About Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales
Lord Thomas de Scales or Thomas Scales de Newselles or Thomas Scalles KG (1397 – 25 July 1460), 7th Baron Scales, Knight of the Garter from 1426 was one of the main English commanders in the last twenty years of the Hundred Years' War. The son of Robert de Scales, 5th Baron Scales (c. 1372-7 December 1402), he succeeded his brother Robert de Scales, 6th Baron Scales (died July 1419) as baron.
Thomas distinguished himself in France, against Jack Cade and in many other places and, as reward, was granted £100 during his life and the privilege of a 200 tonne ship to transport goods wherever he saw fit (excluding Calais). He was summoned to Parliament from 1445 to 1460.
Scales was a person of considerable wealth and importance and this is implied in Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 3: Edward's brothers George and Richard complain to Edward about his bestowal of Scales' heiress on the Queen's parvenu brother, instead of one of them.
In 1422, Scales crossed the Channel to Normandy to fight against Joan of Arc in the Loire campaign. He saw action from the Siege of Orléans to the Battle of Patay and he served as a lieutenant of John of Lancaster, the Duke of Bedford.
By 1423, Scales was captain of Verneuil. From 1424 to 1425, he fought alongside John Fastolf to recapture the fortress at Maine.
According to a recruitment roll now at the National Army Museum, he commanded a corps of 728 archers (some with fire-tipped arrows) and about 50 infantry at the siege of Saint-Denis. In 1439, to cut off Mont-Saint-Michel, at the end of the French bridge in English-held territory, he founded the citadel of Granville. In 1442 Granville was taken by surprise by the French defenders of the Mont.
In the Wars of the Roses Scales fought for Lancaster, and as such appears in Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 2. On 25 July 1460 Scales was murdered.
Thomas held Rivenhall in Essex, Newsells and Barkway in Hertfordshire and Ilsington, Middelton, Lynne, Hardwicke, Rongeton, Tylney and Clenchwarton in Norfolk .
Coat of arms
Argent, a fess and a canton gules
Thomas married Ismayne Whalesburgh (aka Esmania aka Emma Whaleborough). They had two children:-
Thomas Scales (died in infancy)
Lady Elizabeth de Scales Woodville, Baroness Scales (died 2 September 1473), married Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers