Thomas de Clifford (1414 - 1455) MP

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Nicknames: "Thomas 8th Lord de Clifford and Westmoreland", "Thomas de Clifford"
Birthplace: Skipton, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Battle of St.Albans, Easts of St. Albans
Cause of death: Died in battle
Occupation: Soldier
Managed by: Hanne
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About Thomas de Clifford

Sir Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford is Queen Elizabeth II's 13th great grandfather.

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Sir John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, also 7th Lord of Skipton (b. 1389, d. 13 March 1422 at the Siege of Meaux), Knight of the Garter, 7th Baron de Clifford, and hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland. He was the son of Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford, by Elizabeth de Ros1, daughter of Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, by Beatrix de Stafford2. He married in about 1404 the Lady Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry "Hotspur" Percy3 by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. They had two sons, Thomas (8th Lord Clifford) and Henry, and two daughters, Mary and Blanche (wife of Robert Waterton, Knight). The future queen consort of England, Jane Seymour, was a descendant of John Clifford through her mother's line.

From Douglas Richardson's Plantagenet Ancestry:

He was summoned to Parliament from September 21, 1412. He and Elizabeth received a papal indult for a portable altar in 1412. He took part in a great tournament at Carlisle between six English and six Scottish Knights, as also in the French War4.

Present at the Siege of Harfleur and the Battle of Agincourt, he was indented to serve Henry V of England with 3 archers5. He had received the surrender of Cherbourg. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1421. He finally met his death at the Siege of Meaux in France 13 March 14226. Elizabeth died 26 October 1436 and is buried at Staindrop, Durham.7.

Issue

  1. Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford m. Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Baron Dacre and Philippa de Neville.
  2. Henry Clifford.
  3. Mary Clifford m. Philip Wentworth, Knight, of Nettlestead, Suffolk; Their great-granddaughter was Jane Seymour, third Queen consort of Henry VIII of England.
  4. Blanche Clifford.

References

  1. ^ http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal21971
  2. ^ http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal22064
  3. ^ W. Flower. Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564 Edited by Charles Best Norcliffe. Publications of the Harleian Society, Visitation Series 16. London: Harleian Society, 1881.
  4. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore Md., 2004, p. 216. ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
  5. ^ Joseph Hunter (1850). Agincourt: a contribution towards an authentic list of the commanders of the English host in King Henry the Fifth's expedition to France, in the third year of his reign. Cowen Tracts: Newcastle University. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/60201871
  6. ^ http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CLIFFORD.htm
  7. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore Md., 2005, p. 218. ISBN 0-8063-1759-0
  8. ^ Thomas Blore (1811). The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland. Stanford: R. Newcomb.

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Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford1

M, b. 25 March 1414, d. 22 May 1455

    Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford was born on 25 March 1414.
He was the son of Sir John de Clifford, 7th Lord Clifford and Elizabeth Percy.
He married Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre and Lady Philippe Neville, in March 1424.
He died on 22 May 1455 at age 41 at St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, killed in action.
He was buried at Abbey Church, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.
    Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford succeeded to the title of 8th Lord Clifford [E., 1299] on 13 March 1421/22.
He fought in the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455.

Child of Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford

1.Matilda de Clifford2

Children of Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford and Joan Dacre

1.Maud de Clifford+3

2.Joan de Clifford+4

3.Sir John de Clifford, 9th Lord Clifford+1 b. 8 Apr 1435, d. 28 Mar 1461

Citations

http://thepeerage.com/p17270.htm

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THOMAS DE CLIFFORD, 8TH BARON CLIFFORD, was the son of John, seventh baron Clifford, by his wife Elizabeth Percy, who, according to Dugdale, was the daughter of Harry Hotspur.

He was born on 25 March 1414, and succeeded to his father's estates on 13 March 1422 (10 Hen. V, sic), before he was quite eight years old.

He appears to have been under the guardianship of his mother and grandmother, to whom the right of 'maritagium' was granted in 1423.

His summons to parliament dates from December 1436.4 In 13 Hen. VI (1434-5) he was joined in commission with the Earl of Northumberland to array the northern counties against the Scots, who then threatened Berwick, and next year had livery of his lands on making proof of his age.

Some fifteen years later (1449) he appears as a conservator of the truce then being arranged between England and Scotland, and occupied a similar position in 1451.

In 1452 he was called upon to muster men and ships from the northern counties for the relief of Calais; and again in 1454. About the same time he was sheriff of Westmoreland, and in this capacity was bidden to lend assistance to the Duke of York.

Several years previously (1435) his name occurs as being a member of the Duke of Bedford's retinue in France, and again (c.1439) as defending Pontoise against the French king.

He was slain in the battle of St. Albans (1455), where his body was afterwards buried in the Virgin's chapel by the abbot.

