Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1373 - 1400) MP

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Nicknames: "Thomas le Despenser", "1st Earl of Gloucester"
Birthplace: Essendine, Rutland, England
Death: Died in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England
Cause of death: Beheaded by a mob during the Epiphany Rising
Occupation: 1st Earl of Gloucester, Beheaded at Bristol
Managed by: Steven Sibley
Last Updated:

About Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester

Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, 4th Baron le Despenser (22 September 1373 – 13 January 1400, Bristol) was the son of Edward le Despenser, 1st Baron le Despenser, whom he succeeded in 1375.

Royal intrigues

A supporter of Richard II against Thomas of Woodstock and the Lords Appellant, he was rewarded with an Earldom as Earl of Gloucester in 1397.

However, he supported Henry Bolingbroke on his return to England to become King Henry IV, only to be attainted (deprived of his Earldom because of a capital crime) for his role in the death of Thomas of Woodstock.

He then took part in the Epiphany Rising, a rebellion led by a number of Barons aimed at restoring Richard to the throne by assassinating Henry IV; this quickly failed when the conspirators were betrayed by Edward of Norwich to Henry. After fleeing to the western counties, a number of the Epiphany Rising conspirators were captured and killed by mobs of townspeople loyal to the king; Despenser was captured by a mob and beheaded at Bristol on 13 January 1400.

Marriage

Thomas le Despenser married Constance, daughter of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York. They had issue, of whom:

  • Elizabeth le Despenser (died young c. 1398)
  • Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh (1396–1414)
  • Edward le Despenser (b. bef. 1400), died young
  • Hugh le Despenser (c. 1400–1401)
  • Isabel le Despenser (1400–1439), she married first Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, she married second Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick

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http://thepeerage.com/p43904.htm#i439036

Children of Thomas le Despenser

  • Roese le Despenser+1
  • Sir Hugh le Despenser+1 d. bt 23 Feb 1238 - 30 May 1238
  • Thomas le Despenser1 d. c Oct 1218
  • Geoffrey le Despenser+1 d. 1251

Citations

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1384. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_le_Despenser,_1st_Earl_of_Gloucester -------------------- Beheaded -------------------- Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester KG (22 September 1373 – 13 January 1400) was the son of Edward le Despenser, 1st Baron le Despencer, whom he succeeded in 1375.

Contents

 [hide] 1 Royal intrigues

2 Marriage 3 Ancestry and succession 4 References

Royal intrigues[edit]

A supporter of Richard II against Thomas of Woodstock and the Lords Appellant, he was rewarded with an Earldom as Earl of Gloucester in 1397.

However, he supported Henry Bolingbroke on his return to England to become King Henry IV, only to be attainted (deprived of his Earldom because of a capital crime) for his role in the death of Thomas of Woodstock.

He then took part in the Epiphany Rising, a rebellion led by a number of Barons aimed at restoring Richard to the throne by assassinating King Henry IV; this quickly failed when the conspirators were betrayed by Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York to Henry. After fleeing to the western counties, a number of the Epiphany Rising conspirators were captured and killed by mobs of townspeople loyal to the king; Despenser was captured by a mob and beheaded at Bristol on 13 January 1400.

Marriage[edit]

Thomas le Despenser married Constance, daughter of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York. They had issue, of whom: Elizabeth le Despenser (died young c. 1398) Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh (1396–1414) Edward le Despenser (b. bef. 1400), died young Hugh le Despenser (c. 1400–1401) Isabel le Despenser (1400–1439), she married first Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, she married second his cousin Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick

view all 20

Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester's Timeline

1373
September 22, 1373
Essendine, Rutland, England
1379
November 7, 1379
Age 6
1396
November 30, 1396
Age 23
Elmley, Worcestershire, England
1397
1397
Age 23
England
1400
January 13, 1400
Age 26
Bristol, Gloucestershire, England
July 26, 1400
Age 26
Worcestershier, England
July 26, 1400
Age 26
Elmley,Worcestershier,,England
1400
Age 26
Bristol, Gloucestershire, , England
1936
November 13, 1936
Age 26
1937
February 5, 1937
Age 26
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA