Welf IV, Herzog von Bayern

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Welf IV von Bayern

Also Known As: "Guelph IV of Bavaria"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Este, Veneto, Italy
Death: Died in Paphos, Cyprus
Place of Burial: Weingarten Abbey, Weingarten, Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg,, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of March. Alberto Azzo II, conte di Luni and Kunigunde - Cuniza von Altdorf, von Bayern
Husband of Matilde de Toscana ò de Canossa and Judith 'Fausta' de Flandre
Ex-husband of Ethelinde von Northeim
Father of Welf V, duke of Bavaria; Dorothea von Bayern; Heinrich IX 'der Schwarze' Welf, Herzog von Bayern; Kunizza of Bavaria and Judith (Itha) Guelph
Half brother of Fulco I d'Este; Hughues d'Este, comte du Maine and Adelasia

Occupation: Hertug av Bayern, Duque da Bavária, DUKE OF BAVARIA, Duc, de Bavière
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Welf IV, Herzog von Bayern

Welf or Guelph IV Duke of Bavaria, Welphus filius Azzonis marchionis Italorum

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_IV.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_I,_Duke_of_Bavaria

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_Ier_de_Bavi%C3%A8re

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_IV

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FLANDERS,%20HAINAUT.htm#Judithdied1094

WELF I Duke of Bavaria [Este], son of ALBERTO AZZO II Marchese d'Este & his first wife Kunigunde von Altdorf [Este] ([1030/40]-Paphos Cyprus 9 Nov 1101, bur Weingarten, near Lake Constance).

Welf IV. (* um 1030/1040; † 9. November 1101 in Paphos auf Zypern) aus dem Haus der Welfen war als Welf I. Herzog von Bayern von 1070 bis 1077 und von 1096 bis 1101.

Leben

Welf IV. war ein Sohn des italienischen Markgrafen Alberto Azzo II. d’Este (996-1097) und Kunigundes von Kärnten, der Schwester des Herzogs Welf III. von Kärnten († 31. März vor 1055). Damit war Welf IV., wenn auch in weiblicher Linie, der einzige Erbe des welfischen Besitzungen in Schwaben, Rätien und Bayern.

Seine Großmutter Imiza († nach 1055), die Witwe Welfs II. († 1030), ließ ihn nach Deutschland holen, um das Erbe anzutreten, das ihr kinderloser Sohn Welf III. bereits dem Kloster Altdorf vermacht hatte. Er heiratete Ethelinde von Northeim, Tochter von Otto II. von Northeim, Herzog von Bayern, der 1070 geächtet wurde, woraufhin Welf seine Frau – die Ehe war auch kinderlos geblieben – verstieß, und Weihnachten des gleichen Jahres von Heinrich IV. mit der Nachfolge Ottos in Bayern betraut wurde.

Im Investiturstreit stand Welf auf der päpstlichen Seite, unterstützte im März 1077 die Wahl Rudolfs von Rheinfelden gegen Heinrich, wurde im Mai geächtet und floh nach Ungarn; in seinen Besitzungen und Ämtern regierte fortan der König selbst.

Um 1089 vermittelte Papst Urban II. die Eheschließung von Welfs 17-jährigem Sohn Welf V. mit der 27 Jahre älteren Mathilde von Tuszien, der Herrin von Canossa; die Trennung dieser Verbindung im Sommer 1095 bereitete Welfs Wechsel auf die kaiserliche Seite und die ein Jahr später (1096) erfolgende Versöhnung mit dem Kaiser vor, mit der auch die Rückgabe Bayerns an Welf verbunden war. Welf IV. nahm am Kreuzzug von 1101 teil und starb auf der Rückfahrt von Jerusalem auf Zypern. Er wurde in Weingarten begraben.

Nachkommen

In zweiter Ehe heiratete er 1071 Judith von Flandern († 5. März 1094), Tochter des Grafen Balduin IV. und Witwe des Grafen Tostig Godwinson von Northumbria. Aus dieser Ehe hatte er drei Kinder:

   * Welf V. (* wohl 1073, † 24. September 1120 auf Burg Kaufering), 1101 Herzog von Bayern, begraben in Weingarten, ∞ um 1089, getrennt 1095, Mathilde (* wohl 1046, † 1115) Herrin von Canossa, Herzogin von Tuscien etc., Tochter des Bonifacius von Canossa, Herzog von Spoleto
   * Heinrich IX. der Schwarze (* wohl 1074, † 1126), 1120-1126 Herzog von Bayern, ∞ Wulfhild von Sachsen († 29. Dezember 1126 in Altdorf), Tochter des Magnus von Herzog von Sachsen, begraben in Weingarten (Billunger)
   * Kunizza († 6. März 1120) ∞ Friedrich Rocho, Graf, 1086 bezeugt, † 12. November ..., wohl Graf von Dießen

