VIRUPAKSHA (deceased)

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About VIRUPAKSHA

SRILANKA, ARMY GENERAL'S SON.

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-5076
September 13, -5076
Sri Lanka

Sundara Kanda
Main article: Sundara Kanda
The Sundara Kanda forms the heart of Valmiki's Ramayana[51] and consists of a detailed, vivid account of Hanuman's adventures.[47] After learning about Sita, Hanuman assumes a gargantuan form and makes a colossal leap across the ocean to Lanka. Here, Hanuman explores the demon's city and spies on Ravana. He locates Sita in Ashoka grove, who is wooed and threatened by Ravana and his rakshasis to marry Ravana. He reassures her, giving Rama's signet ring as a sign of good faith. He offers to carry Sita back to Rama, however she refuses, reluctant to allow herself to be touched by a male other than her husband. She says that Rama himself must come and avenge the insult of her abduction.[47]
Hanuman then wreaks havoc in Lanka by destroying trees and buildings, and killing Ravana's warriors. He allows himself to be captured and produced before Ravana. He gives a bold lecture to Ravana to release Sita. He is condemned and his tail is set on fire, but he escapes his bonds and, leaping from roof to roof, sets fire to Ravana's citadel and makes the giant leap back from the island. The joyous search party returns to Kishkindha with the news.[47][52]

Sundara kanda in prose from sarga 41 to 53

41) Hanuma thinks within himself that he should implement the fourth strategy for success, viz. open assault with the demons, so as to meet Ravana and his ministers for knowing their designs and strengths. Accordingly, he makes up his mind to damage the royal pleasure-garden attached to the gynaecium at Lanka and then proceeds to do that task.
42) Seeing the devastation caused to the pleasant grove by Hanuma the female-demons ask Seetha who that great monkey was and wherefore he has come and talked to her. Seetha replies that she knows nothing of him. Some of the female-demons go to Ravana and report to him that the pleasant grove attached to the gynaecuium has been destroyed by a mighty monkey and that the monkey went to Seetha and talked to her also earlier to the devastation. They also report that Seetha expressed her ignorance about him. Then, Ravana gets angry and sends some demons called Kinkaras to catch hold of Hanuma. Eighty thousand Kinkaras rush towards Hanuma to catch him. But Hanuma, with his might, kills all Kinkaras with an iron rod. Getting to know of the killings, Ravana again sends Jambumali, the son of Prahasta to catch hold of Hanuma.

43) After damaging the pleasure-grove and after killing the Kinkaras dispatched by Ravana, Hanuma thinks of destroying a sanctuary which is sacred to the guardian-deity of the demons. Hanuma ascends to the top of the sanctuary and after killing the guards posted there, shows his strength by clapping on his arms and by uttering the names of Rama, Lakshmana and Sugreeva in a roaring voice. Hanuma assumes a gigantic form and uplifting a pillar in that sanctuary, he speedily whirls it around and burns the sanctuary by producing a fire, created out of its friction with the other pillars.

