Þaurismoþs Balþings (Thorismund), Wisugutane þiudans (b. - 453) MP

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Birthplace: Visigoth-occupied Iberia (Present Spain), Roman Empire
Death: Died in Toulouse, (Present département de la Haute-Garonne), (Present région Midi-Pyrénées), Visigoth Kingdom (Present France)
Cause of death: Strangled by his brothers Theodoric and Frederic
Managed by: Mercedita Florencia Saez Iribarnegaray
Last Updated:

About Þaurismoþs Balþings (Thorismund), Wisugutane þiudans

El resumen proporcionado por Mercedita Florencia Saez Iribarnegaray:

Es asesinado por sus hermanos Federico y Teodorico, comprados por los romanos. Había reinado 2 años.

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Ben M. Angel's summary:

Relationships:

Parents: Theodoric I, King of the Visigoths and (Unknown) daughter of Alaric I

Siblings:

1. Unknown daughter (d. after 442), married to (in 429) and repudiated by (in 442) Huneric I, King of the Vandals

3. Theoderic II, King of the Visigoths (453-466)

4. Frideric (Friderico), Visigoth military leader

5. Euric I, King of the Visigoths (b. after 435, 466-484)

6. Retemiris (Ricimer), Visigoth military leader

7. Himnerith, Visigoth military leader

8. Unknown daughter, m. 449 in Toulouse Richgar/Requiario, King of the Suevi (d. 456)

No spouse or children.

Basic information and justifications:

Birth: There is no information on his date or location of birth. However, the Visigoths did invade Iberia (present Spain) starting in 409 (he was probably born after this date), and it would not be unreasonable to presume his birth took place there.

Death: He was strangled to death by his two brothers, presumably in Toulouse. No specific date given other than in 453. His rule was said, however, to have been three years, which may indicate a death late in the year (the passage on his duration of rule may have meant that it ended in his third year, or after June 20, 453, the second anniversary of his election).

Spouse, children, burial: No information is given.

Occupation: King of the Visigoths (20 June 451-late 453)

Alternate names: Thorismund, Turismundo, Torismond

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Toulouse (covering his birth family - no marriages noted):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/TOULOUSE.htm#_Toc225040394

THEODERIC I 418-451, THORISMUND 451-453, THEODERIC II 453-466


THEODERIC [Theoderid], son of --- (-killed in battle near Troyes summer 451).

According to Grote[53], King Theoderic I was the son of King Walia but Wolfram says that nothing is known about the earlier life of Theoderic[54].

He was elected to succeed in 418 as THEODERIC I King of the Visigoths. Iordanes names "Theoderidum" as successor of "Vallia rex Gothorum" but does not specify any relationship between the two[55].

He completed the transfer of Visigothic activity from Spain to France based on Toulouse[56]. In 422, the Visigoths marched against the Vandals in Spain but deserted their Roman allies who suffered a serious defeat[57].

The Visigoths became more aggressive in their raids against Roman towns in Gaul, besieging Arles several times between 425 and 430, and Narbonne in 437. The Romans counter-attacked Toulouse in 439, although their leader Litorius was killed[58].

The Visigoths fought for the Romans against the Suevi in Spain in 446, but made an alliance with the latter in 449, confirmed by the marriage of Theoderic’s daughter to the Suevi king[59]. King Theoderic marched with his two eldest sons into Champagne in summer 451 against Attila the Hun.

He was killed in the battle of the Catalaunian fields in which the combined Roman/Visigothic forces defeated the Huns[60]. Iordanes records that he was killed "in campis statim Catalaunicisis"[61]. Gregory of Tours records that Theoderic King of the Goths was killed in battle against Attila in support of his allies the Franks[62]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Theuderedus” reigned for 33 years[63]. [64]

m --- of the Visigoths, daughter of ALARIC I King of the Visigoths & his wife ---.

King Theoderic I had more than nine children, although it is not known whether these were by his wife or by concubines:

1. daughter (-after 442).

She was sent back to her father at the time of the 442 revolt with her nose and ears mutilated[65].

m ([429] or after[66], repudiated 442) as his first wife, HUNERIC, son of GENSERIC King of the Vandals.

