William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester

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William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester

Also Known As: "Mafonache"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
Death: Died in Cardiff Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales
Place of Burial: Priory, Keynsham, Somersetshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Maud fitzRobert fitzHamon de Creully, Dame de Creuilly
Husband of Hawise de Beaumont, Countess of Gloucester
Father of Robert Gloucester Fitzrobert; Mabel FitzWilliam FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester; Amice FitzWilliam FitzRobert, 4th Countess of Gloucester; Isabel Avise FitzWilliam FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester and Margaret de newburgh
Brother of Roger FitzRobert, Bishop of Worcester; Maud FitzRobert, Countess of Chester; Hamon Fitzrobert, of Gloucester; Philip FitzRobert de Gay, Castellan of Cricklade; Richard FitzRobert, Sire de Creully and 2 others
Half brother of Robert fitzRobert, nat. s/o Earl of Gloucester; Richard, Bishop of Bayeux and Mabel fitzRoy, Illgt. d/o Robert de Caen

Occupation: 2nd Earl of Gloucester, Earl of Gloucester, Lord of the Manor of Glamorgan and Cardiff Castle
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester

William fitzRobert 2nd Earl of Gloucester - s/o Robert 1st Earl of Gloucester married Havise de Beaumont (Not Margaret de Beaumont)

Captured with his wife and son by "Ivor the Little" in 1158

Children:

  • Robert FitzRobert (1151, Cardiff, Glamorganshire – 1166 Unmd Vp, Cardiff, Glamorganshire).
  • Hadwisa/Avisa of Gloucester (circa 1152 – 1189). Married[1] Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex de Mandeville, son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Lady Maud de Mandeville of Costow.
  • Mabel FitzRobert of Gloucester (b. 1155); married 1.Amaury V de Montfort 2.Gruffudd ap Ifor Bach.
  • Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (b. 1160, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire). Married Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford.
  • Isabel of Gloucester (b. 1170, Gloucester). She was married three times:

  • Prince John
  • Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
  • Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent.

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#WilliamFitzRobertdied1183A

WILLIAM FitzRobert, son of ROBERT Fitzroy Earl of Gloucester & his wife Mabel [Matilda or Sibylle] FitzRobert (23 Nov [1112]-23 Nov 1183, bur Keynsham Abbey, Somerset). His birth date is confirmed by the Annals of Waverley which record the death “in nocte Sancti Clementis” in 1183 of “Willelmus comes Glocestriæ”, specifying that it was the same day he was born[1904]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records that “comes Willielmus filius et hæres eiusdem” succeeded on the death of Robert Earl of Gloucester[1905]. He witnessed an agreement in 1128. He was imprisoned with his father at Rochester in Oct 1141 by the forces of King Stephen. Governor of Wareham 1144, during his father’s absence in Normandy. He succeeded his father in 1147 as Earl of Gloucester. The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus filius suus…senior…ætate" succeeded as Earl of Gloucester on the death of his father, dated from the context to [1147][1906]. The Annals of Margan record that “comes Gloucestriæ Willelmus…et comitissa Hawysia” were captured “in castello Cardiviæ” by the Welsh in 1158[1907]. “Willielmus comes Glouc.” donated “ecclesia de Eltham” to Rochester, for the souls of “Roberti filii mei...Hawyse comitisse uxoris mee et liberorum...meorum”, by undated charter, confirmed by charter dated 8 Dec 1314[1908]. On his death, King Henry II took the honour of Gloucester and the Earldom into his own hands[1909]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestriæ" leaving three daughters as his heirs[1910]. The Annals of Margan record the death “IX Kal Dec” in 1183 of “Willelmus comes Gloucestriæ”[1911]. The Obituary of Lyre records the death 23 Nov of “Willelmus comes Glocestriæ”[1912]. The Annals of Waverley record the death “in nocte Sancti Clementis” in 1183 of “Willelmus comes Glocestriæ”, specifying that it was the same day he was born[1913]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the death in 1183 of “comes Willielmus Gloucestriæ” and his burial “apud Kenisham”[1914]. The necrology of Lyre monastery records the death "23 Nov" of "Willelmus comes Glocestriæ"[1915].

