Thomas de Berkeley
|Also Known As:||"The Rich", "3rd Lord of Berkeley/Marshal of the Army in France", "Thomas The Rich"|
|Birthplace:||Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England|
|Death:||Died in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England|
|Place of Burial:||St. Mary's, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England|
Son of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Lord of Berkeley and Eva la Zouche
|Occupation:||3rd Lord of Berkeley, 8th Lord Berkeley "The Ritch", 3rd Lord|
|Managed by:||Noel Clark Bush|
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About Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley
Thomas de Berkeley (c. 1293 or 1296 – 27 October 1361), aka Thomas the Rich, was an English baron and the custodian of Berkeley Castle.
He was the son of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley and Eve la Zouche.
In 1327 he was made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II of England, whom he received at Berkeley Castle, but being commanded to deliver over the government to his fellow custodians, Lord Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gournay, he left there to go to Bradley with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended. As an accessory to the murder of the deposed king, he was tried by a jury of 12 knights in the 4th year of King Edward III of England, but was honourably acquitted.
His first marriage was to Margaret Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville. They had five children:
- Maurice de Berkeley (born 1320, date of death unknown), who succeeded his father as Baron de Berkeley.
- Thomas de Berkeley (born c. 1325, date of death unknown)
- Roger de Berkeley (born 1326, date of death unknown)
- Alphonsus de Berkeley (born 1327, date of death unknown)
- Joan de Berkeley (born 1330, date of death unknown), married Sir Reginald Cobham.
Secondly, he married Catherine Clivedon (21 January 1351[sic] – 1428) on 30 May 1347 and had four children:
- Thomas Berkeley (born 7 June 1348, date of death unknown)
- Maurice de Berkeley, aka The Valiant, (27 May 1349 – 3 June 1368)
- Edmund de Berkeley (born 10 July 1350, date of death unknown)
- Sir John de Berkeley (21 January 1351–1428), also known as John Berkeley of Beverstone, that is, Beverstone Castle, a secondary residence of his father's.
He died 27 October 1361 in Gloucestershire, England. His son from his first marriage, Maurice, succeeded him as 4th Baron de Berkeley.
- Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
- M, #11224, b. circa 1296, d. 27 October 1361
- Father Sir Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Lord Berkeley, Seneschal of Aquitaine, Warden of Gloucester10,11,12 b. Apr 1271, d. 31 May 1326
- Mother Eve la Zouche10,11,12 b. c 1271, d. 5 Dec 1314
- Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France Captain of the Scottish Marches.3 He was born circa 1296 at of Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England; Age 30 in 1326 and 68 in 1361.2,3,6 A contract for the marriage of Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France and Margaret de Mortimer was signed on 10 May 1319; They had 4 sons (Sir Maurice, 4th Lord Berkeley; Thomas; Roger; & Alphonse) and 1 daughter (Joan, wife of Thomas de Haudlo, & of Sir Reynold, 1st Lord Cobham).2,13,3,4,6,9 Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France and Margaret de Mortimer obtained a marriage license on 28 August 1329; Date of Papal Dispensation for being related in the 4th degree of kindred.2,3,6 Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France married Katharine de Clivedon, daughter of Sir John de Clivedon and Emma, on 30 May 1347 at Charfield, Gloucestershire, England; They had 4 sons (Thomas, Maurice, Edmund, & Sir John).2,3,6 Sir Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Marshal of the English Army in France died on 27 October 1361 at Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; Buried in Berkeley Church.2,3,6
- Family 1 Margaret de Mortimer b. 1308, d. 5 May 1337
- Joane de Berkeley+3,14,5,6,15,7,8 b. c 1329, d. 2 Oct 1369
- Sir Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley+16,3,6 b. c 1330, d. 3 Jun 1368
- Family 2 Katharine de Clivedon d. 13 Mar 1385
- Sir John Berkeley, Sheriff of Somerset, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, & Wiltshire+16,17,3,18,6,19 b. 23 Jan 1352, d. 5 Mar 1428
- 1.[S2980] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. II, p. 129/130, Vol. III, p. 353; Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th Ed., by F. L. Weis, p. 84.
- 2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 98.
- 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 176-177.
- 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 190.
- 5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 149.
- 6.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 332-333.
- 7.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 274.
- 8.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 570-571.
- 9.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 171.
- 10.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 97-98.
- 11.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 174-175.
- 12.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 330-331.
- 13.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 523-525.
- 14.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 522.
- 15.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 268.
- 16.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 98-99.
- 17.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 312.
- 18.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 171.
- 19.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 589.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p374.htm#i11224
- Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley1
- M, #129628, b. circa 1293, d. 27 October 1361
- Last Edited=2 Feb 2011
- Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley was born circa 1293.1 He was the son of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Lord Berkeley and Eva la Zouche.1 He married, firstly, Margaret Mortimer, daughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville, before 25 July 1320.2 He married, secondly, Katharine Clivedon, daughter of Sir John Clivedon and Emma (?), on 30 May 1347 at Charfield, Gloucestershire, England.2 He died on 27 October 1361.2 He was buried at Berkeley Church, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.2
- Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley also went by the nick-name of Thomas 'the Rich'.1 He was invested as a Knight before 1322.1 He fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1321/22, and was taken prisoner.1 He succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Berkeley [E., 1295] on 31 May 1326, by writ.1 On 16 October 1326 he was released from Pevenesey Castle.1 He was Joint Custodian of the deposed king, King Edward II on 4 April 1327 at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.1 He fought in the expedition against Scotland in 1328.1 In 1330/31 he was tried by a jury of 12 knights as an accessory to the murder of the deposed King, but was acquitted (actually performed by Sir John Maltravers).1 He held the office of Chief Warden of Worcestershire in 1336.1 He held the office of Chief Warden of Gloucestershire in 1336.1 He held the office of Chief Warden of Herefordshire in 1336.1 He was Marshal of the English Army in France in 1340.2 He held the office of Captain of the Scottish Marches in 1342.2 He held the office of Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre South of Trent between 1345 and 1348.2 He was on an Embassy to Pope Innocent VI in 1361.2
- Children of Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley and Margaret Mortimer
- 1.Joan de Berkeley+3 d. 2 Oct 1369
- 2.Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley+2 b. c 1330, d. 8 Jun 1368
- Child of Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley and Katharine Clivedon
- 1.John de Berkeley3 b. a 1331
- 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 129. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 130.
- 3.[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 347. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p12963.htm#i129628
- Barons Berkeley, by writ, First Creation (1295)
- From 1295 the feudal barony continued concurrently with the barony by writ.
- Thomas II de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley (1245–1321), 6th feudal Baron Berkeley Thomas the Wise
- Maurice III de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley (1271–1326), 7th feudal Baron Berkeley, Maurice the Magnaminous
- Thomas III de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley (1293–1361), 8th feudal Baron Berkeley, Thomas the Rich
- Maurice IV de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (1330–1368), 9th feudal Baron Berkeley, Maurice the Valiant
- Thomas IV de Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley (1352/53–1417), 10th feudal Baron Berkeley, Thomas the Magnificent
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Berkeley
- BERKELEY, Sir John I (1352-1428), of Beverstone castle, Glos.
- b. Wotton-under-Edge, Glos. 21 Jan. 1352, 4th but o. surv. s. of Thomas, 8th Lord Berkeley (1293-1361) of Berkeley castle, Glos. by his 2nd w. Katherine, da. of Sir John Clevedon† of Charfield, Glos. and wid. of Sir Peter Veel† of Tortworth, Glos.1 m. (1) bef. Jan. 1368, Eleanor (d. bef. 1377), da. of Sir Robert Assheton of Pitney and Ashton, Som.; (2) bet. 1377, Elizabeth, da. and h. of John Bettesthorne* of Bisterne, Hants, 14s. inc. Sir Maurice†, 3da.; (3) bef. June 1427, Margaret (d. 20 Aug. 1444), wid. of Sir Thomas Brewes* and Sir William Burcester*. Kntd. bef. 1383.
