Collier Periodical: The American Genealogist Date: (October, 1973) Type: Book Periodical: Bassett-Preston Ancestry

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Governor Thomas Prence was eighteen times Governor of Plymouth Colony.

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See "The Great Migration Begins." Prob. from London. Came to Duxbury in Nov 1621 on the Fortune at age 22. 1st marriage 5 Aug 1624, Plymouth, Patience Brewster (dau. of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower)who was b. 24 Dec 1604, England, and d. before 24 Dec 1634, Plymouth. 2nd marriage to Mary Collier by c. 1661. 3rd marriage was after 1 July 1644 and before 8 Dec 1662, Mrs. Apphia (Quick) Freeman and 4th between 26 Feb 1665/66 and 1 Aug 1668 to Mrs. Mary Howes (widow of Thomas), who d. 9 Dec 1695. He was elected 2nd Governor of Plymouth Colony 1 Jan 1633/34 for one year, and herafter was an Asiistant Governor or Governor every year for the rest of his life.

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See other entry for more information.

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Gov. Thomas Prence was born 1600, near Cricklade in Wilks Leelade C G ,England.

He was the son of Thomas Prince sr., carriage maker of All Hallows Dorking,London,England

Note the proper spelling for surname is Prince but Gov Thomas Prence preferred the spelling of Prence.

Will of Thomas Prince sr. mentioned that " my son Thomas Prence now remaynings in New England in parts beyond the seas."

Gov. Thomas Prence arr in 1621 on The Fortune

Occ. He was the first elected Gov. of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and assistant gov for his remaining years.

He was married four times.

1st marriage: 01 April 1635 to Patience Brewster,dau of Elder William Brewster.

Children:

1. Rebecca

2. Mary

3. Hannah

4.Thomas

2nd marriage Mary Collier

Children:

1. Jane

2. Mary

3. Sarah

4. Elizabeth

5. Judith

3rd marriage Apphia Quick

4th marriage Mary Howes the wid. of Thomas Howes

1637He raised a corps of Volunteers to assist The Conn. and mass. Bay Colony in defeating the Piquot Indians.

He was active in capturing, trial and execution of four young servant men of Plymouth who attacked a solitary Indian at Pawtucket within the colony limits, robbing and mortally wounding him.

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Appiah Quicke Freeman was Thomas Prence's third wife.

Prence married Apphia Quicke in December, 1662. It is unknown if they had any children.

It has been assumed the marriage took place following the death of her husband, but one colonial document cites the case of Samuel Freeman's divorce as support for a later divorce case. It is not known if there was such a divorce, presumable due to Freeman's absence in England. -------------------- According to Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Prence

Early life

Thomas Prence was born in 1599 at Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England a son of Thomas Prence and Elizabeth Tolderby. Thomas emigrated to America in 1621 on the ship Fortune, arriving in Plymouth on November 9, 1621, just a few days after the first Thanksgiving.

Marriage and family

Prence married three times. He married as his first wife on August 5, 1624 at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts (the ninth marriage recorded in the colony), Patience Brewster,[1] a passenger on the Anne which arrived in Plymouth in 1623. She was born circa 1600 probably in Scrooby a small village, where her father was born, in the northern part of the English county of Nottinghamshire and died before December 12, 1634 in Plymouth, Massachusetts, of a "pestilent fever." She was a daughter of Elder William Brewster (pilgrim), (c. 1567 - April 10, 1644), the Pilgrim leader and spiritual elder of the Plymouth Colony and a passenger on the Mayflower.

Thomas and Patience had four children: Thomas Jr., Rebecca, Mercy, and Hannah. Rebecca married Edmund Freeman, Jr. the son of Edmund Freeman and had two children, and died in Sandwich, Massachusetts. Mercy married John Freeman, had eleven children, and settled in Eastham, Massachusetts. Hannah married Nathaniel Mayo, had six children, and died in Eastham. [2]

Prence next married on April 1, 1635 in Plymouth, Massachusetts, Mary Collier, bapt. in 1612 at St Olave, Southwark, an area of south-east London in the London Borough of Southwark, England and died before December 1662 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. She was a daughter of Jane (____) Clark and William Collier, one of the investors, or Merchant Adventurers, and an initial shareholder in the Plymouth Plantation. She was the sister of Sarah Collier, the wife of Love Brewster, a passenger on the Mayflower and the son of Elder William Brewster.

