William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace

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William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace

Also Known As: "William Gascogne "the younger"", "William de Gascoigne", "Justice of the Peace for the West Riding Yorkshire"
Birthplace: Gawthorp, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Gawthorpe Hall, Harewood, Yorkshire, England
Place of Burial: Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of William Gascoigne, XIII, IVth Lord of Gawthorpe; William Gascoigne, lVth Lord of Gawthorpe, Xlll and Joan Gascoigne
Husband of Margaret Gascoigne
Father of Sir William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe; Lady Elizabeth Tailboys (Gascoigne); Margaret Ogle then Scargill, (Gascoigne); Anne Fairfax; Dorothy Markenfield and 3 others
Brother of Margaret Warde (Gascoigne); Agnes Plumpton; Humphrey Gascoigne; John Gascoigne and Isabel Pigot (Gascoigne)

Occupation: Knight of Gawthorpe, Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, Yorkshire, Sir, XIV
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace

  • Sir William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, Yorkshire1,2
  • M, b. circa 1452, d. 12 March 1487
  • Father Sir William Gascoigne2 b. c 1426, d. bt 15 Jul 1461 - 13 Jan 1464
  • Mother Jane Neville2 b. c 1434
  • Sir William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, Yorkshire was born circa 1452 at of Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England.2 He married Margaret Percy, daughter of Sir Henry Percy, 6th Earl Northumberland, 6th Lord Percy and Eleanor Poynings, before 1469; They had 6 sons (William, Henry, Thomas, Henry, John, & Thomas) and 7 daughters (Margaret, Eleanor, Maud, Joan, Elizabeth, Agnes/Anne, & Dorothy).2 Sir William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, Yorkshire died on 12 March 1487.2
  • Family Margaret Percy b. c 1453
  • Children
    • Margaret Gascoigne+3 d. a 6 Jul 1515
    • Elizabeth Gascoigne+3,4 d. 1559
    • Dorothy Gascoigne+3,5 b. c 1470, d. b 18 May 1526
    • Agnes Gascoigne+6,3 b. c 1474, d. 1504
    • Sir William Gascoigne+ b. 1478, d. 1545
  • Citations
  • 1.[S3605] Unknown author, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, by F. L. Weis, 4th Ed., p. 55.
  • 2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 349.
  • 3.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 349-350.
  • 4.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 701-702.
  • 5.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 498.
  • 6.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 302.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p428.htm#i12855


  • The Lady Margaret Gascoigne (née Percy) (born c. 1447) was an English noblewoman, the daughter of Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings.
  • She married Sir William Gascoigne, "the Younger", son of Sir William Gascoigne and wife. Their daughter Agnes (or Anne) Gascoigne married Sir Thomas Fairfax (died 1520–1521), who was an ancestor of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.[1][2] Lady Margaret Percy was a descendant of Edward III.[3]
  • She married Sir William Gascoigne V (c. 1450 – 1486),[4] son of Sir William Gascoigne IV (c. 1427 – c. 1463)[5] [great-grandson of Sir William Gascoigne I (c. 1350 – 1419), Chief Justice of England] and Joan Neville (c. 1436–1464) (great-granddaughter of Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem and Joan Beaufort). The couple had the following children:[6][7]
    • Sir William Gascoigne VI: married firstly Alice Frognall and secondly Margaret Nevill (daughter of Richard Nevill, 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape). Had issue by both marriages. Second son by first marriage, Sir Henry Gascoigne, was ancestor of the Wyvill Baronets (from the 3rd onwards).[8][9] Male line by primogeniture ended with his grandson William Gascoigne VIII, whose only daughter and heiress (other children died young) Margaret (1530–1592/93) married Sir Thomas Wentworth (1520–1586/87), High Sheriff of York (who thereby got possession of the Gascoigne family seat at Gawthorpe, York[10]), and became the paternal grandmother of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford.[11]
    • Margaret or Margery (c. 1473 – 1515):[12] married Ralph Ogle, 3rd Baron Ogle, and had issue.[13]
    • Elizabeth (1470–1559):[14] married before April 1493 as his second wife Sir George Tailboys (c. 1467 – 1538), de jure 9th Baron Kyme and Sheriff of Lincolnshire, grandson of Sir William Tailboys, de jure 7th Baron Kyme. This couple were ancestors of Mildred Warner[15] (paternal grandmother of George Washington, 1st president of the USA) and her sister Mary Warner[16] (ancestress of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, mother of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom) (see here for descent chart).
    • Anne or Agnes (c. 1474 – 1504): married firstly Sir Thomas Fairfax (c. 1475 – 1520). She had twin sons: the elder, Nicholas, was ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales and the younger, William, was an ancestor of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (see here for descent chart). Married secondly Ralph Nevill, of Thornton Bridge.
    • Dorothy (c. 1475 – 1527):[17] married Sir Ninian Markenfield (died 1527).[18] Ancestors of William Howard Taft,[19] 27th president of the USA Sir Ninian's other wife was Eleanor Clifford, daughter of Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford.[20] (Of interest: Sir Ninian's sister Anne was ancestress of George Gascoigne, poet, and Zachary Taylor,[21] 12th president of the USA)
  • From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Percy