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/berkeley-sir-john-i-1352-1428
- Thomas "The Rich" BERKELEY (3° B. Berkeley)
- Born: BEF 1296/ABT 1310, Gloucestershire, England
- Died: ABT 27 Oct 1361, Gloucestershire, England
- Father: Maurice "The Magnanamous" BERKELEY (2° B. Berkeley)
- Mother: Eve La ZOUCHE
- Married 1: Margaret MORTIMER (b. 1305 - d. 5 May 1337) (dau. of Roger Mortimer, E. March and Joan Geneville) ABT 25 Jul 1320
- 1. Maurice "The Valiant" BERKELEY (4° B. Berkeley)
- 2. Joan BERKELEY
- Married 2: Catherine CLIVEDON 30 May 1347, Charfield, Gloucester, England
- 3. John BERKELEY
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BERKELEY1.htm#Thomas "The Rich" BERKELEY (3° B. Berkeley)
- Sir Thomas de Berkeley
- Birth: 1296, England
- Death: Oct. 27, 1361 Gloucestershire, England
- Son of Maurice de Berkeley and Eve la Zouche. Grandson of Sir Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Ferrers, Eudes de la Zouche and Milicent de Cantilowe.
- Knight, 3rd Lord Berkeley, Baron of Berkeley, Custodian of Berkeley Castle, Chief Warden of Gloucester, Worcester and Hereford, Marshal of the English Army in France, Captain of the Scottish Marches, Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre South of Trent, 1st son and heir by his father's first marriage. Known as "Thomas the Rich."
- His first marriage, by contract dated 10 May 1319, and papal dispensation dated 28 Aug 1329 as they were related by 4th degree, was to Margaret de Mortimer, daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer and Joan de Joinville. Margaret's maritagium consisted on £2000 and the manor of Langley-Burrel in Wiltshire. Thomas and Margaret had four sons; Sir Maurice, Thomas, Roger and Alphonse, and well as one daughter, Joan the wife of Sir Reynold Cobham.
- Thomas married a second time to Katherine de Clivedon, the daughter of Sir John de Clivedon and the widow of Sir Peter de Veel. Thomas and Katherine had four sons; Thomas, Maurice, Edmund and Sir John.
- Thomas fought at the Battle of Boroughbridge where he was taken prisoner March 1322, imprisoned in Pevensey Castle in Sussex and released Oct 16, 1326. In April of 1327, Thomas and his brother in law, John Mautravers, were given the charge of the disposed king, Edward II, and took him from Kenilworth Castle to Berkeley Castle, where it is said, he was murdered.
- Thomas was on the expedition to Scotland with Edward III in 1328, and summoned to Parliament 1329 to 1360. In 1331, he was tried by a jury of twelve knights for the murder of the deposed King Edward II, but was acquitted.
- Thomas was granted the castle and manor of Beverstone, Gloucestershire, became the Marshall of the English Army in France in 1340, and the Captain of the Scottish Marches in 1342. He was commander of the forces at Crecy in 1346.
- After his death, his widow, Katherine, went on pilgrimages beyond the sea, and was buried at Berkeley Church.
- Family links:
- Maurice Berkeley (1271 - 1326)
- Eva Zouche Berkeley (1278 - 1314)
- Margaret de Mortimer Berkeley (1304 - 1337)
- Katherine de Clivedon Berkeley (1306 - 1385)
- Maurice de Berkeley (1330 - 1368)*
- Joan de Berkeley Cobham (1330 - 1369)*
- John Berkeley (1352 - 1428)*
- Maurice de Berkeley (____ - 1347)*
- Thomas de Berkeley (1296 - 1361)
- Isabel Berkeley (1305 - 1362)*
- Burial: St Mary the Virgin Churchyard, Berkeley, Stroud District, Gloucestershire, England
- Find A Grave Memorial# 101543384
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=101543384
Thomas "The Rich" BERKELEY Baron Berkeley (1293-1361) [Pedigree]
Son of Maurice "The Magnanimous" BERKELEY 3rd? Lord Berkeley (1271-1326) and Eva la ZOUCHE Baroness Berkeley (-1314)
b. 1293, Berkeley, Gloucester, Eng.
d. 27 Oct 1361, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Eng.
Married first Margaret de MORTIMER (-1337)
Married second Katharine CLIVEDON (1310-1385)
1. John de BERKELEY Kt. (1351-1428) m. Elizabeth BETTESHORNE (1353-)
1. "Genealogical Server, www.genserv.com",
2. "Ancestral roots of certain American colonists who came
to America before 1700",
Frederick Lewis Weis, 1992, seventh edition.
