William Crawford (1691 - c.1761)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Augusta, Virginia, USA
Managed by: Marsha Gail (Kamish) Veazey
Last Updated:

About William Crawford

Hi Billy, The two Colonel William Crawfords I was telling you about appearto be fairly distant cousins as well as a generation apart. In themiddle of this message is a database that appears to have fairly goodproof that Col William Crawford was the father of Alexander Crawford.It is also interesting that he was killed by indians only 3 or 4 yearsearlier than his son Alexander was. Another interesting point I want to mention is: AlexanderCrawford's sister, Mary Crawford, is listed as: Mary Blair Crawford inseveral other databases. Thanks please, JJ

ID: I56854982 Name: Col William CRAWFORD Given Name: Col William Surname: Crawford Sex: M Birth: 1691 in Lanarkshire,SCOT Death: 1761 in Ohio River

Father: Alexander CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1640/1669 Mother: Mary CRICHTON b: Wft Est 1649/1672

Marriage 1 Mary DOUGLAS b: 1694 in ,,,Scotland Married: Wft Est 1722/1724 Children Edward CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT William CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT Margaret CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT Ann CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT James CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT George CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT Patrick CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT Mary CRAWFORD b: Wft Est 1711/1725 in Clydesdale,SCOT Alexander CRAWFORD b: 1714 in Clydesdale,SCOT

ID: I09375 Name: Col. William Crawford Sex: M Note: Col. William Crawford led and expedition against the Indians in1782. He was captured and horribly tortured and burned at the stake.Nicholas Devore was a member of this expedition.

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children Sarah Crawford\Harrison

ID: I513 Name: Col. William CRAWFORD Sex: M Birth: 1737 in Berkeley County, W. VA. Death: 1782 in Crawford Campaign, Rev. War Burial: Burned at the stake by Indians Note: fought at Long Island, Trenton and Princeton. In 1778 he was selectedby Washington to defend the border on accoubt of his experience in thefrontier wars. In 1782 while in command against the Wyandottes and Senecas, hewas captured after two days of fighting and the infuriated Indians burnedhim at the stake.

Marriage 1 Hannah VANCE b: 1724 in New Haven, Fayette, PA Married: 05 JAN 1744 in ???????, VA ID: I513 Name: Col. William CRAWFORD Sex: M Birth: 1737 in Berkeley County, W. VA. Death: 1782 in Crawford Campaign, Rev. War Burial: Burned at the stake by Indians Note: fought at Long Island, Trenton and Princeton. In 1778 he was selectedby Washington to defend the border on accoubt of his experience in thefrontier wars. In 1782 while in command against the Wyandottes and Senecas, hewas captured after two days of fighting and the infuriated Indians burnedhim at the stake.

Marriage 1 Hannah VANCE b: 1724 in New Haven, Fayette, PA Married: 05 JAN 1744 in ???????, VA ID: I513 Name: Col. William CRAWFORD Sex: M Birth: 1737 in Berkeley County, W. VA. Death: 1782 in Crawford Campaign, Rev. War Burial: Burned at the stake by Indians Note: fought at Long Island, Trenton and Princeton. In 1778 he was selectedby Washington to defend the border on accoubt of his experience in thefrontier wars. In 1782 while in command against the Wyandottes and Senecas, hewas captured after two days of fighting and the infuriated Indians burnedhim at the stake.

Marriage 1 Hannah VANCE b: 1724 in New Haven, Fayette, PA Married: 05 JAN 1744 in ???????, VA

ID: I116136713 Name: Col. William CRAWFORD Given Name: Col. William Surname: Crawford Sex: M Birth: 7 Jun 1691 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland Death: 1761 in Ohio River, Augusta Co., VA Note: 20.