Literatur

   * Sigmund Ritter von Riezler: Welf I.. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 41, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, S. 666–670.
   * Dieter R. Bauer, Matthias Becher (Hrsg.): Welf IV. Schlüsselfigur einer Wendezeit. Regionale und europäische Perspektiven. (= Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte, Beiheft, Reihe B; 24). Beck, München 2004, ISBN 3-406-10665-X

--------------------

Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

   * Welf, born 1072
   * Henry (d. 13 December 1126)
   * Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_I,_Duke_of_Bavaria

---------------

Welf IV. (* um 1030 / 1040; † 9. November 1101 in Paphos auf Zypern) aus dem Haus der Welfen war als Welf I. Herzog von Bayern von 1070 bis 1077 und von 1096 bis 1101.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Leben

Welf IV. war ein Sohn des italienischen Markgrafen Alberto Azzo II. d’Este (996-1097) und Kunigundes von Kärnten, der Schwester des Herzogs Welf III. von Kärnten († 31. März vor 1055). Damit war Welf IV., wenn auch in weiblicher Linie, der einzige Erbe des welfischen Besitzungen in Schwaben, Rätien und Bayern.

Seine Großmutter Imiza († nach 1055), die Witwe Welfs II. († 1030), ließ ihn nach Deutschland holen, um das Erbe anzutreten, das ihr kinderloser Sohn Welf III. bereits dem Kloster Altdorf vermacht hatte. Er heiratete Ethelinde von Northeim, Tochter von Otto II. von Northeim, Herzog von Bayern, der 1070 geächtet wurde, woraufhin Welf seine Frau – die Ehe war auch kinderlos geblieben – verstieß, und Weihnachten des gleichen Jahres von Heinrich IV. mit der Nachfolge Ottos in Bayern betraut wurde.

Im Investiturstreit stand Welf auf der päpstlichen Seite, unterstützte im März 1077 die Wahl Rudolfs von Rheinfelden gegen Heinrich, wurde im Mai geächtet und floh nach Ungarn; in seinen Besitzungen und Ämtern regierte fortan der König selbst.

Um 1089 vermittelte Papst Urban II. die Eheschließung von Welfs 16jährigem Sohn Welf V. mit der 27 Jahre älteren Mathilde von Tuscien, der Herrin von Canossa; die Trennung dieser Verbindung im Sommer 1095 bereitete Welfs Wechsel auf die kaiserliche Seite und die ein Jahr später (1096) erfolgende Versöhnung mit dem Kaiser vor, mit der auch die Rückgabe Bayerns an Welf verbunden war. Welf IV. nahm am Kreuzzug von 1101 teil und starb auf der Rückfahrt von Jerusalem auf Zypern. Er wurde in Weingarten begraben.

Nachkommen

In zweiter Ehe heiratete er 1071 Judith von Flandern († 5. März 1094), Tochter des Grafen Balduin IV. und Witwe des Grafen Tostig Godwinson von Northumbria. Aus dieser Ehe hatte er drei Kinder:

   * Welf V. (* wohl 1073, † 24. September 1120 auf Burg Kaufering), 1101 Herzog von Bayern, begraben in Weingarten, ∞ um 1089, getrennt 1095, Mathilde (* wohl 1046, † 1115) Herrin von Canossa, Herzogin von Tuscien etc., Tochter des Bonifacius von Canossa, Herzog von Spoleto
   * Heinrich IX. der Schwarze (* wohl 1074, † 1126), 1120-1126 Herzog von Bayern, ∞ Wulfhild von Sachsen († 29. Dezember 1126 in Altdorf), Tochter des Magnus von Herzog von Sachsen, begraben in Weingarten (Billunger)
   * Kunizza († 6. März 1120) ∞ Friedrich Rocho, Graf, 1086 bezeugt, † 12. November ..., wohl Graf von Dießen

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_IV.

-----------------

Welf 1er de Bavière était duc de Bavière de 1070 à 1077 puis de 1096 jusqu'à sa mort, survenue le 6 novembre 1101 à Paphos sur l'île de Chypre. Il fut le premier membre de la branche des Welfs à provenir de la maison d'Este. Dans la généalogie des Welfs, il est nommé Welf IV.

Vie

Welf était le fils d'Azzo II d'Este et de Chuniza d'Altdorf. Quand son oncle maternel, Welf III duc de Carinthie, mourut sans descendance, Welf IV hérita du titre. Welf s'unit ensuite à Ethelinde, fille d'Otton II de Nordheim.

Bien que son père Azzo, guidé par sa cousine Matilda, suivait les intérêts du pape, Welf lui supportait l'empereur. En récompense de sa fidélité, il reçut le duché de Bavière qui avait été confisqué à Otton. En effet, quand ce dernier devint un ennemi du roi Henri IV, Welf divorca d'Ethelinde et, peu après, reçut le duché en 1070.