m ([1150]) HAVISE de Beaumont, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont[-le-Roger] Earl of Leicester & his wife Amice de Gaël et de Montfort ([after 1120]-24 Apr or 25 May 1197). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records that “comes Willielmus” married “Hawisia filia comitis Leicestriæ”[1916]. The Annals of Margan record that “comes Gloucestriæ Willelmus…et comitissa Hawysia” were captured “in castello Cardiviæ” by the Welsh in 1158[1917]. “Willielmus comes Glouc.” donated “ecclesia de Eltham” to Rochester, for the souls of “Roberti filii mei...Hawyse comitisse uxoris mee et liberorum...meorum”, by undated charter, confirmed by charter dated 8 Dec 1314[1918]. The necrology of Lyre monastery records the death "25 May" of "Hawis comitissa Gloecestræ"[1919]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “VIII Kal Mai” in 1197 of “Hawisa comitissa Glocestriæ”[1920].

Earl William & his wife had four children:

1. ROBERT (Cardiff [1150]-Cardiff 1166, bur Keynsham Abbey, Somerset). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Robertum” as son of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that he predeceased his father and was buried “apud Keynesham”, and in a later passage that he was born in Cardiff where he also died in 1166[1921]. He witnessed a charter in 1155 with his parents[1922]. Leland quotes a manuscript which records the death in 1166 of "Robertus filius Gul comitis Glocestriæ"[1923]. “Willielmus comes Glouc.” donated “ecclesia de Eltham” to Rochester, for the souls of “Roberti filii mei...Hawyse comitisse uxoris mee et liberorum...meorum”, by undated charter, confirmed by charter dated 8 Dec 1314[1924]. The position of the name of Robert in the list of those for whose souls the donation was made suggests that it was dated shortly after Robert’s death.

2. MABEL (-1198). An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestriæ" when he died[1925]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife[1926]. Benedict of Peterborough records "uxori Amauri comitis Ebroicanum" as "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestriæ…filiam ipsius comitis"[1927]. Robert of Torigny records the marriage in 1170 of "primogenitam filiam Roberti comitis Gloecestriæ" and "Amauricus primogenitus filius Symonis comitis Ebroicensis"[1928]. In another passage, Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestriæ" leaving three daughters as his heirs, of whom one (mentioned first) was "comitissa Ebroicensis"[1929]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1198 of “Mabilia comitissa Ebroici”[1930]. m ([1170]) AMAURY [V] de Montfort Comte d'Evreux, son of SIMON [III] de Montfort Comte d’Evreux & his wife Mathilde --- (-13 Mar 1182). Their son Amaury [VI] de Montfort Comte d'Evreux was created Earl of Gloucester in 1199, after King John divorced his wife Isabel Ctss of Gloucester who was Amaury’s maternal aunt (see below).

3. AMICE (-1 Jan 1225). An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestriæ" when he died[1931]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that Amice married “domino Richardo de Clare comiti de Hertford”[1932]. Benedict of Peterborough records "uxori comitis de Clara" as "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestriæ…filiam ipsius comitis"[1933]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius", recording that the latter was married to "filiam Guillermi comitis Gloecestriæ"[1934]. In another passage, Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestriæ" leaving three daughters as his heirs, of whom one (mentioned second) was "uxor Guillermi comitis de Clara"[1935]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right after [1210], following the death of her nephew Amaury VI de Montfort Comte d’Evreux, although this was subject to the continuing rights of Amice's sister Isabel who was also recognised as Ctss of Gloucester. On the death of Ctss Isabel in 1217, Amice was recognised as undisputed Ctss of Gloucester. m ([1180], separated before 1200) RICHARD de Clare Earl of Hertford, son of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford and Earl of Clare & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-[30 Oct/28 Nov] 1217). He sided with the Barons against King John, and played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta.