His wife, according to Dugdale, was a daughter of Thomas, lord Dacres of Gillesland; by her he had four sons—John, his successor; Sir Roger Clifford; Sir Thomas Clifford (one of Henry VIII's councillors); and Robert Clifford, who was concerned in Perkin Warbeck's rebellion. He had also five daughters.

Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford was born on 25 March 1414.

He was the son of Sir John de Clifford, 7th Lord Clifford and Elizabeth Percy.

He married Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre and Lady Philippe Neville, in March 1424.

He died on 22 May 1455 at age 41 at St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, killed in action.

He was buried at Abbey Church, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

    

Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford succeeded to the title of 8th Lord Clifford [E., 1299] on 13 March 1421/22. He fought in the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455.

Children of Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford and Joan Dacre

Maud de Clifford+ 2

Joan de Clifford+ 3

Sir John de Clifford, 9th Lord Clifford+ b. 8 Apr 1435, d. 28 Mar 14611

Notes:

Knight of the Garter. Only three years old when his father died in 1391.

He married Elizabeth Percy - Harry Hotspur's daughter, in 1404. John was summoned as a Baron to Parliament from 1411 and in 1413 he attended the coronation of Henry V and went with him to France.

He took part in the siege of Harfleur and the Battle of Agincourt 1415 and he received the surrender of Cherbourg.

John liked to joust and was wounded in the great tournament of Carlisle but he recovered and in 1421 he was elected knight of the garter.

He returned to France only to be killed at the siege of Meaux in 1422.

His body was brought home and buried at buried Bolton Abbey. He left two sons Thomas and Henry and a daughter Mary.

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Buried: Chapel of the Virgin, St. Albans

Notes: When his father died at Meaux in France Thomas was only seven years old. He was commissioned in 1434/5 along with his uncle the Earl of Northumberland to array the northern counties against the Scots. In 1449 he was conservator of the truce between England and Scotland and in 1450-1he was one of three Ambassadors from Henry VI to James III of Scotland. In 1437 he laid siege to Pontoise near Paris. He dressed his soldiers in white and under the cover of a snowstorm they scaled the ramparts and captured the fortress. The King called on him again in 1452 and 1454 to muster men and ships from the north to relief Calais. The Hundred Years War with France drew to a close and Thomas returned home but by May 1455 the struggle for control of the English throne had erupted into violence and Thomas Clifford was killed at the first battle of St. Albans. Thomas 8th Lord Clifford had married Joan Dacre in 1424 and they had six children.

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From thePeerage.com:

    Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford was born on 25 March 1414. He was the son of Sir John de Clifford, 7th Lord Clifford and Elizabeth Percy. He married Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre and Lady Philippe Neville, in March 1424. He died on 22 May 1455 at age 41 at St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, killed in action. He was buried at Abbey Church, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.
    Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford succeeded to the title of 8th Lord Clifford [E., 1299] on 13 March 1421/22. He fought in the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455.

Child of Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford

   * Matilda de Clifford

Children of Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford and Joan Dacre

   * Maud de Clifford+
   * Joan de Clifford+
   * Sir John de Clifford, 9th Lord Clifford+ b. 8 Apr 1435, d. 28 Mar 1461

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6th Barron of Clifford

1434 - led fight against Scotland

1437 - captured Pontoise, near Paris

1449 - conservator of truce with Scotland

1450-1 - Ambassador tp Scotland

1452-4 led forces against Calais

Killed at first battle of St Albans

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Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Clifford, 8th Lord of Skipton (died 1455) was a member of the Clifford family which held the seat of Skipton from 1310 to 1676. He was killed at the battle of St Albans, the first battle of the Wars of the Roses in 1455. Thomas Clifford and the Lancastrians were beaten by forces led by the Duke of York and Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.

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Baron de Clifford is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1299 for Robert de Clifford. The title was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines. The de Clifford family settled in England after the Norman conquest and were a notable family in late medieval England. The first Baron notably served as Earl Marshal of England but was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. His great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson, the eleventh Baron, was created Earl of Cumberland in 1525. His grandson, the third Earl, was a noted naval commander. On his death in 1605 the earldom passed to his younger brother, the fourth Earl (see the Earl of Cumberland for later history of this title).

The barony of de Clifford was claimed in 1628 by his daughter and only child, Anne, but the House of Lords postponed the hearing. The barony remained dormant until 1678, when Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet, was allowed to claim the peerage and became the fifteenth Baron de Clifford. He was the son of Lady Margaret Sackville, daughter of the aforementioned Anne. On the death in 1721 of the Earl's younger brother, the sixth Earl, the earldom and barony separated. The earldom was inherited by the late Earl's nephew, the seventh Earl (see the Earl of Thanet for further information on this title).

