Sir William Courtenay, de jure 3rd Earl of Devon

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William Courtenay, MP, de jure 3rd Earl of Devon

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Devon, England
Death: Died in London, England
Place of Burial: Powderham, Devon, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William Courtenay, MP, de jure 2nd Earl of Devon and Elizabeth Paulet
Husband of Elizabeth Manners; Elizabeth Sydenham and Jane Hill
Father of George Ougthred de Courtenay; Sir Francis Courtenay, M.P.; Thomas Courtenay; Sir William Courtenay, MP; Bridget Fitz and 5 others
Brother of Jane Courtenay and Mary Coplestone
Half brother of George OUGHTRED

Occupation: High Sheriff of Devon and Member of Parliament for Devon
Managed by: Jonathan Carreira
Last Updated:

About William Courtenay, MP, de jure 3rd Earl of Devon

Sir William V Courtenay, Knight, (1553 – 24 June 1630) of Powderham in Devon was a prominent member of the Devonshire gentry. He was Sheriff of Devon in 1579–80 and received the rare honour[1] of having been thrice elected MP for the prestigious county seat (Devon) in 1584, 1589 and 1601.

He was the son and heir of Sir William IV Courtenay (c.1529-1557) of Powderham, MP for Plympton Erle in 1555, by his wife Elizabeth Paulet, daughter of John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester. He was 9th in descent[2] from Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (1303-1377), of Tiverton Castle, feudal baron of Okehampton and feudal baron of Plympton,[3] one of whose younger sons was Sir Philip I Courtenay (1340–1406) of Powderham, founder of the junior line of Courtenay of Powderham.

In 1557 at the age of 4 he succeeded his father. He trained as a lawyer in the Middle Temple.

In 1557 at the age of 4 he succeeded his father. He trained as a lawyer in the Middle Temple.

Between 18 January 1572 and 1573, he married as his first wife, Elizabeth Manners, daughter of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, and by her had seven sons and three daughters:[7][8]

  • Sir William Courtenay, (died 1605), his eldest son who died without progeny and predeceased his father.
  • Francis Courtenay, (1576 – 3 Jun 1638), of Powderham, his 2nd son and heir.
  • Thomas Courtenay
  • George Courtenay
  • John Courtenay
  • Alexander Courtenay
  • Edward Courtenay
  • Margaret Courtenay
  • Bridget Courtenay
  • Elizabeth Courtenay, 3rd daughter, who married Sir William Wrey, 1st Baronet[9] of Tawstock in Devon. Her father's arms survive, impaled by Wrey, on the monument of her father-in-law John Wrey (d.1597) in Tawstock Church.

On 25 Aug 1595 he married as his second wife, Elizabeth Sydenham, daughter of Sir George Sydenham of Combe Sydenham in Somerset and widow of Admiral Sir Francis Drake (d.1596).[7]

His third wife was Jane Hill, daughter of Robert Hill of Taunton, Somerset.[7]

He died in London on 24 June 1630 and was buried in Powderham Church, Devon.[5][7]

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Courtenay,_3rd_Earl_of_Devon

