William Churchill Houston

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William Churchill Houston

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sumter , South Carolina
Death: Died in Frankford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Cause of death: Tuberculosis
Place of Burial: Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Archibald Houston and Margaret Houston
Husband of Jane Houston
Father of Mary W. Houston and Louisa Ann Van Cleve

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About William Churchill Houston

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Houston

William Churchill Houston (ca. 1746 – August 12, 1788) was an American teacher, lawyer, and statesman. He was a delegate to both the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention for New Jersey. Houston was elected in 1785 to the American Philosophical Society.


Early life and career


Houston was born in the Sumter District of central South Carolina. His parents, Archibald and Margaret Houston, were farmers who had emigrated to the then British colony from Ireland. He attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) After his graduation in 1768 he stayed on as a tutor, becoming a Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy (science) in 1771.


American Revolution


Militia


When British forces occupied Princeton in 1776 at the outset of the Revolution the college was closed and the students and professors returned home. Houston then joined with the militia of nearby Somerset County and saw action in the area. He was later elected Captain of one of their carrots. When the British withdrew from New Jersey in 1777 and the college reopened, he returned to his teaching post.


Continental Congress and legal career


He was elected to represent Somerset County in the New Jersey General Assembly in 1777. In 1778 he served on the state’s Committee of Safety. Then from 1779 to 1781 New Jersey sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress. His work in Congress was largely directed to issues of finance and supply[citation needed]. He began to study law at this time[citation needed].


He returned to the college, and was admitted to the bar in 1781. Houston also opened a law office in Trenton. During these years he was also named as clerk of the New Jersey Supreme Court. In 1783, he resigned from the college to devote himself to his legal career. He returned to the Continental Congress in 1784 and 1785.


Constitutional Convention delegate


In 1786, Houston was appointed to a commission to study the defects in the Articles of Confederation which joined the states. He went to the Annapolis Convention to discuss the problem. Instead of proposing changes to the articles, this Convention called for a full Constitutional Convention. When the United States Constitutional Convention assembled in 1787, he went to Philadelphia as a delegate. Houston only remained at the convention for a week before his failing health caused him to withdraw.


Death


He died of tuberculosis the following year in Frankford, Pennsylvania (now part of Philadelphia) and was buried at the Second Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Philadelphia. Later, the burials from the Second Presbyterian Church were moved to Mount Vernon Cemetery in Philadelphia.

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William Churchill Houston's Timeline

1746
1746
Sumter , South Carolina
1782
January 5, 1782
Age 36
1785
1785
Age 39
1787
September 17, 1787
- September 17, 1787
Age 41
Independence Hall, Philadelphia,

The Signers of the U. S. Constitution

New Hampshire
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Massachusetts
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Nathaniel Gorham

Connecticut
Roger Sherman
William Samuel Johnson

New York
Alexander Hamilton

New Jersey
William Livingston
David Brearley
William Paterson
Jonathan Dayton

Pennsylvania
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Mifflin
Robert Morris
George Clymer
Thomas FitzSimons
Jared Ingersoll
Gouverneur Morris
James Wilson

Delaware
George Read
Gunning Bedford, Jr.
John Dickinson
Richard Bassett
Jacob Broom

Maryland
James McHenry
Daniel Carroll
Dan of St. Thomas Jenifer

Virginia
John Blair
James Madison, Jr.
George Washington

North Carolina
William Blount
Richard Dobbs Spaight
Hugh Williamson

South Carolina
John Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Charles Pinckney
Pierce Butler

Georgia
William Few
Abraham Baldwin

Biographies of the Founding Fathers

Colonial Hall now contains 103 biographical sketches of America's founding fathers. At this time we have divided them up into 3 groups:
As you will see there are still many biographies that need to be added to our site, including a new category: Other Founding Fathers.

The biographies on this site are primarily from 1 of the following 2 sources:
Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence, by the Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. Published in 1829.
The United States Manual of Biography and History, by James V. Marshall. Published by James B. Smith & Co., in Philadelphia in the year 1856.
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http://www.usconstitution.net/const.pdf
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_signers_of_the_United_States_C...
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http://www.dar.org/signers-us-constitution
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The U.S. Constitution at the National Archives
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sFAVKJAOWSc

1788
August 12, 1788
Age 42
Frankford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1788
Age 42
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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