The barony fell into abeyance between the Earl's five daughters, Lady Katherine, Lady Anne, Lady Isabel, Lady Margaret and Lady Mary. It remained in abeyance until 1734 when the abeyance was terminated in favour of the third daughter, Margaret, who became the nineteenth Baroness. She was the wife of Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester. On her death in 1775 the title again fell into abeyance, this time between her sisters and their heirs. The abeyance was terminated only a year later in favour of Edward Southwell, the twentieth Baron. He was the grandson of Lady Catherine Tufton, eldest daughter of the sixth Earl of Thanet. He was succeeded by his son, the twenty-first Baron. He was childless and on his death in 1832 the barony fell into abeyance between his sisters Hon. Sophia and Hon. Elizabeth and the heirs of his deceased sister Hon. Catherine.

The peerage was called out of abeyance in 1833 in favour of Sophia, the twenty-second holder. She was the only surviving child of Hon. Catherine and her husband George Coussmaker. Lady de Clifford was the wife of John Russell, third son of Lord William Russell, third son of Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock, eldest son and heir of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. She was succeeded by her son, the twenty-third Baron. He represented Tavistock in Parliament as a Liberal. As of 2010[update] the title is held by his great-great-grandson, the twenty-seventh Baron, who succeeded his father in 1982. As a descendant of the fourth Duke of Bedford he is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles.

Other members of the family have been created barons as Baron Clifford and Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, and baronets as Baronet Clifford of Flaxbourne, New Zealand, Baronet Clifford of the Navy and Baronet Clifford-Constable of Tixall, Staffordshire

In Great Haywood, a village approximately two miles from Tixall, the main public house is called 'The Clifford Arms'

Barons de Clifford (1299)

Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford (1274–1314)

Roger de Clifford, 2nd Baron de Clifford (1299–1322)

Robert de Clifford, 3rd Baron de Clifford (1305–1344)

Robert de Clifford, 4th Baron de Clifford (1329–1344)

Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford (1333–1389)

Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford (1363–1391)

John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford (1388–1422)

Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford (1414–1455)

John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford (1435–1461)

Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford (1454–1524)

Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland, 11th Baron de Clifford (1493–1542)

Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland, 12th Baron de Clifford (1517–1569)

George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, 13th Baron de Clifford (1558–1605) (dormant until 1678)

Francis Clifford, 4th Earl of Cumberland

Anne Herbert, 14th Baroness de Clifford (1590–1676) (unsuccessfully claimed title in 1628; recognised in 1649)

Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet, 15th Baron de Clifford (1631–1679) (allowed to claim title in 1678)

John Tufton, 4th Earl of Thanet, 16th Baron de Clifford (1638–1680)

Richard Tufton, 5th Earl of Thanet, 17th Baron de Clifford (1640–1684)

Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet, 18th Baron de Clifford (1644–1721) (abeyant 1721)

Margaret Coke, 19th Baroness de Clifford (1700–1775) (abeyance terminated 1734; abeyant 1775)

Edward Southwell, 20th Baron de Clifford (1738–1777) (abeyance terminated 1776)

Edward Southwell, 21st Baron de Clifford (1767–1832) (abeyant 1832)

Sophia Coussmaker, 22nd Baroness de Clifford (1791–1874) (abeyance terminated 1833)

Edward Southwell Russell, 23rd Baron de Clifford (1824–1877)

Edward Southwell Russell, 24th Baron de Clifford (1855–1894)

Jack Southwell Russell, 25th Baron de Clifford (1884–1909)

Edward Southwell Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford (1907–1982)

John Edward Southwell Russell, 27th Baron de Clifford (b. 1928)

The Heir Presumptive is the present holder's brother the Hon. William Southwell Russell (b. 1930)

The Heir Presumptive's Heir Apparent is his son, Miles Edward Southwell Russell (b. 1966)

The Heir Presumptive's Heir Apparent's Heir Apparent is his son Edward Southwell Russell (b. 1998)

-------------------- Sir Thomas de Clifford 8th Lord Clifford, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland was the son of John de Clifford 7th Lord Clifford, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland and Elizabeth Percy. Sir Thomas de Clifford 8th Lord Clifford, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland married Joan Dacre daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre of Gilsland after March 1424. Sir Thomas de Clifford 8th Lord Clifford, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland died on 22 May 1455 at Battle of St. Albans. He was buried at St. Albans Abbey. -------------------- He fought in the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.

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Sir Thomas de Clifford, 8th Baron Clifford's Timeline

1414
March 25, 1414
Skipton, Yorkshire, England
1424
March, 1424
Age 9
Of, Skelton, Yorkshire, England
1430
1430
Age 15
1432
1432
Age 17
Of Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
1435
April 8, 1435
Age 21
Doncaster, Yorkshire, England
1437
1437
Age 22
Of Castle, Conisborough, Yorkshire, England
1439
1439
Age 24
OF, Yorkshire, , England
1441
1441
Age 26
Conisbrough, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
1442
1442
Age 27
Conisborough, Yorkshire, , England
1446
1446
Age 31
Yorkshire, England