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2. THORISMUND (-murdered 453).

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[67]. Herimannus names "Torismod filius Theodorus rex Gothorum" when recording that he succeeded his father[68].

He was elected to succeed his father in 451 as THORISMUND King of the Visigoths. Iordanes records that he also fought "in campis statim Catalaunicisis" and succeeded after the death of his father in the same battle[69].

He made war on the Alans at Orléans and marched again on Arles[70].

The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453[71]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Thurismodus” reigned for three years[72].

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3. THEODERIC (-murdered 466). (Son of King Theodoric 418-451)

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[73].

Herimannus names "Theodericus frater Torismodo regi Gothorum" when recording that he succeeded his brother[74]. He was elected to succeed after murdering his brother in 453 as THEODERIC II King of the Visigoths. The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453 and that Theoderic succeeded to the throne[75]. Iordanes records that "Thederidus germanus eius" succeeded after the death of Thorismund but does not specify that he was responsible for his brother's death[76]. He invaded Spain in 454 in support of Emperor Avitus and inflicted a resounding defeat on the Suevi in 456[77]. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Teudericus” entered Spain, defeated “Ricciarium Suevorum regem” in battle “Asturica apud Urbicum fluvium”, and pursued him into “Portucale” where he killed Requiario and captured “Bracarum”[78]. He returned to Toulouse in Mar 457 but left a Visigoth contingent which advanced through Betica, eventually taking partial control of Seville[79]. The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Teudericus” returned to Gaul after leaving Portugal and was killed “ab Eurico…fratre”[80]. Iordanes records that his brother Euric was suspected of involvement in the death of Theoderic[81]. The Chronica Regum Visigotthorum records that “Theudoricus” reigned for 7, otherwise 13, years[82].

4. FRIDERIC [Federico].

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[83].

The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Thorismo Rex Gothorum” was killed by “Theuderico et Frederico fratribus” in 453[84]. He shared power jointly with his brother King Theoderic II[85]. He led a military incursion into Spain in 454[86].

5. EURIC ([after 435]-Arles [Dec] 484).

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[87].

He was elected to succeed in 466 as EURIC King of the Visigoths after murdering his brother King Theoderic II.

6. RETEMERIS [Ricimer].

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[88].

7. HIMNERITH.

Iordanes names (in order) "Friderichum et Eurichum, Retemerim et Himnerith" as four of the sons of "Theoderido", specifying that their father took his two older sons "Thorismud et Theodericum maiores natu" when he fought at the battle of the Catalaunian Fields, dated to 451[89].

8. daughter.

Isidor's Historia Gothorum, Wandalorum, Sueborum records that "Recciarius Reccilani filius" married "Theuderedi regis Gothorum filia"[90]. The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Rechiarius” married “Theodoris Regis filia” in 449[91].

Her marriage was arranged to confirm her father's alliance with the Suevi in Spain.

m (Toulouse 449[92]) REQUIARIO King of the Suevi in Spain, son of REQUILA King of the Suevi (-456).

9. other daughters[93].

References:

[53] Grote, H. (1877) Stammtafeln (reprint Leipzig, 1984), p. 17.

[54] Wolfram, H. (1998) History Of The Goths (Berkeley, California), pp. 174-5.

[55] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 103.

[56] García-Guijarro Ramos, L. 'Las invasions bárbaras en Hispania y la creación del Reino Visigodo', Álvarez Palenzuela, V. Á. (coord.) (2002) Historia de España de la Edad Media (Barcelona), p. 11.

[57] Wolfram (1998), p. 175.

[58] Wolfram (1998), pp. 175-6.

[59] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

[60] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.

[61] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.

[62] Gregory of Tours, II.7, p. 118.

[63] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.

[64] Wolfram (1998), p. 174.

[65] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

[66] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

[67] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[68] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 449, MHG SS V, p. 83.

[69] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.

[70] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.

[71] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.

[72] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.

[73] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[74] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 452, MHG SS V, p. 83.

[75] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.

[76] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 113.