  • Margaret PERCY
  • Born: ABT 1447, Yorkshire, England
  • Father: Henry PERCY (3º E. Northumberland)
  • Mother: Eleanor POYNINGS (B. Poynings)
  • Married: William GASCOIGNE (Sir Knight) Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England
  • Children:
    • 1. William GASCOIGNE
    • 2. John GASCOIGNE
    • 3. Thomas GASCOIGNE
    • 4. Elizabeth GASCOIGNE
    • 5. Margaret GASCOIGNE (B. Ogle)
    • 6. Agnes GASCOIGNE
    • 7. Dorothy GASCOIGNE
    • 8. Eleanor GASCOIGNE
    • 9. Anne GASCOIGNE
    • 10. Joan GASCOIGNE
    • 11. Maud GASCOIGNE
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PERCY.htm#Margaret PERCY1


  • Plantagenet ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families By Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham
  • http://books.google.com/books?id=p_yzpuWi4sgC&pg=PA498&lpg=PA498&dq=Ninian+Markenfield&source=bl&ots=RRsL4L04e6&sig=HOA0KQVzJa5GUM_ntbGr1Yf5KUI&hl=en&ei=P_W8TaHkDIL4swPBjMHiBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Ninian%20Markenfield&f=false
  • Pg. 349
  • 13. JOAN NEVILLE, daughter and heiress. She married (1st) about 1459-60 WILLIAM GASCOIGNE, Knt., of Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, and, in right of his wife, of Oversley, Warwickshire, Tyrley, Staffordshire, Womersley, Yorkshire, and Whatton, Nottinghamshire, son and heir of William Gascoigne, Knt., of Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, by Margaret, daughter of Thomas Clarell, Knt., of Aldwark, Yorkshire, They had three sons, William, Knt., John, and Humphrey, and four daughters, Margaret, Agnes (wife of Robert Plumpton, Knt.), Elizabeth and Joan. SIR WILLIAM GASCOIGNE died about 1463. His widow, Joan, married (2nd) by license dated 13 jan. 1463/4 JAMES HARRINGTON, Knt., of Hornby, Yorkshire. They had three sons, John, Thomas and William.
  • Children of Joan Neville, by William Gascoigne, Knt.:
    • i. WILLIAM GASCOIGNE, Knt. [see next].
    • ii. MARGARET GASCOIGNE, married Christopher Warde, Knt., of Givendale, Yorkshire. [see TUNSTALL 12].
    • 14. WILLIAM GASCOIGNE, Knt., of Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, Tyrley, Staffordshire, etc., Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, Yorshire, Knight of the Body for King Richard III, son and heir, born about 1450. He married before 1469 MARGARET PERCY, daughter of Henry Percy, Knt., 3rd Earl of Northumberland, 6th Lord Percy (descendant of King Edward III), by Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Richard Poynings, Knt. (descendant of King Edward I) [see PERCY 12 for her ancestry]. They had six sons, William, Knt., Henry, Thomas, Henry (again), John, and Thomas (again) and seven daughters, Margaret (wife of Ralph, Lord Ogle), Eleanor, Maud, Joan, Elizabeth, Anne (or Agnes), and Dorothy. In 1480 he obtained a license to crenellate his house at Gawthorpe and impark over 2,000 acres of his demesne. He was knighted by Richard, Duke of Gloucester (afterwards King Richard III), on campaign near Berwick in 1481. He was present at the Batte of Bosworth in 1485. SIR WILLIAM GASCOIGNE died 12 Mar 1487.
    • Children of William Gascoigne, Knt., by Margaret Percy:
      • Pg. 350
      • i. ANNE (or AGNES) GASCOIGNE, married THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knt., of Walton, Yorkshire [ see FAIRFAX 15].
      • ii. ELIZABETH GASCOIGNE, married GEORGE TAILBOYS, Knt., de jure Lord Kyme, styled Earl of Angus [see TAILBOYS 14].
      • iii. DOROTHY GASCOIGNE, married NINIAN MARKENFIELD, Knt., of Markenfield, Yorkshire [see MAULEVERER 14].



