Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

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Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Nicknames: "Thomas de Clare built the first stone structure on the Bunratty site in the 1270's"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tonbridge Castle,Tonbridge,Kentshire,England
Death: Died in Battle of Thomond, Connaught, Ireland.
Cause of death: Killed in battle
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Maud Matilda de Lacy
Husband of Juliane FitzMaurice
Father of Maud de Clare; Gilbert de Clare; Richard De CLARE de Clare, 1st Lord Clare; Margaret de Clare, Baroness of Badlesmere; Thomas De Clare and 2 others
Brother of Isabel de Clare; Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester; Robert (Richard) De Clare; Bogo de Clare, Clerk; Margaret de Clare, of Gloucester and 4 others

Occupation: Governor of London, Lord of Inchequin and Youghae, Lord of Thormond, * and Lord of Inchequin and Youghae, Lord, Lord of Thomond; a Hiberno-Norman peer and soldier, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal
Managed by: Judah Daniel Reese Mahay
Last Updated:

About Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

M, #3571, b. circa 1245/46, d. 29 August 1287

Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond was born circa 1245-'48 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.(4) He was the son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy (2, 3). He married Juliana FitzMaurice, daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée (5). Sir Thomas died on 29 August 1287 (6)

Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond gained the title of Lord of Thomond, in Connaught.1 He held the office of Governor of Colchester Castle in 1266 (6), and held the office of Governor of the City of London in 1273 (6).

Children of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana Fitzmaurice:

  • Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+ d. 7 Jun 13186
  • Maud de Clare+ b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 13277
  • Gilbert de Clare b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 13076
  • Margaret de Clare+ b. c 1287, d. 13331

Citations

1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

2. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 372.

3. [S108] Medieval Genealogy, corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage, online http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/. Hereinafter cited as Medieval Genealogy.

4. [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

5. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.

6. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

7. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.

---------------

Clare, Thomas de

The Oxford Companion to Irish History | 2007

Clare, Thomas de (d. 1287), granted Thomond by Edward I in 1276, and perhaps the last of the medieval conquistadors. A younger brother of the earl of Gloucester, he was a confidant of the king, whom he accompanied on crusade in 1270–2. He went to Ireland in 1274, participated in campaigns in Wicklow, and married a daughter of the Geraldine lord, Maurice Fitz Maurice.

His later years were dominated by the attempt to conquer Thomond. He built castles at Bunratty and Quin, and exploited the quarrels of the O'Briens. His execution in 1277 of Brian Rua O'Brien ( Brian Ruad Ó Briain), with whom he had allied, was denounced in the Gaelic history Caithréim Thoirdhealbhaigh, and in the 1317 Remonstrance. From 1309 his son Richard showed equal vigour; but after Richard's death at the battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318, and the partition of his lands between heiresses, English power in Thomond waned.

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Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal (c.1245 — 29 August 1287) was a Norman-Irish peer, soldier, and the second son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford and his wife Maud de Lacy. On 26 January 1276 he was granted the lordship of Thomond by Edward I, and he spent the next eight years attempting to conquer it from the O'Brien kings of Thomond.

Contents [hide]

1 Career

2 Marriage and children

3 Death

4 References


[edit] Career

Thomas was born in about 1245 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy.[1] Thomas was a close friend and intimate advisor of Prince Edward of England, who would in 1272 acceed to the throne as King Edward I. Together they went on Crusade. He held many important posts such as the Office of the Governor of Clochester Castle (1266), Governor of The City of London (1273). He was made Commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland and created Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. On 26 January 1276, he was granted the entire lordship of Thomond by King Edward.

That same year, he jointly commanded a Norman army along with Sir Geoffrey de Geneville, Justiciar of Ireland against the Irish clans of County Wicklow. They were joined by a contingent of men from Connacht led by his father-in-law Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly. Thomas and Justiciar de Geneville's forces attacked the Irish at Glenmalure, but they were soundly defeated and suffered severe losses.[2]

Civil war raged in Thomond between the rival factions of the O'Brien clan. In 1276, Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond appealed for support from Thomas to help him regain his kingdom from his great-nephew Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O' Brien, who had usurped it. In return for his aid, Brian Ruad promised Thomas that he would be allowed to colonise all the land between Athsollus in Quin and Limerick.[3] Together Thomas and Brian Ruad expelled Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O'Brien and recaptured Clonroad which the latter had taken from Brian Ruad. O'Brien escaped to Galway where he elicited the help of his cousin William de Burgh, and in 1277 together with the assistance from clans, MacNamara and O'Dea they defeated the combined forces of Thomas and Brian Ruad. The latter fled to Bunratty Castle, but Thomas had his former ally hanged and drawn for treason.[4] The civil war continued for the next seven years, with Thomas supporting Brian Ruad's son Donnchad against Toirrdelbach; however, following the drowning death of Donnchad in 1284, Toirrdelbach emerged the victor. Thereafter until his death in 1306, Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O'Brien ruled as undisputed King of Thomond and Thomas had no choice but to accommodate him. O'Brien rented part of Bunratty Manor at £121 per annum.[4]

In 1280, Thomas embarked on a castle-building project at Quin, but was disrupted in his efforts by the O'Briens and MacNamaras.

