Walter FitzAlan, 1st High Steward of Scotland

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Walter FitzAlan

Also Known As: "Walter /Fitzalan/", "High Steward of Scotland", "Walter Fitz Alan", "1st High Steward of Scotland", "High Steward Of Scotland", "High Stewart of Scotland", "8457"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Oswestry Castle, , Oswestry, Shropshire, West Midlands, England
Death: Died in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Place of Burial: Paisley Abbey, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Alan fitzFlaad, Sheriff of Shropshire; Alan fitz Flaad, of Oswestry; Avelina de Hesding, domina Norton and Avelina de Hesding, domina Norton
Husband of Eschyna de Molle and Helen Peverel
Father of Alain Fitzwalter, 2d High Steward of Scotland; Christine fitz Walter; Walter fitz Walter; Simon fitz Walter; Margaret fitz Walter, of Arundel and 1 other
Brother of Jordan fitzAlan, Seneschal of Dol; Adelina FitzAlan, of Oswestry; William FitzAlan, Lord of Oswestry, High Sheriff and Simon fitzAlan, of Norfolk

Occupation: First High Stewart of Scotland, 1st Great Steward of Scotland, In 1157 King Malocolm IV ratified the grants of Stewart of Scotland to his family.2 In 1164 he repelled an invasion of Renfrewshire., 1st High Steward of Scotland, High Steward of Scotland
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Walter FitzAlan, 1st High Steward of Scotland

Walter Fitzalan (died 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton". He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Fitzalan

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Walter Fitz Alan was the first authentic Stewart on the pages of history. He witnessed many charters, chiefly those of King David I . King David I named Walter the first High Steward of Scotland (the first to hold that positon). Malcolm IV King of Soctland made this positon hereitary in the year 1157. He possessed much land as a result of this title. He gained lands in Renfrew Paisley, Pollock, Cathcart Talahec, Le Drip, Le Mutrene, Eaglesam, & Lochwinnock in Renfrewshire and of Innerwick in East Lothian. He died 1177, leaving one son and a daughter. He was the ancesor of the House of Stewart. The position of High Steward became heriditary from that point on. The name Stewart means cup-bearer. The High Stewards of Scotland were Stewards to the sovereign and of the royal revenues and domains. (Accountants of the King).

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rjviator/stewart/WalterHS.html

WGA 24th GGS ------------------------------------------------------------------

Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland was the son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline de Hesdin. He died circa 1177.

    Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland gained the title of 1st Great Steward of Scotland.

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland

   * Eupheme FitzAlan+ d. c 12671

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland and Eochyna de Molle

   * Alan Stewart, 2nd Great Steward of Scotland+ d. c 1204

Citations

  1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 506. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

--------------------

Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland

M, #4047, d. circa 1177

Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland|d. c 1177|p405.htm#i4047|Alan fitz Flaald|d. b 1114|p511.htm#i5101|Aveline de Hesdin||p511.htm#i5102|Flaald fitz Flaald, Seneschal de Dol en Bretagne|d. bt 1080 - 1106|p511.htm#i5105||||Arnulph de Hesdin||p511.htm#i5103|Emmelina (?)||p511.htm#i5104|

Last Edited=15 Aug 2009

    Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland was the son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline de Hesdin. He died circa 1177.
    Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland gained the title of 1st Great Steward of Scotland.

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland

Eupheme FitzAlan+ d. c 12671

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland and Eochyna de Molle

Alan Stewart, 2nd Great Steward of Scotland+ d. c 1204

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 506. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

--------------------

Walter fitz Alan (sometimes erroneously named as Walter of Stewart) was born in Oswestry, Shropshire sometime before 1114 and died ca. 1177. In his time he rose from being only the third son of an Anglo-Norman noble to become the 1st High Steward (or Seneschal) of Scotland. In doing so he became the founding ancestor of the Stuart (or Steward) dynasty that in time became the Scottish, and later the British, Royal House of Stuart.

Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland

M, #4047, d. circa 1177

Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland|d. c 1177|p405.htm#i4047|Alan fitz Flaald|d. b 1114|p511.htm#i5101|Aveline de Hesdin||p511.htm#i5102|Flaald fitz Flaald, Seneschal de Dol en Bretagne|d. bt 1080 - 1106|p511.htm#i5105||||Arnulph de Hesdin||p511.htm#i5103|Emmelina (?)||p511.htm#i5104|

Last Edited=15 Aug 2009

    Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland was the son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline de Hesdin. He died circa 1177.
    Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland gained the title of 1st Great Steward of Scotland.

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland

   * Eupheme FitzAlan+ d. c 12671

Child of Walter fitz Alan, 1st Great Steward of Scotland and Eochyna de Molle

   * Alan Stewart, 2nd Great Steward of Scotland+ d. c 1204

Citations

  1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 506. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 Murison, A. F. (2003). William Wallace: Guardian of Scotland. Courier Dover Publications, Page 41. ISBN 0486431827. 
  2. ↑ French, George Russell (1841). The ancestry of her majesty queen Victoria, and of his royal highness prince Albert., Page 223. 
  3. ↑ Bartlett, Robert (2002). England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075-1225. Oxford University Press, Page 81. ISBN 0199251010. 
  4. ↑ (1909) A History of Paisley, 600-1908, page 5. 
  5. ↑ 5.0 5.1 Carpenter, David (2003). The struggle for mastery: Britain, 1066-1284. Oxford University Press US, Page 181. ISBN 0195220005. 
  6. ↑ Innes, Cosmo (1860). Scotland in the Middle Ages; Sketches of Early Scotch History and Social Progress.. Edmonston and Douglas.  

Walter fitz Alan (died 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.

--------------------

Walter FITZALAN

   * Father: Alan Dapifer FITZFLAALD
   * Mother: Aveline DE HESDING
   * Birth: 1105, Oswestry Castle, Shropshire, England
   * Occupation: 1st High Steward of Scotland
   * Death: 1177, Renfrewshire, Scotland
   * Partnership with: Eschina DE LUNDIS
         o Child: Alan FITZWALTER Birth: 1126, Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland
         o Child: Simon FITZWALTER

Notes:

Walter fitz Alan (sometimes erroneously named as Walter of Stewart) was born in Oswestry, Shropshire [1] sometime before 1114 and died ca. 1177. In his time he rose from being only the third son of an Anglo-Norman noble to become the 1st High Steward (or Seneschal) of Scotland. In doing so he became the founding ancestor of the Stuart (or Steward) dynasty that in time became the Scottish, and later the British, Royal House of Stuart.

Walter's father, Alan fitz Flaald or Flathald, (Born c. 1075) was the 4th hereditary Seneschal or Steward or Dapifer of Dol-de-Bretagne, about 30 miles north of Rennes in Brittany. The family had gained lands in England shortly after the Norman Conquest. The Doomsday Book in 1086, records Alan as having lands in Shropshire, England - near to the border with Wales. Alan held the Shreivalty of Shropshire and the Lordship of Oswestry (then called Oswaldestry)[2] during the rein of Henry I of England.[3] Alan was married to Avelina de Hesding (Born c. 1078) circa 1099. They had three children: the eldest, Jordan, became the 5th Seneschal of Dol. The second son, William, became the Govener or Sheriff of Shropshire and founded the Haughamond Priory. The third son was Walter fitz Alan.[4]

Marriage

In the year 1133, Walter fitz Alan married Eschina de Londonius, the widow of Robert de Croc. The marriage begat three children: Two sons, Alan fitz Walter (Born 1144) and Simon fitz Walter, plus one daughter — Margaret fitz Walter.

Ancestors of Walter FITZALAN

                 /-Flaald DAPIFER
       /-Alan Dapifer FITZFLAALD

Walter FITZALAN

       |         /-Ernulf DE HESDIN
       \-Aveline DE HESDING

Descendants of Walter FITZALAN

1 Walter FITZALAN

 =Eschina DE LUNDIS
     2 Alan FITZWALTER
       =Eve DE CRAWFORD
           3 Walter STEWART
             =Beatrix DE ANGUS
           3 David FITZALAN
     2 Simon FITZWALTER
References
  1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 Murison, A. F. (2003). William Wallace: Guardian of Scotland. Courier Dover Publications, Page 41. ISBN 0486431827. 
  2. ↑ French, George Russell (1841). The ancestry of her majesty queen Victoria, and of his royal highness prince Albert., Page 223. 
  3. ↑ Bartlett, Robert (2002). England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075-1225. Oxford University Press, Page 81. ISBN 0199251010. 
  4. ↑ (1909) A History of Paisley, 600-1908, page 5. 
  5. ↑ 5.0 5.1 Carpenter, David (2003). The struggle for mastery: Britain, 1066-1284. Oxford University Press US, Page 181. ISBN 0195220005. 
  6. ↑ Innes, Cosmo (1860). Scotland in the Middle Ages; Sketches of Early Scotch History and Social Progress.. Edmonston and Douglas.  

