Uchtred mac Fergus, Lord of Galloway (1118 - 1174) MP

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Nicknames: "12759"
Birthplace: Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Loch Fergus, Galloway, Perth, Scotland
Cause of death: Brutally mutilated, blinded, castrated, and murdered by his brother Gille Brigte and Gille Brigte's son, Máel Coluim
Occupation: Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland, Lord i Galloway, Skottland, Lair of Galloway
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Uchtred mac Fergus, Lord of Galloway

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uhtred_of_Galloway Uchtred mac Fergusa (c. 1120 - September 22, 1174) was Lord of Galloway from 1161 to 1174, ruling jointly with his half-brother Gille Brigte (Gilbert). They were sons of Fergus of Galloway; their mothers' names are unknown, but Uchtred may have been born to one of the many illegitimate daughters of Henry I of England.

As a boy he was sent as a hostage to the court of King Máel Coluim IV of Scotland. When his father, Prince Fergus, died in 1161, Uchtred was made co-ruler of Galloway along with Gilla Brigte. They participated in the disastrous invasion of Northumberland under William I of Scotland in 1174. King William was captured, and the Galwegians rebelled, taking the opportunity to slaughter the Norman and Saxon settlers in their land. During this time Uchtred was brutally mutilated, blinded, castrated, and killed by his brother Gille Brigte and Gille Brigte's son, Máel Coluim. Gille Brigte then seized control of Galloway entire.

Uchtred had married Gunhilda of Dunbar, and they were the parents of Lochlann and Eve of Galloway, wife of Walter de Berkeley.

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Uchtred,_Lord_of_Galloway Uchtred (c. 1120 - September 22, 1174) was Lord of Galloway Lords of Galloway The Lords, or Kings of Galloway ruled over Galloway, in south west Scotland, for a large part of the High Middle Ages.Many regions of Scotland, including Galloway and Moray, periodically had kings or subkings, similar to those in Ireland during the Middle Ages. The Scottish monarch was seen as...

from 1161 to 1174, ruling jointly with his half-brother Gille Brigte (Gilbert)

Gille Brigte, Lord of Galloway Gille Brigte or Gilla Brigte mac Fergusa of Galloway , also known as Gillebrigte, Gille Brighde, Gilbridge, Gilbride, etc, and most famously known in French sources as Gilbert, was Lord of Galloway...

. They were sons of Fergus of Galloway Fergus of Galloway Fergus of Galloway was King, or Lord, of Galloway from an unknown date , until his death in 1161. He was the founder of that "sub-kingdom," the resurrector of the Bishopric of Whithorn, the patron of new abbeys , and much else besides...

; their mothers' names are unknown, but Uchtred may have been born to one of the many illegitimate daughters of Henry I of England Henry I of England Henry I was the fourth son of William I the Conqueror. He succeeded his elder brother William II as King of England in 1100 and defeated his eldest brother, Robert Curthose, to become Duke of Normandy in 1106...

.

As a boy he was sent as a hostage to the court of King Máel Coluim IV Malcolm IV of Scotland Malcolm IV , nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" , King of Scots, was the eldest son of Earl Henry and Ada de Warenne...

of Scotland

Scotland Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

. When his father, Prince Fergus, died in 1161, Uchtred was made co-ruler of Galloway Galloway Galloway is an area in southwestern Scotland. It usually refers to the former counties of Wigtown and Kirkcudbright...

along with Gilla Brigte. They participated in the disastrous invasion of Northumberland under William I of Scotland

William I of Scotland William I , known as the Lion or Garbh, "the Rough", reigned as King of Scots from 1165 to 1214. His reign was the second longest in Scottish history before the Act of Union with England in 1707,...

in 1174. King William was captured, and the Galwegians rebelled, taking the opportunity to slaughter the Norman

Normans The Normans were the people who gave their names to Normandy, a region in northern France. They descended from Viking conquerors of the territory and the native population of mostly Frankish and Gallo-Roman stock...

and Saxon

Saxons The Saxons were a confederation of Old Germanic tribes. Their modern-day descendants in Lower Saxony and Westphalia and other German states are considered ethnic Germans ; those in the eastern Netherlands are considered to be ethnic Dutch; those in north...

settlers in their land. During this time Uchtred was brutally mutilated, blinded, castrated, and killed by his brother Gille Brigte and Gille Brigte's son, Máel Coluim. Gille Brigte then seized control of Galloway entire.

Uchtred had married Gunhilda of Dunbar, and they were the parents of Lochlann Lochlann, Lord of Galloway Lochlann or Lachlan, , also known by his French name Roland, was the son and successor of Uchtred, Lord of Galloway as the "Lord" or "sub-king" of eastern Galloway....

and Eve of Galloway, wife of Walter de Berkeley.

