William "Basil" Pope Tugwell, Lt.Col.

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William Basil Pope Tugwell, Lt. Col.

Also Known As: "Basil"
Birthplace: Royal Tunbridge Wells, UK
Death: Died in Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom
Cause of death: Parkinson's Disease
Place of Burial: Bedford, Bedfordshire
Immediate Family:

Son of Lewen Street Tugwell, Rev. and Annie Emily Tugwell
Husband of Marion (Mysie) Bryce McG.Cousens
Father of Lewen B.O. Tugwell / J.V. Cousins; Gordon Dudley Tugwell and Maurice Arthur John Tugwell
Brother of Godfrey Lewen Tugwell; Gordon Humphrey Tugwell, Rev.; Dorothea (Doris) Jessie Tugwell, B.A.; Oswald Norman Tugwell and Joan Monica Tugwell
Half brother of Maush; Shyitenlosk; Lewen Greenwood Tugwell, Rev., B.A., M.A., LL.D.; Claude Buchanan Tugwell; Harriet (Hetty) Frances Tugwell and 7 others

Occupation: Retired Colonel, Indian Army
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William "Basil" Pope Tugwell, Lt.Col.

Lieutenant Colonel William "Basil" Pope Tugwell, born 13 Jan 1881, Tunbridge Wells

William Basil Pope's birth was registered first quarter of 1881, in Tonbridge (Tunbridge Wells, Kent).

Lewen Street Tugwell's sixth son (yet first son of his father's second family), Basil Tugwell, as he was always known, was born in his parents’ home, Montague House, 19 Mount Sion, Tunbridge Wells, on 13 January 1881. The certified copy of the Birth Certificate shows his father, Lewen Street Tugwell, as Incumbent of the Chapel of Ease (properly The Church of King Charles the Martyr) and Annie Emily Tugwell as his mother.

It was asserted by Lewen “Jim” Tugwell that Basil was given his name by his father's association with the Church of San Basilio in Seville, the first Reformed Church in Spain, and his third name paid respect to the Rev. W.L. Pope, LST’s predecessor at the Chapel of Ease in Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent. (source: Maurice Tugwell)

1881 Census (March) lists William B.P. Tugwell as 2 months old. Also listed were his mother and father, Annie (31) and father Lewen Street (45) with half-siblings from his father's first wife: Hilda (4), Duncan (5) Arthur (7), Beatrice (9) and Harriet (16), Address was 19 Mt. Sion, Tunbridge (Wells), Kent, England.

Education: 1893, Tonbridge, Kent, U.K. (Probably Rose Hill School, same as his sons and his contemporary Lord Robert Baden-Powell)

Military service: Bet. 1900 to 1930:

Durham Artillery

"The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Lieutenant William Basil Pope Tugwell, from the Durham Artillery." [Source: THE LONDON GAZETTE, JANUARY 4, 1901. No. 27263. B]

1900-1902 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment fought in South Africa during the Boer War, when it was involved in drives against the famous Boer commando leaders Christiaan De Wet and Louis Botha.

1902 Basil was invalided out of South Africa. 'The Simla' left for England Apr. 27, with the following invalids: 2/Lt. W.B.P. Tugwell, arriving at Plymouth on 22 May. [Source: London Times 01/05/02 (Thursday) p6b & c]

1911 UK Census living or visiting at 1 South Hill Park Gardens, Hampstead, London NW:

  • Annie Emily, Head Widow, F 61 born Stepney
  • Beatrice Maud, Stepdaughter, F 38, born Barnsbury
  • William Basil Pope, son, single, M 30, Captain Indian Army, born Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
  • Joan Monica, daughter, single, F 19, private secretary, born Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
  • and one 17 year old servant.

India, etc.

1911 1st January - Indian Army Quarterly List:

  • Surname: Tugwell
  • Given Name: Wm. Basil Pope
  • Birth Date: 13 Jan 81
  • FIRST COMM: 5 Jan 01
  • DATE RANK: 5 Jan 10
  • RANK: Captain
  • COMPANY: British Officers of the Indian Army
  • REMARKS: 121 Pioneers (Sappers)
  • Page #: 139

Survived two attacks of cholera.

On August 11, 1915, between fighting on the Western Front and Mesopotamia, Basil married Marion Bryce McGaan Cousens (Mysie), daughter of Henry Cousens, Archaelogical Survey of India, and Marion Bryce Cousens, all of whom he had met in India before the War. The marriage took place in All Hallows Church, St Pancras, witnessed by Gordon Humphrey Tugwell. The couple honeymooned in the Princes Hotel, Hove-Brighton. Thereafter Basil returned to fighting in Mesopotamia (Iraq). Mysie stayed in England until she could travel out to join Basil in India towards the end of 1916.

World War I 1915 to 1916 he fought the Turks in Mesopotamia at Shaith Saad, The Wadi Hannah, Dajalah Ridout and Sannaget.

For these actions he was Mentioned in Dispatches.

1914-1920 Medal card of Tugwell, William Series: War Office: Service Medal and Award Rolls Index, First World War Royal Engineers T/2467 Sapper Royal Engineers 546527 Sapper Catalogue reference WO 372/20 Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies

1917-1918 First home: 212 Circular Road, Meerut, India

1917At the time of his brother Oswald's death (April 22 1917) he was a Major in the Indian Army at Depot 121st Pioneers (Sappers), Meerut, India.