The earlier editions were called: "Ancestral roots of
sixty colonists who came to New England 1623-1650"
3. "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists",
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1996.
Thomas "The Rich" de Berkeley - was born in 1293 in Gloucestershire, England and died on 27 Oct 1361 in Gloucestershire, England . He was the son of Maurice "The Magnanimous" de Berkeley and Eve le Zouche.
Thomas married Margaret de Mortimer in 1320. Margaret was born about 1300. She was the daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Joan de Geneville. She died on 5 May 1337 .
Then Thomas married Catherine Clivedon on 30 May 1347. Catherine was born on 21 Jan 1351 in Wotton, Gloucestershire, England. She died in 1428 .
He was the son of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley and Eve la Zouche.
Thomas - - in 1327 he was made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II, whom he received at Berkeley Castle, but being commanded to deliver over the government to his fellow custodians, Lord Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gournay, he left there to go to Bradley "with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended." As an accessory to the murder of the deposed king, he was tried by a jury of 12 knights in the 4th year of King Edward III., but was honorably acquitted.
Children with Margaret de Mortimer (Quick Family Chart)
i. Maurice de Berkeley was born about 1320.
Maurice - was the successor of his father.
ii. Thomas de Berkeley was born about 1325.
iii. Roger de Berkeley was born about 1326.
iv. Alphonsus de Berkeley was born about 1327.
v. Joan de Berkeley was born about 1330.
Joan - married Sir Reginald Cobham.
Children with Catherine Clivedon (Quick Family Chart)
vi. Thomas Berkeley was born on 7 Jun 1348.
vii. Maurice "The Valiant" de Berkeley was born on 27 May 1349 and died on 3 Jun 1368 .
Maurice married Elizabeth Despencer. She is the daughter of Hugh Despencer and Eleanor de Clare.
viii. Edmund de Berkeley was born on 10 Jul 1350.
ix. Sir John Berkeley was born on 21 Jan 1351 in Wotton, Gloucestershire, England and died in 1428 in Beverstone, Gloucestershire, England . See #11. below.
Sir Thomas IV de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley was born 15 1298 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 27 Oct 1361 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Thomas married Margaret de MORTIMER on Jul 1320 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
Margaret de MORTIMER was born 2 May 1304 in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England. She died 5 May 1337 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Margaret married Sir Thomas IV de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley on Jul 1320 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
They had the following children:
M i Thomas de BERKELEY was born 1322 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 1349 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
M ii Roger de BERKELEY was born 1324 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 1349 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
F iii Joan de BERKELEY was born 1327 and died 2 Oct 1369.
M iv Sir Maurice de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley was born 1330 and died 8 Jun 1368.
M v Alphonse de BERKELEY was born 1333 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 1350 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
Thomas III. Eigth Lord. 1326 to 1361
THOMAS de Berkeley and his brother Maurice had shared with their father in the rebellion against the Despensers, and when the father was captured and committed to Wallingford Castle, the sons revenged themselves by laying waste the manors of the favourites in Oxon and Berkshire. Thomas was however taken prisoner and committed to the Tower, but made his escape; being again captured he was sent successively to the castles of Berkhampstead and Pevensey, and remained a prisoner nearly five years, until he was set free by the success of the Queen's party in 1326.
During the last six years of the reign of Edward II, it is recorded that half the baronage of England were butchered, imprisoned, or banished by the king in the course of the struggle against the king's favourites. The popular party was however now reinforced by the Queen Isabella and the Prince of Wales, who were everywhere welcomed as the deliverers of the kingdom. Their first acts were to liberate those of their friends who were pining in the king's dungeons, one of the first of whom was Thomas de Berkeley. He joined the Queen's army at Oxford, from whence they marched to Gloucester, and thence by way of Berkeley to Bristol. On the plea of preparing to receive the Queen, Thomas, now lord Berkeley, his father having died a few months previously, hurried forward to Berkeley, and proceeded to victual the Castle as if for a siege. This was his first appearance at Berkeley as its lord, and his tenants welcomed him with presents of money, from twenty to forty shillings each, according to their holdings.
The Castle and manors having been for several years in the possession of the Crown, lord Berkeley found them well stocked with cattle, hay, corn and implements, of which he took possession, as well as of a quantity of treasure of the Despensers which he found in the Castle. A great number of men at arms had also been levied and armed from the Berkeley manors by order of the King, and these now gladly gave their allegiance to their rightful lord.