Uchtred, son of Fergus and Elizabeth. Married Gunnhild of Dunbar Father of Roland/Lochlann and Eve

Born in Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland or Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uhtred_of_Galloway

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#UchtredGallowaydied1174

Chapter 12. GALLOWAY

1. FERGUS, son of --- (-[1136]). Lord of Galloway. "…Fergus de Galweia…Uchtred filio Fergus" witnessed a charter dated to [1136] by which "David Rex Scotiæ" granted Perdeyc to the church of Glasqow[500].

m ELIZABETH, daughter of ---. Fergus & his wife had three children:

a) UHTRED of Galloway (-1174). "…Fergus de Galweia…Uchtred filio Fergus" witnessed a charter dated to [1136] by which "David Rex Scotiæ" granted Perdeyc to the church of Glasqow[501]. William of Newburgh names "duo fratres Gilbertus et Uctredus Galwadensis provinciæ dofuini…Fergusi olim principis eiusdem provincie filii" when recording their quarrels [in 1174] and that Uhtred was killed[502]. Lord of Galloway.

The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Ochtred…son of Fergus…was taken prisoner by his brother Gilbert 22 Sep" and later blinded and murdered[503].

m GUNHILD, daughter of WALTHEOF & his wife Sigrid ---. The Cronicon Cumbriæ records that “Alanus filius et hæres eiusdem Waldevi” enfeoffed “Ugthredo filio Fergus domino Galwediæ” with property and “Guynolda sorore sua”[504]. Uhtred & his wife had two children:

i) ROLAND of Galloway (-1200). William of Newburgh names "fratri nefarie interempto filius Rollandus"[505]. Lord of Galloway. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1200 of "Roland son of Uchtrach king of the Foreign-Irish”[506].

ii) --- of Galloway (-killed in battle 1185). The Chronicle of Melrose records that he fought with his brother Roland against "Gillecolm" but was killed in the battle together with their opponent[507]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records the death of "Rotholand´s brother" in 1185 when "Ochtred´s son Rotholand" fought against "Gilpatrick and Henry Kennedy"[508].

b) AUFRICA of Galloway . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” married “Affricam…filiam Fergus de Galwedia”[509]. m OLAV “Morsel” King of Man, son of GODFRED “Crovan” King of Man & his wife --- ([1080]-killed 1153).

c) GILBERT of Galloway (-1 Jan 1185). William of Newburgh names "duo fratres Gilbertus et Uctredus Galwadensis provinciæ dofuini…Fergusi olim principis eiusdem provincie filii" when recording their quarrels [in 1174], commenting that "Gilbertus natu major"[510]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records the death of "Gilbert son of Fergus lord of Galloway" in 1185[511]. m ---. The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known. Gilbert & his wife had one child:

i) DUNCAN (-13 Jun 1250). The Chronicle of Melrose records that "Duncan the son of Gilebert of Galwey" gave to the monks of Melrose a certain portion of his lands in Karec in 1193[512]. He obtained Carrick from William "the Lion" King of Scotland before 1196, becoming 1st Earl of Carrick.

ROLAND Lord of Galloway, son of UHTRED Lord of Galloway & his wife Gunnhild of Dunbar (-1200). William of Newburgh names "fratri nefarie interempto filius Rollandus"[513]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Ochtred´s son Rotholand" fought against "Gilpatrick and Henry Kennedy" in 1185 after the death of his uncle[514]. Lord of Galloway. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1200 of "Roland son of Uchtrach king of the Foreign-Irish”[515].

m HELEN de Moreville, daughter of RICHARD de Moreville, Constable of Scotland[516] & his wife Avise de Lancaster (-11 Jun 1217[517]). The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Rotholand lord of Galloway" married "William de Morville…[his] sister" who was her brother´s heir[518].

Lord Roland & his wife had three children:

1. ALAN of Galloway (-1234, bur Dundraynan[519]). He succeeded his father in 1200 as Lord of Galloway. The Annals of Dunstable record that “dominus Galwinæ” died in 1235[520]. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death in [1234] of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway…qui…fuit constabilarius Scociæ" and his burial "apud Dundranan"[521]. On his death Galway was divided between his daughters, but the people of Galway invited Alexander II King of Scotland to become their sole lord but he refused. The king finally defeated the insurgents after Jul 1235[522]. m firstly HELEN de Lisle, daughter of --- ([1174]-). According to Matthew of Paris, the wife of Alan of Galloway "iam defunctus" was the (unnamed) daughter of "Hugonem de Lasey"[523]. m secondly (1209) MARGARET of Huntingdon, daughter of DAVID of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon & his wife Maud of Chester ([1194]-1233). The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1209 of "Alan FitzRoland" and "the daughter of earl David, the brother of the king of Scotland"[524]. The Annales Londonienses name "Margaretam, Isabellam, Matildam, et Aldam" as the four daughters of "comiti David", recording the marriage of "la primere fille Davi" and "Aleyn de Gavei"[525]. Lord Alan & his first wife had two children:

a) WALTER (-[1231/34]). The Liber Pluscardensis records that King Alexander II installed "Walterum filium Alani de Galuway" as "primus…Senescallus in Scocia" in 1231[526]. The chronology suggests that Walter must have been Alan´s son by his first marriage. Walter must have predeceased his father as no further mention of him is found.

b) HELEN of Galloway (-after 21 Nov 1245, bur Brackley). The Annales Londonienses name "Eleyn countesse de Wynton" as eldest of the three daughters of "la primere fille Davi" and "Aleyn de Gavei", naming "Margarete countesse de Ferreres et Eleyne la Zusche et la countesse de Bougham" as her three daughters[527]. The Liber Pluscardensis records that the eldest daughter of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway" married "Rogerus de Quinci comes Wintoniæ"[528]. m as his first wife, ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester, son of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & Margaret of Leicester (-25 Apr 1264, maybe bur Brackley). Named son-in-law of Alan of Galloway by Matthew of Paris, who does not name his wife[529] but says in a later passage that she was "primogenita soror"[530]. He succeeded his father-in-law in 1234 as hereditary Constable of Scotland, de iure uxoris.

Lord Alan & his second wife had two children:

c) DEVORGUILLA of Galloway ([1218]-28 Jan 1290, bur Sweetheart Abbey, Kirkland). The Annales Londonienses name "Devorgoille de Baillol" as second of the three daughters of "la primere fille Davi" and "Aleyn de Gavei"[531]. According to the Chronicle of Melrose[532], Devorguilla was second daughter of Alan of Galloway, when recording her marriage in 1233 to "John de Baylol". The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage in 1233 of the second daughter of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway" and "Johannes de Balliolo"[533]. m (1233) Sir JOHN de Balliol of Barnard Castle, co Durham, son of HUGH Balliol [Bailleul] of Barnard Castle & his wife Cecilia de Fontaines (-before 24 Oct 1268 or 1269). Named son-in-law of Alan of Galloway by Matthew of Paris, who does not name his wife[534].

d) CHRISTIAN of Galloway (-shortly before 29 Jul 1246). The Annales Londonienses name "countesse de Albermarle" as third of the three daughters of "la primere fille Davi" and "Aleyn de Gavei"[535]. The Liber Pluscardensis records that the third daughter of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway" married "comes Albemarliæ"[536]. Matthew of Paris records the death in 1246 of "comitissa quoque Albemarliæ filia Alani de Galeweia sororque comitisse Wintoniæ"[537]. m (before Apr 1236) as his first wife, WILLIAM de Forz, son of GUILLAUME de Forz Comte d'Aumâle & his wife Aveline de Montfichet (-Amiens 23 May 1260). "W filio comitis de Aubemarliæ" is named son-in-law of Alan of Galloway by Matthew of Paris, who does not name his wife[538]. He succeeded his father in 1241 as Lord of Holderness, titular Comte d'Aumâle. No issue.

Lord Alan had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

e) THOMAS . Illegitimate son of Alan of Galloway according to Matthew of Paris[539]. On the death of his father, he led the rebellion of the people of Galloway and fled to Ireland after they were defeated by Alexander II King of Scotland[540]. [541]m (1226[542]) --- of Man, daughter of RAGNVALD King of Man & his wife ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Ragnvald married his daughter to Alan of Galloway´s son[543].

2. THOMAS of Galloway (-1231, bur Abbey of Cupre[544]). Brother of Alan of Galloway according to Matthew of Paris, when he describes his (unnamed) son's rebellion[545]. Earl of Atholl de iure uxoris. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death in 1231 of "Alani de Galuway frater…comes Atholiæ" and his burial "in Cupro"[546]. m (before Jan 1210) as her first husband, ISABEL Ctss of Atholl, daughter of HENRY 3rd Earl of Atholl & his wife Margaret --- . She married secondly Alan de Lundin. Thomas & his wife had one child:

a) PATRICK of Galloway (-murdered Haddington 1242). He is named as son of Thomas of Galloway by Matthew of Paris[547]. He succeeded his father in 1231 as 5th Earl of Atholl. After defeating Walter Bisset in a tournament, he was burnt to death by the latter in his own residence[548]. He was succeeded in Atholl by his maternal aunt.