In the course of his service in India and the North West Frontier, Basil qualified in the following languages:

  1. Urdu,
  2. Marathe,
  3. Baluchi,
  4. Persian

1917 July 31 - vacationing in NainiTal, Uttarakhand, India when his firstborn son was born - Lewen Basil Oswald Tugwell, whose godfather Arthur William Sheringham was great friend of Basil. (Arthur's aunt Priscilla Sheringham was the grandmother of Joan Mary McSwiney who later married Lewen!)

1921 April/July - Karachi, India

1921 - Simla, India

1922 Oct 22 to 1923 May 23 - Dera Ismael Khan, Waziristan, India (now Pakistan). During this time Basil was quarantined with Mumps.

1923 May to September - Gulmarg, Kashmir

1923, Nov - 1924 March - Senior Officers School of Education at Belgaum (now in Karnataka state, south-western India - Wikipedia's description: "The British had a sizable infantry post here, having realised the military importance of its geographic location. It is one of the reasons for Belgaum's sobriquet The Cradle of Infantry. Development of a rail network for movement of resources and later troops was one of the means employed by both the British East India Company and the British to exert control over India. Belgaum's railway station, the Mahatma Gandhi Railway Station was established by the British.")

1924 November - Sailed 'in transport' on the Canadian Pacific ss "Marglen" from Bombay to England

1928 Summer - five weeks holiday in England (from India) - presented prizes at sons' school "Rose Hill School. Wife "Mysie" read out message from the Chief Scout - Lord Baden Powell (a family friend) - and a story about the "Sea Scouts of Hungary".

1929 There is a wonderful photo of him on his horse and the whole 1st Battalion, 2nd Bombay Pioneers.

Peacetime service included staff college and then command of a battalion, and finally early (1929) retirement as a Lieutenant Colonel – so as to know his sons as they grew up at school in England.

In 1938 Basil authored The History of the Bombay Pioneers1777-1933". Cited in http://www.naval-military-press.com/history-of-the-bombay_pioneers.html as "One of the best-produced of all Indian Army unit histories from the 1790s to 1933; details the Pioneers' service in India in the Mutiny; Afghan Wars and Waziristan; and in Abyssinia; Somaliland; Mesopotamia; Palestine; Persia and the western front in the Great War." Author: Tugwell, W. B. P. Publisher: The Sidney Press Limited, London and Bedford. 1938 Naval Military Press 2010: Reprint of 1938 Original Edition Paperback 439 pages 17 maps & 53 ills (8 in colour) £28.00 (See: http://library.britishcouncil.org.in/IndiaCollections/TheIndiaCollection.pdf

"Tugwell Road" in Kirkee was named after Basil on his retirement in 1929. Kirkee was renamed Khadki and is near Pune, Maharashtra, India. In 2000 the road was renamed "Gazur Marg".

3.11.1938 lived at 44 Kimbolton Road, Bedford

28.8.1950 lived at Mayside, The Crescent, Ramsey, Isle of Man

1954 Became ill with Parkinson's Disease while in the Isle of Man. Hospitalized in May 1954 at Ballamona Hospital, Ard Aalin, Braddan. Moved back to Bedford, 1954, died in hospital in Biggleswade, outside Bedford, on 28th December 1954, age 73 years and is buried in Bedford, Bedfordshire, England along with wife Mysie.

(It should be noted that two of his sons and one nephew also died of Parkinson's Disease)

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William "Basil" Pope Tugwell, Lt.Col.'s Timeline

January 13, 1881
Royal Tunbridge Wells, UK
August 1, 1915
Age 34
All Hallows, St.Pancras, England
July 31, 1917
Age 36
Ramsey Hospital, Tallital, Naini Tal, India
August 22, 1921
Age 40
- 1936
Age 44
Royal Tunbridge Wells, UK

Newspaper articles of the day described the S.S. Scouter:
"As far as we are aware, the S.S. Scouter on the lawn of Rose Hill School ..is unique. The School possesses three patrols of Sea Scouts, which, with the Carpentry Instructor and a few other boys in his class, are to be congratulated on the telling results of many terms work. The help of such a model as the Scouter in the study of seamanship is too apparent to need stressing. She is 58ft by 16ft, and possesses a large cabin furnished on weekdays as a Scouts meeting room, and as a Chapel for the School on Sundays."
"Mrs. Tugwell* had a special treat in store for the boys in the shape of a letter from an old Rose Hillian, none other than the Chief Scout, Lord Robert Baden Powell, Bart. "Please give my very best wishes to the boys at Rose Hill. I am very glad to hear they have started Sea Scouts and a ship of their own, and hope they will carry on their training, when they get the opportunity, on the sea itself. I began much the same way when I was at Rose Hill, and took up Sea Scouting in the holidays, and not only had the best times of my life, but found it tremendously useful later in my career to have learned the handiness of seamen."

*Marion (Mysie) Tugwell, nee Cousens - mother of Lewen B.O. Tugwell - and her husband Colonel Basil Tugwell were friends of Robert and Olave Baden-Powell. Mrs. Tugwell started the first Girl Scouts in India.

- 1929
Age 47
December 28, 1954
Age 73
Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom

Dean Close School