William "Black Will" de Braose, Baron Abergavenny

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William "Black William" de Braose, 6th Baron of Braose

Also Known As: ""Black Will" 6th Baron of Braose", "England", "Sixth Baron of Braose", "Black /Will/", "6th Baron /De Braose/", "William de Braose V /Baron Abergavenny/", ""Black /William"/", "/adam/", "Black William"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Brecknock, Surrey, , England
Death: Died in Pembroke,Pembrokeshire,Dyfed,Wales
Cause of death: Hanged by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth
Immediate Family:

Son of Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia (Gracia) de Briwere
Husband of Miss Lellwys and Eva Marshal, Baroness Abergavenny
Father of Isabella de Braose; Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer; Eva de Braose and Eleanor de Bohun (de Braose)
Brother of Matilda de Braose; John De Braose, Of Landimers; Mary De Braose and Loretta De Braose
Half brother of Isabella Countess Arundel

Occupation: Hanged at Aber Castle, , Lord of Abergavenny; Lord of Builth, Lord of Abergavenny
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William "Black Will" de Braose, Baron Abergavenny

Sir William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny, was born 1204 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. He was hanged 2 May 1230 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales. He was hanged by Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, having been caught having an affair with Llewellyn's wife, who was the daughter of King John of England.

William married Eva Marshal 2 May 1220 in Pembrokeshire, Wales.

They had the following children:

  • Eve de Braose was born c1222 and died Jul 1255 m Sir William de Cantilou
  • Maud de Braose was born c1225 and died Mar 1301. m Sir Roger de Mortimer.
  • Eleanor de Braose was born c1229 and died bef 1265 m. Sir Humphrey de Bohun
  • Isabel de Braose died Feb 1248 m David ap Llewellyn, Prince of Wales.

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FMG

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3.htm

WILLIAM de Briouse (-hanged 2 May 1230). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Willielmus de Brews quartus” as son of “Reginaldus de Brews” and his wife “filiam domini Willielmus de la Bruere”[627]. The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Braosa" holding one knight´s fee "in Eadburgetone" in Kent in [1210/12][628]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record that “W. de Breuse filius Reginaldi de Breuse” was captured by “Lewelinum” in 1228[629]. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "William Bruse was hanged by Llywelyn son of Iorewerth, having been caught in the chamber of the prince with the princess Jannet, daughter of King John and wife of the prince" in 1230[630]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Willelmus de Brause” was captured and hanged by “Leulino” in 1230[631]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record that “Lewelinus princeps Norwalliæ” captured and hanged “Willelmum de Breuse filium Reginaldi” after Easter in 1230[632]. The Annals of Margan record that “Lewelinus” captured and killed “Willelmum de Brewsa juniorem” in 1230, adding that it was partly motivated by his old hatred of “progenitorum suorum…Willelmi de Brewas senioris et Matildis de Sancto Walerico uxoris suæ” who had killed many Welsh people[633], which confuses William de Briouse, son of Reynold, with his cousin William de Briouse, son of William (see above).

m EVA Marshal, daughter of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel Ctss of Pembroke ([1200/10]-before 1246). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that "quinta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Eva" married "Willielmo de Brewes"[634]. If it is correct that Eva was her parents´ fifth daughter, she would have been born after [1200]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Willielmus de Brews quartus” married “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”[635]. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a letter from "L. princeps" to "domino W. Marescallo comiti Penbrochiæ" assuring him that he still wishes the proposed marriage between "neptem vestram et filium nostrum David" to take place[636]. William & his wife had four children:

i) ISABEL de Briouse (-1248). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Isabella, Matildis, Eva et Alianora” as the four daughters of “Willielmus de Brews quartus” and his wife “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”, adding that Isabel married “David filio Lewelini principis Walliæ”[637]. A letter from "L. princeps de Aberfrau, dominus Snauedoniæ" to "E. de Braus", dated [May] 1230, enquires whether she wishes the proposed marriage between "David filium nostrum et I. filiam vestram" to take place[638]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Willelmus de Brause…filiam suam” married “Leulino…filio”, with as her dowry “castello de Boet”, which reverted to her family after her husband died[639]. m (1230) DAFYDD ap Llywelyn, son of LLYWELYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of Wales & his second wife Joan [illegitimate daughter of John King of England] ([1208]-Mar 1246, bur Aberconwy). He succeeded his father in 1240 as DAFYDD II Prince of Wales.

