Vsevolod III Jurievich Dmitri / Дмитрий "Big Nest" (Rurikovich) (1154 - 1212) MP

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Nicknames: "Vsevolod III El Gran Nido", "Vsevolod the Big /Nest/", "Всеволод Юрьевич Большое Гнездо"
Birthplace: Vladimir,Vladimir,,Russia
Death: Died in Vladimir Volynsk, Volyn', Ukraine
Occupation: Grand Prince of Vladimir
Managed by: Bjørn P. Brox
Last Updated:

About Vsevolod III Jurievich Dmitri / Дмитрий "Big Nest" (Rurikovich)

Vsevolod III Yuryevich, or Vsevolod the Big Nest (Russian: Все́волод III Ю́рьевич Большо́е Гнездо́) (1154 – 1212), was the Grand Prince of Vladimir during whose long reign (1177–1212) the city reached the zenith of its glory.


Vsevolod's Christian name was Dmitry, so he dedicated his palace church to St. Demetrius, his patron saint.Contents 1 Family 2 Reign 3 Marriage and children 4 External links

Family

Vsevolod was the tenth or eleventh son of Yury Dolgoruky, who founded the town Dmitrov to commemorate the site of his birth. Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin was the first to speculate that Vsevolod's mother Helene was a Greek princess, for after her husband's death she took Vsevolod with her to Constantinople.

It was at the chivalric court of the Komnenoi that he spent his youth. On his return from the Byzantine Empire to Rus in 1170, Vsevolod supposedly visited Tbilisi, as a local chronicle records that that year the Georgian king entertained his nephew from Constantinople and married him to his relative, an Ossetian princess.

Reign

In 1173, Vsevolod was briefly installed on the Kievan throne and taken prisoner by two Smolensk princes who captured the town. Ransomed a year later, he took his brother Mikhalko's side in his struggle against the powerful boyars of Rostov and Suzdal. Upon Mikhalko's death, Vsevolod succeeded him in Vladimir. He promptly subjugated the boyars and systematically raided the Volga peoples, notably Volga Bulgaria. He installed his puppets on the throne of Novgorod and married his daughters to princes of Chernigov and Kiev. Even the sovereigns of far-away Halych had to acknowledge his suzerainty.

Vsevolod showed little mercy to those who disobeyed his word. In 1180 and 1187, he punished the princes of Ryazan by ousting them from their lands. In 1207, he burnt to the ground both Ryazan and Belgorod. His military fame spread quickly. The Tale of Igor's Campaign, thought to be written during Vsevolod's reign, addresses him thus: Great prince Vsevolod! Don't you think of flying here from afar to safeguard the paternal golden throne of Kiev? For you can with your oars scatter in drops the Volga, and with your helmets scoop dry the Don.

But Kievan matters concerned Vsevolod little in the latter part of his reign. He concentrated on making his own capital, Vladimir, the most glorious city of Rus. His Ossetian wife, Maria Shvarnovna, who devoted herself to the works of piety and founded several convents, was glorified by the Russian church as a saint. By her Vsevolod had no less than twelve children, thus earning for himself the sobriquet Big Nest. Four of them — Konstantin, George, Yaroslav and Sviatoslav — succeeded him as Grand Dukes of Vladimir. He died on April 12, 1212 and was buried at the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir.

Marriage and children

Vsevolod married first Maria Shvarnovna. Her origins are disputed. She has been variously identified as Ossetian, Alan and Moravian. They had at least fourteen children:

Sbislava Vsevolodovna (born 26 October 1178). Vseslava Vsevolodovna. Married Rostislav Yaroslavich, Prince of Snov. He was a son of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich, Prince of Chernigov. His paternal grandfather was Vsevolod II of Kiev. Verchoslava Vsevolodovna. Married Rostislav II of Kiev. Konstantin of Rostov (18 May 1186 - 2 February 1218). Boris Vsevolodovich. (c. 1187 - 1238). Gleb Vsevolodovich (d. 29 September 1189). Yuri II of Vladimir (1189 - 4 March 1238). Yaroslav II of Vladimir (8 February 1191 - 30 September 1246). Helena Vsevolodovna (d. 1204). Vladimir Vsevolodovich, Prince of Yuryev-Polsky (25 October 1194 - 6 January 1229). Sviatoslav III of Vladimir (27 March 1196 - 3 February 1252). Ivan Vsevodovich, Prince of Starodub (28 November 1197 - after 1247). Pelagea Vsevolodovna. Anna Vsevolodovna. Married Vladimir, Prince of Belgorod (d. 1239). Maria died in 1205 or 1206. Vsevolod married Liubov Vasilkovna in 1209. She was a daughter of Vasilko Bryacheslavich, Prince of Vitebsk. They had no known children.