  • Anne (or Agnes) Gascoigne (circa 1474, at Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England – 1504, at Walton, Yorkshire, England ), was the daughter of Sir William Gascoigne (son of another Sir William Gascoigne) and Lady Margaret Percy.[1] Through her mother, she is descended from Edward III. Anne Gascoigne and her husband, Sir Thomas Fairfax, are common ancestors of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.[2][3][4][5]
  • From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Gascoigne



Birth: Abt 1445, Gawthorpe,Yorkshire,England

Death: 4 MAR 1486/1487


Identification Number: 20262

Father: William GASCOIGNE (b. Abt 1439, Of,Gawthorpe,Yorkshire,England; d. 1463)

Mother: Joan NEVILLE (b. Abt 1443, Of,Oversley,,England)

Family 1: Margaret PERCY (b. Abt 1447, Yorkshire,England)

Marriage: Of,Gawthorpe,Yorkshire,England

Children of William GASCOIGNE and Margaret PERCY

William M 1467 Of,Fryston,York,England 20 OCT 1551

John M Abt 1468 Of,Fryston,York,England

Thomas M Abt 1470 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Elizabeth F Abt 1471 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England Abt 1553

Margaret F Abt 1473 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England Aft 6 JUL 1515


Agnes F Abt 1474 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Dorothy F Abt 1476 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Elinor F Abt 1478 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Anne F Abt 1479 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Joan F Abt 1481 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England

Maude F Abt 1483 Of,Gawthorpe,York,England


  1. ID: I027482
  2. Name: William Gascoigne
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: ABT 1445
  5. Death: 4 MAR 1487

Father: George Gascoigne b: ABT 1399 in Of, Cardington, Bedfordshire, England

Mother: Elizabeth Rufford b: ABT 1401 in <Of, Cardington, Bedfordshire, England>

Marriage 1 Margaret 'Margery' Percy b: ABT 1447


  1. Elizabeth Gascoigne b: ABT 1471
  2. Margaret Gascoigne b: ABT 1473 in Of, Gawthorpe, York, England

Marriage 2 Elizabeth Vynter Or Wynter


view all 15

William Gascoigne, Justice of the Peace's Timeline

Gawthorp, Yorkshire, England
Age 22
Fryston, York Co., England
Age 23
Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 25
Age 26
Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England
Age 28
Age 29
Age 29
Age 31
Probably Gawthorpe, Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
Age 36
Southampton, Northamptonshire, , England