Walter FItzRichard de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford

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Walter FitzRichard de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford

Also Known As: "Walter /de Clifford/", "Walter Fitz Richard /De Clifford/", "Of", "Clifford castle", "Clifford", "Herefordshire", "England", "Walter FitzPons", "Baron of Clifford"
Birthplace: Probably Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Death: Died in Godstow, Oxfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Godstow Abbey, Godstow, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard FitzPons and Maude FitzWalter
Husband of Margaret de Toëny
Father of Henry Clifford; Rosamund de Clifford, Royal Mistress of Henry II; Amicia de Clifford; Richard de Clifford Lord Frampton Severn; Roger de Clifford and 7 others
Brother of Bertha FitzRichard; Simon FitzRichard and Roger FitzRichard

Occupation: Sir, Baron of Clifford
Managed by: Andrew Dean Kemp
Last Updated:

About Walter FItzRichard de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford



Walter, a Norman Knight of Brevelais on the Welsh border, paid feudal service to Henry in his war in Wales. He is identified as Rosamond's father by Amy Kelly, "Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Four Kings."

Burke, B. "Clifford - Earls of Cumberland and Barons

Clifford" in "Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire" pp.122-124. -------------------- -------------------- Walter, 1st Lord Clifford

b. circa 1113, d. 1190

Father Richard fitz Ponce1

    Arms: Chequy or and azure, a bendlet gules.2 Walter, 1st Lord Clifford was born circa 1113 at Clifford, Herefordshire, England. The 2nd son. He was the son of Richard fitz Ponce.1 Walter, 1st Lord Clifford married Margaret de Tosny, daughter of Radulf II de Tosny and Alice of Huntingdon, circa 1135. Walter, 1st Lord Clifford obtained Clifford Castle, with is wife Margaret, daughter of Ralph de Toney, a descendant of William FitzOsborne, Earl of Hereford, by whom the castle was erected.1 He assumed the name Clifford from the castle of Clifford at Herefordshire, England.3,1 He was in influence during the reign of Henry II between 1154 and 1189 at England.1 Lord Clifford at Herefordshire, England, before 1190. He died in 1190 at Godstow, Oxfordshire, England.


Margaret de Tosny b. 1109, d. 1185


Walter, 2nd Lord Clifford+ b. c 1140, d. 1222/23

Richard de Clifford b. c 11421

"Fair" Rosamund de Clifford+ b. c 1146, d. c 11763

Lucia de Clifford b. c 11481


[S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, B:xP, pg. 122.

[S1216] C.B., L.L.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir John Bernard Burke, B:GA, pg. 203.

[S217] Transcribed by Colin Hinson, English Peerage (to 1790).

Walter fitz Richard fitz Pons1

M, #104860, b. 1113, d. 1190

Last Edited=3 Apr 2009

    Walter fitz Richard fitz Pons was born in 1113 at Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England.3 He was the son of Richard fitz Pons and Maude fitz Walter.2 He married Margaret de Toeni, daughter of Ralph de Toeni and Alice de Cheney.1 He died in 1190,.1
    He acquired Clifford Castle, near Hay, Herefordshire, by his marriage.1 He was Seneschal of Roger de Toeni.1

Children of Walter fitz Richard fitz Pons and Margaret de Toeni

William de Clifford2

Richard de Clifford2

Amicia de Clifford2

Rosamund de Clifford+2 b. c 1137, d. 1176

Walter de Clifford+2 b. c 1150, d. 22 Jan 1222


[S35] Peter Townend, editor, Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 18th edition, 3 volumes (London, England: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1965-1972), volume 1, page 579. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Landed Gentry, 18th ed.

[S35] Peter Townend, Burke's Landed Gentry, 18th ed.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.


Drogo fitz Ponts' son Walter fitz Richard fitz Ponts in 1138 married a descendent of Ralph de Todeni who brought with her the dowry of Clifford Castle. Walter then changed his name to Clifford. Walter de Clifford's daughter Rosamund Clifford (born about 1139 died 1176) was the mistress of Henry II and had a child by him. A novel concerning this is: The Fall of Rosamund Clifford by Thomas Hull. The King kept her in a wooden maze and the legend is that Queen Eleanor found her by means of a clue - a silk thread. The legend further says that the Queen then offered her poison in a chalice, but in fact she stabbed her to death in her bath. -------------------- CLIFFORD CASTLE / HEREFORDSHIRE

The early motte and bailey castle was built on a cliff overlooking a ford on the River Wye in 1070 by William Fitz Osbern.......When his heir, Roger de Breteuil, 2d Earl of Hereford, forfeited his lands for rebellion against the King in 1075, the castle was granted to Ralph Tosny, who held it directly from the Crown. From Ralph, it passed to his son in law Richard des Ponts (more correctly, Richard Fitz Pons). RICHARD'S SON, WALTER FITZ RICHARD, LATER TOOK THE NAME OF WALTER DE CLIFFORD AFTER HE SEIZED THE CASTLE FROM ITS TOSNY OVERLORD BEFORE 1162. Much of the stone castle would appear to have been built before 1162, as it much resembles the Tosny Conches Castle in Normandy.

Source -- Wikipedia / "Clifford Castle"


Anglo - Norman marcher lord of Bronllys Castle, on the Welsh border, and Clifford Castle (from the 1130's), in Herefordshire. He is best known for his daughter, Rosamund Clifford, with Margaret de Toeni, daughter of Ralph de Toeni.....He was the son of Richard FitzPons and Matilda, the sister of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford.

Source -- Wikipedia / "Walter de Clifford"

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Walter FItzRichard de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford's Timeline

Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 7
Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 8
Probably Flamstead, Herefordshire, England
Age 9
Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 10
Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 22
Age 24
Age 26
Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 28
Of Clifford Castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England
Age 29
Clifford castle, Clifford, Herefordshire, England