They were the parents of five children: Mary Prence, Jane Prence, Elizabeth Prence, Sarah Prence, Judith Prence. Jane Prence (November 1, 1637 - 1712) married Mark Snow the son of Nicholas Snow and Constance Hopkins, a daughter of Stephen Hopkins (settler) (born about 1582 – 1644), a tanner and merchant who was one of the passengers on the Mayflower in 1620, settling in Plymouth Colony.

Lastly, Prence married Apphia Quicke in December, 1662. It is unknown if they had any children. [3]

Career

He was allowed to join with Bradford, Allerton and Standish as a member of the Trade Monopoly. Later, in 1644, he and several other prominent families left Plymouth for better land and founded the community of Eastham, Massachusetts. He became governor of Plymouth, for the first time, in 1634; he was elected again in 1638 and served from 1657 to 1673. After the death of Governor Bradford in 1653, he became the leader of the Plymouth Colony serving in that capacity until his death.

He was distinguished for his religious zeal, and opposed those that he believed to be heretics, particularly the Quakers. He became infamous for the banishment of those who would not conform to his specific church law, including Samuel Gorton, the first governor of Rhode Island. He restructured the local government to secure his position and led the persecution of numerous people for offenses such as smiling in church, harboring non-church members, and tending garden during the Sabbath. He also procured revenue for the colony's grammar schools so future generations would be better educated.

Governor Prence gave to Wamsutta and Pometacom, the sons of Massasoit, the names Alexander and Philip as a compliment to their warlike character.

Death

Prence died March 29, 1673, in Plymouth, Massachusetts and was buried on Burial Hill.[4]

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Prence -------------------- From The Great Migration Begins:

