About Wickliffe Rose, PhD
Wickliffe Rose was born in the United States in 1862, the son of a wandering preacher and teacher. Rose began his career as a college teacher, then became an educational promoter and planner. After the Civil War, Rose created the first education system in the southern United States, which included primary schools, secondary schools, and the University of North Carolina, and also a system of teacher training.
Realising that health had an important bearing on education, Rose also became involved in public health. Beginning in the Southern States, Rose started a public health programme with the backing of the Rockefeller Foundation, to control hookworm, malaria and yellow fever. He then founded public health schools at the John Hopkins University and Harvard, but also wanted a school to benefit the whole world, and so founded the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, in the 1920s. Becoming interested in the work of the League of Nations, Rose was also instrumental in the establishment of what became the World Health Organisation.
Rose's positions included: an original trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation (1913-1928); executive secretary of the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission (1910-1915); director of the International Health Board (1915-1923); president of the General Education Board and the International Education Board (1923-1928).
In 1931 he was awarded the Public Welfare Medal by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
Rose was married, with three children. He died in 1931.
Wickliffe Rose, PhD's Timeline
Hardeman County Tennessee, USA
Sep. 5, 1931 British Columbia, Canada