  • ________________________
  • Sir William Courtenay, 22nd Earl of Devon1,2
  • M, #52361, b. circa 1553, d. 24 June 1630
  • Father Sir William Courtenay, 21st Earl of Devon2 b. c 1529, d. 18 Aug 1557
  • Mother Elizabeth Paulet2 b. c 1529, d. 4 Nov 1576
  • Sir William Courtenay, 22nd Earl of Devon was born circa 1553 at of Powderham, Devonshire, England; Age 4 in 1557.1,2 He and Elizabeth Manners obtained a marriage license on 18 January 1573; Marriage license from the Bishop of London.1,3,2 Sir William Courtenay, 22nd Earl of Devon died on 24 June 1630 at of Powderham, Devonshire, England; Age 77; buried at Powderham, Devonshire.2
  • Family Elizabeth Manners b. c 1540
  • Child
    • Bridget Courtenay+1 b. c 1574
  • Citations
  • 1.[S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, Family History Archives, SLC.
  • 2.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IV, p. 333.
  • 3.[S147] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, 1938 ed., by Sir Bernard Burke, p., 804.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1742.htm#i52361
  • ________________________
  • Sir William Courtenay1
  • M, #9183, b. circa 1553, d. 24 June 1630
  • Last Edited=8 May 2013
  • Sir William Courtenay was born circa 1553.1 He was the son of Sir William Courtenay and Lady Elizabeth Paulett.1 He married, secondly, Elizabeth Sydenham, daughter of Sir George Sydenham.1 He married, firstly, Lady Elizabeth Manners, daughter of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland and Lady Margaret Neville, on 18 January 1572/73.1 He died on 24 June 1630. He was buried at Powderham, Devon, England.
  • He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Devon [E., 1553] circa August 1557, de jure.1 He was invested as a Knight on 25 March 1576.1 He held the office of Sheriff of Devon from 1579 to 1580.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Devon between 1584 and 1586.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Devon from 1588 to 1589.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Devon in 1601.1 He lived at Powderham Castle, Devon, England.
  • Children of Sir William Courtenay and Lady Elizabeth Manners
    • 1.Sir William Courtenay1 d. 1603
    • 2.Elizabeth Courtenay+1
    • 3.Francis Courtenay+1 b. c 1576, d. 3 Jun 1638
    • 4.Sir George Oughtred Courtenay, 1st Bt.+1 b. bt 1580 - 1585
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1124. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • From: http://thepeerage.com/p919.htm#i9183
  • ___________________________
  • COURTENAY, Sir William I (1553-1630), of Powderham, Devon.
  • Family and Education
  • b. June 1553, 1st s. of Sir William Courtenay† of Powderham by Elizabeth, da. of John Paulet, 2nd Mq. of Winchester. educ. M. Temple 1578. m. (1) lic. 18 Jan. 1573, Lady Elizabeth Manners, da. of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, 7s. inc. Sir William II 3da.; (2) Elizabeth (d.1598), da. of Sir George Sydenham of Combe Sydenham, wid. of Francis Drake; (3) Jane, da. of Robert Hill of Yarde, Som. suc. fa. 1557. Kntd. 1576.1
  • Offices Held
  • J.p. Devon from c.1561, j.p.q. Som. by 1601; sheriff, Devon 1579-80, dep. lt. 1586.2
  • Biography
  • After the death of his father in France, Courtenay became a ward of his great-grandfather, the 1st Marquess of Winchester, who was granted some of Courtenay’s lands in return for his services. The influence of the Catholic Paulet family no doubt partly accounts for Courtenay’s own later conversion. Though his religious views would have been repugnant to the 2nd Earl of Bedford, Courtenay was named as a deputy lieutenant in Bedford’s unissued commission of 1585. He thrice represented Devon. On 14 Dec. 1584 he was named to a committee for the confirmation of letters patent to (Sir) Walter Ralegh, and he may have attended the subsidy committee on 24 Feb. 1585 to which he was appointed as knight of the shire. In 1589 he was eligible to attend the subsidy committee on 11 Feb. as first knight of the shire. In 1601 he was named to a committee on the penal laws (2 Nov.); as knight of the shire he was on the committee considering the order of parliamentary business (3 Nov.) and the monopolies committee (23 Nov.); as one of the knights for Devon he was on a procedural committee (11 Nov.); and as a knight for a maritime county he was appointed to a committee on 3 Dec. to consider measures against pirates.3
  • While in London in 1584, Courtenay quarrelled with Richard Champernown, Lady Courtenay appealing for help to her brother, the 3rd Earl of Rutland. Lord Burghley and the lord chancellor investigated the matter and, wrote Courtenay:
    • In fine, we were made friends and my lords have promised me a letter of their good opinion of me, and justifying my innocence in this cause.
  • Soon afterwards, both he and Champernown were undertakers in the Munster plantation, which may explain how Courtenay got into the hands of moneylenders, for in 1588 he was one of 12 knights ‘of great possessions’ suggested for baronies. At this time he commanded 3,000 men in Devon, and a defence force in Dorset. He was one of the deputy lieutenants appointed by the Privy Council to ‘advise’ the young lord lieutenant of Devon, the Earl of Bath, who was under the thumb of his ex-tutor Thomas Hinson. Bath’s opinion of Courtenay is interesting:
    • a man who, though he gives himself out to all vice, as drinking, whoring etc., yet he neither wants wit to devise, nor might to practise how to strengthen himself and weaken others.4
  • By 1586 Courtenay’s Catholic religious views were becoming embarrassing. Yet, although his third wife was a Catholic, it was not until James’s reign that he resigned his military offices and surrendered his arms. It may have been some compensation that he became deputy warden of the stannaries. Sales of his lands continued throughout his life, but his inquisition post mortem showed that he still retained a score of manors in Devon. He died in London on 24 June 1630, and was buried at Powderham.5
  • Ref Volumes: 1558-1603
  • Author: P. W. Hasler
  • Notes
  • 1. T. Westcote, View of Devonshire, 573-4; Vivian, Vis. Devon, 247; Roberts thesis; Trans. Der. Assoc. lxxxviii. 179.
  • 2. PRO, Index 4208, p. 42.
  • 3. Wards 9/138/237; Cam. Misc. ix(3), p. 56; Cath. Rec. Soc. xiii. 89; Lansd. 43, anon. jnl. f. 171; D’Ewes, 431, 623, 624, 635, 649, 666.
  • 4. SP12/179/58; HMC Rutland, 163, 183; HMC Hatfield, xiii. 343; Lansd. 104, f. 51 seq.; 134, f. 196; APC, xiv. 239.
  • 5. CSP Span. 1580-6, pp. 601-4; CSP Dom. 1598-1601, p. 181; 1591-4, pp. 209, 246; 1611-18, p. 254; 1625-6, pp. 342, 394; Reynold, Ancient Diocese of Exeter, 233; G. Oliver, Coll. Illus. Catholic Rel. in South West, 18; Devon RO, Tingey 1614; E. W. Cleaveland, Hist. Courtenay Fam. 301.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/courtenay-sir-william-i-1553-1630
  • _________________________
  • William COURTENAY of Powderham (Sir Knight)
  • Born: ABT 1553
  • Died: 24 Jun 1630
  • Buried: Powderham, Devonshire, England
  • Notes: See his Biography.
  • Father: William COURTENAY of Powderham (Sir)
  • Mother: Elizabeth PAULET
  • Married 1: Elizabeth MANNERS 18 Jan 1572/3
  • Children:
    • 1. Margaret COURTENAY
    • 2. Bridget COURTENAY
    • 3. Elizabeth COURTENAY
    • 4. William COURTENAY (Sir Knight)
    • 5. Francis COURTENAY of Powderham (Sir)
    • 6. Thomas COURTENAY
    • 7. George COURTENAY
    • 8. John COURTENAY
    • 9. Alexander COURTENAY
    • 10. Edward COURTENAY
  • Married 2: Elizabeth SYDENHAM (w. of Sir Francis Drake)
  • Married 3: Jane HILL
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/COURTENAY2.htm#William COURTENAY of Powderham (Sir Knight)5
  • Born by Jun 1553, first son of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham by Elizabeth, dau. of John Paulet, 2nd M. of Winchester. Educ. M. Temple 1578. Married first, lic. 18 Jan 1573, Lady Elizabeth Manners, dau. of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland; secondly Elizabeth (d. 1598) dau. of Sir George Sydenham of Combe Sydenham, wid. of Francis Drake; and thirdly to Jane, dau. of Robert Hill of Yarde. Suc. family 1557. Kntd. 1576. J.p. Devon from c.1561, j.p.q. Somerset by 1601; sheriff, Devon 1579-80, dep. lt. 1586.
  • After the death of his father in France, Courtenay became a ward of his great-grandfather, Sir William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester, who was granted some of Courtenay's lands in return for his services. The influence of the Catholic Paulet family no doubt partly accounts for Courtenay's own later conversion. Though his religious views would have been repugnant to Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford, Courtenay was named as a deputy lieutenant in Bedford's unissued commission of 1585. He thrice represented Devon. On 14 Dec 1584 he was named to a committee for the confirmation of letters patent to Sir Walter Raleigh, and he may have attended the subsidy committee on 24 Feb 1585 to which he was appointed as knight of the shire. In 1589 he was eligible to attend the subsidy committee on 11 Feb as first knight of the shire. In 1601 he was named to a committee on the penal laws (2 Nov); as knight of the shire he was on the committee considering the order of parliamentary business (3 Nov) and the monopolies committee (23 Nov); as one of the knights for Devon he was on a procedural committee (11 Nov); and as a knight for a maritime county he was appointed to a committee on 3 Dec to consider measures against pirates.