44) Ravana sends Jambumali, son of Prahasta, to capture Hanuma. Jambumali attacks Hanuma with his numerous arrows. Hanuma hurls a big rock towards Jambumali, but it fails to kill him. Then, Hanuma throws a big sal tree towards Jambumali and the latter succumbs to it.
45) The seven sons of Prahasta surrounded by a great army rush in speedy chariots upon Hanuma, who is standing on the archy gate way. They discharge a shower of arrows on Hanuma. Then, Hanuma crushes all the enemies, using his palms, feet, fists, nails, chest and thighs only as his weapons. After killing those demons, Hanuma climbs up the archy door-way and takes up his position there again.
46) Ravana sends Virupaksha, Yupaksha, Durdhara, Praghasa and Bhasakarna the five foremost army-generals so as to capture Hanuma. Ravana explains his guess, saying to those five generals that Hanuma may not be an ordinary monkey, but an evil spirit created by Indra the Lord of celestials and asks them to exert a great effort to capture him. Hanuma first kills Durdhara who initially attacks him. He then kills Virupaksha and Yupaksha, by attacking them with a sala tree. Hanuma later kills Praghasa and Bhasakarna, by hurling the top of a mountain on them. After destroying the remaining army together with horses elephants and chariots, he again in returns to the archy door way of the Ashoka groove.
47) Ravana sends Aksha, his own son, to fight against Hanuma. Aksha, along with his army elephants and horses, approach Hanuma and incites him to battle by discharging three sharp arrows. As Aksha discharges his arrows, Hanuma bounces quickly to the sky and smashes Aksha, his chariot and the horses with blows. After killing Aksha, Hanuma returns again to the same archy door-way.
48) Ravana calls Indrajit and asks him to go for a battle against Hanuma. Indrajit wielding a colourful bow quickly in a chariot to face Hanuma in combat. The arrows discharged by Indrajit are made ineffective by Hanuma, through his peculiar skill of maneuvering them like a wind-god. Realizing that Hanuma cannot be slain, Indrajit merely takes him captive by discharging the unfailing missile presided over by Brahma, the creator. Hanuma falls on the ground motionless. The demons tie him with ropes and drag him to the presence of Ravana. Hanuma yields to their operation of capture, even though capable of aborting it, eager as he was to meet Ravana.
49) Hanuma sees well-adorned Ravana, who is seated on a well-decorated throne of crystal. He is surrounded by four ministers viz., Durdhara, Prahasta, Mahaparshva and Nikumbha. Surprised to behold the splendor and glory of Ravana, Hanuma believes that he could even rule heaven along with Indra, but for his gross unrighteousness, which pulled him down.
50) As instructed by Ravana, Prahasta his chief minister inquires of Hanuma as to who he was and also his motive in destroying the pleasure-garden as also killing the demons. In reply, Hanuma says that he destroyed the pleasure-garden in order that he might be taken captive and dragged to the presence of Ravana, whom he was eager to see and was forced in self-defense to kill those who stood in his way. Finally, he declares himself to be a messenger of Rama and adds that, though he was incapable of being bound by a missile presided over by Brahma, he surrendered to it only in order to see Ravana in person.
51)

Hanuma narrates the story of Rama, who on command from his father, went on exile to Dandaka forest along with Seetha, who was later borne away by Ravana through the sky over Rishyamuka mountain. Hanuma adds that Rama, while searching for Seetha at Mount Rishyamuka, happened to meet Sugreeva and made friendship with him. Hanuma also tells the story about Rama installing Sugreeva in the throne, after killing Vali and about Sugreeva promising Rama to get Seetha searched. Celebrating the glory of Rama, Hanuma points out to Ravana that if he wished to survive he should give back Seetha to Rama and that he should be prepared for the worst if on the other hand he refuses to do so.
52) Hearing the harsh words of Hanuma, Ravana orders him to be killed. Vibhishana, however, advises Ravana to desist from the dastardly act, pointing out that the killing of an envoy is forbiddenaccording to religious scriptures.
53) As ordered by Ravana, the demons wrap up old rags around Hanuma's tail, pour oil to it and burn it with fire. The demons tie Hanuma with ropes and conduct ihm to walk down the entire city, proclaining to the citizens of Lanka saying that Hanuma is a spy. The female-demons inform Seetha about the burning of Hanuma's tail and making him move around the city by demons. Then, Seetha starts praying the fire-god to do good to Hanuma. In response to her prayers, fire-god makes Hanuma feel cool with his burnign tail. Then, Hanuma approaches the city-gate of Lanka, takes an iron-rod from the arched door of the gate and kills all the security-guards there.

December 4, -5076
Sri Lanka

JOURNEY TO LANKA STARTED BY RAM ON19TH SEPTEMBER 5076 BC.
ARMY REACHED FORT LOCATED ON THE HILL ON 12 TH OCTOBER, 5076 BC.. MEGANATH WAS KILLED BY LAXMAN ON 23RD NOVEMBER 5076 BC.
Yuddha kanda 61) to 70)
SUMMARY OF YUDDHA KANDA CHAPTERS GIVEN BELOW.

