About William Basil Pope Tugwell, Lt.Col.
Lieutenant Colonel William "Basil" Pope Tugwell, born 13 Jan 1881, Tunbridge Wells
William Basil Pope's birth was registered first quarter of 1881, in Tonbridge (Tunbridge Wells, Kent).
The sixth son (although first son of his father's second family), Basil Tugwell, as he was always known, was born in his parents’ home, Montague House, 19 Mount Sion, Tunbridge Wells, on 13 January 1881. The certified copy of the Birth Certificate shows his father, Lewen Street Tugwell, as Incumbent of the Chapel of Ease (properly The Church of King Charles the Martyr) and Annie Emily Tugwell as his mother.
It was asserted by Lewen “Jim” Tugwell that Basil was given his name by his father's association with the Church of San Basilio in Seville, the first Reformed Church in Spain, and his third name paid respect to the Rev. W.L. Pope, LST’s predecessor at the Chapel of Ease in Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent. (source: Maurice Tugwell)
1881 Census (March) lists William B.P. Tugwell as 2 months old. Also listed were his mother and father, Annie (31) and father Lewen Street (45) with half-siblings from his father's first wife: Hilda (4), Duncan (5) Arthur (7), Beatrice (9) and Harriet (16), Address was 19 Mt. Sion, Tunbridge (Wells), Kent, England.
Education: 1893, Tonbridge, Kent, U.K. (Probably Rose Hill School, same as his sons and his contempory Lord Robert Baden-Powell)
Military service: Bet. 1900 to 1930:
"The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Lieutenant William Basil Pope Tugwell, from the Durham Artillery." [Source: THE LONDON GAZETTE, JANUARY 4, 1901. No. 27263. B]
1900-1902 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment fought in South Africa during the Boer War, when it was involved in drives against the famous Boer commando leaders Christiaan De Wet and Louis Botha.
1902 Basil was invalided out of South Africa. 'The Simla' left for England Apr. 27, with the following invalids: 2/Lt. W.B.P. Tugwell, arriving at Plymouth on 22 May. [Source: London Times 01/05/02 (Thursday) p6b & c]
1911 UK Census living or visiting at 1 South Hill Park Gardens, Hampstead, London NW:
- Annie Emily, Head Widow, F 61 born Stepney
- Beatrice Maud, Stepdaughter, F 38, born Barnsbury
- William Basil Pope, son, single, M 30, Captain Indian Army, born Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
- Joan Monica, daughter, single, F 19, private secretary, born Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
- and one 17 year old servant.
1911 1st January - Indian Army Quarterly List:
- Surname: Tugwell
- Given Name: Wm. Basil Pope
- Birth Date: 13 Jan 81
- FIRST COMM: 5 Jan 01
- DATE RANK: 5 Jan 10
- RANK: Captain
- COMPANY: British Officers of the Indian Army
- REMARKS: 121 Pioneers (Sappers)
- Page #: 139
At the time of his brother Oswald's death he was a Major in the Indian Army at Depot 121st Pioneers (Sappers), Meerut, India.
He also survived two attacks of cholera.
On August 11, 1915, between fighting on the Western Front and Mesopotamia, Basil married Marion Bryce McGaan Cousens (Mysie), daughter of Henry Cousens, Archaelogical Survey of India, and Marion Bryce Cousens, all of whom he had met in India before the War. The marriage took place in All Hallows Church, St Pancras, witnessed by Gordon Humphrey Tugwell. The couple honeymooned in the Princes Hotel, Hove-Brighton. Thereafter Basil returned to fighting in Mesopotamia (Iraq). Mysie stayed in England until she could travel out to join Basil in India towards the end of 1916.
World War I 1915 to 1916 he fought the Turks in Mesopotamia at Shaith Saad, The Wadi Hannah, Dajalah Ridout and Sannaget.
For these actions he was Mentioned in Dispatches.
1914-1920 Medal card of Tugwell, William Series: War Office: Service Medal and Award Rolls Index, First World War Royal Engineers T/2467 Sapper Royal Engineers 546527 Sapper Catalogue reference WO 372/20 Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies
In the course of his service in India and the North West Frontier, Basil qualified in the following languages:
1917-1918 First home: 212 Circular Road, Meerut, India
1917 July 31 - Holidaying in NainiTal, Uttarakhand, India when his firstborn son was born - Lewen Basil Oswald Tugwell.
- Godfather Arthur William Sheringham, great friend of his father. Arthur's aunt Priscilla Sheringham was the grandmother of Joan Mary McSwiney who later married Lewen!
1921 April/July - Karachi, India
1921 - Simla, India
1922 Oct 22 to 1923 May 23 - Dera Ismael Khan, Waziristan, India (now Pakistan). During this time Basil was quarantined with Mumps.
1923 May to September - Gulmarg, Kashmir
1923, Nov - 1924 March - Senior Officers School of Education at Belgaum (now in Karnataka state, south-western India - Wikipedia's description: "The British had a sizable infantry post here, having realised the military importance of its geographic location. It is one of the reasons for Belgaum's sobriquet The Cradle of Infantry. Development of a rail network for movement of resources and later troops was one of the means employed by both the British East India Company and the British to exert control over India. Belgaum's railway station, the Mahatma Gandhi Railway Station was established by the British.")
1924 November - Sailed 'in transport' on the Canadian Pacific ss "Marglen" from Bombay to England
1928 Summer - five weeks holiday in England (from India) - presented prizes at sons' school "Rose Hill School. Wife "Mysie" read out message from the Chief Scout - Lord Baden Powell (a family friend) - and a story about the "Sea Scouts of Hungary".
1929 There is a wonderful photo of him on his horse and the whole 1st Battalion, 2nd Bombay Pioneers.
Peacetime service included staff college and then command of a battalion, and finally early (1929) retirement as a Lieutenant Colonel – so as to know his sons as they grew up at school in England.
In 1938 Basil authored The History of the Bombay Pioneers1777-1933". Cited in http://www.naval-military-press.com/history-of-the-bombay_pioneers.html as "One of the best-produced of all Indian Army unit histories from the 1790s to 1933; details the Pioneers' service in India in the Mutiny; Afghan Wars and Waziristan; and in Abyssinia; Somaliland; Mesopotamia; Palestine; Persia and the western front in the Great War." Author: Tugwell, W. B. P. Publisher: The Sidney Press Limited, London and Bedford. 1938 Naval Military Press 2010: Reprint of 1938 Original Edition Paperback 439 pages 17 maps & 53 ills (8 in colour) £28.00 (See: http://library.britishcouncil.org.in/IndiaCollections/TheIndiaCollection.pdf
"Tugwell Road" in Kirkee was named after Basil on his retirement in 1929. Kirkee was renamed Khadki and is near Pune, Maharashtra, India. In 2000 the road was renamed "Gazur Marg".
3.11.1938 lived at 44 Kimbolton Road, Bedford
28.8.1950 lived at Mayside, The Crescent, Ramsey, Isle of Man
1954 Became ill with Parkinson's Disease while in the Isle of Man. Hospitalized in May 1954 at Ballamona Hospital, Ard Aalin, Braddan. Moved back to Bedford, 1954, died in hospital in Biggleswade, outside Bedford, on 28th December 1954, age 73 years and is buried in Bedford, Bedfordshire, England along with wife Mysie.
(It should be noted that two of his sons and one nephew also died of Parkinson's Disease)