Walter Chauncey Camp

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Walter Chauncey Camp

Birthplace: New Haven, CT, USA
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Leverett Lee Camp and Ellen Camp
Husband of Alice Graham Sumner

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Walter Chauncey Camp

The Father of American Football---

On April 7, 1859 in New Britain, Connecticut, Walter Chauncy Camp was born. Walter Camp is deemed "The Father of American Football" due to his significant contributions to the game, his 50 year span in supervising the growth of football, and his numerous articles on football which covered his suggestions in improving and modifying the game. Camp's influence in football has been so significant that some researchers have said he should be credited for almost single-handedly forging modern football.

Before Camp's contributions shaped modern football, rugby was the most popular form of football during this time.

Camp was a member of many important collegiate football committees in his 50 year career, thus his contributions were quickly inputted

The differences between modern football and rugby are highlighted below, thanks to Camp's suggestions.

Changes in Modern Football---

Changes in rugby by Camp would eventually evolve into the modern football we enjoy today:


1) Replacement of rugby's scrum, with scrimmage.

2) Instead of 15 players in rugby there are 11 in football.

3) The forward pass was inputted.

4) A system of downs for ball advancement is made. The systems is 4 downs per 10 yards.

5) Formation of a structured offensive player arrangement. This consists of a fullback, two halfbacks, and a quarterback.

6) Camp came up with the "safety", which entails that by tackling a ball carrier in his own end zone, two points are awarded to the defensive opposing team which tackled him

Proliferating his Ideas---

Camp knew that to have his ideas popularize and catch on, it needed to be spread. To achieve this he took up a full time job at a clock company, and worked for free with the Yale football team as an active advisor.

Camp's approach to football, and the spreading of his ideas was glorifying it as a pure manly sport, that shaped young men's ideals, morals, and masculinity. His lectures, and articles on football attracted many, and at the end of his career he had written about 250 magazine articles, and 30 books.

Even though his career started modestly working in a clock company, and unpaid football advisor, Camp's writing was significant to spreading modern football, earning him a prominent place in American nonfiction writing.

Success and Later Life----

Camp's popularity during his 50 year career prospered greatly. His writings popularizing modern football was gaining great attention, and he soon was branching into other writing areas such as fitness.

Camper's affiliation with Yale dissolved later in his career, and he began working with Stanford. HIs writing branched into fitness, now becoming his other topic of expertise. Through his large portfolio of esteemed articles on football, fitness and nonfiction work, it is no surpise he became one of the highest paid nonfiction writers in America.

Camper's life showcases the diligence of a man's 50 year career in the sport that he supported, and crafted into one of America's favorite sports. He will always be known as "The Father of American Football"

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Walter Chauncey Camp's Timeline

April 7, 1859
New Haven, CT, USA
March 14, 1925
Age 65