Thomas had one possibly illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

b) ALAN (-after Jan 1252). "Alan son of Thomas Earl of Atholl" was granted a pardon for killing some men in Ireland[549].

3. DEVORGUILLA of Galloway . Mentioned 1233 and 1241. m NICHOLAS [II] Stuteville of Brincklow, son of NICHOLAS [I] Stuteville of Liddel & his wife --- (-Priory of St Andrew [8 Sep/18 Oct] 1233). Nicholas & his wife had two children:

a) JOAN de Stuteville (-before 6 Apr 1276). m firstly (before 29 May 1229) HUGH Wake, son of BALDWIN Wake & his wife Isabel Briwere (-on crusade before 18 Dec 1241). m secondly HUGH Bigod Chief Justiciar of England, son of HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Maud Marshal of Pembroke (-before 7 May 1266).

b) MARGARET de Stuteville (-before 13 Nov 1235). m WILLIAM de Mastac .

4. daughter . The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage in 1233 of "Alanus de Galwidia…sororem suam" and "Waltero de Biseth"[550]. m (1233[551]) WALTER Bisset, son of ---. He was outlawed with his nephew John Bisset whom he had incited to murder Patrick of Galloway Earl of Atholl, his wife's nephew[552]. Walter Bisset incited Henry III King of England to march north intending to invade Scotland in 1244, but a treaty of peace was concluded 24 Aug 1244[553].

----------------------- Uchtred mac Fergusa (c. 1120 - September 22, 1174) was Lord of Galloway from 1161 to 1174, ruling jointly with his half-brother Gille Brigte (Gilbert). They were sons of Fergus of Galloway; their mothers' names are unknown, but Uchtred may have been born to one of the many illegitimate daughters of Henry I of England.

As a boy he was sent as a hostage to the court of King Máel Coluim IV of Scotland. When his father, Prince Fergus, died in 1161, Uchtred was made co-ruler of Galloway along with Gilla Brigte. They participated in the disastrous invasion of Northumberland under William I of Scotland in 1174. King William was captured, and the Galwegians rebelled, taking the opportunity to slaughter the Norman and Saxon settlers in their land. During this time Uchtred was brutally mutilated, blinded, castrated, and killed by his brother Gille Brigte and Gille Brigte's son, Máel Coluim. Gille Brigte then seized control of Galloway entire.

Uchtred had married Gunhilda of Dunbar, and they were the parents of Lochlann and Eve of Galloway, wife of Walter de Berkeley.

Sources

   * Taylor, James. The Pictorial History of Scotland, 1859
   * John of Fordun (chronicler)
   * Roger of Hoveden (chronicler)

References

   * McDonald, R.Andrew. Outlaws of Medieval Scotland, 2003 - Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1862322368 [McDonald, Outlaws of Medieval Scotland]

----------- -------------------- Uchtred mac Fergusa (c. 1120 - September 22, 1174) was Lord of Galloway from 1161 to 1174, ruling jointly with his half-brother Gille Brigte - (french Gilbert). They were sons of Fergus of Galloway; their mothers' names are unknown, but Uchtred may have been born to one of the many illegitimate daughters of Henry I of England.

As a boy he was sent as a hostage to the court of King Máel Coluim IV of Scotland. When his father, Prince Fergus, died in 1161, Uchtred was made co-ruler of Galloway along with Gilla Brigte. They participated in the disastrous invasion of Northumberland under William I of Scotland in 1174. King William was captured, and the Galwegians rebelled, taking the opportunity to slaughter the Norman and Saxon settlers in their land. During this time Uchtred was brutally mutilated, blinded, castrated, and killed by his brother Gille Brigte and Gille Brigte's son, Máel Coluim. Gille Brigte then seized control of Galloway entire.

Uchtred had married Gunhilda of Dunbar, and they were the parents of Lochlann and Eve of Galloway, wife of Walter de Berkeley. -------------------- See "My Lines" ( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p374.htm#i7021 ) from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA ( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm )

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Uchtred mac Fergus, Lord of Galloway's Timeline

1078
1078
Scotland, United Kingdom
1118
1118
Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland
1137
1137
Age 19
Of, , , Scotland
1150
1150
Age 32
Redcastle, Galloway, Scotland
1152
1152
Age 34
Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland
1156
1156
Age 38
Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
1156
Age 38
Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland
1159
1159
Age 41
Carrick (Ayrshire) Scotland
1170
1170
Age 52
Galloway, Scotland
1174
September 22, 1174
Age 56
Loch Fergus, Galloway, Perth, Scotland