Victor François de Broglie (1718 - 1804)

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Birthplace: Hôtel de Broglie, rue Saint Dominique, Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death: Died in Münster, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Victor François de Broglie

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor-Fran%C3%A7ois,_2nd_duc_de_Broglie

Victor François de Broglie, 2nd duc de Broglie (19 October 1718, Paris – 30 March 1804) was a French aristocrat and soldier and a marshal of France. He served with his father, François Marie de Broglie, 1st duc de Broglie, at Parma and Guastalla, and in 1734 obtained a colonelcy.


In the War of the Austrian Succession he took part in the storming of Prague in 1742, and was made a brigadier. In 1744 and 1745 he saw further service on the Rhine, and he succeeded his father as 2nd duc de Broglie on the old duke's death in 1745. He was made a Maréchal de Camp, and he subsequently served with Marshal de Saxe in the Low Countries, and was present at Roucoux, Val and Maastricht. At the end of the war he was made a Lieutenant-general.


During the Seven Years' War he served successively under Louis Charles César Le Tellier, duc d'Estrées, Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise, and Contades, being present at all the battles from Hastenbeck onwards. His victory over Prince Ferdinand at Bergen (1759) won him the rank of marshal of France from the French King Louis XV and the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire Reichsfürst from Emperor Francis I.


In 1759 he won the Battle of Bergen and followed that with the capture the city of Minden, later fighting at the Battle of Minden under the command of Contades whom he would succeed in command. In 1760 he won an action at the Korbach, but was defeated at Villinghausen in 1761. After the war he fell into disgrace and was not recalled to active employment until 1778, when he was given command of the troops designed to operate against England. He played a prominent part in the French Revolution, which he opposed with determination; he commanded troops at Versailles in July 1789 and briefly served as Louis XVI's minister of war before fleeing France. After his emigration, the duc de Broglie commanded the "Army of the Princes" for a short time (1792).


Since the duke's eldest son, Charles-Louis-Victor, prince de Broglie, died in the Terror, the succession fell to his grandson, who became the third duc de Broglie. He died at Münster in 1804.

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Victor François, duc de Broglie's Timeline

1718
October 19, 1718
Paris, Île-de-France, France
1736
1736
Age 17
1752
1752
Age 33
1753
1753
Age 34
1754
1754
Age 35
1756
September 22, 1756
Age 37
Paris, Île-de-France, France
1762
1762
Age 43
1764
1764
Age 45
1765
1765
Age 46
1766
1766
Age 47