William "The Elder" Peverel, of Nottingham

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William "The Elder" Peverel (Piperellus), of Nottingham

Also Known As: "The Elder", "William de Peverel", "A Norman Knight"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Vengeons, Manche, Normandy, France
Death: Died in Nottingham Castle, Nottinghamshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Ranulph de Peverel, of Hatfield and Maude 'Athelida' de Ingelrica
Husband of Adeline Adeliza Peverel
Father of Adelise (Adeliza) de Peverel; William "the Younger" Peverel, Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Maud Peverell
Brother of Ranulph Peverel; Pagan (Pain) Peverell, Lord of Whittington; Robert Peverell; Hamon Peverel and Emma Peverell

Managed by: Bernard Raimond Assaf
Last Updated:

About William "The Elder" Peverel, of Nottingham

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Peverel

William Peverel (c. 1050-c. 1115, also William de Peverel), was a Norman knight said to have fought at the Battle of Hastings

William's mother seems to have been a Saxon named Maud, daughter of the noble Ingelric. She was married to one Ranulph Peverel, from whom William took his name. Historically, it had been claimed that he was actually the illegitimate son of William the Conqueror, but this cannot be supported by the historical record.[1]

William married Adelina of Lancaster, who bore him a daughter Adeliza, born circa 1075, and a son, also named William, born circa 1080.

Whatever his paternity, William Peverel was a favourite of the Conqueror. He was greatly honoured after the Norman Conquest, receiving over a hundred holdings in central England from the king. In 1086, the Domesday Book records William as holding substantial land (162 lordships), collectively called the Honour of Peverel, in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, including Nottingham Castle.[2][3] He also built Peveril Castle, Castleton, Derbyshire.

Maud and Ranulph's known legitimate son, also Ranulph, was almost as well favoured by the king as William was. He was granted 64 manors in Nottingham, although these were later taken from his family by Henry II for their support of Stephen against the Empress Matilda. The baronial family of the Peverels descend from Ranulph, not William.

After his first wife had died, William's son, William Peverel the Younger, married Avice de Lancaster, daughter of Roger of Poitou, Earl of Lancaster.

-------------------- Lord of Nottingham William Peverel the Elder, who was a Norman, was not the illegitimate son of William the Conqueror (a claim appearing only in a late and untrustworthy source and should be rejected). There is no direct evidence of any relationship with Ranulph Peveral, but it is highly likely that they were related and possibly quite closely.

William was given custody of Nottingham Castle when it was built, and extensive possessions, afterwards known as the honor of Peverel, in 1068.

William married Adelina of Lancaster before 1075.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p359.htm#i6790 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- William Peverell the Elder was probably the illegitimate son of William the Conqueror by a Saxon princess named Maud Ingelrica (daughter of the noble Ingelric) although this cannot be supported by historical records.[1] Maud Ingelrica was later married to Ranulph Peverell, from whom William took his surname. Beryl Platts suggested that the Peverel family in Normandy derive in fact from Flanders.[2] Maud and Ranulph's known legitimate son, Ranulph Peverel, was almost as well favoured by the king as was his uterine brother William Peverel and was granted 64 manors in Nottingham, although these were forfeited by his family to King Henry II for their support of King Stephen against the Empress Matilda. The baronial family of Peverel descends from Ranulph Peverel , not from William Peverel.

William Peverel was a favourite of William the Conqueror. He was greatly honoured after the Norman Conquest, and received as his reward over a hundred manors in central England from the king. In 1086, the Domesday Book records William as holding the substantial number of 162 manors, forming collectively the Honour of Peverel, in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, including Nottingham Castle.[6] He also built Peveril Castle, Castleton, Derbyshire. William Peverel is amongst the people explicitly recorded in the Domesday Book as having built castles --------------------

William Peverel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Peverel):

William Peverell (c. 1040-c. 1115, later Latinised to William de Peverel), was a Norman knight, and is shown in 'The Battle Abbey Roll' to have fought at the Battle of Hastings.

Biography

William Peverell the Elder was probably the illegitimate son of William the Conqueror and a Saxon princess named Maud Ingelrica (daughter of the noble Ingelric) although this cannot be supported by the historical record.[1] Maud Ingelrica was later married to Ranulph Peverell, from whom William took his surname. William married Adelina of Lancaster, who bore him a daughter Adeliza, born circa 1075, and a son, also named William, born circa 1080.