  • While in London in 1584, Courtenay quarrelled with Richard Champernowne, Lady Courtenay appealing for help to her brother, Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, Lord Burghley and the lord chancellor Sir Thomas Bromley investigated the matter and, wrote Courtenay,
    • 'In fine, we were made friends and my lords have promised me a letter of their good opinion of me, and justifying my innocence in this cause'
  • Soon afterwards, both he and Champernowne were undertakers in the Munster plantation, which may explain how Courtenay got into the hands of moneylenders, for in 1588 he was one of 12 knights 'of great possessions' suggested for baronies. At this time he commanded 3,000 men in Devon, and a defence force in Dorset. He was one of the deputy lieutenants appointed by the Privy Council to 'advise' the young lord lieutenant of Devon, the Earl of Bath, who was under the thumb of his ex-tutor Thomas Hinson. Bath's opinion of Courtenay is interesting:
    • 'a man who, though he gives himself out to all víee, as drinking, whoring etc., yet he neither wants wit to devise, nor might to practise how to strengthen himself and weaken others'
  • By 1586 Courtenay's Catholic religious views were becoming embarrassing.
  • His second wife, Elizabeth Sydenham, was well connected. Her paternal grandfather had been Sir John Sydenham, Sheriff of Somerset, and his wife, who survived until 1608, was Ursula Brydges, the sister of John, first Lord Chandos. Their extensive brood were significant local figures. The oldest of Elizabeth's five paternal uncles, Sir John Sydenham, inherited the estate of Brympton d'Every. An aunt, also called Elizabeth, married the Sheriff of Devonshire.
  • The father of the bride was Sir George Sydenham, sometime sheriff of Somerset, who had inherited from his father the estate of Combe Sydenham in the same county and had added to it since. In 1561, for example, he had purchased the manor of Sutton Bingham from Sir William Kayleway of Rockborne. He played the local benefactor, providing 15 pounds per year from his properties at Combe Sydenham and nearby Stogumber for the upkeep of six cottages he had donated to poor widows, and was a pillar of the county administration, regularly mustering the local levies at Bridgwater. Sir George's wife, Elizabeth, was of no less distinguished lineage than the Sydenhams. She was the daughter of Sir Christopher Hales, once Attorney-General to Henry VIII and the prosecutor of Wolsey, More, Fisher and Anne Boleyn.
  • Yet, although his third wife was a Catholic, it was not until James's reign that he resigned his military offices and surrendered bis arms. It may have been some compensation that he became deputy warden of the stannaries. Sales of his lands continued throughout his life, but bis inquisition post mortem showed that he still retained a score of manors in Devon.
  • For a good many years of his life he resided in Ireland, as one of the "undertakers" for the settlement of that country. He obtained a grant of Newcastle, with a large quantity of the confiscated land of the Earl of Desmond, and thus laid the foundation of the great Limerick property which has since been enjoyed by his descendants.
  • He died in London on 24 Jun 1630, and was buried at Powderham.
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/WilliamCourtenayPowderham3.htm
  • ________________________
  • COURTENAY, Sir William II (c.1580-1603), of Powderham, Devon.
  • b. c.1580, 1st s. of Sir William Courtenay I of Powderham by his 1st w. educ. Corpus, Camb. 1591; ?I. Temple 1602. unm. Kntd. 1599.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/courtenay-sir-william-ii-1580-1603
  • _________________________________
  • Links
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Courtenay_(died_1557)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Manners,_2nd_Earl_of_Rutland
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_William_Wrey,_1st_Baronet
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Drake
  • http://www.multiwords.de/genealogy/courtenay3.htm
  • http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/courtenay-sir-william-ii-152930-57
  • ______________________
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Sir William Courtenay, de jure 3rd Earl of Devon's Timeline

1553
June 1553
Devon, England
1573
January 18, 1573
Age 19
1574
1574
Age 20
1576
1576
Age 22
1578
1578
Age 24
1580
1580
Age 26
1580
Age 26
1585
1585
Age 31
Powderham, Devon, England
1586
1586
Age 32
1588
1588
Age 34