Ivan / Иван Ivanovich / Иванович Rurik / Рюрикович, Tsarevich (1554 - 1582)

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Nicknames: "Иоанн Иоаннович"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Русия
Death: Died in Александровская Слобода, Русия
Cause of death: Murdered by his father
Occupation: погибший во время ссоры с отцом
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Ivan / Иван Ivanovich / Иванович Rurik / Рюрикович, Tsarevich

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Ivanovich_(Son_of_Ivan_IV)

Ivan Ivanovich (Ива́н Иванович) (28 March 1554 – 19 November 1581) of the House of Rurik, was Tsarevich - the heir apparent - of the Tsardom of Russia, being the second son of Ivan the Terrible and Anastasia Romanovna, and elder brother of Feodor.

The young Ivan was apparently just as cruel as his father, having accompanied him during the Massacre of Novgorod at the age of 15. For the whole five weeks, he and his father would watch the depredations of the Oprichniks with enthusiasm, and retire to church for prayer.

Ivan is written to have once saved his father from an assassination attempt. A Livonian prisoner named Bykovski raised a sword against the elder Ivan, only to be rapidly stabbed by the Tsarevich.

In 1566, it was suggested that he marry Virginia Eriksdotter, daughter of King Eric XIV of Sweden, but this did not come about. At the age of 17, Ivan was betrothed to Eudoxia Saburova, one of 12 marriage finalists rejected by his father. Due to her sterility, Ivan's father banished her to a convent. He later married Praskovia Solova, only to have the elder Ivan send her away for the same reason.

At age 27, Ivan was at least as well read as his father, and in his free time, wrote a biography on Antony of Siya. His sadistic impulses remained, and he frequently oversaw the torture of prisoners with his father, as well as swap lovers. His third wife was Yelena Sheremeteva, who was found to be pregnant on October 1581. His relationship with his father began to deteriorate during the later stages of the Livonian War. Angered at his father signing the Truce of Jam Zapolski, Ivan demanded to be given command of some troops to liberate Pskov. Their relationship further deteriorated when on 15 November, the Tsar, after seeing his pregnant daughter-in-law wearing unconventionally light clothing, physically assaulted her. Hearing her screams, the Tsarevich rushed to his wife's defense, angrily shouting, "You sent my first wife to a convent for no reason, you did the same with my second, and now you strike the third, causing the death of the son she holds in her womb." Yelena subsequently suffered a miscarriage. The Tsarevich confronted his father on the matter, only to have the topic changed to his insubordination regarding Pskov. The elder Ivan accused his son of inciting rebellion, which the younger Ivan denied, but vehemently stuck to the view that Pskov should be liberated. Angered, Ivan's father struck him on the head with his scepter. Boris Godunov, who was present at the scene, tried to intervene, but received blows himself. The younger Ivan fell, barely conscious and with a bleeding wound on his temple. The elder Ivan immediately threw himself at his son, kissing his face and trying to stop the bleeding, whilst repeatedly crying, "May I be damned! I've killed my son! I've killed my son!" The younger Ivan briefly regained consciousness and said "I die as a devoted son and most humble servant." For the next few days, the elder Ivan prayed incessantly for a miracle, but to no avail. The Tsarevich died on 19 November 1581.

Иван Иванович (28.3.1554—19.11.1582, Александровская Слобода, ныне Александров Владимирской области), царевич, старший сын (не считая умершего в младенчестве Дмитрия) царя Ивана IV Васильевича. Участвовал в ряде походов своего отца и в проведении опричной политики; известен, как и отец, своей жестокостью. Погиб от удара в висок, который нанёс ему отец посохом с металлическим наконечником во время ссоры.

Иоанн Иоаннович ( 28.04.1554 - 19.11.1582 ) — царевич, сын царя Иоанна IV Васильевича Грозного и первой супруги его, Анастасии Романовны. Как наследник престола, рано начал появляться рядом с отцом на приемах иностранных послов и в разных его поездках; между прочим он сопровождал отца и в Новгород, в 1570 г., когда Иоанн совершал там свою кровавую расправу. Царевич был участником и в том ужасном образе жизни, какой вел его отец. 4 ноября 1571 г. его женили на Евдокии Сабуровой; вскоре она была пострижена с именем Александры в Суздальском монастыре; царевич женился затем на Парасковье Соловой, но и ее через несколько времени приказано было заточить на Белоозере.

