Historical records matching Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht
About Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht
Walter Ulbricht (Leipzig, 30 June 1893 – Groß Dölln, 1 August 1973) was a German communist politician. He played a leading role in the creation of the Weimar-era Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and later (spending the years of Nazi rule in exile in the Soviet Union) in the early development and establishment of East Germany (the German Democratic Republic). Grieder says, , "Espousing the motto 'it must look democratic but we must control everything', he set about establishing an SED dictatorship." He was first secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, and as such the actual leader of East Germany, from 1950 to 1971. From President Wilhelm Pieck's death in 1960 he was also the East German head of state until his own death in 1973.