Preceded by Mikhalko Yuriyevich Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal 1176–1212 Succeeded by Yuri II


Preceded by Roman I Grand Prince of Kiev Succeeded by Rurik

-------------------- Всеволод-Димитрий Юрьевич, по прозванию Большое Гнездо (то есть отец многочисленного семейства), сын Юрия Долгорукого , родился в 1154 г. В 1162 г., изгнанный из Суздальской земли вместе со старшими братьями Андреем Боголюбским , он с матерью (мачехой Андрея) уехал в Константинополь. В 1169 г. мы видим его в громадной рати Андрея, взявшей приступом Киев 8 марта. Всеволод остался при дяде Глебе , которого Андрей посадил в Киеве. Глеб вскоре умер (1171), и Киев занял Владимир Дорогобужский. Но Андрей отдал его Роману Ростиславичу Смоленскому, а потом брату своему Михалку Торческому; последний сам не пошел в разоренный город, а послал туда брата Всеволода. Оскорбленные Ростиславичи ночью вошли в Киев и захватили Всеволода (1173). Вскоре Михалко выменял брата на Владимира Ярославича Галицкого (1174) и вместе с ним ходил, при войсках Андрея, на Киев, для изгнания из него Рюрика Ростиславича . В 1174 г. Андрей был убит, и Суздальская земля избрала в преемники ему старших племянников его Ярополка и Мстислава Ростиславичей , которые пригласили с собой и дядей своих, Михалка и Всеволода. Вскоре начались междоусобия. В 1175 г. Михалко умер, и владимирцы призвали к себе Всеволода, а ростовцы - Мстислава, и опять началось междоусобие. Верх взял Всеволод. По рязанским делам Всеволод пришел в столкновение с Святославом Всеволодовичем Черниговским, некогда радушно приютившим его. Святослав вторгся в Суздальскую область, но должен был удалиться в Новгород. В 1182 г. князья примирились, и Всеволод обратился на богатую, торговую Болгарию. Потеря любимого племянника, Изяслава Глебовича, остановила удачно начавшийся поход и парализовала энергию Всеволода; заключив с болгарами мир, он возвратился во Владимир (1183). Через три года он опять посылал на болгар войско, и воеводы его возвратились с добычей и пленниками. Половцы охотно служили Всеволоду за деньги, но в то же время часто беспокоили своими набегами южные владения его, особенно рязанские украйны. В 1198 г. Всеволод проник в глубину степей и заставил их от реки Дона бежать к Черному морю. В 1206 г. сына его Ярослава Всеволод Чермный , князь Черниговский, выгнал из Южного Переяславля. Великий князь выступил в поход; в Москве к нему присоединился старший сын его Константин с новгородцами, а потом муромские и рязанские князья. Все думали, что пойдут на юг, но обманулись: Всеволоду донесли, что рязанские князья изменяют, дружат с черниговскими. Великий князь, позвав их на пир, приказал схватить их и в цепях отправил во Владимир; Пронск и Рязань были взяты; последняя выдала ему остальных своих князей с их семействами. Всеволод поставил здесь сначала своих наместников и тиунов, а потом - сына Ярослава. Но против последнего рязанцы возмутились, и Всеволод опять подошел к Рязани с войском. Приказав жителям выйти из города, он сжег Рязань, а рязанцев расселил по Суздальской земле; той же участи подвергся Белгород (1208). Два рязанских князя, Изяслав Владимирович и Михаил Всеволодович, избегшие плена, мстили Всеволоду опустошением окрестностей Москвы, но сын Всеволода, Юрий, разбил их наголову; те укрепились на берегах реки Пры (или Тепры), но Всеволод вытеснил их и отсюда; затем, при посредстве митрополита Матфея, нарочно приезжавшего во Владимир, Всеволод примирился с Ольговичами Черниговскими и скрепил этот мир брачным союзом сына своего Юрия с дочерью Всеволода Чермного (1210). Всеволод скончался в 1212 г. Детей он имел только от первого брака с Марией, княжной Чешской, которую некоторые известия называют Ясыней (из г. Ясс), именно: четырех дочерей и восьмерых сыновей: Константина, Бориса (умер в 1188 г.), Юрия, Ярослава, Глеба, Владимира , Ивана и Святослава. "Полное собрание российских летописей" (I, 151, 155, 158 - 165, 169 - 179, 181 - 184, 210, 211; II, 91, 99, 106, 108 - 110, 116, 118, 119, 122 - 127, 136, 138 - 147, 149, 150, 307, 310, 313 - 319, 321 - 322, 324 - 331; III, 16 - 19, 22 - 25, 29 - 31, 126, 127, 218; IV, 8, 11 - 19; V, 160, 161, 163 - 164, 166 - 171; VII, 60, 76 - 77, 84, 87 - 88, 90 - 109, 112 - 117; 219, 234 - 235, 242). А. Э.

