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About Whitehead Hicks
Whitehead Hicks, born 1703, Hempstead NY - died October 1780 at Flushing New York. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1750 and attained note in his profession. He was clerk of Queens County from 1752 - 1757, and the last colonial Mayor of New York city from 1766-1776. Six weeks before the mayor took his oath of office, the first blood of the approaching Revolution was shed on the Commons when a British Regiment cut down the city's "Liberty Pole" and the people reacted with mob violence against the perpetrators.
In early 1776, during the short occupation of the city by forces of the Continental Army of Commander in chief George Washington, under his Major General Charles Lee, the loyalist mayor, Whitehead Hicks was forced to flee the city to Long Island which was, at that time, presently occupied by the British forces. After the retreat of the Continental Army from the Battle of Long Island, and New York in August 1776, the British Army occupied the city and installed a military governor during that occupation until its evacuation on November 25, 1783.