Lors de la querelle des Investitures, Welf prit le parti du pape Grégoire VII et, en mars 1077, supporta l'élection de l'anti-roi Rodolphe de Rheinfelden. Henri IV, en conséquence de ces actes de rébellion, le priva de son titre. Cependant, soutenu par les bavarois lui étant restés fidèles et aidé par son père en Italie, Welf parvint à se maintenir et à défier la décision de l'empereur en mai 1077.

Welf se joignit aux princes mécontents qui soutenaient Rodolphe, ne souhaitant pas subir les foudres de l'église en ne suivant pas les directives du pape. Dans cette époque d'ignorance et de superstition, beaucoup se voyaient obligés de suivre la papauté. La mort de Grégoire VII en 1085 contribua à restaurer la paix en Allemagne et Welf, même s'il adhérait toujours aux visions de l'église, commença à diminuer son soutien à Rodolphe. En 1089, le fils de Welf, Welf II de Bavière se maria avec Mathilde de Toscane, renforçant de ce fait ses relations avec la papauté. Après que le jeune Welf divorça de Mathilde en 1095, son père fit amende honorable auprès de l'empereur et fut rétabli officiellement en tant que duc de Bavière.

Après son divorce, Welf se remaria avec une princesse des Flandres, la veuve de Tostig Godwinson, comte de Northumbrie et la sœur de la reine d'Angleterre, Mathilde de Flandre. Suite à la mort de son père Azzo en 1097, Welf essaya d'acquérir les biens paternels au sud des Alpes, mais échoua, au profit de son demi-frère Foulques Ier d'Este.

En 1099, Welf joignit la croisade de 1101. Il mourut sur le chemin du retour à Chypre en 1101 et fut inhumé dans l'abbaye de Weingarten. Son fils lui succéda à la tête du duché de Bavière.

Enfants

Welf eut plusieurs enfants issus de son mariage avec Judith de Flandre, fille de Baudouin IV de Flandre:

   * Welf II de Bavière, né en 1072
   * Henri IX de Bavière, mort le 13 décembre 1126
   * Kunizza, morte le 6 mars 1120, mariée à Frederick Rocho, comte de Dießen

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_Ier_de_Bavi%C3%A8re

------------------

--------------------

Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

--------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welf_IV.

Welf IV.

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

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Welf IV., Idealporträt im Weingartener Stifterbüchlein, um 1500 (Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Cod. hist. Q 584, fol. 25v)

Welf IV. (* um 1030/1040; † 9. November 1101 in Paphos auf Zypern) aus dem Haus der Welfen war als Welf I. Herzog von Bayern von 1070 bis 1077 und von 1096 bis 1101.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

[Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Nachkommen
   * 3 Literatur
   * 4 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Welf IV. war ein Sohn des italienischen Markgrafen Alberto Azzo II. d’Este (996–1097) und Kunigundes von Kärnten, der Schwester des Herzogs Welf III. von Kärnten († 31. März vor 1055). Damit war Welf IV., wenn auch in weiblicher Linie, der einzige Erbe des welfischen Besitzungen in Schwaben, Rätien und Bayern. Seine Großmutter Imiza († nach 1055), die Witwe Welfs II. († 1030), ließ ihn nach Deutschland holen, um das Erbe anzutreten, das ihr kinderloser Sohn Welf III. bereits dem Kloster Altdorf vermacht hatte.

Er heiratete Ethelinde von Northeim, Tochter von Otto II. von Northeim, Herzog von Bayern. Sein Schwiegervater wurde 1070 geächtet, woraufhin Welf seine Frau – die Ehe war auch kinderlos geblieben – verstieß. Weihnachten des gleichen Jahres wurde Welf von König Heinrich IV. mit der Nachfolge Ottos in Bayern betraut.

Im Investiturstreit stand Welf auf der päpstlichen Seite, unterstützte im März 1077 die Wahl Rudolfs von Rheinfelden gegen Heinrich, wurde im Mai geächtet und floh nach Ungarn; in seinen Besitzungen und Ämtern regierte fortan der König selbst.