THOMAS PRENCE

ORIGIN: All Saints Barking, London [EIHC 17:103-04] MIGRATION: 1621 on Fortune FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth REMOVES: Duxbury by 1637, Eastham 1644, Plymouth by 1665 FREEMAN: In the "1633" Plymouth list of freemen Thomas Prence was just after the councillors, and ahead of those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. "Thomas Prence, gen.," is in the 7 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth freemen [MBCR 1:52]. In the list of assistants at the head of the "1639" list of Plymouth Colony freemen, but as this list was revised and annotated his name was included in the "Nawsett" portion of the list [PCR 8:173, 177]. In Eastham section of 1658 list of Plymouth freemen, and in Plymouth section of list of 29 May 1670 [PCR 5:274, 8:201] EDUCATION: His inventory included a long list of books valued at £14 2d., including two great Bibles and "100 of psalm books." OFFICES: Plymouth Governor, 1634, 1638, 1657-72 [MA Civil List 35]. Assistant, Plymouth Colony, 1632-33, 1635-37, 1639-56 [PCR 1:32, 36, 48, 116, 140, 2:8, 15, 33, 40, 52, 56, 71, 83, 115; MA Civil List 37-38]. Treasurer, 1637 [PCR 1:48; MA Civil List 36]. Council of War, 1637 [PCR 1:60, PTR 1:16]. Commissioner for the United Colonies, 1645, 1650, 1653-58, 1661-63, 1670-72 [MA Civil List 28-29]. In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:188]. ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land Thomas Prence received one acre as a passenger on the Fortune [PCR 12:5]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle Thomas Prince, Patience Prince and Rebecca Prince are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth persons in the fifth company [PCR 12:10]. In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 Thomas Prence was assessed £1 7s. [PCR 1:9]. He was omitted from the list of 27 March 1634. His cattle mark was three marks on the outer side of the ear [PTR 1:2]. Thomas Prence received grants of land, 1 July 1633, 14 March 1635/6, 20 March 1636/7 meadow at Jones River; 6 March 1636/7 land between two cedar swamps at Island Creeke Pond; 5 February 1637/8 all the land between Greenes Harbor and South River; 2 April 1638 a garden place; 5 November 1638 ten acres of land "in some convenient place about the town"; 3 December 1638 an acre and a half at Smilt River; 2 December 1639 a parcel between John Barnes's garden and George Watson's field; 16 September 1641 an enlargement at the head of his Joanes River lot; 17 October 1642 an additional six acres at Joanes River; 2 October 1650 granted rights to bass fishing at Cape Cod [PCR 1:14, 40, 51, 56, 77, 83, 102, 103, 136, 142, 145, 163, 2:26, 49, 161]. He exchanged land with John Combe, Phinehas Pratt and John Barnes [PCR 1:25, 30, 12:197]. On 14 September 1638 Mr. Thomas Prence purchased two acres of land on the south side of the second brook from Ellinor Billington and Francis Billington [PCR 12:37]. On 29 May 1643 he contributed 6d. to buy drumheads and £14 to buy bread [PTR 1:14-15]. About 1645 Mr. Thomas Prence acknowledged that he had sold to Mr. Edmond Freeman all his house and garden place and barn in Plymouth, ten acres of upland in the woods and five acres in the second brook, and eleven acres by John Barnes's land and one farm at Joanes River [PCR 12:129-30]. On 11 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Jacob Cooke of Plymouth, planter, forty acres of upland in Rocky Noocke with three acres of marsh [PCR 12:175]. On 13 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Richard Church of Nawset, carpenter, and to Anthony Snow of Marshfield, feltmaker, upland and marsh at Marshfield and forty acres of upland received by grant dated 5 February 1647 [PCR 12:176]. On 13 June 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to "Mr. Edward Buckley" of Marshfield five acres of marsh in Marshfield [MD 9:234, citing PCLR 2:1:155]. On 12 July 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to John Browne of Rehoboth "my half share with other purchasers situate and being near Rehoboth and Sowamsett" [MD 10:16, citing PCLR 2:1:159]. On 31 August 1658 Thomas Prence sold to John Cooke of Plymouth two acres of marsh meadow at Jones River [MD 13:44, citing PCLR 2:2:6]. On 5 February 1665 the town of Plymouth granted Mr. Thomas Prence six acres of upland meadow on the west side of Jones River meadow and on 16 March 1667[/8] twelve acres more there [PTR 1:83, 