For further information email: JoeAllison@fastmail.fm

--------------------

Walter fitz Alan (died June 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.[2][3]

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress.[4] Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became, appropriately, David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon,[5] Walter came to Scotland about 1136 [6] and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

[edit]Career

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. David also granted him what eventually comprised Renfrewshire, for the service of five knights[7]; the lands of Paisley, Pollok, Cathcart, and Ayrshire, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac order drawn from the priory of Much Wenlock, in his native county of Shropshire.[8] Walter acquired directly from the Crown the Berwickshire estates of Birkenside and Legerwood on the eastern or left bank of the Leader Water[9] and presented to the monks the church of Legerwood, which they held from 1164 until the Reformation in 1560.[10] The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley, the burying-place of his family before their later accession to the throne.[11]

Walter Fitzalan was married to Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress of Uchtred de Molla (Molle) & Huntlaw (territorial designations, not then surnames) [12][13] and widow of Robert Croc. Upon Walter's death his widow married Henry de Molle,[13] whose new surname is probably taken from his wife's lands.

--------------------

Walter fitz Alan (died June 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.[2][3]

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress.[4] Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became, appropriately, David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon,[5] Walter came to Scotland about 1136 [6] and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. David also granted him what eventually comprised Renfrewshire, for the service of five knights[7]; the lands of Paisley, Pollok, Cathcart, and Ayrshire, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac order drawn from the priory of Much Wenlock, in his native county of Shropshire.[8] Walter acquired directly from the Crown the Berwickshire estates of Birkenside and Legerwood on the eastern or left bank of the Leader Water[9] and presented to the monks the church of Legerwood, which they held from 1164 until the Reformation in 1560.[10] The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley, the burying-place of his family before their later accession to the throne.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Fitzalan

--------------------

Walter Fitzalan (died 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton". He was the second son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Ada or Adeline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.

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  1. Christening: Also Of, Dol, Normandy France

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From Wiki

Walter Fitzalan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Walter Fitzalan (died 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the second son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Ada or Adeline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.[2][3]

Contents

[hide]

[edit] To Scotland

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress.[4] Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became, appropriately, David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon,[5] Walter came to Scotland about 1136 [6] and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

[edit] Career

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. David also granted him what eventually comprised Renfrewshire, for the service of five knights[7]; the lands of Paisley, Pollok, Cathcart, and Ayrshire, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac order drawn from from the priory of Much Wenlock, in his native county of Shropshire.[8] Walter acquired directly from the Crown the Berwickshire estates of Birkenside and Legerwood on the eastern or left bank of the Leader Water[9] and presented to the monks the church of Legerwood, which they held from 1164 until the Reformation in 1560.[10] The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

[edit] Death

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley, the burying-place of his family before their later accession to the throne.[11]

[edit] Marriage

Walter Fitzalan was married to Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress of Uchtred de Molla (Molle) & Huntlaw (territorial designations, not then surnames) [12][13] and widow of Robert Croc. Upon Walter's death his widow married Henry de Molle,[14] whose new surname is probably taken from his wife's lands.

She and Walter had three children:

   * Alan FitzWalter
   * Walter FitzWalter[15]
   * Margaret FitzWalter[16]

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Walter fitz Alan

Walter Fitzalan born before 1114, died c. 1177. He was the 1st High Steward of Scotland ca.1150-1177. The second son of Alan FitzFlaald ( 4th hereditary Seneschal of Dol in Brittany) and Aveline de Hesdin. Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... The High Steward or Great Steward was given in the 12th century to Walter Fitzalan, whose descendants became the Stewart family. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ...

