Thomas Robert Treat Paine Jr.

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Thomas Treat Paine, Jr.

Birthplace: Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Treat Paine, signer of the "Declaration of Independence" and Sarah "Sally" Cobb Paine
Husband of Elizabeth Paine
Brother of Robert Paine (do not combine with other Robert); Charles Paine; Mary Antoinette Paine; Sally Paine; Henry Paine and 1 other
Half brother of Emily Strange Paine

Occupation: Poet and editor
Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:

About Thomas Treat Paine, Jr.

Robert Treat Paine, Jr. (December 9, 1773 - November 13, 1811) was an American poet and editor. He was the second son of Robert Treat Paine, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Born Thomas Paine (after the famous revolutionary pamphleteer), he changed his name to that of his recently deceased older brother in 1801, in part as a tribute to his father and in part to avoid confusion with the more famous Thomas Paine, who was unpopular at that time. He received bachelor's and master's degrees from Harvard University, for whose commencement ceremonies he wrote a number of pieces.[1]

Among his works are:

"The Invention of Letters" commencement verse delivered at Harvard University; described the history of thought, eulogized George Washington and attacked Jacobins[2] (1795).

The Ruling Passion[2] (1796), the "longest and most perfect of all his poetical productions", according to his biographer Charles Prentiss.[1]

"Adams and Liberty", the author's most famous work, sung throughout the country, praising America's independence from European tyranny[2] (1798). The lyrics were designed to be sung to the tune of "To Anacreon in Heaven"[3] (which tune was later used for "The Star-Spangled Banner", the American national anthem).

The Works, in Verse and Prose, of the Late Robert Treat Paine, Jun. Esq. With Notes. To which are prefixed, sketches of his life, character and writings, contains "Philenia to Menander" by Sarah Wentworth Apthorp Morton, Boston: printed and published by J. Belcher;[4] posthumously published, with poems in such genres as political satire, drama criticism, neoclassical verse and spiritual prose, all selected by Charles Prentiss; United States[2] (1812).


1.^ a b Dictionary of Literary Biography, accessed November 29, 2009

2.^ a b c d Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 9780618168217, retrieved via Google Books

3.^ Performing Arts Encyclopedia at the Library of Congress, accessed November 29, 2009

4.^ Web page titled "American Poetry Full-Text Database / Bibliography" at University of Chicago Library website, retrieved March 4, 2009

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Thomas Robert Treat Paine Jr.'s Timeline

December 9, 1773
Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States
month_error 1795
Age 21
Boston, Middlesex, MA, USA
November 13, 1811
Age 37
- present
Harvard College
- present
Harvard College