Um 1089 vermittelte Papst Urban II. die Eheschließung von Welfs 17-jährigem Sohn Welf V. mit der 27 Jahre älteren Mathilde von Tuszien, der Herrin von Canossa; die Trennung dieser Verbindung im Sommer 1095 bereitete Welfs Wechsel auf die kaiserliche Seite und die ein Jahr später (1096) erfolgende Versöhnung mit dem Kaiser vor, mit der auch die Rückgabe Bayerns an Welf verbunden war. Welf IV. nahm am Kreuzzug von 1101 teil und starb auf der Rückfahrt von Jerusalem auf Zypern. Er wurde in Weingarten begraben.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

In zweiter Ehe heiratete er 1071 Judith von Flandern († 1094), Tochter des Grafen Balduin IV. und Witwe des Grafen Tostig Godwinson von Northumbria. Aus dieser Ehe hatte er drei Kinder:

   * Welf V. (* um 1073, † 1120), 1101 Herzog von Bayern ∞ um 1089, getrennt 1095, Mathilde (* um 1046, † 1115) Herrin von Canossa, Herzogin von Tuscien etc., Tochter des Bonifacius von Canossa, Herzog von Spoleto
   * Heinrich IX. der Schwarze (* um 1074, † 1126), 1120 Herzog von Bayern, ∞ Wulfhild von Sachsen († 29. Dezember 1126 in Altdorf), Tochter des Herzogs Magnus von Sachsen (Billunger)
   * Kunizza († 6. März 1120) ∞ Friedrich Rocho († 12. November …), 1086 bezeugt, wohl Graf von Dießen

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Sigmund Ritter von Riezler: Welf I.. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 41. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, S. 666–670.
   * Dieter R. Bauer, Matthias Becher (Hrsg.): Welf IV. Schlüsselfigur einer Wendezeit. Regionale und europäische Perspektiven. (= Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte, Beiheft, Reihe B; 24). Beck, München 2004, ISBN 3-406-10665-X. (Rezension)

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

Commons Commons: Welf IV. – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

   * genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger

Otto II. von Northeim

Heinrich VIII.

Herzog von Bayern

1070–1077

1096–1101 Nachfolger

Heinrich VIII.

Welf II.

Normdaten: PND: 129754129 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 7. Mai 2010 um 04:54 Uhr geändert. -------------------- Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen -------------------- Welf I, Duke of Bavaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

[edit]Life

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

[edit]Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

[edit]References

Genealogie Mittelalter

Sir Andrew Halliday Annals of the House of Hannover, v.1, London, 1826. at Google Books

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 166-23

The Plantagenet Ancestry by William Henry Turton, Page 40 -------------------- Welf I, Duke of Bavaria.

Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

-------------------- Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders, and the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

-------------------- Welf I, Duke of Bavaria

Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests, his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor. For his fidelity he was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

Welf, born 1072

Henry (d. 13 December 1126)

Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

-------------------- Welf I (died about 9 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.

[edit] Life

Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria.

Although the Marquis of Este, guided by his cousin Matilda, continued firm in the Pope's interests; but his son Welf, who had succeeded to the Bavarian states, and whose views were more immediately directed to Germany, supported the emperor, and for his fidelity was rewarded with the duchy of Bavaria, which had been forfeited by Otto, his father-in-law. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. This event took place at Goslar in 1070, when the states of Bavaria submitted quietly to the new made duke, who was the representative of one of the most ancient families in the province; and although, in compliance with the commands of the emperor, he afterwards repudiated his duchess, the daughter of Otho, we do toot find that his influence was at all affected by such an act, which savored somewhat of injustice.

During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. They were reconciled in 1076, but the following year saw them again engaged in active hostilities. Henry, in consequence of these repeated acts of rebellion, deprived him of his newly-acquired sovereignty; but, supported by his faithful Bavarians, and aided by his father in Italy, he was able to maintain his place, and to set the ban of the empire at defiance in May 1077.

Welf joined the discontented princes who supported the standard of Rudolph, when all were put without the pale of the church who refused to obey the mandate of that Pope; and in that age of ignorance and superstition, many were obliged to comply with a Pope's mandate, who otherwise would have supported the sovereign of their own choice. Fortunately for the peace of Germany, Gregory died in 1085, and Welf , though he still adhered to the party of the church, began to relax in his exertions to maintain the usurper. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria.

On the divorce of his first wife, Welf married a princess of Flanders, the widow of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, in England, and the sister of the queen of William I of England, the conqueror of that kingdom.

After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco.

In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in Weingarten Abbey. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf.

[edit] Children

Welf had the following children from his marriage with Judith of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders:

   * Welf, born 1072
   * Henry (d. 13 December 1126)
   * Kunizza, died 6 March 1120, married Frederick Rocho, Count of Dießen

[edit] References

   * Genealogie Mittelalter
   * Sir Andrew Halliday Annals of the House of Hannover, v.1, London, 1826. at Google Books

wikipedia.com

view all 15

Welf IV, Herzog von Bayern's Timeline

1032
1032
Este, Veneto, Italy
1059
1059
Age 27
Bavaria, Germany
1068
1068
Age 36
Bavaria, Germany
1068
Age 36
1070
1070
Age 38
1071
1071
Age 39
Bavaria, Germany
1072
1072
Age 40
Bavaria, Germany
1074
1074
Age 42
Bavaria
1101
November 6, 1101
Age 69
Paphos, Cyprus
1101
Age 69
Weingarten, Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg,, Germany