VALMiki Rämäyana
Book Six - Yuddha Kända
Contents
Chapter 1 : Rama appreciates Hanuma and embraces him
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Chapter 2 : Sugreeva comforts Rama
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Chapter 3 : Rama requests Hanuma to describe Lanka in detail
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Chapter 4 : Rama fixes an auspicious hour for the departure
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Chapter 5 : Sri Rama recollects the lotus-eyed Seetha
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Chapter 6 : Ravana calls a meetings of his ministers
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Chapter 7 : The demons inspire Ravana
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Chapter 8: All demons eulogising their strengths
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Chapter 9 : Vibhishana speak words of morality
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Chapter 10 : Vibhishana advises Ravana to restore Seetha to Rama
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Chapter 11 : Ravana goes again to the assembly hall
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Chapter 12 : Ravana instructs Prahasta to defend Lanka
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Chapter 13 : Mahaparsva's advise to Ravana
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Chapter 14 : Vibhishana informs about the power of Rama's arrow
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Chapter 15 : Indrajit criticizes Vibhishana
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Chapter 16 : Ravana refuses to hear the words of Vibhishana
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Chapter 17 : Vibhishana reaches Rama’s places
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Chapter 18 : Vibhishana joins as an associate in Rama’s side
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Chapter 19 : Vibhishana seeks refuge at the feet of Rama
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Chapter 20 : Ravana sends Shuka to Sugreeva as an ambassador
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Chapter 21 : Rama becomes angry at the ocean
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Chapter 22 : Sea-god advices Rama with joined palms to build a bridge
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Chapter 23 : Rama explains to Lakshmana the various portents
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Chapter 24 : Rama orders for release of Suka
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Chapter 25 : Suka explains the strength of the enemy's army to Ravana
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Chapter 26 : Ravana enquires about the various monkey leaders
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Chapter 27: Sharana describes the individual strength of the army
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Chapter 28: Shuka enumerates the enemies
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Chapter 29: Ravana reprimands Shuka and Sarana
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Chapter 30: Ravana dispatches Sardula the demon-spy
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Chapter 31: Rama enters Lanka at Suvela Mountain
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Chapter 32: Seetha sees the illusory head and bow
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Chapter 33: Sarama restores confidence to Seetha
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Chapter 34: Sarama consoles Seetha
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Chapter 35: Seetha asks Sarama about Ravana's decision
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Chapter 36: Ravana abuses Malyavan
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Chapter 37: Vibhishana sends spies into Lanka
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Chapter 38: Rama decides to stay on Suvela mountain
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Chapter 39: Rama and others see the charming garden on Suvela mountain
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Chapter 40: On seeing Ravana Sugreeva bounces on him
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Chapter 41: Rama sends Angada to Ravana
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Chapter 42: Ravana commands his army to commence combat
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Chapter 43: The duels arose between the monkeys and demons
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Chapter 44: Indrajit comes back in an invisible form
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Chapter 45: Two scions of Raghu dynasty fall on the ground
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Chapter 46: Ravana applauds his son for his daring act
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Chapter 47: Seetha bursts into sobs after hearing about Rama and Lakshmana
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Chapter 48: Trijata reassures Seetha
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Chapter 49: Vibhishana approaches Rama
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Chapter 50: Garuda the King of Birds appears
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Chapter 51: Dhumraksha enters the battle field
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Chapter 52: Dhumraksha along with army attacks the monkeys
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Chapter 53: Ravana sends Vajradamstra
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Chapter 54: Vajradamstra shows terror among the monkeys
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Chapter 55: Ravana next sends Akampana
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Chapter 56: Akampana enters the battle-field
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Chapter 57: Ravana asks Prahasta to go to the battle

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Chapter 58: Vibhishana explains the prowess of Prahasta
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Chapter 59: Ravana himself appears on the battle-front
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Chapter 60: Ravana sends demons to wake up Kumbhakarna
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Chapter 61: Rama enquires about Kumbhakarna
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Chapter 62: Kumbhakarna enters the abode of Ravana
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Chapter 63: Kumbhakarna reassures Ravana
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Chapter 64: He advises Kumbhakarna
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Chapter 65: Kumbhakarna rebukes Mahodara
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Chapter 66: Angada reassures the monkeys to return to the battle
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Chapter 67: Kumbhakarna was slain in battle
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Chapter 68: Ravana’s grief over the deaths
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Chapter 69: Death of Narantaka
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Chapter 70: Hanuma kills Trishira
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Chapter 71: Lakshmana kills Atikaya
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Chapter 72: Ravana’s grief over Atikaya’s death
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Chapter 73: Rama and Lakshmana fell unconscious
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Chapter 74: Hanuma’s journey to Himalayas
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Chapter 75: The battle resumes
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Chapter 76: Sugreeva kills Kumbha
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Chapter 77: Kumbha’s brother, Nikumbha faces the battle
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Chapter 78: Ravana orders Makaraksha
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Chapter 79: Makaraksha challenges Rama to fight with him
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Chapter 80: Ravana instructs Indrajit to enter the battle field.
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Chapter 81: Indrajit places illusory live image of Seetha
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Chapter 82: Hanuma Leads the monkey army
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Chapter 83: Seetha has been killed by Indrajit
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Chapter 84: Vibhishana tells the secret of conjuring trick
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Chapter 85: Rama sends Lakshmana to kill Indrajit
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Chapter 86: Indrajit enters the battle-filed again
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Chapter 87: Indrajit’s harsh words to Vibhishana
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Chapter 88: A fierce battle starts between Lakshmana and Indrajit
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Chapter 89: Vibhishana destroys many demons
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Chapter 90: Indrajit’s horse was killed
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Chapter 91: Lakshmana and others were treated by Sushena
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Chapter 92: Ravana feels distressed over his son's death
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Chapter 93: Rama destroys the troops of demons
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Chapter 94: The female-demons lament over the death of their kit and kin
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Chapter 95: Ravana fights fiercely with monkeys
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Chapter 96: Sugreeva kills Virupaksha
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Chapter 97: Sugreeva kills Mahodara
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Chapter 98: Angada kills Mahaparsva
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Chapter 99: The battle between Rama and Ravana
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Chapter 100: Ravana runs away from the battle-field
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Chapter 101: Hanuma brings mountain with life giving herbs
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Chapter 102: Ravana gets severely hurt
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Chapter 103: Ravana’s charioteer carries away Ravana in the chariot
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Chapter 104: Ravana re-approached the battle-field
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Chapter 105: Sage Agastya’s advice
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Chapter 106: Rama spoke to Matali
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Chapter 107: Rama and Ravana perform a fierce battle
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Chapter 108: Rama kills Ravana
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Chapter 109: Rama directs Vibhishana to perform the obsequies to Ravana
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Chapter 110: All the consorts of Ravana lament
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Chapter 111: Madodari laments on Ravana’s death
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Chapter 112: Vibhishana’s installation
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Chapter 113: Hanuma informs Seetha about Rama’s victory
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Chapter 114: Vibhishana brings Seetha to Rama
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Chapter 115: Rama disowns her and asks her to seek shelter elsewhere.
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Chapter 116: Seetha’s taunting reply to Rama
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Chapter 117: Gods reach Lanka and approach Rama
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Chapter 118: The fire-god appears in person from the burning pyre
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Chapter 119: Lord Shiva informs Rama about his father
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Chapter 120: Indra’s boon to Rama
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Chapter 121: Rama prepares to leave for Ayodhya
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Chapter 122: Rama along with Lakshmana and Seetha ascend the aerial car
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Chapter 123: Rama shows to Seetha the places
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Chapter 124: Rama lands at Sage Bharadwaja hermitage
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Chapter 125: Hanuma informs Bharata about Rama’s return
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Chapter 126: Hanuma recounts to Bharata about Rama in the forest
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Chapter 127: Bharata commands for appropriate arrangements for the reception of Rama in the City of Ayodhya
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Chapter 128: Sri Rama pattabhishekam (It is customary to read this chapter once reading of Sundara Kanda is finished)
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Chapter 61) Rama sees Kumbhakarna with a colossal body and enquires Vibhishana about a report of him. Then Vibhishana apprises Rama about Kumbhakarna and narrates his story of his getting curse from Brahma, imprecating him to sleep apparently Vibhishana adds that on an appeal from Ravana Brahma relaxed the curse saying that Kumbhakarna would keep sleeping for every six months and then waking up for a day in a year Vibhishana informs Rama that Ravana got Kumbhakarna awakened and is sending now to the battle. Rama then orders Neela the commander-in-chief to marshal his entire army of monkeys in their appropriate positions in Lanka. On hearing Rama's orders the army of monkeys start their fighting operation.
Chapter 62) Kumbhakarna enters the abode of Ravana and sees his worried brother sitting inPushpaka, a self-moving aerial car. Kumbhakarna asks Ravana about the nature of work to be done by him and whether he has to kill anyone. Ravana replies that Rama has come with troops of monkeys including Sugreeva, after crossing the ocean by a bridge, to wage a battle Ravana requests Kumbhakarna to show his terrible prowess in killing all the adversaries in battle.
Chapter 63) Kumbhakarna abuses Ravana for his utter disregard of the earlier advices given by his well-wishers like Vibhishana, due to his sheer arrogance and neglect of the scriptures which enumerate the king's duties. Ravana replies to Kumbhakarna that bygone is a bygone and asks him to proceed to the battle-front. Then, Kumbhakarna reassures Ravana and promises him that all the adversaries would be destroyed by him in the ensuing battle.
Chapter 64) Mahodara excitedly speaks to Kumbhakarna about the true character of virtue, worldly gain as well as sensuous pleasure in a person and supports Ravana for his actions. He advises Kumbhakarna not to go single-handed to fight with mighty Rama, but to take the army with him. Mahodara then suggests to Ravana a strategy to fulfill his purpose without a combat.
Chapter 65) Kumbhakarna rebukes Mahodara for rendering a wrong advice to Ravana. He asserts Ravana, saying that he will annihilate Rama in battle. Ravana gets pleased and orders Kumbhakarna to wipe off the monkeys together with Rama and Lakshmana in battle. Then, Ravana arranged for ornamentation of the various limbs of Kumbhakarna with various types of jewellery, before sending him to the battle. As Kumbhakarna sallies forth to the battle, several bad omens appear on all sides. Kumbhakarna disregards these portents and marches ahead for the battle. Seeing the colossal form of Kumbhakarna, all the monkeys get frightened and take to their heels.
Chapter 66) Seeing Kumbhakarna coming with his colossal body and emitting a tremendous roar, the monkeys scare away. Angada reassures the monkeys, who then return to the battle field to resume fight. When the monkeys start attacking Kumbhakarna, the latter crushes some monkeys with rage. Then again, the monkeys get frightened and run away in different directions. Angada then restores the monkeys to confidence once more and all the monkeys stand awaiting the command of Angada.
Chapter 67) Restored to confidence by Angada, all the monkeys return to the battle-field. Dvivida, a leader of the monkeys hurls a mountain towards Kumbhakarna, but it misses the target and falls on horses, elephants and chariots of the enemy. Dvivida hurls another mountain and some demons are killed. Hanuma strikes Kumbhakarna with a large mountain-peak and injures him severely. In reply, Kumbhakarna strikes on Hanuma's chest with his spike. Then, Kumbhakarna strikes other monkey-chiefs who attack him. Thousands of monkeys then ascend Kumbhakarna's body and encounters him with their nails, fists, teeth and arms. In response, Kumbhakarna destroys all those monkeys with his spike. When Angada, the leader of the monkeys, attacks Kumbhakarna, the latter strikes Angada violently and Angada falls unconscious. Then, Kumbhakarna begins his attack on Sugreeva. But, Sugreeva strikes Kumbhakarna's chest with a mountain, but the mountain only breaks into pieces. When Kumbhakarna throws his spike towards Sugreeva in retaliation, Hanuma stops it on the way and breaks it off. Then, Kumbhakarna hurls a mountian-crust on Sugreeva to make him unconscious and takes him away on his shoulders to Lanka. When Sugreeva regains consciousness, he tears off the ears and nose of Kumbhakarna with his sharp nails and teeth. In relation, Kumbhakarna thren Sugreeva down and crushed him. Then Sugreeva bounces into the air and gets re united with Rama. Kumbhakarna thereafter takes his hammer and begins to attack the monkeys and bears. Then, Lakshmana starts to attack Kumbhakarna with his arrows. But, Kumbhakarna appreciates the valour of Lakshmana and proceeds towards Rama to fight with him. Rama discharges some arrows with 'Roundra' spell towards Kumbhakarna. Those arrows disappear into Kumbhakarna's chest and make him weapon-less. In retaliation, Kumbhakarna hurls a mountain-peak towards Rama and even before the mountain-peak reaches Rama, it was split up into pieces by the arrows released by Rama. Thereupon, on the advice given by Lakshmana, all the monkeys climb straight upon Kumbhakarna's body. Kumbhakarna shakes them off with violence. Then, Rama employs a great missile and chops off one arm of Kumbhakarna. When Kumbhakarna with an uprooted tree in his arm, retailiates by running towards Rama, the latter with an arrow, presided over by Indra, hurls it on the former and chops off the second arm of Kumbhakarna, Rama then chops off the feet of Kumbhakarna with his arrows and finally slashes off his head.
Chapter 68) Hearing the news of Kumbhakarna having been killed by Rama, Ravana laments in various ways, thinking that he has virtually lost his right arm. Ravana initially faints on hearing the shocking news. On regaining consciousness, Ravana again wonders how the invincible Kumbhakarna was slain in battle. He feels sorry for not having listened to the sagacious advice of Vibhishana in the past.
Chapter 69) As Ravana is lamenting over the death of Kumbhakarna, Trishira (one of Ravana’s sons) consoles him and says that he will go to the battle-field and kill Rama. Hearing the words of Trishira, Ravana’s other sons (Devantaka, Narantaka and Atikaya) also come forward to join the fight. Then Ravana sends all them to the battle. He also sends Mahodara and Mahaparshva, his brothers to guard his sons. Mighty demons accompany them. The demons release arrows towards the monkeys, who see the demons coming in elephants, horses and chariots. The monkeys take huge rocks and trees to fight with the demons. Seeing several demons being killed in battle, Narantaka enters the field with his javelin and kills several monkeys. Meanwhile, those monkeys who were thrown down unconscious by Kumbhakarna earlier regain their consciousness and approach Sugreeva for help. Then, Sugreeva sends Angada for the fight. Narantaka hurls his javelin towards Angada’s chest, but the javelin breaks and falls down. Angada strikes Narantaka’s horse with his hand and the horse falls down dead. Then, Angada and Narantaka exchange the blows of their fists on each other in battle and finally, Narantaka dies.
Chapter 70) Mahodara, Trishira and Devantaka start attacking Angada. When Angada attacks them with trees, they chop off the trees and break away the rocks hurled at them. With a blow of Angada’s palm, Devantakas’s elephant falls down dead. Seeing Angada being surrounded by three valiant demons, Hanuma and Neela arrive there. With a blow of Hanuma’s fist, Devantaka dies. Trishira and Mahodara attack Neela with their arrows. Mahodara dies in the hands of Neela. Meanwhile, Hanuma and Trisira fight at each other. Hanuma finally kills Trishira, by chopping off his three heads by Trishira’s sword itself. Then, Mahaparshva, the demon comes to the battle field and attacks Rishabha, the monkey-warrior. By banging Mahaparshva’s mace on Mahaparshva Rishabha kills him.

YUDDHA KANDA-CHAPTER 74 IN PROSE
After having been struck by Brahma’s missile released by Indrajit, Rama and Lakshmana became unconscious. Sixty-seven crores of monkeys fainted. Hanuma and Vibhishana, however in consciousness, roared about in the battle-front with torches in their hands, making a search of Jambavan. They find Jambavan. Jambavan requests Hanuma to proceed to Himalayas, by crossing over the ocean and to bring four important herbs, viz. Mrita Sanjivani, Vishalya karani, Suvarna karani and Sandhani; so as to bring succour to the fainted army of monkeys. Hanuma begins his journey to Himalayas and reaches Mount Rishabha, where the wonderful herbs exist. Hanuma searches for the four wonderful herbs. But the herbs appear invisible for him. Hanuma uproots the mountain clothed with the four celestial herbs and carries it along with him. Inhaling the odour of those herbs, Rama, Lakshmana and all the monkeys regain their normal health.

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