Wilhelmina Johanna Kruger (1873 - 1929)

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Nicknames: "Johanna Herbst", "Mrs. Petrus Gerhardus Herbst", "Wilhelmina Johanna Herbst"
Birthdate:
Death: Died
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Wilhelmina Johanna Kruger

Middelburg Refugee Camp 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Gerhardus Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 80430

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Date arrival: 27/04/1901

Tent number: I

Farm History

Name: Springbokkraal

District: Piet Retief

Name: Breda

District: Piet Retief

Relationships

Mrs Gerhardus Herbst is the wife of Mr Gerhardus Herbst

Sources

Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 109

Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 109

Belfast Refugee Camp 21 April 1902 – December 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Wilhelmina Johanna Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 114607

Camp History

Name: Belfast RC

Age arrival: 29

Date arrival: 21/04/1902

Tent number: 741

Farm History

Name: Breda

District: Piet Retief

Relationships

Mrs Wilhelmina Johanna Herbst is the wife of Mr Gerhardus Herbst

Sources

Title: DBC 57 Belfast CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Notes: p.102

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Wilhelmina Johanna Kruger's Timeline

1873
October 10, 1873
1891
1891
Age 17
1892
January 2, 1892
Age 18
1894
1894
Age 20
1895
September 19, 1895
Age 21
1896
December 15, 1896
Age 23
1899
October 31, 1899
Age 26
1900
November 17, 1900
Age 27
Piet Retief, South Africa
1901
April 27, 1901
- April 20, 1902
Age 27
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’. An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease.

http://www.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Middelburg/

1901
- 1902
Age 27
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Belfast was one of the later camps, started by the civilian administration rather than the military, between 4 and 10 June 1901.

The camp was finally closed in December 1902 after a land settlement scheme made it possible for the most indigent families to return to the land.

http://www.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Belfast/