Ulick Fion Burke (Bourke), 1st Marquess of Clanricarde (c.1605 - 1657) MP

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Death: Died
Occupation: of Clanrickard
Managed by: Marsha Gail (Kamish) Veazey
Last Updated:

About Ulick Fion Burke (Bourke), 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulick_Burke,_1st_Marquess_of_Clanricarde

Ulick Burke, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde (born 1604 in London; died July 1657 in Kent), was an Irish nobleman and figure in English Civil War.


He was the son of Richard Burke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde, by his wife Frances Walsingham. In 1622, Ulick married his only wife Anne Compton, the daughter of William Compton, 1st Earl of Northampton and his wife Elizabeth Spencer. They had a single child, Margaret Burgh who married Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry.


Ulick was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Burgh in 1628, and succeeded his father as 5th earl in 1635. In 1636, he inherited Somerhill House on the death of his father. He sat in the Short Parliament of 1640 and attended Charles I in the Scottish expedition.


Somerhill was sequestered by Parliament in 1645, following the Battle of Naseby. During the Irish Confederate Wars, he supported the Royalist James Butler in defending Ireland for Charles I against the Parliamentarians by uniting Catholic and Protestant nobles (himself being catholic). He did not join the Catholic Confederate Ireland, but instead helped to broker a military alliance between the Confederates and English Royalists. He commanded the forces of this alliance during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, after Ormonde fled the country, and soldiers of his Connaught army helped to win a minor (if insubstantial) victory at the battle of Tecroghan. Only a few months later however his army was wiped out during the battle of Meelick Island. Burke was a skillful diplomat but not a great soldier. Like Ormond, Clanricarde was distrusted by most Catholics in Ireland (he was widely considered to be a friend of the notorious Charles Coote) and thus was thus not capable of halting the Parliamentarian conquest of the country.


In 1652, he made peace with the victorious Oliver Cromwell. He lost his lands in the Act of Settlement 1652 but regained them after the Restoration of the monarchy in the Act of Settlement 1662.

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