[77] Wolfram (1998), p. 179.

[78] Chronicon Albeldense 21, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.

[79] García-Guijarro (2002), p. 15.

[80] Chronicon Albeldense 21, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1134A.

[81] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, p. 118.

[82] Chronica Regum Visigotthorum, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 172.

[83] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[84] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 368.

[85] Wolfram (1998), p. 202.

[86] Wolfram (1998), p. 178.

[87] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[88] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[89] Iordanes Getarum, MGH Auct. ant. V.1, XXXVI, p. 107.

[90] Isidori Historia Gothorum, Wandalorum, Sueborum 486, MGH Auct. ant. XI, p. 301.

[91] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, p. 365.

[92] Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

[93] King Theoderic I had a "wealth of daughters" according to Wolfram (1998), p. 177.

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De la página de Wikipedia en Turismundo:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turismundo

Turismundo (¿? – 453) fue rey de los visigodos entre los años 451 y 453. Turismundo era hijo de Teodorico I y nieto del gran Alarico I el vencedor de Roma. Gozó de popularidad entre los suyos por su enorme fuerza física.

Fue elegido rey por los soldados godos en la batalla de los Campos Cataláunicos, ante el cadáver aún caliente de su padre, muerto por los hunos y a quien se estaba dando las honras fúnebres con el rito germánico de batir las armas.

Instaló su corte en Toulouse y probablemente, fue el primer rey visigodo en tener una visión del reino visigodo independiente de Roma y trató a los romanos de igual a igual. Su política secesionista llevó al general romano Aecio a conspirar con los hermanos de Turismundo (Teodorico y Frederico) para asesinarle. Éstos le estrangularon, tras lo cual los nobles godos nombraron a Teodorico como su sucesor.

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In English:

Thorismund (d. 453) was King of the Visigoths between 451 and 453. Thorismund was the son of Theodoric I and grandson of the great Alaric I, conqueror of Rome. He was popular among his people because of his enormous physical strength.

He was elected King by the Visigoths by his soldiers after the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields (Battle of Chalons) while the corpse of his father, killed by the Huns, was still warm. The new king gave his father funeral rites complete with the Germanic weapons of those who were defeated that day.

Thorismund installed his court at Toulouse and was probably the first King of the Visigoths to envision a Visigoth Kingdom as an independent kingdom, who saw the Romans as his equal. His secession from the Empire led Roman General Aetius to conspire with his brothers (Theodoric and Frederic) to assassinate him. They strangled him, after which the Gothic nobility elected Theodoric as successor.

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Rey de los visigodos 451 – 453

Predecesor: Teodorico I

Sucesor: Teodorico II

Reinado: 451 – 453

Fallecimiento: 453

Dinastía: Baltinga

Padre: Teodorico I

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From the English Wikipedia page on Thorismund:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorismund

Thorismund (Torismond or in Spanish and Portuguese Turismundo) became king of the Visigoths after his father Theodoric was killed in the Battle of Châlons in 451 CE. He was murdered in 453 and was succeeded by his brother Theodoric II.

Thorismund appears to have played a pivotal role in the Battle of Châlons as he led a contingent of the Visigoth forces into capturing an important summit at the very early stages of the conflict. The summit seems to have extended to the whole of the left flank of the Ostrogoth and Hun forces. Thorismund descended from the hills during the late stages of the conflict, when the Huns had prevailed over the Alans, and the Ostrogoths were pushing the disorganized Visigoths after the death of their king Theodoric. Thorismund led his force of Visigoths to a decisive charge which, according to Gibbon flanked both the Ostrogoths and subsequently the Huns and snapped the victory from his enemies.

External links

Edward Gibbon, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, chapter 35

Regnal title: King of the Visigoths 451–453

Preceded by Theodoric I

Succeeded by Theodoric II

Balti dynasty

Died: 453 -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorismund

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Thorismund, King of the Visigoths's Timeline

453
453
Toulouse, (Present département de la Haute-Garonne), (Present région Midi-Pyrénées), Visigoth Kingdom (Present France)
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Visigoth-occupied Iberia (Present Spain), Roman Empire
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