The doomsday book, in 1086, records Alan FitzFlaald as having estates in England. When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter became involved. He befriended David I who was the Uncle of Matilda. He fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry. A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Anarchy in English history commonly names the period of civil war and unsettled government that occurred during the reign (1135–1154) of King Stephen of England. ... Empress Matilda (February 1102 – September 10, 1167; sometimes Maud or Maude), also called Matilda, Countess of Anjou or Matilda, Lady of the English, was the daughter and dispossessed heir of King Henry I of England. ... Stephen (c. ... Linguistic division in early twelfth century Scotland. ... The monument on the battlefield at Grid reference SE360977 The Battle of the Standard took place on 22 August 1138 near Northallerton in Yorkshire. ... , Northallerton is a town in North Yorkshire, England. ... Events Robert Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon (1114-1152) was a Scottish prince and English peer. ...

Walter moved to Scotland and took up service under David I. He rose in rank to the Stewardship of Scotland. In 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. He was also given lands in Renfrewshire and Ayrshire.In 1163 he founded a monastery based on the Cluniac order. This small priory grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey. In 1164 he defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew. This article is about the country. ... Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary authority regions in Scotland. ... Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir in Scottish Gaelic) is a region of south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. ... // Events Owain Gwynedd is recognized as ruler of Wales. ... The abbey today The Abbey of Cluny (or Cluni, or Clugny) was founded on 2 September 909 by William I, Count of Auvergne, who installed Abbot Berno and placed the abbey under the immediate authority of Pope Sergius III. The Abbey and its constellation of dependencies soon came to exemplify... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Paisley Abbey Paisley Abbey is a former Cluniac monastery, and current Church of Scotland parish kirk, located on the east bank of the White Cart Water in the centre of the town of Paisley, Renfrewshire, in west central Scotland. ... Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Somerled (Old Norse Sumarliði, Scottish Gaelic Somhairle) was a military and political leader of the Scottish Isles in the 12th century who was known in Gaelic as ri Innse Gall (King of the Hebrides). Somerled first appears in historical chronicles in the year 1140 as the regulus, or King... Scottish Gaelic (Gà idhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... The Battle of Renfrew ( 1164 ) was a significant battle between the Scottish Crown and Somerled, Lord of the Isles which saw the death and defeat of the latter. ...

Walter Fitzalan was married to Eschina de Londonius, widow of Robert de Croc and had three children: Alan Fitzwalter, Simon FitzWalter and a daughter Margaret FitzWalter.

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Alan was with King Richard on the Third Crusade -------------------- Walter fitz Alan (original spelling) was the first appointed "High Steward " in Scotland. The steward was origanally the person who placed the dishes and set the tables. The steward soon rose in rank due to being in favor of the King and began to reside over coronations and festivals. He was then given titles and lands and was given a royal status. So his desendants were given the title of Steward and the last name of Stewart. The Stewarts later married into the family of Tudor by marring Margaret Tudor, sister to Henry VIII.

Walter Fitzalan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Walter Fitzalan (died 1177), was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the second son of a Breton knight, Alan fitzFlaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Ada or Adeline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.[2][3] Contents[hide]

   * 1 To Scotland
   * 2 Career
   * 3 Death
   * 4 Marriage
   * 5 Notes 

[edit] To Scotland

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress.[4] Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became, appropriately, David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon,[5] Walter came to Scotland about 1136 [6] and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

[edit] Career

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. David also granted him what eventually comprised Renfrewshire, for the service of five knights[7]; the lands of Paisley, Pollock, Cathcart, and Ayrshire, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac order drawn from from the priory of Much Wenlock, in his native county of Shropshire.[8] Walter acquired directly from the Crown the Berwickshire estates of Birkenside and Legerwood on the eastern or left bank of the Leader Water[9] and presented to the monks the church of Legerwood, which they held from 1164 until the Reformation in 1560.[10] The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

[edit] Death

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley, the burying-place of his family before their later accession to the throne.[11]

[edit] Marriage

Walter Fitzalan was married to Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress of Uchtred de Molla (Molle) & Huntlaw (territorial designations, not then surnames) [12][13] and widow of Robert Croc. Upon Walter's death his widow married Henry de Molle,[14] whose new surname is probably taken from his wife's lands.