ii) MATILDA de Briouse (-before 23 Mar 1301). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Isabella, Matildis, Eva et Alianora” as the four daughters of “Willielmus de Brews quartus” and his wife “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”, adding that Matilda married “Rogero de Mortuomari, domino de Wyggemore”[640]. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda, Alianora et Eva" as the three daughters of "Willielmo de Brewes" and his wife "quinta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Eva", adding that Matilda married "domino Rogero de Mortuo-mari domino de Wigmore"[641]. A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Rog. (secundus)…Radulphi et Gwladusæ filius” married “Matildem de Brewys, filiam domini Willielmi de Brewys domini de Breghnoc”[642]. A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[643]. m (1247) ROGER de Mortimer, son of RALPH Mortimer of Wigmore & his wife Gwladus Ddu of Wales ([Cwmaron Castle] [1231]-Kingsland, Herefordshire before 30 Oct 1282, bur Wigmore).

iii) EVA de Briouse (-20 Jul 1255). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Isabella, Matildis, Eva et Alianora” as the four daughters of “Willielmus de Brews quartus” and his wife “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”, adding that Eva married “Willielmo de Cauntello”[644]. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda, Alianora et Eva" as the three daughters of "Willielmo de Brewes" and his wife "quinta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Eva", adding that "Eva tertia filia" married "Willielmo de Cantilupo", by whom she was mother of "Georgius" who died childless and "Johanna nupta Henrico de Hastings et Milisannt de Monte-alto…uxor Ivonis de la Zouch"[645]. A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[646]. Heiress of Abergavenny. The Annals of Dunstable record that “domina Eva uxor Willelmi de Cantilupo” died “circa festum Sanctæ Margaretæ” in 1255[647]. m ([25 Jul 1238/15 Feb 1248]) WILLIAM de Cantelou, son of WILLIAM de Cantelou & his wife --- (Calstone, Wiltshire 25 Sep 1254, bur Studley Priory, Warwickshire).

iv) ELEANOR de Briouse (-bur Llanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Isabella, Matildis, Eva et Alianora” as the four daughters of “Willielmus de Brews quartus” and his wife “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”, adding that Eleanor married “Hunfredo de Bohun quinto cum dominio de Brekenok”, corrected to “Humfredus sextus” in a later passage which also adds that the marriage took place after the death of Humphrey´s mother[648]. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda, Alianora et Eva" as the three daughters of "Willielmo de Brewes" and his wife "quinta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Eva", adding that Eleanor married "Humfrido de Bohun vi"[649]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Elionor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[650]. m (after Aug 1241) as his first wife, HUMPHREY de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex & his first wife Maud de Lusignan (-Beeston Castle, Cheshire 27 Oct 1265, bur Combermere Abbey).

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(SOURCE?) He was captured by Llywelyn the Great, ruler of most of Wales, in fighting in the commote of Ceri near Montgomery, in 1228. William was ransomed for the sum of £2,000 and then made an alliance with Llywelyn, arranging to marry his daughter Isabella to Llywelyn's only legitimate son Dafydd ap Llywelyn. However on a visit to Llywelyn during Easter 1230 connected with this marriage William was caught in Llywelyn's bedchamber with Llywelyn's wife, the Princess Joan. This affair may have begun while he was held as a prisoner there. The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur entry for 1230 reads:

"In this year William de Breos the Younger, Lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the Lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife." Llywelyn had William publicly hanged on May 2, 1230. Joan herself was later pardoned.

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William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (c. 1197 to 1204 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia de Briwere (born 1186) from Stoke in Devon. He was the tenth Baron Abergavenny and an ill-fated member of a powerful and long lived dynasty of Marcher Lords.

Dynastic history

William de Braose was born in Brecon. The Welsh, who detested him and his family name, called him Gwilym Ddu, Black William. He succeeded his father in his various lordships in 1227, including Abergavenny and Builth.