В 1582 г. он женился в третий раз на Елене Ивановне Шереметьевой (впоследствии инокиня царица Леонида). Мы не знаем в точности обстоятельств, вследствие которых Иоанн Грозный, 16 ноября 1582 г., в Александровской слободе, в припадке гнева, ударил сына посохом в висок так сильно и неосторожно, что тот через четыре дня, 19 ноября, скончался.

По известиям одних современников, отец был раздражен на сына за то, что к нему проявлялась явная любовь народа, и за то, что он слишком любил иностранцев, по известиям других — отец заподозрил сына в измене, когда тот стал требовать, во время военных неудач Иоанна, чтобы отец вручил ему начальствование над войском; наконец, есть известия, что между отцом и сыном возникли столкновения семейные. Детей царевич Иоанн не имел; впрочем, в 1609 г. появился самозванец, Осиновик, называвший себя сыном царевича Иоанна. В 1579 г. царевич Иоанн, по просьбе сийского игумена Питирима и новгородского архиепископа Александра, написал житие св. Александра Сийского с похвальным словом ему и службой; но произведение это не имеет большого, значения, ни в литературном отношении, ни как исторический источник. Царевич просто переделал житие св. Александра, ранее уже написанное монахом Ионой и только, выпустив некоторые любопытные жизненные подробности, заменил их условными риторическими фразами; ему самому принадлежит собственно только вступление. Карамзин, IX; Соловьев, VI; Ключевский. "Древне-русск. жития святых": Середонин, "Сочинение Джильса Флетчера". -------------------- Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ivan Ivanovich (Ива́н Иванович) (March 28, 1554 - November 19, 1581) of the House of Rurik, was Tsarevich - the heir apparent - of the Tsardom of Russia, being the second son of Ivan the Terrible and Anastasia Romanovna, and elder brother of Feodor.

The young Ivan was apparently just as cruel as his father, having accompanied him during the Massacre of Novgorod at the age of 15. For the whole five weeks, he and his father would watch the depredations of the Oprichniks with enthusiasm, and retire to church for prayer, apparently as a supplement to the pleasure derived from the killings.

Ivan is written to have once saved his father from an assassination attempt. A Livonian prisoner named Bykovski raised a sword against the elder Ivan, only to be rapidly stabbed by the Tsarevich.

At the age of 17, Ivan was betrothed to Eudoxia Saburova, one of 12 marriage finalists rejected by his father. Due to her sterility, Ivan's father banished her to a convent. He later married Praskovia Solova, only to have the elder Ivan send her away for the same reason.

At age 27, Ivan was at least as well read as his father, and in his free time, wrote a biography on Antony of Siya. His sadistic impulses remained, and he frequently oversaw the torture of prisoners with his father, as well as swap lovers. His third wife was Yelena Seremeteva, who was found to be pregnant on October 1581. His relationship with his father began to deteriorate during the later stages of the Livonian War. Angered at his father signing the Truce of Jam Zapolski, Ivan demanded to be given command of some troops to liberate Pskov. Their relationship further deteriorated when on November 15, the Tsar, after seeing his pregnant daughter-in-law wearing unconventionally light clothing, physically assaulted her. Hearing her screams, the Tsarevich rushed to his wife's defence, angrily shouting, "You sent my first wife to a convent for no reason, you did the same with my second, and now you strike the third, causing the death of the son she holds in her womb." Yelena subsequently suffered a miscarriage. The Tsarevich confronted his father on the matter, only to have the topic changed to his insubordination regarding Pskov. The elder Ivan accused his son of inciting rebellion, which the younger Ivan denied, but vehemently stuck to the view that Pskov should be liberated. Angered, Ivan's father struck him on the head with his sceptre. Boris Godunov, who was present at the scene, tried to intervene, but received blows himself. The younger Ivan fell, barely conscious and with a bleeding wound on his temple. The elder Ivan immediately threw himself at his son, kissing his face and trying to stop the bleeding, whilst repeatedly crying, "May I be damned! I've killed my son! I've killed my son!" The younger Ivan briefly regained consciousness and said "I die as a devoted son and most humble servant." For the next few days, the elder Ivan prayed incessantly for a miracle, but to no avail. The Tsarevich died on November 19, 1581.

[edit]References

Troyat, Henri Ivan le Terrible. Flammarion, Paris, 1982

de Madariaga, Isabel Ivan the Terrible. Giulio Einaudi editore, 2005