About Walter Patterson, 1st British Colonial Governor of Prince Edward Island.
Walter Patterson (1735 or 1742 - September 6, 1798) was the first British colonial Governor of Prince Edward Island.
Birth and life in the military
Little is known of Patterson's early years, although his reported place of birth is Foxhall, Letterkenny, County Donegal, Ireland.
Patterson joined the British Army early in life, participating in the Seven Years' War with the 80th Regiment of Light-Armed Foot. He was soon appointed to the rank of Captain.
In 1763, Prince Edward Island (then known as St. John's Island) was ceded to the British by the French, and it became a British colony.
In 1764, Patterson requested grants to own land on the island, and he and his brother, John Patterson (father of future US Naval hero Commodore Daniel Patterson), were awarded Lot 19, near the present-day town of Kensington, through the 1767 land lottery.
On May 30, 1769, the British Privy Council declared St. John's Island a colony with its own government, separating it from Nova Scotia. Patterson was appointed the island's first Governor on July 19, 1769 and arrived on the island on August 30, 1770.
Soon after taking the Oath of Office in September of 1770, Patterson had already formed an Executive Council, and one of his and the council's first ordinances was to enforce the payment of Quit-Rent.
Following the first Assembly elections in 1773, Patterson acquired over 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land from proprietors who had failed to pay their quit-rent. The land was to be sold off. The former proprietors wrote to the British government asking that their land be returned, and when this failed, they asked that Patterson be removed from office. This was to the first of several incidents which would cause tension between the British government and Governor Patterson.
Soon after the petitions were sorted through in England, the Secretary of State from the British government wrote to Patterson, on July 24, 1783, ordering him to present a bill to the Assembly, one which Patterson was told he had to support. The bill was for the annulment of the land sales. Going against the British government, Patterson opposed the bill and managed to receive a majority from the Executive Council, supporting his decision.
The British government retaliated by removing Walter Patterson from office, on June 17, 1786. He officially left office on November 4.
In 1789, Patterson returned to England where he died nine years later.