Marriage and children

William married Lady Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They had four daughters:

  • Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn
  • Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 - 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore another very powerful Marcher dynasty.
  • Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 - 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.
  • Eve de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William de Cantelou.

Career

He was captured by the Welsh forces of Llywelyn the Great, leader (Welsh, "Tywysog") of most of Wales, in fighting in the commote of Ceri near Montgomery, in 1228. William was ransomed for the sum of £2,000 and then furthermore made an alliance with Llywelyn, arranging to marry his daughter Isabella de Braose to Llywelyn's only legitimate son Dafydd ap Llywelyn.

However on a later visit to Llywelyn during Easter 1230 William de Braose was found in Llywelyn's private bedchamber with Llywelyn's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales.

Execution

The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur's entry for 1230 reads:

"In this year William de Breos the Younger, lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the Lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife."

Llywelyn had William publicly hanged on 2 May 1230, in the marshland at the foot of the royal home Garth Celyn, Aber Garth Celyn, the spot remembered as Gwern y Grog, "Hanging Marsh."

Legacy

With William's death by hanging and his having four daughters, who divided the de Braose inheritance between them and no male heir, the titles now passed to the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty, the only male heir was now John de Braose who had already inherited the titles of Gower and Bramber from his far-sighted uncle Reginald de Braose.

William's wife Eva continued to hold de Braose lands and castles in her own right, after the death of her husband. She was listed as the holder of Totnes in 1230, and was granted 12 marks to strengthen Hay Castle by King Henry III on the Close Rolls (1234-1237).

References

de Braose family Accessed 30 March 2008

Bibliography

  • Tystiolaeth Garth Celyn Y Traethodydd ISSN 09698930
  • Registrum Epistolarum Fratis Johannis Peckham Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, ed. C. T. Martin, 3 Vols (RS, 1882-86)
  • Caernarvonshire Historical Society Transactions 1962 Article Aber Gwyn Gregin Professor T. Jones Pierce
  • Y Traethodydd (1998) Tystiolaeth Garth Celyn
  • Gwynfor Evans (2001) Cymru O Hud Abergwyngregyn
  • Gwynfor Evans (2002) Eternal Wales Abergwyngregyn
  • John Edward Lloyd (1911) A history of Wales from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest (Longmans, Green & Co.)
  • F.E. Fynes-Clinton (1912) The Welsh Vocabulary of the Bangor District (Oxford)

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William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (c. 1197 to 1204 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia de Briwere (born 1186) from Stoke in Devon. He was the tenth Baron Abergavenny and an ill-fated member of a powerful and long lived dynasty of Marcher Lords.

  • William married Lady Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They had four daughters:
  • Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn
  • Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 - 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore another very powerful Marcher dynasty.
  • Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 - 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.
  • Eve de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William de Cantelou.

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William de Braose, 6th Baron of Brecknock, was a descendant of Griffith (Gruffyd ap Llywelyn, Brenin Cymru), Prince of Wales.

William was Lord of Ossory at Leinster, Ireland, in 1225. He had been created Lord of Ossory by right of his wife, Eva Marshal, whom he married before 1226.

He was a witness where John Tadody de Braose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, purchased the Rape of Bramber from Reginald and his son, William, in 1226 in Sussex, England.

William succeeded his father as Lord of Abergavenny, Builth ,and other Marcher Lordships in 1227. He was styled by the Welsh as "Black William."

William was imprisoned by Llewelyn ap Iorwerth during Hubert de Burgh's disastrous Kerry (Ceri) campaign, though he was ransomed and released after a short captivity during which he agreed to cede Builth as a marriage portion for his daughter Isabella on her betrothal to David, son and heir of Llewelyn, in 1229.

William died on 2 May 1230 in Wales at the age of 26 years. He is said to have been "involved" with Joan, wife of Llewelyn (both of whom are our ancestors), and was publicly hanged for the crime. Llewelyn had arranged with his wife Eva that the marriage of his daughter, Isabel, to Llewelyn's son David should still happen.