At Bristol the elder Despenser was taken and executed as a traitor, and his son soon shared a similar fate at Hereford. The unhappy king, now deserted by all his friends, was captured near Neath Abbey in South Wales and sent to Kenilworth Castle, and the Queen and her army marched to London. From Hereford lord Berkeley however returned to Berkeley, halting on the way at Wigmore the seat of his father-in-law the lord Mortimer, where he met his wife the lady Margaret, from whom his long imprisonment and the turbulent events which followed it, had separated him for nearly six years. The king was formally deposed at a parliament which was summoned in January 1327, and remained a prisoner at Kenilworth, Thomas lord Berkeley, Sir John Maltravers, and Sir Thomas de Gournay, being charged with his safe custody. Gournay and Maltravers who were his immediate gaolers removed him to Corfe Castle and thence to Bristol, from whence he was brought on Palm Sunday, April 15th 1327, to Berkeley Castle. Lord Berkeley courteously received the king, and seems to have treated him with kindness and consideration, but this did not please the Queen and her advisers, for letters were soon after sent to lord Berkeley commanding him to "use no familiarity with Edward the late King," but to deliver over the custody of him to Maltravers and Gournay. Perceiving what was intended, lord Berkeley withdrew with a heavy heart, to his manor house at Wotton-under-Edge. Gournay and Maltravers now treated their charge with the greatest cruelty and indignity, hoping thereby to hasten his death, and among other tortures they almost suffocated him with the stench of putrid carcasses placed in a cellar or dungeon under the floor of his apartment. As this treatment did not sufficiently hasten his death, they at length murdered him with circumstances of horrible barbarity at midnight on the 21st of September 1327. His shrieks were heard in the town, and in the morning the inhabitants were told that the king died in the night of some sudden seizure, and were invited to come and view the body. It showed no wound, but the features were terribly distorted, as though from a violent and painful death. The Monasteries at Kingswood, Bristol, and Malmesbury, refused to receive the corpse, fearing the Queen's displeasure, but the abbot of St. Peter's at Gloucester, to his honour, brought it from Berkeley and received it at his Cathedral with a procession of the whole convent and of the city, and buried it honourably in the north aisle near the high altar.
The steward's accounts of the time contain several entries having reference to the king's residence at Berkeley and the terrible tragedy of his death. Two sums, of £700 and £500, were received from the exchequer for the maintenance of the King and his attendants during the period of his imprisonment. There is an entry of 31s. 1d. for the expenses of Thomas de Gournay going to Nottingham to inform the Queen of Edward�s death. The reeves accounts of the manors of Ham and Alkington shew what provisions they sent in to the Castle for the royal maintenance from Palm Sunday to the 2lst of September that year. There are entries of money for dyeing canvass black to cover the carriage in which the corpse was conveyed to Gloucester for interment in the Cathedral; of 37s. 8d. for a silver vessel to place the king�s heart in; of 21d. paid in oblations at several times in the Castle chapel for the repose of his soul; and of 18s. 9d. the expenses of some of lord Berkeley's household going with the body to Gloucester.
The Queen's advisers, on whom the guilt really rested, endeavoured to get rid of the responsibility by charging the murder on lord Berkeley, and he underwent a trial by a jury of twelve knights, who acquitted him of the charge, except as regards some negligence, and he was liberated on bail. The charge was, however, kept hanging over him, probably to divert attention from the really guilty parties until 1338, when he was finally and fully acquitted.
These troubles over, lord Berkeley seems to have settled down at Berkeley, and devoted himself to the usual occupations and amusements of great lords of the period. The repairs and improvements of his estates, which had been much dilapidated and impoverished during their long occupation by the crown, formed his first care. The accounts of the reeves and bailiffs of his demesne lands are most minute and exact, shewing the produce of each manor and how it was disposed of; large quantities, being, as was usual, given to the poor and the neighbouring monasteries, and much shipped off by sea; as well as shewing what was consumed by the households at his different manor houses. Lord Berkeley had residences at Beverston, Awre, Wotton-under-Edge, Portbury, and Bedminster, as well as the Castle at Berkeley, and often removed from one to another, seldom residing a year together at any one. Like all his predecessors he was very fond of the sports of the field, and often lay out whole nights in his woods and parks, hunting. He kept hounds, hawks, and falcons, and was also devoted to jousts, tournaments, and military exercises. He was more frequently employed abroad by the king in military and other service, than almost any other subject, and when he was thus occupied, or in attending Parliament, his lady usually withdrew to one of their manor houses, for quiet and retirement.