[edit] Marriage and children

In February 1275, he married Juliana FitzGerald, the 12-year old daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast. Thomas and his wife made their principal residence at Bunratty Castle, which he had constructed in stone, replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together they had four children:

Maud de Clare (c.1276- 1326/27), married firstly, Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; and secondly Robert de Welle

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1308)

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281- 10 May 1318), married a woman by the name of Joan, by whom he had one son, Thomas. He was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea.

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly, Gilbert de Umfraville; and secondly Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, by whom she had issue.

[edit] Death

Thomas was killed in battle on 29 August 1287 leaving behind four children, the youngest, Margaret being not quite five months old. He was succeeded as Lord of Thomond by his eldest son, Gilbert who was six years old. His widow Juliana, aged 24 years, would go on to marry two more times.

[edit] References

1.^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage

2.^ Annette J. Otway-Ruthven, A History of Medieval Ireland, pp.201-202, Google Books, retrieved on 12-11-09

3.^ Joe Power, Normans in Thomond, retrieved 12-11-09

4.^ a b Power, Normans in Thomond

Peerage of Ireland

Preceded by

New creation Lord of Thomond

1276-1287 Succeeded by

Gilbert de Clare

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_de_Clare,_Lord_of_Thomond"

Categories: 1245 births | 1287 deaths | Irish nobility | Anglo-Normans in Ireland | Irish soldiers | 13th-century Irish people

--------------------

Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond1

M, #3571, b. circa 1245/46, d. 29 August 1287

Last Edited=7 Apr 2007

Consanguinity Index=0.3%

    Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond was born circa 1245/46. He was the son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy.2,3 He was born circa 1248 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.4 He married Juliana FitzMaurice, daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée.5 He died on 29 August 1287.6
    Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond gained the title of Lord of Thomond, in Connaught.1 He held the office of Governor of Colchester Castle in 1266.6 He held the office of Governor of the City of London in 1273.6

Children of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzMaurice

Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+ d. 7 Jun 13186

Maud de Clare+ b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 13277

Gilbert de Clare b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 13076

Margaret de Clare+ b. c 1287, d. 13331

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 372.

[S108] Medieval Genealogy, corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage, online www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/. Hereinafter cited as Medieval Genealogy.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.

--------------------

Clare, Thomas de (d. 1287), granted Thomond by Edward I in 1276, and perhaps the last of the medieval conquistadors. A younger brother of the earl of Gloucester, he was a confidant of the king, whom he accompanied on crusade in 1270–2. He went to Ireland in 1274, participated in campaigns in Wicklow, and married a daughter of the Geraldine lord, Maurice Fitz Maurice. His later years were dominated by the attempt to conquer Thomond. He built castles at Bunratty and Quin, and exploited the quarrels of the O'Briens. His execution in 1277 of Brian Rua O'Brien ( Brian Ruad Ó Briain), with whom he had allied, was denounced in the Gaelic history Caithréim Thoirdhealbhaigh, and in the 1317 Remonstrance. From 1309 his son Richard showed equal vigour; but after Richard's death at the battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318, and the partition of his lands between heiresses, English power in Thomond waned.

Source: Encyclopedia.com 

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Close friend of King Edward I

Conquored Thormond (Clare County) in Ireland

Governor of London

Steward of Waltharn

Knighted in 1264 by Simon de Montfort

1265 deserted Monfort for Prince Edward

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of,Tunbridge,Kent,England

view all 27

Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond's Timeline

1245
1245
Tonbridge Castle,Tonbridge,Kentshire,England
1266
1266
Age 21
Gloucester Castle Constable
1270
1270
Age 25
1274
1274
Age 29
Govenor of London
1275
1275
Age 30
1276
1276
Age 31
Thomond, County Clare, Munster, Ireland
1278
1278
Age 33
Essex, England
1280
February 3, 1280
Age 35
1280
Age 35
1287
April 1, 1287
Age 42
Connaught, County Clare, Thurmond, Ireland