Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, 14th Chief of Buchanan (c.1443 - 1526) MP

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Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Scotland
Managed by: Douglas John Nimmo
Last Updated:

About Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, 14th Chief of Buchanan

http://gw0.geneanet.org/brynjulf?lang=en;pz=tor;nz=langballe;ocz=0;p=walter;n=buchanan

From the English Wikipedia page on Clan Buchanan, where he is identified as the 14th, 8th, or 15th chief of the clan:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Buchanan

Title

The two main Clan historians, Buchanan of Auchmar[23] writing in 1723 uses the term ‘laird of Buchanan’, while Guthrie Smith[24] writing in 1896 uses the term ‘laird of Buchanan’ to describe the chiefs up to and including Sir Maurice the 10th of Buchanan and then ‘Buchanan of that Ilk’ up to and including Sir George the 15th of Buchanan and thereafter Buchanan of Buchanan.

The chief of a Highland clan could be referred to as the ‘Laird of’, meaning the head of the clan (a patrimonial title)[25], eg Laird of Buchanan. The title ‘of that Ilk’ was historically used by both Highland and Lowland clans to indicate head or chiefship (again a patrimonial title), eg Buchanan of that Ilk. However, in the early 19th century ‘of that Ilk’ fell out of favour with Highland chiefs[26] who adopted a duplication of the patronymic, regardless of ownership of territory or estate, eg Buchanan of Buchanan.

Given the current Highland practice, Buchanan of Buchanan is likely to be the preferred contemporary title but for ease of reading and clarity, n th of Buchanan is used in the following paragraphs. Both the spelling Buchanan and Buchannan are used interchangeably in historical documents.

The Chiefs

The first six Clan Chiefs are poorly represented in historical records and are included by some Clan historians and omitted by others. Buchanan of Auchmar and Guthrie Smith commence their respective numbering of Chiefs at a different person, and describe a different order and number of Chiefs following Sir Walter 11th of Buchanan. In part this is due to the heir apparent not succeeding to the chiefship before he dies and chiefship passing directly from grandfather to grandchild.

The following lineage reconciles Guthrie Smith and Buchanan of Auchmar and their respective numbering is in parenthesis.

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14th – Walter Buchanan,[51][52] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 8th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 15th Chief) married Isobel Graham and by her four sons (Patrick [Guthrie Smith identifies him as 9th Chief but then goes on to advise that the Chiefship passed from Patrick’s father to Patrick’s son[53] and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 16th Chief[54] ] who married the daughter of the Earl of Argyle and by her had George who succeeded his grandfather; John first ancestor of cadets of Arnprior; Maurice; and Walter first ancestor of cadets of Spittal) and two daughters (Margaret and Elizabeth).

Footnotes:

  • 23. ^ Buchanan of Auchmar, William (1733). The Historical and Genealogical Essay Upon the Family and Surname of Buchanan. Glasgow.
  • 24. ^ Guthrie Smith, John (1896). Strathendrick and its Inhabitants from Early Times (1st ed.). Glasgow: James Maclehose and Son.
  • 25. ^ Adams, Frank (1970). The Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands (8th edition, edited by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney ed.). Stirling: Johnson and Bacon. pp. 401f.
  • 26. ^ Adams. pp. 405.
  • 51. ^ Buchanan of Auchmar. pp. 27.
  • 52. ^ Guthrie Smith. pp. 286.
  • 53. ^ Guthrie Smith. pp. 287.
  • 54. ^ Buchanan of Auchmar. pp. 27.