97]. On 8 December 1662 Thomas Prence deeded to "my son [i.e., stepson] Samuell Freeman and Mercye his wife the house and land Samuel now dwelleth in" [PCLR 3:201]. On 20 September 1664 Thomas Prence deeded to John Freeman of Eastham "all that his upland and meadow lying on the southeast side of great Namskekett, viz: a parcel of upland containing eight acres ... with five acres of meadow"; also two acres of meadow with ten acres of upland [PCLR 3:28]. On 14 November 1669 Thomas Prence exchanged one hundred acres "of upland lying upon Pachague Neck on the southerly side of Teticutt River" with "Mrs. Alice Bradford the executrix of Mr. William Bradford," receiving in return "a half share of Purchase Land at Satuckett, be it forty-five acres more or less, and also the one-half of twenty-five acres of meadow" [PCLR 3:171]. On 2 May 1670 Thomas Prence of Plymouth, Gent., sold to Thomas Paine of Eastham, cooper, "all my one-half share of Purchase Land at Paomett," with the consent of "Mrs. Prence" [PCLR 5:480]. On 25 July 1672 Thomas Prence, Esquire, Governor of New Plymouth, deeded to John Freeman Sr. of Eastham "one parcel of land containing thirty acres"; "another parcel of land containing eight acres ... of swamp and upland"; "one other parcel of marshland, containing twenty-four acres"; "also forty acres of upland"; "also [another] forty acres of upland"; "also fifteen acres of upland"; and "also five acres of upland" [PCLR 3:278]. In his will, dated 13 March 1672/3 and proved 5 June 1673, "Thomas Prence being at present weak in body" bequeathed to "Mary my beloved wife ... such household goods of any kind as were hers before we married, returned to her again, after my decease, and if any of them be much impaired or be wanting, that she shall make it good out of my estate in such goods as she desireth"; to "my said loving wife my best bed and the furniture thereunto appertaining, and the court cupboard that now stands in the new parlor with the cloth and cushion that is on it, and an horse and three cows such as she shall make choice of, and four of my best silver spoons, and also during her natural life, I give her the rents and profits of my part of the mill at Satuckett, and of the lands adjoining, and my debts and legacies being first paid, I do further give unto my said wife a full third part of my personal estate that remains"; to "my daughter Jane the wife of Marke Snow my silver tankard"; to "my daughter Mary Tracye a silver wine cup and a dram cup"; to "my daughter Sarah Howes my biggest beer bowl"; to "my daughter Elizabeth Howland my silver salt"; to "my grandchild Theophilus Mayo and to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, the one half of my lands and meadows at or near Namassakett in the township of Middleberry"; "I give unto my grandchild Sussanna Prence the daughter of my deceased son Thomas Prence, the other half of my above mentioned lands and meadows at Middleberry aforesaid"; in the absence of an heir of these grandchildren, the abovesaid lands to revert to "my daughters, or such of them as shall be then surviving, or their heirs if all my daughters should be dead"; "to my said grandchild Theophilus, and to his heirs forever, my part of the mill and lands adjacent at Satuckett after the decease of my wife, and this I give for his encouragement to proceed in learning"; residue divided between "my seven daughters, Hannah, Marcye, Jane, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and Judith, and my above mentioned grandchild Susanna Prence"; Mary "my beloved wife sole executrix"; "my loving friend Major Josias Winslow to be helpful therein." A codicil to the will bequeathed "to Mr. John Freeman Speed's Cronicle and Wilson's Dictionary and the abridgement, and Simpson's History of the Church and Newman's Concordance"; to "my daughter Elizabeth Howland a black heifer"; a little yellow heifer to Lydia Sturtivant; to "my daughter Jane a bed, and another bed to my daughter Elizabeth Howland"; to "my grandson Theophilus Mayo all my books fit for him in learning, and if he carry it well to his grandmother I then give him a bed"; also "I desire my brother Thomas Clarke to be helpful to my wife as need may require" [MD 3:204-06, citing PCPR 3:1:58-59]. The inventory of "Thomas Prence Esqr. lately deceased" was taken 23 April 1673 and totalled £422 10s. 7d. [MD 3:206-16, citing PCPR 3:1:60-70]. Real estate was listed at the end of the inventory, but