William Longmire, Sr. (1704 - 1748)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: London England Middlesex
Death: Died in King George, VA, USA
Managed by: DLD
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About William Longmire, Sr.

This is the Original Longmire that stole the Hat.

Reference English Convicts in Colonial America Vol. 2, P. 93 by Peter Coldham Jr.

The catalyst that brought Longmire to the New World.

Old Bailey Proceedings, 13th October 1725.

Reference Number: 17251013

Reference Number: f17251013-1

See original

THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, AND Oyer and Terminer, and Jail-Delivery of Newgate, held for the CITY of London, and COUNTY of Middlesex, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Baily;

On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, being the 13th, 14th, and 15th, Days of October, in the Twelfth Year of his MAJESTY's Reign.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir GEORGE MERTTINS , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Rt. Hon. the Lord Chief Justice Raymond, Mr. Baron Price, John Raby Serjeant at Law, and several of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the City of London and County of Middlesex.

The JURORS were as followeth:

The London Jury.

Samuel Row, Samuel Allen, Gilbert Whitaker, Nathanael Bently, Edward Sanderson, George Clark, Caleb Flower, Henry Glover, James Wall, John Lucas, Roger Renshaw, Timothy Branwell.

The Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Ingram, William Tame, Thomas Richmond, Charles Lacy, William Gilmore, William Frith, John Durson, John Clark, John Martin, Benjamin Timbrell, Charles Ben, Thomas Sams.

Reference Number: t17251013-19

William Longmire , was indicted for Assaulting Thomas Warren on the Kings Highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a Hat val. 5 s. Sept. 1 .

Thomas Warren thus deposed: Crossing Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, between Nine and Ten at Night, the Prisoner came by me, turn'd about, and look'd me full in the Face. I pass'd him, and he follow'd me. I went into the White Dragon Alehouse in Holborn, and he soon came in after me. I did not tarry long before I came out again. I saw no more of the Prisoner till I came to the Corner of Leather-Lane , and there he suddenly stept to me, knock'd me down, snatch'd off my Hat, and ran down the Lane. He endeavour'd to take my Wig too, but I made shift to hold it fast; and crying out, stop Thief, he was quickly taken and brought to me again.

Benjamin Mills thus deposed: I heard somebody cry, stop Thief, whereupon I and another pursued the Prisoner, who fell down; and so we took him and brought him back to Mr. Warren, who was coming to meet us as well as he could, for he was a little disguis'd in Drink; and by the way we found Mr. Warren's Hat.

James Noblet swore to the same Effect, and the Jury found the Prisoner Guilty. Death.

Reference Number: s17251013-1

The Tryals being over, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows, viz.

Received Sentence of Death, Seven.

William Longmire, James Carter, John Steele, James Little, Foster Snow, Lydia Pancrage, and John Whalebone.

-------------------- Some of the “desperately poor” thought that a way out of their dire situation was to commit a minor crime, be arrested, convicted and deported to the “Colonies” in America - a common practice at the time. That might have been the choice made one evening in 1725, by William. Just as a Mr. Thomas Warren was leaving his pub, William pushed him to the ground, grabbed his hat (value: 5 shillings) and ran. Mr. Warren yelled “Stop, thief!” and poor William was quickly apprehended. Later, at his trial, he was convicted and sentenced to DEATH!

Apparently, he successfully pleaded for deportation instead of the gallows, and in November 1725, with 78 other prisoners was loaded onto the vessel, “Rapahannock Merchant” which sailed for the American Colonies. The ship landed at what is now Port Royal, Virginia in April 1726 (a four month voyage).

Conditions aboard such ships were horrible - 38 of the prisoners died on that voyage. But, William was lucky and survived - only to be sold to a Virginia planter as an “indentured servant” for the next 14 years.

That certainly was a tough start in the “New World”, but after gaining his freedom, William did O.K. He was educated enough - could read, write and “figure” - to find a type of clerical employment. He testified at some trials, witnessed wills and other legal documents and even did some estate appraisals. It appears that his wife, Sussanna, also earned some money by sewing clothes - probably for the slaves on nearby plantations.

William and Sussanna had three sons, George, William and Charles.

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William Longmire, Sr.'s Timeline

1704
February 4, 1704
London England Middlesex
1742
1742
Age 37
King George, VA, USA
1742
Age 37
1744
1744
Age 39
King George, VA, USA
1745
1745
Age 40
King George, VA, USA
1748
1748
Age 43
King George, VA, USA