About Vice Admiral Emory Scott Land
Vice Admiral Emory Scott Land (January 8, 1879 – November 27, 1971) was an officer in the United States Navy, noted for his contributions to naval architecture, particularly in submarine design. Notable assignments included serving as Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair during the 1930s, and as Chairman of the U.S. Maritime Commission during World War II.
Naval career through World War I
From Cañon City, Colorado, Land graduated from the United States Naval Academy on 21 May 1902. Following two years of sea duty, he became a Naval Architect specializing in submarine construction.
During World War I, he served on the Board of Devices and Plans connected with Submarines in Warfare, the Board of Standardization of Submarines, and the staff of Admiral William S. Sims, who commanded all U.S. naval forces in European waters.
Land played a key role in the design of the S-class submarines from 1917 to 1919, the United States Navy's first attempt to build a submarine capable of operating with the battle fleet. Land was vice chairman of the Navy's postwar V-boat Plans Committee in 1920. He was awarded the Navy Cross for his work on submarine design and construction and for work in the war zone.
Interwar years and World War II
From 1 October 1932 until 1 April 1937, Land was Chief of the Bureau of Construction and Repair. In this position, he played a major role in submarine development leading to the highly successful fleet boats of World War II.
Land retired in 1937, but on 18 February 1938 he became Chairman of the U.S. Maritime Commission, overseeing the design and construction of the more than 4,000 Liberty ships and Victory ships that flew the U.S. flag during World War II. Concurrently Land served as Administrator of the powerful War Shipping Administration (WSA) established by Executive Order 9054 on February 7, 1942. Thus Admiral Land exercised authority over both construction and allocation of non-combatant maritime assets to Army, Navy and commerce.
Admiral Land was also instrumental in overseeing the establishment of the United States Merchant Marine Academy, located in Kings Point, New York as a commissioning source for officers entering the Merchant Marine and Naval Reserve in World War II.
On January 15, 1946, Vice Admiral Emory S. Land resigned as Chairman of the U.S. Maritime Commission. For outstanding services, He was rewarded the Navy's Distinguished Service Medal by the War Department. Land served as President of the Air Transport Association of America from 1946–1957 and worked as a consultant for General Dynamics Corporation until his death in November 1971 at age 92.
Awards and honors