unvalued: "one hundred acres of land lying in the town of Middleberry at or near Winnapaukett pond and the brook going from it"; "one share of meadow lying in a certain tract of meadow called the Major's meadow that lieth upon Namassakett River, betwixt the pond and the weir"; "one hundred acres of land lying on the northerly side of Teticutt River"; "a considerable tract of land that lieth on the easterly side of Namassakett River between Winnapauckett pond and a tract of land called the Major's purchase"; "eight acres of land on the westerly side of Namassakett River"; "a grant of ten or twelve acres of land and a small parcel of meadow at Jones River meadow in the township of Plymouth"; "ten acres of land lying on the south side of a cart way that goeth to Lakenham, called Prence bottom in Plymouth"; "the one half of fifty or sixty acres of land and three acres of meadow between him and Major Winslow in Middleberry"; "twenty acres of land and three acres of meadow at Tonsett in the township of Eastham"; "eight acres of land lying on Pochey Island in the aforesaid Eastham"; and "one fourth part of a mill at Satuckett and lands adjoining to it" [MD 3:215-16]. On 10 June 1673 John Freeman, Jonathan Sparrow, John Tracy, Mark Snow, Jeremiah Howes, Arthur Howland and Isaac Barker receipted to "our mother-in-law Mrs. Mary Prence late wife and executrix to our father Thomas Prence Esquire deceased" for their shares of the estate of Thomas Prence [MD 33:97-100 (with photograph of the unrecorded original)]. On 10 June 1676 Josiah Winslow, Esquire, "attorney for ... Susanna Prence at Catheren Gate near the Tower in London ..., singlewoman"; and John Freeman in the right of Mary his wife and as attorney for "Mary Prence, relict and executrix of the last will and testament of the honored Thomas Prence, late Governor ... deceased," and of Jonathan Sparrow and Hannah his wife, Marke Snow and Jane his wife, and Jeremiah Howes and Sarah his wife, daughters of the said Thomas Prence; and John Tracye and Mary his wife, Arthur Howland and Elizabeth his wife, and Isacke Barker and Judith his wife, daughters also of the said Thomas Prence, sold to Constant Southworth, treasurer and agent of Plymouth Colony, "all that our dwelling house, messuage or tenement" in Plymouth "at a place commonly called Plain Dealing"; signed by Josiah Winslow, John Freeman, John Trasye, Arthur Howland and Isack Barker [PCLR 4:124]. BIRTH: About 1600 based on age at death, son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Gloucestershire. In his will, dated 31 July 1630 and proved 14 August 1630, Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Gloucestershire, left a legacy to his son Thomas Prence "now remaining in New England in the parts beyond the seas" [EIHC 7:103-04, citing PCC 70 Scroope]. DEATH: Plymouth 29 March 1673, in his 73rd year ("Thomas Prence, Esquire, Governor of the jurisdiction of New Plymouth, died the 29th of March, 1673, and was interred the 8th of April following. After he had served God in the office of Governor sixteen years, or near thereunto, he finished his course in the 73 year of his life. He was a worthy gentleman, very pious, and very able for his office, and faithful in the discharge thereof, studious of peace, a wellwiller to all that feared God, and a terror to the wicked. His death was much lamented, and his body honorably buried at Plymouth the day and year above mentioned" [PCR 8:34; see also MD 3:203-04]). MARRIAGE: (1) Plymouth 5 August 1624 Patience Brewster [Prince 229], daughter of WILLIAM BREWSTER; she died late in 1634 (in a letter to his son John Winthrop Jr. dated 12 December 1634, JOHN WINTHROP reported that "the pestilent fever hath taken away some at Plimouth, among others Mr. Prence the governor his wife ..." [WP 3:177]). (2) Plymouth 1 April 1635 Mary Collier [PCR 1:34], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER; she died perhaps by 1644. (3) After 1 July 1644 (when she witnessed Rev. George Phillips's will as Apphia Freeman in Watertown [NEHGR 3:78]) and certainly some considerable time before 8 December 1662 (when Thomas gave land to her son) Apphia (Quick) Freeman, former wife of SAMUEL FREEMAN, daughter of William Quick of London [TAG 11:178]. (4) After 26 February 1665[/6] and by 1 August 1668 Mary (_____) Howes, widow of Thomas Howes [MD 6:157-65, 230-35]. She died 9 December 1695 [MD 6:230, citing YarTR 3:328]. CHILDREN: With first wife

