William Robert FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster (1749 - 1804) MP

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Birthplace: Arlington Place, Piccadilly, London, England
Death: Died in Carton House, Maynooth, Kildare, Ireland
Managed by: David Usherwood
Last Updated:

About William Robert FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster

[http://www.thepeerage.com/p1206.htm#i12059]

William Robert FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster was born on 12 March 1748/49 at London, England.1 He was the son of Lt.-Gen. James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster and Lady Emilia Mary Lennox.1

He married Hon. Emilia Olivia St. George, daughter of St. George Ussher St. George, 1st and last Baron St. George and Elizabeth Dominick, on 4 November 1775.3 He died on 20 October 1804 at age 55 at Carton House.1

    William Robert FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster was educated at Eton College, Eton, Berkshire, England.1 He gained the rank of Cornet of Horse in 1765.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for Dublin City between 1767 and 1773.1 He held the office of Sheriff of County Kildare in 1772.1 He held the office of Governor of County Kildare in 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 7th Baron Offaly [I., 1599] on 19 November 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Marquess of Kildare [I., 1761] on 19 November 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Duke of Leinster [I., 1766] on 19 November 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Offaly [I., 1761] on 19 November 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 21st Earl of Kildare [I., 1316] on 19 November 1773.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Leinster of Taplow, co. Buckingham [G.B., 1747] on 19 November 1773.1 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Ireland] in 1777.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of St. Patrick (K.P.) in 1783.3,1 He held the office of Master of the Rolls [Ireland] between 1788 and 1789.1 He was Clerk of the Crown and Hanaper [Ireland] between 1795 and 1797.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.4

Children of William Robert FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster and Hon. Emilia Olivia St. George

1.Lady Emily Elizabeth FitzGerald+ 1

2.Lady Isabella Charlotte FitzGerald+

3.Lady Mary FitzGerald+

4.Lord William FitzGerald+

5.Lady Elizabeth FitzGerald+ d. 28 Feb 18575

6.George FitzGerald, Marquess of Kildare b. 20 Jun 1783, d. Feb 17841

7.Lady Cecilia Olivia Geraldine FitzGerald+ b. 3 Mar 1786, d. 27 Jul 18631

8.Lady Olivia Letitia Catherine FitzGerald+ b. 9 Sep 1787, d. 28 Feb 18581

9.Augustus Frederick FitzGerald, 3rd Duke of Leinster+ b. 21 Aug 1791, d. 10 Oct 18741

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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_FitzGerald,_2nd_Duke_of_Leinster]

FitzGerald made his Grand Tour between 1768 and 1769. During the same time, he also was Member of Parliament (MP) for Kildare Borough. FitzGerald sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dublin City from 1676 until 1773, when he took on his father's title and estates. Politically he was a liberal supporter of Henry Grattan and co-founded the Irish Whig Club in 1789. He controlled usually six Kildare members of the Irish House of Commons. In 1770 FitzGerald was chosen Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which post he held for two years.[1] He was reelected for another year in 1777.[1] FitzGerald was a supporter of the Catholic Emancipation and helped to found the Catholic seminary at Maynooth in 1795. Withdrawing from parliament with Grattan in 1797, he moved to England to be with his sick wife and remained there during the 1798 rebellion.

[edit] Family

He was the second, but eldest surviving, son of James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster and the well-connected Lady Emily Mary Lennox. On 4 November 1775 he married Hon. Emilia Olivia St. George, daughter of St George Saint-George, 1st Baron St George and Elizabeth Dominick.[2] He was also the elder brother of the 1790s revolutionary Lord Edward FitzGerald, and was a first cousin of the English liberal politician Charles James Fox.

His homes were at Carton in County Kildare and Leinster House in Dublin. He was a founder member of the Order of St Patrick in 1783 and of the Royal Irish Academy (1785), and was a large investor in the Royal Canal company launched in 1790. His family's estates of 60,000 acres (25,000 Ha) in Kildare were in three parts, around Maynooth, Rathangan and Athy. He rebuilt the main bridge in Athy over the River Barrow.

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[Source: http://www.cracoftspeerage.co.uk]

born13 Mar 1748/9

mar.

7 Nov 1775 Hon Emilia Olivia Usher-St George (d. 23 Jun 1798), only dau. and hrss. of St George [Usher-St George], 1st Baron St George, by his wife Elizabeth Dominick, dau. and hrss. of Christopher Dominick, of Dublin

children:

1. Lord George FitzGerald, styled Marquess of Kildare (b. 20 Jun 1783; dvp. Feb 1784)

2. Lord Augustus Frederick FitzGerald, later 3rd Duke of Leinster

3. Lord William Butler, mar., and had issue

1. Lady Mary Rebecca FitzGerald (b. 6 May 1777; d. 28 Feb 1842), mar. 15 Apr 1799 as his second wife Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross, 7th Bt., of Balnagowan and Bonnington, co. Ross, and had issue

2. Lady Emily Elizabeth FitzGerald, mar. 1801 John Joseph Henry

3. Lady Cecilia Olivia Geraldine FitzGerald (b. 3 Mar 1786; d. 27 Jul 1863), mar. 18 Aug 1806 Thomas [Foley], 3rd Baron Foley, and had issue

4. Lady Olivia Letitia Catherine FitzGerald (b. 9 Sep 1787; d. 29 Feb 1858), mar. 8 May 1806 Charles [Kinnaird], 8th Lord Kinnaird, and had issue

5. Lady Isabelle FitzGerald, mar. 1 Jun 1809 Louis Guy Charles Gullaume de Rohan-Chabot, Comte de Jarnac (b. 1780; d. 1875)

6. Lady Elizabeth Mary FitzGerald (d. 28 Feb 1857), mar. 22 Jul 1805 Lt Col Sir Edward Littlehales later Baker, 1st Bt., of Ranston, co. Dorset (d. 4 Mar 1825), and had issue

died 20 Oct 1804

note

Member of Parliament for the City of Dublin 1767-73; Grand Master of Freemasons [I] 1770-72 and 1777-78; Sheriff of co. Kildare 1772; a Governor of co. Kildare 1773; Privy Councillor [I] 1777; Founder Knight of St Patrick 1783; Master of the Rolls [I] 1788-89 and Clerk of the Crown and Hanaper [I] 1795-97

view all 18

William FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster's Timeline

1734
1734
1749
March 12, 1749
Arlington Place, Piccadilly, London, England
March 21, 1749
St. George Hanover Square, Westminster, Middlesex, England
1775
November 7, 1775
Age 26
1777
May 6, 1777
Age 28
1778
May 13, 1778
Age 29
1781
February 22, 1781
Age 31
1783
June 20, 1783
Age 34
Carton House, Kildare,, Ireland
1786
March 3, 1786
Age 36
1787
September 9, 1787
Age 38