Etymology

"Peverel" which comes from the Latin name "Piperellus" derived from the diminutive Latin "piper" which means "pepper". Starting from the Latin root "pǐpĕr" is the word "peivre" in Old Normand, also means "pepper", but there is also the form slang that means "angry, irascible, aggressive, atrabilarious, angry, fulminant, furious, fractious, anxious, irritable, stormy, touchy", which gave, the surnames following "Peiverel, Pevrel, Peivrel" (in French, this may give "Poivret and Poivrot"). [For more ample information, see Placenames]

J.R. Planché uses a different argument. To quote[2], "The name of Peverel ... was not derived from a fief or a locality ... the name was Peverell or Piperell, and in Domesday we find it continually spelt "Piperellus-Terra Ranulphi Pipperelli." This, however, does not illustrate its derivation, and the detestable practice of latinising proper names only tends to confuse and mislead us, as they become in turn translated or corrupted till the original is either lost or rendered hopelessly inexplicable. It may be that like "Mesquin" lesser or junior, translated into Mischinus, and distorted into De Micenis, Peverel is the Norman form of Peuerellus, as we find it written in the Anglo-Norman Pipe and Plea Rolls. The u being pronounced v in Normandy, and Peuerellus being simply a misspelling of the Latin Puerulus, a boy or child, naturally applied to the son to distinguish him from his father. William Peverel was therefore, literally, boy or child William. We see in the instance of the descendants of Richard d'Avranches how "Mesquin," used to distinguish a younger son, became the name of a family, and so it may have been with Peverel, which, originally applied to William, was afterwards borne by so many of his relations in England."

Lands in England

Whatever his paternity, William Peverel was a favourite of the Conqueror. He was greatly honoured after the Norman Conquest, receiving over a hundred holdings in central England from the king. In 1086, the Domesday Book records William as holding substantial land (162 lordships), collectively called the Honour of Peverel, in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, including Nottingham Castle.[3] He also built Peveril Castle, Castleton, Derbyshire. Peverel is one of people explicitly recorded in the Domesday Book as having built castles.[4]

Family

Maud and Ranulph's known legitimate son, also Ranulph, was almost as well favoured by the king as William was. He was granted 64 manors in Nottingham, although these were later taken from his family by Henry II for their support of Stephen against the Empress Matilda. The baronial family of the Peverels descend from Ranulph, not William. After his first wife had died, William's son, William Peverel the Younger, married Avice de Lancaster, daughter of Roger of Poitou, Earl of Lancaster. Beryl Platts has suggested that the Peverels in Normandy derive in fact from Flanders.[5]

Placenames

The Peverell name was later spelled "Peverel", and it appears in both forms in town names across England, e.g., Peverell, Sampford Peverell, Hatfield Peverel, etc. The name is also known in the Isle of Man as "Peveril", e.g. Peveril Avenue / Road / Terrace, Peel, and Peveril Hotel / Buildings / Road / Square / Street / Street Lane / Terrace, Douglas. This association derives from Sir Walter Scott's novel "Peveril of the Peak" (1822) in which the character Fenella (Manx Gaelic female name meaning 'white shoulder, Irish "fionnghuala") features, as part of the story centres around Peel Castle, Peel, Isle of Man. The names "Peveril" and "Fenella" have also been used on freight and passenger steamers of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. Ltd. (George Broderick, Mannheim).

References

^ See, e.g., The Complete Peerage, Vol IV, App. I, pp 761–770, "Peverel Family" ^ http://patp.us/genealogy/conq/peverel.aspx ^ A description of holdings in Derbyshire, from the Domesday Book (http://www.infokey.com/Domesday/Derbyshire.htm). A local history of Duston, Northampton (http://www.duston.org.uk/peverel.htm). ^ Harfield 1991, p. 391 ^ A history of Langar Hall (http://www.baronage.co.uk/langar/langar-1.html) Bibliography Harfield, C. G. (1991), "A Hand-list of Castles Recorded in the Domesday Book", English Historical Review 106: 371–392

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William "The Elder" Peverel, of Nottingham's Timeline

1040
1040
Vengeons, Manche, Normandy, France
1071
1071
Age 31
1075
1075
Age 35
Nottinghamshire, England
1080
1080
Age 40
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
1083
1083
Age 43
England, UK
1113
April 17, 1113
Age 73
Nottingham Castle, Nottinghamshire, England
1991
February 14, 1991
Age 73
February 14, 1991
Age 73
February 16, 1991
Age 73
February 16, 1991
Age 73