i REBECCA, b. say 1625 (living at time of cattle division in 1627 [PCR 12:10]); m. Plymouth 22 April 1646 Edmund Freeman [PCR 2:98].

ii THOMAS, b. say 1627 (in the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle is a second Thomas Prence, inserted at the end of the tenth lot; this may be the son Thomas Prence, born at about the time this list was compiled, and added separately from his family); m. _____ _____ (an appendix to the fifth edition of Morton's Memorial refers to letters from the widow and daughter of this Thomas Prence, in London, to his father, the immigrant [pp. 424-25]; these letters have apparently never been published, but copies of some of them are held by the Massachusetts Historical Society).

iii HANNAH, b. say 1629; m. (1) Eastham 13 February 1649/50 Nathaniel Mayo [PCR 8:26]; m. (2) by 1671 Jonathan Sparrow [MD 14:193-203].

iv MERCY, b. say 1631; m. Eastham 13 February 1649/50 John Freeman [PCR 8:26].

With second wife v JANE, b. Duxbury 1 November 1637 [MD 6:230]; m. Eastham 9 January 1660[/1] Mark Snow [PCR 8:28], son of NICHOLAS SNOW.

vi MARY, b. say 1639; m. by about 1661 John Tracy [Tracy Gen 26].

Perhaps with third wife vii JUDITH, b. say 1645; m. (1) Plymouth 28 December 1665 Isaac Barker [PCR 8:31], son of ROBERT BARKER; m. (2) after 1693 William Tubbs [PPR 1:168; PLR 2:123].

viii ELIZABETH, b. about spring 1647 [WP 5:169]; m. Marsh~field 9 December 1667 Arthur Howland [MarVR 10], son of Arthur Howland [NGSQ 71:90-91].

ix SARAH, b. about 1648 ("departed this life March the 3d 1706 in the 60th year of her age," tombstone, Yarmouth, which conflicts with YarVR [NEHGR 59:217]); m. by about 1669 Jeremiah Howes (birth of child estimated by child's date of marriage), her stepbrother [MD 6:233; NEHGR 59:217-18].

COMMENTS: For many years it was believed that Prence had married only three times and that his last wife was "Mary" Freeman, but this was straightened out in 1904 by Ella Florence Elliott, who divided the erroneous construct into its proper wholes, revealing divorcee Apphia Freeman and widow Mary Howes as Prence's last two of four wives [MD 6:230-35]. Establishing the probable date of marriage for Apphia and Thomas Prence has significant implications for the parentage of Prence's last three children. Apphia is last seen as a Freeman 1 July 1644, about a year before the birth of Prence's seventh child, and at the end of a six- year hiatus in the birthdates of his children. She is called "Mrs. Freeman" as late as 15 October 1646 in a deed where she appears as an abutter, but this does not necessarily imply that she had not remarried by this date, since it was not unusual for archaic bounds to be used in this sort of description [SLR 1:78]. In a letter dated at Plymouth 8 June 1647, Thomas Prence wrote to John Winthrop that "since my parting company [with you] I have almost met with Jacob's trial in his travel between Bethel and Ephrath: God's having been heavy upon my wife and that for diverse months and is not yet removed" [WP 5:169]. In Genesis 35:16-19 Jacob's favorite wife Rachel died between Bethel and Ephrath after giving birth to a son she named Benoni, but he called Benjamin. Prence here is referring to the birth of his own daughter Elizabeth, apparently a difficult childbirth. On 6 March 1637/8, having been elected governor, Thomas Prence was excused from the requirement that the governor live in Plymouth, and was permitted to retain his residence in Duxbury [PCR 1:79]. When he was again elected governor, in 1657, he was allowed to maintain his residence in Eastham, but in 1663 the court ordered that the governor's house at Plymouth be enlarged, and by 1665 Prence again became a resident of Plymouth [Dawes-Gates 2:684]. BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Perhaps due to the fact that Thomas Prence had no grandsons that carried the Prence surname, little attention has been directed to this family. A very brief account of his family was prepared in 1852 by David Hamblen and a more substantial treatment was published in 1931 by Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:682-94]. _______________________________________________ From The Brewster Genealogy . . ., page 21:

Thomas Prence came in the Fortune in November, 1621; removed from Plymouth to Duxbury, in 1635, to Eastham, Mass., in 1644, and later returned to Plymouth, where he died and was buried. "His farm in Eastham was extensive, embracing some two hundred acres of the best land." "Thomas Prence Esquire Govr: of the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth Died the 29th of March 1673 and was Interred the 8th of Aprill following; after hee had served God in the office of Govr; sixteen yeares or neare thereunto hee finished his Course in the 73 yeare of his life; hee was a worthy Gentleman very pious; and very able for his office and faithfull in the Discharge therof studious of peace a welwiller to all that feared god; and a terrour to the wicked, his; Death was much lamented, and his body honorably buryed att Plymouth the Day and yeare abovemensioned" (Plym. Col. B. M. B., p. 39). There is a transcript of Governor Thomas Prence's will and inventory in The Mayflower Descendant, vol. 111. pp. 204-16. -------------------- First Colonial Royal Governor. Of Massachusetts -------------------- Colonial Royal Governor. He was born about 1600 (based on his age at the time of his death), and was the son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Co.Gloucestershire, England. He came to America on the ship "Fortune" in 1621, and he served as the fourth Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1634 to 1635, then from 1638 to 1639, and again from 1657 until his death in 1673. He was married four times, and had children by each of his first two wives, and probably by his third wife. He married, first, on Aug 5,1624 at Plymouth, Patience Brewster. He married, second, on Apr 1,1635 at Plymouth, Mary Collier. He married, third, by 1644, Mrs. Apphia (Quicke) Freeman. According to recent analysis in the Great Migration Begins series, she is perhaps the mother of Thomas' last three children. He married, fourth, by August 1668, Mrs Mary (Burr) Howes. -------------------- Came over on the Fortune in 1621 -------------------- Birth: 1600 Death: Mar. 29, 1673 Plymouth Plymouth County Massachusetts, USA