From Ancestry.com:

! (1) "Early Western Augusta Pioneers," by George W. Cleek (1957)p.341. FHL #975.591 D2cg. (2) "Descendants of Alexander and MaryMcPheeters Crawford," by Amanda Forbes and Lucetta Simmis (1980)p.2-3. Cites: (a) Mrs. John Gamble, d/o William McPheeters Jr.. (b)Papers of Mrs. Mildred Crawford, Augusta Co. Historical Soc.. (3)Ancestral File, FHL, 1995. Caroline Crawford Howard, 3431 Airlie St.,Charlotte, NC 28205. ! Birth: (1) Of Scottish ancestry. (2b) 1692,Lanarkshire, Scotland. (3) Abt 1703, Scotland. Marriage to MaryDouglas: (1,2a,b) Scotland. Death: (2a) Presumed he died in Ireland.(2b) 1761, killed on the Ohio River while trading with the Indians.(2b) Graduated, University of Edinburgh. (2b) Civil engineer. (2b)Colonel of Scottish Royal Guards. (1,2b) Moved to Northern Ireland.(2a) Moved to Londonderry, Ireland, or in that vicinity. (2b) 1723:Came to Pennsylvania. Settled in Lancaster Co. (1) The Crawfords cameto PA. (2b) 1723, 20 Dec: John Alexander, Samuel Crawford and WilliamCrawford lived at Octoraro, Lancaster Co., PA and were traders. (2b)1736/7: Moved to Augusta Co., VA. Settled at the base of Little NorthMountain, now called Crawford Mountain, near Buffalo Gap. (2b)Established a smith and manufactured farming implements, guns, sabresand domestic utensils. (2b) A surveyor. (2b) 1745, 23 May: Listed inimportations, Orange Co., VA Order Book IV, p.330. (NOTE: Father orson?) (2b) 1761, 17 Sep: Purchased from Thomas Lewis 370 acrespatented to Lewis 9 Oct 1753 in Forks of James on First and SecondRun, George Rutledge's land. Delivered to George Crawford, devisee ofWilliam Crawford, 13 Jan 1784.

Note: 2 ! (1) "Early Western Augusta Pioneers," by George W. Cleek (1957)p.341. FHL #975.591 D2cg. (2) "Descendants of Alexander and Mary McPheeters Crawford," by AmandaForbes and Lucetta Simmis (1980) p.2-3. Cites: (a) Mrs. John Gamble,d/o William McPheeters Jr.. (b) Papers of Mrs. Mildred Crawford,Augusta Co. Historical Soc.. (3) Ancestral File, FHL, 1995. Caroline Crawford Howard, 3431 AirlieSt., Charlotte, NC 28205.

! Birth: (1) Of Scottish ancestry. (2b) 1692, Lanarkshire, Scotland.(3) Abt 1703, Scotland. Marriage to Mary Douglas: (1,2a,b) Scotland. Death: (2a) Presumed he died in Ireland. (2b) 1761, killed on the OhioRiver while trading with the Indians.

(2b) Graduated, University of Edinburgh. (2b) Civil engineer. (2b) Colonel of Scottish Royal Guards. (1,2b) Moved to Northern Ireland. (2a) Moved to Londonderry, Ireland,or in that vicinity. (2b) 1723: Came to Pennsylvania. Settled in Lancaster Co. (1) TheCrawfords came to PA. (2b) 1723, 20 Dec: John Alexander, Samuel Crawford and WilliamCrawford lived at Octoraro, Lancaster Co., PA and were traders. (2b) 1736/7: Moved to Augusta Co., VA. Settled at the base of LittleNorth Mountain, now called Crawford Mountain, near Buffalo Gap. (2b) Established a smith and manufactured farming implements, guns,sabres and domestic utensils. (2b) A surveyor. (2b) 1745, 23 May: Listed in importations, Orange Co., VA Order BookIV, p.330. (NOTE: Father or son?) (2b) 1761, 17 Sep: Purchased from Thomas Lewis 370 acres patented toLewis 9 Oct 1753 in Forks of James on First and Second Run, GeorgeRutledge's land. Delivered to George Crawford, devisee of WilliamCrawford, 13 Jan 1784.