_________

Chiefs of Clan Buchanan

  • 11th – Sir Walter Buchanan,[69][70] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 5th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 11th Chief) married Margaret and had three sons (Walter his successor, Alexander who reputedly killed the Duke of Clarence at the battle of Beaugé in 1421 and who later died in the battle of Verneuil in 1424, and John [Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 12th Chief ] who married Janet the heiress of Leny and was the first ancestor of the cadets of Leny) and two daughters (Elizabeth and Jean).
  • 12th – Sir Walter Buchanan,[71][72] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 6th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 13th Chief) first married an unidentified women and by her three sons (Patrick his successor, Walter and Thomas first ancestor of cadets of Gartincaber,[73] Drumikill and Carbeth) and one daughter. He married secondly to Isobel Stewart.
  • 13th – Patrick Buchanan,[74][75] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 7th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 14th Chief) married Jonet Cunningham of Galbraith and by her a son (Walter his successor) and a daughter (Anabella). He also had an illegitimate son (Patrick).
  • 14th – Walter Buchanan,[75][76] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 8th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 15th Chief) married Isobel Graham and by her four sons (Patrick [Guthrie Smith identifies him as 9th Chief but then goes on to advise that the Chiefship passed from Patrick’s father to Patrick’s son[77]and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 16th Chief[76] ] who married the daughter of the Earl of Argyle and by her had George who succeeded his grandfather; John first ancestor of cadets of Arnprior; Maurice; and Walter first ancestor of cadets of Spittal) and two daughters (Margaret and Elizabeth).
  • 15th – George Buchanan,[76][77] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 10th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 17th Chief) succeed his grandfather, Walter 14th of Buchanan, in 1526 and died 1560. He first married Margaret Edmonstone and by her a son (John [Guthrie Smith identifies him as 11th Chief but then goes on to advise that the Chiefship passed from John’s father to John’s son[78] and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 18th Chief[79 who married Elizabeth Livingston and by her had George[79] who succeeded his grandfather) and two daughters (Helen and Susanna). Second he married Janet Cunningham and by her had a son (William first ancestor of the cadets of Auchmar) and a daughter (Margaret).
  • 16th – Sir George Buchanan,[78][79] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 12th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 19th Chief) succeed his grandfather, George 15th of Buchanan, in 1561, married Lady Mary Graham and by her one son (John his successor) and two daughters (Helen and Susanna).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Buchanan

-------------------- In the middle of the fifteenth century a Thomas Buchanan a brother of Patrick Buchanan of that Ilk, who was the grandson of Sir Walter bought a considerable number of estates in Stirlingshire and Perthshire. Guthrie Smith says, 1 ' a charter in his favour, granted by Patrick Buchanan of that ilk of the lands of Gartincaber .... is dated at Buchanan 1461.' He had also a charter dated at Torphichen, 3rd Feby., 1461-62, of the Temple Lands of Letter. On the 2nd October, 1472 . . . the bailie of Halden of Gleneagles gave sasine to ' Thomas Buchanan and Robert Makcalpyn of the lands of Ballvol and Camquhele.' In 1476 he purchased from Haldane of Gleneagles the lands of ' Kepdory, Carbeth, Ballawoul,' etc. In 1482 he conveyed Carbeth to his son Thomas, ' Ballyvow ' to his son Walter, and Kepdory to Robert his eldest son and heir apparent. In 1477 he acquired the Temple lands of Ballikinrain, in 1484 he had a charter from William, Lord Graham of Middle Ledlewan (the Moss). Besides these lands he bought Drum- ikil, half of which he gave to his son Robert in 1496. These charters and others prove that Thomas Buchanan was a success-ful money-making man.

Though he was a brother of the Laird of Buchanan, there is some reason for believing that he was illegitimate. There is a Crown charter of 1463 2 confirming an entail of the lands of Buchanan on Patrick Buchanan of that Ilk and on Patrick's son, Walter, whom failing, on the Buchanan of Leny and his six sons in succession, failing all of whom, on the brother of Buchanan of Leny. Thomas Buchanan (though the brother of Patrick, the laird of Buchanan) is not mentioned. If legitimate, he would have been the next heir after Patrick's issue, but he was passed over in favour of Buchanan of Leny, a cousin. The inference that Thomas was illegitimate is, I think, irresistible. Robert Buchanan, to whom his father gave Kepdory, half of Drurnikil, and probably Middle Ledlewan, was extravagant and insolvent. His son Thomas lived at the Moss, married Agnes Heriot, but died while still a young man, leaving a family of five sons and three daughters. The famous George Buchanan was the fifth son.

GEORGE BUCHANAN: A MEMORIAL 1506-1906. Contributions by various writers, compiled and edited by D. A. MILLAR http://www.archive.org/stream/georgebuchananme00milliala/georgebuchananme00milliala_djvu.txt

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Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, 14th Chief of Buchanan's Timeline

1443
1443
Scotland, United Kingdom
1463
November 26, 1463
Age 20
Scotland
1465
1465
Age 22
1475
1475
Age 32
Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland
1482
1482
Age 39
Gartencaber, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1526
September 1526
Age 83
Scotland
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