Colonial Royal Governor. He was born about 1600 (based on his age at the time of his death), and was the son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Co.Gloucestershire, England. He came to America on the ship "Fortune" in 1621, and he served as the fourth Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1634 to 1635, then from 1638 to 1639, and again from 1657 until his death in 1673. He was married four times, and had children by each of his first two wives, and probably by his third wife. He married, first, on Aug 5,1624 at Plymouth, Patience Brewster. He married, second, on Apr 1,1635 at Plymouth, Mary Collier. He married, third, by 1644, Mrs. Apphia (Quicke) Freeman. According to recent analysis in the Great Migration Begins series, she is perhaps the mother of Thomas' last three children. He married, fourth, by August 1668, Mrs Mary (Burr) Howes.


-------------------- Emigrated on the ship Fortune in 1621. See Wikipedia entry. -------------------- Birth: 1600 Death: Mar. 29, 1673 Plymouth Plymouth County Massachusetts, USA

Colonial Royal Governor. He was born about 1600 (based on his age at the time of his death), and was the son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Co.Gloucestershire, England. He came to America on the ship "Fortune" in 1621, and he served as the fourth Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1634 to 1635, then from 1638 to 1639, and again from 1657 until his death in 1673. He was married four times, and had children by each of his first two wives, and probably by his third wife. He married, first, on Aug 5,1624 at Plymouth, Patience Brewster. He married, second, on Apr 1,1635 at Plymouth, Mary Collier. He married, third, by 1644, Mrs. Apphia (Quicke) Freeman. According to recent analysis in the Great Migration Begins series, she is perhaps the mother of Thomas' last three children. He married, fourth, by August 1668, Mrs Mary (Burr) Howes.

Children(by first marriage): Rebecca Prence Freeman(first wife of Edmund Freeman), Thomas Prence, Hannah Prence Mayo Sparrow, and Mercy Prence Freeman.

Children(by second marriage): Jane Prence Snow and Mary Prence Tracy(wife of John Tracy).

Children(perhaps by third marriage): Judith Prence Barker Tubbs, Elizabeth Prence Howland, and Sarah Prence Howes.

(bio by: Deena) 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Prence

https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=gov+thomas+prence%2C+patience+brewster+genealogy shows 6 children?

http://www.americanancestors.org/pilgrim-families-thomas-prence/ shows 4 children

http://massandmoregenealogy.blogspot.com/2011/08/thomas-prence-gov-of-plymouth-colony-b.html shows 4 children

http://rodgersgen.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/thomas-prence-patience-brewster-prence/ shows 4 children

http://www.plimoth.org/media/pdf/prence_thomas.pdf shows 4 children

view all 52

Thomas Prence, Governor of Plymouth Colony's Timeline

1600
1600
Lechlade-on-Thames, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
1600
Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
1600
England
1621
November 9, 1621
Age 21
Eastham, Barnstable, MA, USA

On the ship named Fortune.

1621
Age 21
on ship Fortune
1621
Age 21
1624
August 5, 1624
Age 24
Plymouth, MA, USA
1625
1625
Age 25
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
1625
Age 25
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
1627
May 22, 1627
Age 27
Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, USA