She and Walter had three children:

   * Alan FitzWalter
   * Walter FitzWalter[15]
   * Margaret FitzWalter[16] 

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Mackenzie, A. M., MA., D.Litt., The Rise of the Stewarts, London, 1935, pps.8 -9.
  2. ^ Round, J. H., Studies in Peerage, p.123
  3. ^ Nisbet, Alexander, Systems of Heraldry, Edinburgh, 1722. Vol.2, first section, p.53.
  4. ^ Ritchie, R. L. Graeme, The Normans in Scotland, Edinburgh University Press, 1954, p.281
  5. ^ Anderson (1867) vol.ix, p.512
  6. ^ Professor Geoffrey W. S. Barrow, The Anglo-Norman Era in Scottish History, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980, ISBN 0-19-822473-7 page 64-5, where it is stated that Walter son of Alan came to Scotland about 1136 and served as "dapifer" or Steward successively to kings David I, Malcolm IV, and William the Lion.
  7. ^ Ritchie, R. L. Graeme, The Normans in Scotland, Edinburgh University Press, 1954, [p.280
  8. ^ Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p. xl.
  9. ^ Professor Geoffrey W. S. Barrow, The Anglo-Norman Era in Scottish History, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980, ISBN 0-19-822473-7 page 65
 10. ^ Binnie, Dr.G.A.C., The Churches and Graveyards of Berwickshire, Berwick-upon-Tweed, 1995, p.344, ISBN 0-9526805-0-5
 11. ^ Anderson, William,The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, vol.ix, p.512
 12. ^ Simpson (1713); Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p.xl; Mackenzie, A. M., MA., D.Litt., The Rise of the Stewarts, London, 1935, pps.8 -9.
 13. ^ Ritchie (1954) p.281
 14. ^ Ritchie (1954) p.281
 15. ^ Simpson (1713).
 16. ^ Simpson (1713). 

Preceded by noneHigh Steward of Scotland c. 1150 – c. 1177Succeeded by Alan Fitzwalter -------------------- In 1160 founded the monastry at Paisley, for monks of the Clunic order, from the convent of Wenlock in his native Salop.

--http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal4028 -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_fitz_Alan -------------------- Walter fitz Alan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Walter fitz Alan (died June 1177) was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (c1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton".[1] He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitz Flaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.[2][3]

Contents [hide]

1 To Scotland

2 Career

3 Death

4 Marriage

5 Notes

[edit]To Scotland

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress.[4] Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became, appropriately, David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon,[5] Walter came to Scotland about 1136 [6] and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

[edit]Career

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office. David also granted him what eventually comprised Renfrewshire, for the service of five knights[7]; the lands of Paisley, Pollok, Cathcart, and Ayrshire, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac order drawn from the priory of Much Wenlock, in his native county of Shropshire.[8] Walter acquired directly from the Crown the Berwickshire estates of Birkenside and Legerwood on the eastern or left bank of the Leader Water[9] and presented to the monks the church of Legerwood, which they held from 1164 until the Reformation in 1560.[10] The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

[edit]Death

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley, the burying-place of his family before their later accession to the throne.[11]

[edit]Marriage

Walter fitz Alan was married to Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress of Uchtred de Molla (Molle) & Huntlaw (territorial designations, not then surnames) [12][13] and widow of Robert Croc. Upon Walter's death his widow married Henry de Molle,[13] whose new surname is probably taken from his wife's lands.

She and Walter had three children:

Alan fitz Walter

Walter fitz Walter[14]

Margaret fitz Walter[14] -------------------- Acceded ABT 1160

In 1160 founded the monastry at Paisley, for monks of the Clunic order, from the convent of Wenlock in his native Salop.

Benefactor of Knights Templars Founder of Paisley Priory 1164. Received Grant of Lands from King David I ratified by Malcolm IV. --------------------

  1. Christening: BEF 1165 Also Of, Dol, Normandy, France

-------------------- in the contest between Stephen and the Empress Maud, being then Governor of Shrewsbury and Sheriff of the county of Salop, held the castle at Shrewsbury for the latter, until it was taken by assault. He was also with the Empress at the siege of Winchester Castle, in the 6th year of Stephen, when she and her whole army were put to flight; afterwards, continuing to adhere stoutly to the same cause, he was reconstituted Sheriff of Salop, when King Henry attained the crown. In the 12th year of Henry II, upon the assessment, in aid of marrying the King's daughter, certified his knight's fees to be in number thirty-five and a half.