http://www.rulex.ru/01030951.htm -------------------- Vsevolod the Big Nest From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vsevolod III Yuryevich, or Vsevolod the Big Nest (Russian: Все́волод III Ю́рьевич Большо́е Гнездо́) (1154–1212), was the Grand Prince of Vladimir during whose long reign (1177–1212) the city reached the zenith of its glory.

Family

Vsevolod was the tenth or eleventh son of Yuri Dolgoruky, who founded the town Dmitrov to commemorate the site of his birth. Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin was the first to speculate that Vsevolod's mother Helene was a Greek princess, for after her husband's death she took Vsevolod with her to Constantinople. It was at the chivalric court of the Komnenoi that he spent his youth. On his return from the Byzantine Empire to Rus in 1170, Vsevolod supposedly visited Tbilisi, as a local chronicle records that that year the Georgian king entertained his nephew from Constantinople and married him to his relative, an Ossetian princess. [edit]Reign

In 1173, Vsevolod was briefly installed on the Kievan throne and taken prisoner by two Smolensk princes who captured the town. Ransomed a year later, he took his brother Mikhalko's side in his struggle against the powerful boyars of Rostov and Suzdal. Upon Mikhalko's death, Vsevolod succeeded him in Vladimir. He promptly subjugated the boyars and systematically raided the Volga peoples, notably Volga Bulgaria. He installed his puppets on the throne of Novgorod and married his daughters to princes of Chernigov and Kiev. Even the sovereigns of far-away Halych had to acknowledge his suzerainty. Vsevolod showed little mercy to those who disobeyed his word. In 1180 and 1187, he punished the princes of Ryazan by ousting them from their lands. In 1207, he burnt to the ground both Ryazan and Belgorod. His military fame spread quickly. The Tale of Igor's Campaign, thought to be written during Vsevolod's reign, addresses him thus: Great prince Vsevolod! Don't you think of flying here from afar to safeguard the paternal golden throne of Kiev? For you can with your oars scatter in drops the Volga, and with your helmets scoop dry the Don. But Kievan matters concerned Vsevolod little in the latter part of his reign. He concentrated on making his own capital, Vladimir. His Ossetian wife, Maria Shvarnovna, who devoted herself to the works of piety and founded several convents, was glorified by the Russian church as a saint. By her Vsevolod had no less than twelve children, thus earning for himself the sobriquet Big Nest. Four of them—Konstantin, George, Yaroslav and Sviatoslav—succeeded him as Grand Dukes of Vladimir. He died on April 12, 1212 and was buried at the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir. [edit]Marriage and children

Vsevolod married first Maria Shvarnovna. Her origins are disputed. She has been variously identified as Ossetian, Alan and Moravian. They had at least fourteen children: Sbislava Vsevolodovna (born 26 October 1178). Vseslava Vsevolodovna. Married Rostislav Yaroslavich, Prince of Snov. He was a son of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich, Prince of Chernigov. His paternal grandfather was Vsevolod II of Kiev. Verchoslava Vsevolodovna. Married Rostislav II of Kiev. Konstantin of Rostov (18 May 1186 - 2 February 1218). Boris Vsevolodovich. (c. 1187–1238). Gleb Vsevolodovich (d. 29 September 1189). Yuri II of Vladimir (1189 - 4 March 1238). Yaroslav II of Vladimir (8 February 1191 - 30 September 1246). Helena Vsevolodovna (d. 1204). Vladimir Vsevolodovich, Prince of Yuryev-Polsky (25 October 1194 - 6 January 1229). Sviatoslav III of Vladimir (27 March 1196 - 3 February 1252). Ivan Vsevolodovich, Prince of Starodub (28 November 1197 - after 1247). Pelagea Vsevolodovna. Anna Vsevolodovna. Married Vladimir, Prince of Belgorod (d. 1239). Maria died in 1205 or 1206. Vsevolod married Liubov Vasilkovna in 1209. She was a daughter of Vasilko Bryacheslavich, Prince of Vitebsk. They had no known children. ¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨ http://www.gagarin.com/tree.html

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