William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

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William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

Also Known As: "William le Mareschal", "the Protector", "William the Marshal", "Guillaume le Maréchal", "Greatest Knight who ever lived"
Birthplace: Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Death: Died in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Round Chapel of Knights Temple, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John FitzGilbert and Sybilla of Salisbury
Husband of Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke
Father of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; Maud Marshal, Countess of Norfolk & Surrey; Lord Sir Gilbert le Marshall (Knight Templar), 4th Earl of Pembroke; Isabel Marshal, Countess of Cornwall and 6 others
Brother of John Fitzgilbert, II, Marshall; Maud FitzJohn Marshall; Anselm FitzJohn Marshall; Henry FitzGilbert Marshall, Exeter and Richard FitzGilbert Mareschall
Half brother of Gilbert le Marshall fitzJohn and Walter le Marshall fitzJohn

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About William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

"Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman.

He was described as the "greatest knight that ever lived" by Stephen Langton.[citation needed] He served four kings — Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, John, and Henry III - and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for the last of the four, and so one of the most powerful men in Europe. Before him, the hereditary title of "Marshal" designated head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe (not just England) referred to him simply as "the Marshal". He received the title of "1st Earl of Pembroke" through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. He is perhaps the most studied and therefore most famous of the Pembroke Earls in modern popular culture"


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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 358.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 682. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 364.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 22.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 127.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 53. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

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