Note 3: William Crawford was killed on the Ohio River while trading with the Indians in 1761. He was a graduate of the University of Edinburgh; Colonel of the Scottish Royal Guards; civil engineer. He removed from Scotland to Ireland, thence to America in 1723, and settled in Lancaster County. He moved to Augusta County, Virginia 1736-1737 and settled at the base of Little North Mountain, now called Crawford Mountain, near Buffalo Gap. He established a "smith" and manufactured farming implements, guns, sabres and....

Note 4: Forbes, Amanda Crawford Arbogast and Lucetta Crawford Sammis. DESCENDANTS OF ALEXANDER & M

Father: Robert CRAWFORD b: 7 jun 1691 Mother: Mary SHAW b: 1674

Marriage 1 Mary DOUGLAS b: 26 Nov 1693 in Scotland Children Alexander CRAWFORD b: 1715 in Clydesdale, Scotland

ID: I879 Name: Col.William CRAWFORD NUMB: 879 Change Date: 7 AUG 1999 Sex: M Birth: 1692 in Lanarkshire, Scotland Death: 1761 Note: William Crawford was killed on the Ohio River while trading with the Indians in 1761. He was a graduate of the University of Edinburgh; Colonel of the Scottish Royal Guards; civil engineer. He removed from Scotland to Ireland, thence to America in 1723, and settled in Lancaster County. He moved to Augusta County, Virginia 1736-1737 and settled at the base of Little North Mountain, now called Crawford Mountain, near Buffalo Gap. He established a "smith" and manufactured farming implements, guns, sabres and....

Marriage 1 Mary DOUGLAS b: 1694 Married: in Scotland Children Alexander CRAWFORD Sr. b: ABT 1715 in Clydesdale, Scotland Edward CRAWFORD William CRAWFORD Margaret CRAWFORD Ann CRAWFORD James CRAWFORD George CRAWFORD Patrick CRAWFORD Mary CRAWFORD

ID: I752 Name: William ,Col. CRAWFORD Given Name: William ,Col. Surname: Crawford Sex: M Birth: 2 AUG 1722 in Westmoreland Co.,VA Death: 11 JUN 1782 in Sandusky,Ohio Note: William was a farmer and surveyor in Frederick Co.,VA. He enlisted intheBritish Army along with his brother Valentine Crawford, Jr.atWinchester, Frederick Co.,VA in 1754. His first appointment was madebyGeorge Washington in 1755, as an ensign in a company divided betweenthemilitary, farming and civil affairs. He moved from Frederick Co.,VAtowhat is now Fayette Co.,PA in the spring of 1766. At 59 years of age, he was tortured and burned at the stake bytheSandusky Indians (Wyandot and Delaware)

The following information was written at age 85 by Nina Belle Flint,frominformation gathered from family Bibles, letters, familypersonaleffects, etc.:

"On the Southern shore of Lake Erie is located Sandusky, Ohio, whereCol.Wm. Crawford was captured and burned at the stake by a group ofDelawareIndians in 1782. William Crawford (1732-1782) participated in Gen. Braddock'sunsuccessfulattempt to capture Ft. Dusquene (1755), and in theRevolutionary battlesof Long Island, Trenton and Princeton in 1776. He was born in Virginia, and was sent to Ohio country to secureitagainst the ravages of the Delaware Indians. His forces weredefeated inJune 1782, and he was burned at the stake near Sandusky,Ohio."

Father: Valentine ,Sr. CRAWFORD b: 1692 in Orange Co.,VA Mother: Honora GRIMES

Marriage 1 Hannah VANCE b: 1723 Married: 1747 in Shenandoah Valley,Frederick Co.,VA Children Ophelia (Effie) CRAWFORD Sarah (Sally) CRAWFORD John CRAWFORD

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William Crawford's Timeline

1691
June 7, 1691
Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland
1714
1714
Age 22
Clydesdale, Scotland
1714
Age 22
Ireland
1715
1715
Age 23
1716
1716
Age 24
Scotland
1718
1718
Age 26
Scotland
1720
1720
Age 28
Northern Ireland
1722
1722
Age 30
Ulster, Northern Ireland
1723
1723
Age 31
Drumore Township, Lancaster, PA
1724
1724
Age 32
Ulster, Northern Ireland