The king's chancellor received the following report on William's death: "At that manor which is called Crokein he was made to croak. He was hanged from a certain tree and not secretly or by night but openly and in broad daylight in front of eight hundred people and more, called together to view this pitiable and woeful spectacle, and especially those to whom William de Braose senior and his sons were hostile by reason of injury inflicted on their ancestors whether recent or otherwise."

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Hanged by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth in 1230 allegedly for having an adulterous relationship with Llywelyn's wife, Joan. Joan was the natural daughter of King John of England

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Braose,_10th_Baron_Abergavenny

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William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (c. 1197 to 1204 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia de Briwere (born 1186) from Stoke in Devon. He was the tenth Baron Abergavenny and an ill-fated member of a powerful and long lived dynasty of Marcher Lords.

William married Lady Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They had four daughters:

Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn

Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 - 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore another very powerful Marcher dynasty.

Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 - 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.

Eve de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William de Cantelou.

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Sources:

The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain'

The book, 'The Oxford History of the British Monarchy'

The book, 'William Marshal, The Flower of Chivalry'

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William de Braose. This feudal lord fell a victim to the jealousy of Llewelyn, Prince of Cymru, who, suspecting an intimacy between him and the princess, his wife, King Henry's sister, invited him to an Easter feast and treacherously cast him into prison at the conclusion of the banquet. He was soon afterwards put to death with the unfortunate princess. He had married, Eva, dau. of Walter Mareschal, and sister of Richard, Earl of Pembroke, by whom he had four daus., his co-heirs, viz., Isabel, Maud, Even, and Eleanor. The line of the branch thus terminating in heiresses. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 72, Braose, Baron Braose, of Gower] ------------------

William de Briouze, son and heir by 1st wife. He m. Eve, daughter an in her issue coheir of William (Marshal), Earl of Strigul and Pembroke. He d. 2 May 1230, being hanged by Llewelyn above named. His widow d. bef. 1246. [Complete Peerage I:22] -----------------

He was discovered in Joan's chambers, accused of being her lover, and promptly and publicly hanged. While the story that William and Joan were lovers has been generally accepted, the Annals of Margam (in T. Gale, ed , Historiae Britannicae et Anglicanae Scriptores XX (Oxford, 1687), 2-18, [anno] MCCXXX) implies that the "intimacy" was devised by Llywelyn to avenge himself on William for political injuries inflicted not only by William but by the entire Braose family; the execution was hailed by the Welsh as a vindication of a blood-feud against the Braoses dating from at least 1176. Indeed, shortly after the execution Llywelyn wrote to William's widow Eva and to William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Eva's brother, stating, in effect, that so far as he was concerned, the intended marriage between Llywelyn's son Dafydd and Eva's daughter Isabella could go forward as planned, and that he could not have prevented the Welsh magnates from taking their vengeance. See J. Goronwy Edwards, Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Cymru (Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Cymru, History and Law Series, 2)(Cardiff, 1935), pp 51-52, nos. XI.56a, 56b. The marriage in fact took place three months later. [From The Genealogist article by Wm. Addams Reitwiesner] -------------------- He was known as "Black William." Sir William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny, was born 1204 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. He was hanged 2 May 1230 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales. He was hanged by Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, having been caught having an affair with Llewellyn's wife, who was the daughter of King John of England. William de Braose was born in Brecon, Wales. The Welsh, who detested him and his family name, called him Gwilym Ddu, Black William. He succeeded his father in his various lordships in 1227, including Abergavenny and Builth.

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William "Black Will" de Braose, Baron Abergavenny's Timeline

1204
1204
Brecknock, Surrey, , England
1224
1224
Age 20
Bramber, Sussex, , England
1226
1226
Age 22
Bramber Castle, Breconshire, Wales
1227
May 2, 1227
Age 23
Pembroke,Pembrokeshire,Wales
1228
1228
Age 24
Bramber, Sussex, England, (Present UK)
1229
1229
Age 25
Breconshire, Wales
1230
May 2, 1230
Age 26
Pembroke,Pembrokeshire,Dyfed,Wales

William was hanged on order of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of Gwynedd after having an affair with Llywelyn's wife.

1230
Age 26
1912
September 17, 1912
Age 26
September 17, 1912
Age 26