-------------------- En 1164 Walter Fitz Alan pasó a Escocia donde, siguiendo con la tradición de la familia (los Altget eran panaderos; los Stewart, mayordomos), fué nombrado High Stewart (senescal del reino) por el Rey David I de Escocia, "El Santo" - quien, con el propósito de modernizar el reino, trajo numerosas familias francesas a Escocia (Bernard de Baliol o Robert de Brus o Bruce) que influyeron para que el sistema feudal fuera importado a Escocia-. Este cargo, que con el tiempo pasó a ser hereditario también en Escocia, dió origen al apellido de la familia, ya que Walter fué el antecesor de la Casa Real Stewart.- A través de toda la Edad Media, la historia de los Stewart fué una de éxito tras éxito ya que ocuparon honorablemente el cargo de senescales, aumentaron su reputación al luchar gallardamente con las fuerzas victoriosas, y adquirieron tierras que con el tiempo fueron la base de su fortuna.- -------------------- Created Lord High Steward of Scotland by King David I.

Walter fitz Alan (died June 1177) was the 1st hereditary High Steward of Scotland (ca. 1150-1177), and described as "a Norman by culture and by blood a Breton". He was the third son of a Breton knight, Alan fitz Flaad, feudal lord of Oswestry, by his spouse Aveline, daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin.

When The Anarchy took hold in England and civil war between Empress Matilda and Stephen, Walter rallied to the support of the Empress. Her cause lost, Walter befriended David I who was an uncle of Matilda, and became David's Dapifer or Steward. Accompanied by his brother Simon, Walter came to Scotland about 1136 and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 under the command of David I's son, Prince Henry.

He was subsequently appointed by King David I, Steward of Scotland; in 1157 it was confirmed as a hereditary office.

In 1163 Walter founded, first at Renfrew but shortly afterwards at Paisley, a house of monks of the Cluniac. The monastery steadily grew and by 1219 became Paisley Abbey.

In 1164 he led a force which defeated Somerled, King of the Hebrides (Gaelic "ri Innse Gall") in the Battle of Renfrew.

Walter, The Steward, died in 1177 and was interred in the monastery at Paisley.

Walter fitz Alan was married to Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress of Uchtred de Molla (Molle) and widow of Robert Croc. 

She and Walter had three children: Alan fitz Walter Walter fitz Walter Margaret fitz Walter

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_fitz_Alan -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_fitz_Alan --------------------



Notes ◦Founded Paisley Abbey

 

Sources 1.[S265] Colquoun_Cunningham.ged, Jamie Vans

2.[S301] History of the Lands and their Owners in Galloway, Vols III, IV and V, P. H. McKerlie, (James Bell, Kirkcudbright


-------------------- Military service 1164 Commanded the King's army which defeated Somerled, Lord of the Isles Misc Given large estates in the South-West Lowlands Misc 1124 Came to Scotland with King David I Misc 1141 Appointed 1st High Steward of Scotland. The title of Steward of Scotland was bestowed on Walter FitzAlan by David I, King of Scotland (1124 - 1153); under whose reign and the reigns of his brothers Edgar and Alexander before him, the Anglo-Norman feudal system and culture became more established in Scotland. King Malcolm IV (1153 - 1165) confirmed the honour bestowed by David I and made the office of Steward of Scotland hereditary in Walter's family.

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Walter FitzAlan, 1st High Steward of Scotland's Timeline

1106
1106
Oswestry, Shropshire, West Midlands, England
1106
Tuxford, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
1110
1110
Age 4
Tuxford, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
1127
1127
Age 21
1131
1131
Age 25
Paisley Abbey,,Renfrewshire,Scotland
1145
1145
Age 39
Paisley Abbey,,Renfrewshire,Scotland
1150
1150
Age 44
Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland
1165
1165
Age 59
Dumfrieshire, Scotland
1177
February 2, 1177
Age 71
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
1177
Age 71
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland