Toda Aznárez, reina consorte de Navarra (885 - c.970) MP

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Nicknames: "Urraca /Salvadores/", "La Reine de Pamplon de Aragon?", "Toda Aznarez", "Tota", "Galindez"
Death: Died
Managed by: Nancy Sawalich
Last Updated:

About Toda Aznárez, reina consorte de Navarra

Toda de Pamplona

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_de_Pamplona

Toda Aznárez (2 de enero de 876 - 15 de octubre de 958) fue reina de Pamplona por su matrimonio con Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona. Era hija de Aznar Sánchez de Larraún y Onneca Fortúnez (que eran primos hermanos) y nieta de Fortún Garcés (rey de Pamplona).

Tuvo siete hijos en su matrimonio con Sancho I:

1)Urraca de Pamplona, que casaría con Ramiro II de León.

2) Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV el Monje de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.

3) Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, conde de Castilla.

4) García I Sánchez, rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.

5) Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el conde Momo (Munio), en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.

6) Munia (Muña) de Pamplona.

7) Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El sepulcro de la reina Toda, sarcófago de muy sencilla compostura, se encuentra en el atrio del Monasterio de Suso, monasterio que en la época pertenecía al Reino de Pamplona.

Tía carnal de Abderramán III, cuando el mismo monarca dirigía una aceifa en el 934 que tomaba rumbo al reino de Pamplona, invocó sus lazos de parentesco para que el califa le concediera la paz y se alejara de su reino. Abderramán en respuesta, impuso que la reina Toda se presentara en el campamento musulmán como prueba de buenos propósitos. Toda se presentó con su séquito en Calahorra, donde estaba instalado el califa, que la recibió con altos honores. En Calahorra la reina rindió vasallaje a Abderramán III y selló un tratado de no agresión y de colaboración con el califa, que invistió al hijo de Toda, García Sánchez I de Pamplona "el Vascón", como rey de Pamplona y sus distritos. Después de este tratado entre Toda y el califa, las tropas musulmanas atravesaron el ahora aliado Reino de Pamplona y marcharon contra el Reino de León donde asolaron Álava y Castilla.

Una breve noticia del año 956 de un monje del monasterio de Saint Gall en los Alpes bávaros, al escribir sobre el descalabro musulmán en el año 939 de la batalla de Simancas y la posterior jornada de Alhándega, atribuye la victoria a la reina Toda.

Un eclipse de sol se produjo alrededor de la hora tercia del día 19 de julio, en el año cuarto del rey Otón, viernes, luna 29. El mismo día, en la región de Galicia, un ejército innumerable de sarracenos fue casi aniquilado, menos su rey y 49 guerreros suyos, por cierta reina llamada Toda.

Justiniano Rodríguez, Ramiro II, rey de León, Burgos, La Olmeda, 1998.1

Su nieto Sancho I de León, hijo de su hija Urraca, no era del agrado de los nobles leoneses y castellanos. Estos, encabezados por el conde Fernán González, le destronaron y nombraron rey a Ordoño IV. Doña Toda ayudó a Sancho a pactar con el califa Abderramán III, su sobrino -nieto de su madre Oneca- para recuperar el trono.

--------------------

Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_Aznárez]

--------------------

Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was also aunt, through her mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad, of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III.

Her eldest son was García, who succeeded his father with his uncle Jimeno as regent and co-king (until 931). Toda became co-regent and guardian of her son. She was sole regent from her brother-in-law Jimeno's death to 934. She was an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

--------------------

Nieta de Fortún Garcés, Rey de Pamplona (Wiki,Toda de Navarra)

--------------------

Toda of Navarre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Toda Aznárez)

Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona

--------------------

Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona -------------------- Urraca Aznárez de Aragón1

b. circa 880

Father Aznar II Galíndez, conde de Aragón b. circa 840, d. before 893

    Urraca Aznárez de Aragón was born circa 880. She was the daughter of Aznar II Galíndez, conde de Aragón. Urraca Aznárez de Aragón married Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona, son of García II Jiménez, regente de Pamplona and Dadailidis de Bigorre, before 905; His 1st.1

Family

Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona b. circa 881?, d. 11 October 925

Children

Urraca Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 905, d. 23 Jun 9561

Oneca Sánchez de Navarra+ b. c 9051

Citations

[S187] Royal Genealogy Database, online http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/

-------------------- Toda de Navarra

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Toda Aznárez (2 de enero de 876 - 15 de octubre de 958) fue reina de Pamplona por su matrimonio con Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona. Era hija de Aznar Sánchez de Larraún y Oneca Fortúnez (que eran primos hermanos) y nieta de Fortún Garcés (rey de Pamplona).

Tía carnal de Abderramán III, cuando el mismo monarca dirigía una aceifa en el 934 que tomaba rumbo al reino de Pamplona, invocó sus lazos de parentesco para que el califa le concediera la paz y se alejara de su reino. Abderramán en respuesta, impuso que la reina Toda se presentara en el campamento musulmán como prueba de buenos propósitos. Toda se presentó con su séquito en Calahorra, donde estaba instalado el califa, que la recibió con altos honores. En Calahorra la reina rindió vasallaje a Abderramán III y selló un tratado de no agresión y de colaboración con el califa, que invistió al hijo de Toda, García Sánchez I de Pamplona "el Vascón", como rey de Pamplona y sus distritos. Después de este tratado entre Toda y el califa, las tropas musulmanas atravesaron el ahora aliado Reino de Pamplona y marcharon contra el Reino de León donde asolaron Álava y Castilla.

Una breve noticia del año 956 de un monje del monasterio de Saint Gall en los Alpes bávaros, al escribir sobre el descalabro musulmán en el año 939 de la batalla de Simancas y la posterior jornada de Alhándega, atribuye la victoria a la reina Toda.

Un eclipse de sol se produjo alrededor de la hora tercia del día 19 de julio, en el año cuarto del rey Otón, viernes, luna 29. El mismo día, en la región de Galicia, un ejército innumerable de sarracenos fue casi aniquilado, menos su rey y 49 guerreros suyos, por cierta reina llamada Toda.

Justiniano Rodríguez, Ramiro II, rey de León, Burgos, La Olmeda, 1998.[1]

Su nieto Sancho I de León, hijo de su hija Urraca, no era del agrado de los nobles leoneses y castellanos. Estos, encabezados por el conde Fernán González, le destronaron y nombraron rey a Ordoño IV. Doña Toda ayudó a Sancho a pactar con el califa Abderramán III, su sobrino -nieto de su madre Oneca- para recuperar el trono.

Tuvo siete hijos en su matrimonio con Sancho I:

Urraca de Pamplona, que casaría con Ramiro II de León.

Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV el Monje de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.


Inscripción junto al sepulcro de la reina Toda.Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, conde de Castilla.

García I Sánchez, rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.

Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el conde Momo (Munio), en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.

Munia (Muña) de Pamplona.

Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El sepulcro de la reina Toda, sarcófago de muy sencilla compostura, se encuentra en el atrio del Monasterio de Suso, monasterio que en la época pertenecía al Reino de Pamplona.

Desde el año 2001 tiene una calle con su nombre en el barrio pamplonés de la Rochapea.

-------------------- El sepulcro de la reina Toda, sarcófago de muy sencilla compostura, se encuentra en el atrio del Monasterio de Suso, monasterio que en la época pertenecía al Reino de Pamplona.

-------------------- Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Pamplona through her marriage to Sancho I, who reigned 905-925, and was regent of Pamplona, 931-934.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

With the death of her brother-in-law Jimeno in 931, she became regent and guardian for her young son, García Sánchez I. In 934 Toda signed a treaty pledging allegiance to her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III, and released hostages of the Banu Di n-Nun clan, the caliph confirming the rule of her son García (this has sometimes been interpreted as an act of the Caliph to liberate García from his mother's direct control). This led to the rebellion in Falces by a count Fortún Garcés, an "irascible man who hated Muslims", the uprising being suppressed with Cordoban arms. Toda violated her treaty in 937, forcing a punitive campaign. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and thirdly Fortún Galíndez, duke of Nájera.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona

-------------------- O sepulcro da rainha Toda, sarcófago de simples compostura, encontra-se no adro do Mosteiro de Suso, mosteiro que na época pertencia ao Reino de Pamplona. -------------------- Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_of_NavarreToda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Pamplona through her marriage to Sancho I, who reigned 905-925, and was regent of Pamplona, 931-934. Later in life, she ruled a subkingdom created for her.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Onneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

With the death of her brother-in-law Jimeno in 931, she became regent and guardian for her young son, García Sánchez I. In 934 Toda signed a treaty pledging allegiance to her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III, and released hostages of the Banu Di n-Nun clan, the caliph confirming the rule of her son García (this has sometimes been interpreted as an act of the Caliph to liberate García from his mother's direct control). This led to the rebellion in Falces by a count Fortún Garcés, an "irascible man who hated Muslims", the uprising being suppressed with Cordoban arms. Toda violated her treaty in 937, forcing a punitive campaign.

During several stretches she appears in the royal charters of the kingdom to the exclusion of her daughter-in-law, the queen, from 947 to 955, and again in 959. In 958. she was ruling her own subkingdom, in the area of Degio and Lizarra, towns not otherwise identified.[1]

The same year, she took an interest in the health of her Leonese grandson Sancho I, whose obesity was largely responsible for his dethronement.[2][3] Toda requested the assistance of Abd-ar-Rahman III, Cordóba being renowned for its physicians. The caliph sent her his Jewish physician Hasdai ibn Shaprut, who promised to cure Sancho on condition that Toda visit Cordóba.[4] Therefore, Toda, her son García Sánchez I of Pamplona and grandson Sancho I of León, nobles and clergymen arrived in Cordóba, where they were received with full honors and amid much pomp.[5][6][7] The arrival of this Christian queen in the capital of an Islamic caliphate enhanced Abd-ar-Rahman III's prestige among his subjects,[8] and is considered a landmark in the history of medieval diplomacy.[9] Sancho's medical treatment was successful, and he was "relieved from his excessive corpulence."[10][11]

She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia. The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926 Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile Urraca, married Ramiro II of León Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and thirdly Fortún Galíndez, duke of Nájera. Orbita García, king of Pamplona [edit] Ancestry[show]Ancestors of Toda of Navarre [12]

 16. Íñigo Arista, King of Pamplona (= #24) 
 
     

 8. García Íñiguez, King of Pamplona (= #12)   
 
   


 4. Sancho Garcés                   
 



 


 2. Aznar Sánchez de Laron                           


















 
 1. Toda of Navarre   
   24. Íñigo Arista, King of Pamplona (= #16) 
 
         

 12. García Íñiguez, King of Pamplona (= #8)   
   6. Fortún Garcés, King of Pamplona   
  
  3. Onneca Fortúnez   
 
    7. Oria   
 [edit] References1.^ Roger Collins, "Queens-Dowager and Queens-Regnant in Tenth-Century León and Navarre", in John Carmi Parsons, Medieval Queenship, 1998, pp. 79-92.

2.^ Cantera Burgos 1966, p. 363 3.^ Hajji 1970, p. 74 4.^ Nykl 1974, pp. 6–7 5.^ Cantera Burgos 1966, p. 363 6.^ Vallvé Bermejo 1992, p. 177 7.^ Hajji 1970, p. 75 8.^ Guichard 2008, p. 101 9.^ Azizur Rahman 2001, p. 147 10.^ Hajji 1970, p. 76 11.^ Jayyusi 1992, p. 37 12.^ Salas Merino, Vicente (2008) (in Spanish). La Genealogía de Los Reyes de España [The Genealogy of the Kings of Spain] (4th ed.). Madrid: Editorial Visión Libros. p. 216. ISBN 9788498217674. http://books.google.com/books?id=s-YxL2tIbEgC&pg=PA216. Royal titles Preceded by Auria Queen consort of Pamplona 905 – 925 Succeeded by Sancha Aznárez Persondata Name Navarre, Toda Of Alternative names Short description Date of birth 885 Place of birth Date of death Place of death Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_of_Navarre" Categories: 885 births | 10th-century deaths | Women of medieval France | Women of medieval Spain | Female regents | Navarrese royal consorts | 10th-century female rulers | 10th-century viceregal rulers | Women in Medieval warfare Hidden categories: Articles lacking sources from December 2009 | All articles lacking sourcesPersonal tools Log in / create accountNamespaces ArticleDiscussionVariantsViews ReadEditView historyActions Search

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-------------------- Aznar Galíndez I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aznar Galíndez I married Eneca Garcés, probably a Basque, and they had four children:

Matrona, who married García Galíndez -------------------- Leo: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.), Reference: II 54.