Thomas lord Berkeley was at the battle of Cressy, in 1346, as well as his son Maurice who was in attendance on the Prince of Wales, and his brother Sir Maurice Berkeley of Stoke, who was afterwards slain at the siege of Calais. Lord Berkeley and his son Maurice also served at the battle of Poictiers, where Maurice was severely wounded and taken prisoner, a full account of which is given by Froissart.
Among the minor events of his life it is recorded that this lord built New Park House as a hunting lodge, and enclosed the park there; also the high tower on the north side of the keep of the Castle, called Thorpe's tower, since partly pulled down.
In 1340, lord Berkeley founded and endowed a chantry in the chapel of St. Maurice, at Newport near Berkeley; in the deed of endowment he directs what prayers and masses shall there be said, and lays down rules for the chaplain's life and conversation, forbidding him to take money of any, or to be servant to any but God in spiritual matters, and to himself in temporal concerns; enjoining him to live chastely and honestly, and not come to markets, alehouses or taverns, nor frequent plays or unlawful games. He also made similar endowments and arrangements at Wortley and Cambridge, "and all this," says Smyth, "he did in so devout and holy a manner, that unless he had been a disciple of Wickliff who now lived, he could not have come nearer to the doctrine of the Church of England in these days" (A. D. 1618)
In the latter years of this lord lived John Trevisa, a secular priest and Vicar of Berkeley, who was also chaplain to the lord Berkeley.*
- Trevisa was of an ancient Cornish family, bearing Gules a Garbe Or , long settled at Crocadon, in the parish of St. Mellion, near Callington. The estate was sold by William Trevisa to Sir William Caryton, in 1690, and is now the property of Colonel Caryton, of Pentillie Castle. William Trevisa died in 1703, when the family became extinct.
He translated the bible and many other works into English, and wrote much against the monastic system, saying that Christ instituted Apostles and Priests, but never Monks and begging Fryars. Trevisa and his patron seem to have been much in advance of their age, and to have professed doctrines very similar to those now about being promulgated by Wickliff. As Wickliff held the prebend of Aust in the collegiate church of Westbury in this county, it seems not too much to suppose that Trevisa and lord Berkeley may have imbibed some of the reformed doctrines which they appear to have held, by personal intercourse with Wickliff, though they do not appear to have been amongst his recognized supporters.
Lord Berkeley's first wife, Margaret the daughter of Lord Mortimer, died in 1337, and was buried at St. Augustine's. Ten years afterwards he married Katherine the widow of Sir Peter le Vele, who survived him twenty-four years; "she was" says Smyth, "a lady rich in good works, and founded the school and chantry at Wotton-under-Edge, and the chantry of St Andrew in Berkeley church."
Thomas eighth lord Berkeley died in 1361, and was buried beneath the fine altar tomb in Berkeley church under the second arch between the nave and the south aisle, where in 1385, his relict the Lady Katherine was laid beside him. The tomb is surmounted by their effigies, and in the nearest windows in the south aisle are those of three of their sons who died in their infancy. Maurice who succeeded, was lord Berkeley's eldest son by his first wife.
From DeBerkely Family Thomas "the Rich" de Berkeley
b.1293 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; s/o Lord Maurice "the Magnanimous" de Berkeley and Eve La Zouche d.Oct. 27, 1361 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; bur. Berkeley Church m.(1)bef.July 25, 1320 Margaret de Mortimer b.1308 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; d/o Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Joan de Geneville d.May 5, 1337 bur. St. Augustines, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England m.(2)June 3, 1347 Charfield, Gloucestershire, England; Katharine Clivedon b.abt.1310 Charfield, Gloucestershire, England; d/o John Clivedon and Emma
Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley's Timeline
Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
July 25, 1320
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, , England
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, , England
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
May 30, 1347
Charfield, Gloucestershire, , England