4. ISABEL [Avise] ([before 1176]-14 Oct or [18 Nov] 1217, bur Canterbury Cathedral Church). An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestriæ" when he died[1936]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that Isabel married “Henricus rex…Johanni filio suo”[1937]. Benedict of Peterborough records the betrothal in 1176 of "Johannem filium regis minimum" and "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestriæ…filiam ipsius comitis" and the agreement whereby John would inherit the county of Gloucester[1938]. Her marriage is recorded by Matthew Paris, who specifies that it took place despite the prohibition of Baldwin Archbishop of Canterbury on the grounds of consanguinity, although he does not name her[1939]. The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records that "comes Johannes frater eius [rege Ricardo]" married "filiam comitis Glocestriæ"[1940]. She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right from her marriage in [1189]. Matthew Paris records that the king divorced "uxorem suam Hawisam comitis Gloverniæ filiæ" [in 1200 from the context] because “affines erant in tertio gradu consanguinitatis”[1941]. The Annales Londonienses record the divorce in 1200 of King John and "Hawysiam filiam comitis Gloverniæ", stating that they were "in tertio gradu consanguinitatis"[1942]. King John appears to have kept her as a state prisoner after their divorce, but retained her title even after her nephew Amaury de Montfort was installed as Earl of Gloucester in 1199[1943]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the second marriage of “Isabellam” and “Galfrido de Mandevile comiti Essexiæ”, and her third marriage to “Huberto de Burgo justiciario Angliæ”[1944]. Her lands and title were confiscated on the death of her second husband. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1217 of “Isabel comitissa Gloucestriæ”[1945]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannam comitissam Gloucestriæ” died “paucos dies” after her marriage to “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Angliæ” and was buried “apud Cantuarium”[1946]. m firstly (Betrothed 1176, Marlborough 29 Aug 1189, divorced before 30 Aug 1199) as his first wife, JOHN Prince of England, son of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore Ctss d’Aquitaine (Beaumont Palace, Oxford 24 Dec 1166 or 1167-Newark Castle, Lincolnshire 18/19 Oct 1216, bur Worcester Cathedral). He succeeded his brother Richard I in 1199 as JOHN King of England. m secondly ([16/26] Jan 1214) as his second wife, GEOFFREY de Mandeville Earl of Essex, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers Earl of Essex & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-London 23 Feb 1216, bur Trinity Prior within Aldgate). He became Earl of Gloucester on his marriage, by right of his wife. He was mortally wounded at a tournament in London[1947]. m thirdly ([Sep] 1217) as his second wife, HUBERT de Burgh, son of --- & his wife Alice (-Banstead, Surrey 12 May 1243, bur Church of the Black Friars, Holborn). Chamberlain of King John [1198]-1205. He was granted the lands of Ctss Isabel 13 Aug 1217. One of the chief advisers to King Henry III in the early years of his reign. Created Earl of Kent 19 Feb 1227. No issue.

Sources

  • [1904] Annales de Waverleia, p. 243.
  • [1905] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1906] Gesta Stephani Regis II, p. 132.
  • [1907] Annales de Margan, p. 15.
  • [1908] Thorpe, J. (1769) Registrum Roffense (London) (“Registrum Roffense”), p. 345.
  • [1909] CP V 687-8.
  • [1910] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 124.
  • [1911] Annales de Margan, p. 17.
  • [1912] Ex Obituariis Lirensis Monasterii, RHGF XXIII, p. 475.
  • [1913] Annales de Waverleia, p. 243.
  • [1914] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1915] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario Lirensis monasterii, p. 475.
  • [1916] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1917] Annales de Margan, p. 15.
  • [1918] Registrum Roffense, p. 345.
  • [1919] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario Lirensis monasterii, p. 472.
  • [1920] Annales de Theokesberia, p. 55.
  • [1921] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1922] CP V 689.
  • [1923] Toulmin Smith, L. (ed.) (1910) The Itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London) ("Leland’s Itinerary"), Vol. V, Part XI, p. 174, Ex annalibus, autore incerto.
  • [1924] Registrum Roffense, p. 345.
  • [1925] Anonymi Continuatio appendicis Roberti de Monte ad Sigebertum, RHGF XVIII, p. 336.
  • [1926] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1927] Benedict of Peterborough I 1176, p. 124.
  • [1928] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 22.
  • [1929] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 124.
  • [1930] Annales de Theokesberia, p. 56.
  • [1931] Anonymi Continuatio appendicis Roberti de Monte ad Sigebertum, RHGF XVIII, p. 336.
  • [1932] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1933] Benedict of Peterborough I 1176, p. 124.
  • [1934] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 41.
  • [1935] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 124.
  • [1936] Anonymi Continuatio appendicis Roberti de Monte ad Sigebertum, RHGF XVIII, p. 336.
  • [1937] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1938] Benedict of Peterborough I 1176, p. 124.
  • [1939] Matthew Paris, Vol. II, 1189, p. 348.
  • [1940] Radulphi de Coggeshall, Chronicon Anglicanum, p. 61.
  • [1941] Matthew Paris, Vol. II, 1200, p. 462.
  • [1942] Annales Londonienses, p. 6.
  • [1943] CP V 689-90.
  • [1944] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [1945] Annales de Waverleia, p. 289.
  • [1946] Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 45.
  • [1947] CP V 691.

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#RobertBeaumontLeicesterdied1168B

HAVISE de Beaumont (-24 Apr or 25 May 1197). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records that “comes Willielmus” married “Hawisia filia comitis Leicestriæ”[1374]. The Obituary of Lyre records the death 25 May of “Hawis comitissa Gloecestræ”[1375]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “VIII Kal Mai” in 1197 of “Hawisa comitissa Glocestriæ”[1376]. The necrology of Lyre monastery records the death "25 May" of "Hawis comitissa Gloecestræ"[1377]. m ([1150]) WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester, son of ROBERT Fitzroy Earl of Gloucester & his wife Mabel [Matilda or Sibylle] FitzRobert (23 Nov [1112]-23 Nov 1183, bur Keynsham Abbey, Somerset),

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Fitz_Robert,_2nd_Earl_of_Gloucester

William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (died 1183) was the son and heir of Sir Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester, and Mabel of Gloucester, daughter of Robert Fitzhamon.

His father was an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, thus William was a nephew of the Empress Maud and a cousin of King Stephen, the principal combatants of the English Anarchy period.

Early career

In October 1141, William looked after the Baronial estates, when his father fell into the hands of partisans at Winchester. His father was exchanged for King Stephen, and during his father's absence in Normandy in 1144 he served as Governor of Wareham. In 1147, he overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary.

In 1154 he made an alliance with Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, by which they agreed to aid each other against all men except Henry II of England.

He was Lord of the manor of Glamorgan, as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff Castle. It was there that in 1158 he and his wife and son were captured by the Welsh Lord of Senghenydd, Ifor Bach ("Ivor the Little") and carried away into the woods, where they were held as prisoners until the Earl redressed Ivor's grievances.

Relationship with King Henry II

In 1173 the earl took the King's part against his sons, but thereafter he appears to have fallen under suspicion, for the following year he submitted to the King, and in 1175 surrendered to him Bristol Castle. Because his only son and heir Robert died in 1166, Earl William made John, the younger son of King Henry II, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King's promise that John should marry one of the Earl's daughters, if the Church would allow it, they being related in the third degree.

Earl William was present in March 1177 when the King arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre, and in 1178, he witnessed Henry's charter to Waltham Abbey. But during the King's struggles with his sons, when he imprisoned a number of magnates of whose loyalty he was doubtful, Earl William was among them.

Family and children

He was married to Hawise de Beaumont of Leicester, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester and Amica de Gael and had children:

  • Robert FitzRobert (1151, Cardiff, Glamorganshire – 1166 Unmd Vp, Cardiff, Glamorganshire).
  • Hadwisa/Avisa of Gloucester (circa 1152 – 1189). Married[1] Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex de Mandeville, son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Lady Maud de Mandeville of Costow.
  • Mabel FitzRobert of Gloucester (b. 1155); married 1.Amaury V de Montfort 2.Gruffudd ap Ifor Bach.
  • Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (b. 1160, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire). Married Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford.
  • Isabel of Gloucester (b. 1170, Gloucester). She was married three times:

  • Prince John
  • Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
  • Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent.

The earl died on his birthday in 1183; his wife Hawise survived him. Since their only son, Robert, predeceased his father, their daughters became coheirs to the Gloucester inheritance.

Notes

1. ^ I169527: Geoffrey Fitzpiers DE MANDEVILLE (Abt 1160 - 2 Oct 1213)

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William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester's Timeline

1112
November 23, 1112
Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
1150
September 4, 1150
Age 37
of,,Leicestershire,England
1151
1151
Age 38
Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales
1155
1155
Age 42
Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
1160
1160
Age 47
Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
1166
1166
Age 53
Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
1170
1170
Age 57
1183
November 23, 1183
Age 71
Cardiff Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales
1183
Age 70
Priory, Keynsham, Somersetshire, England
1933
November 11, 1933
Age 71