William North, General, Senator
|Birthplace:||Fort Frederick, Pemaquid, Bristol, Lincoln County, Maine, United States|
|Death:||Died in New York, New York County, New York, United States|
|Occupation:||Army officer; Senator|
|Managed by:||James Duane Pell Bishop III|
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About William North, U.S. Senator
William North (1755 – January 3, 1836) was an American soldier and politician.
He was the son of John North, who commanded Fort Frederick in 1751, and Fort St. George in Thomaston, Maine, in 1758. He moved with his mother, Elizabeth North, to Boston, Massachusetts.
He entered the Continental Army in 1775, and served under Benedict Arnold in the unfortunate expedition to Canada in that year. He was appointed in May 1777 as captain in Henry Jackson's 16th Massachusetts Regiment, with which he participated in the Battle of Monmouth. In 1779 he became aide-de-camp to Baron Steuben, whom he greatly aided in introducing his system of discipline in the Continental Army. Later he accompanied Steuben to Virginia, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis.
According to historian William Benemann, it is likely that North was romantically involved with Steuben and another male companion, Captain Benjamin Walker. However, based on the limited historical record, Benemann said his research is not entirely conclusive, writing that "it is impossible to prove the nature of the relationships."
He was appointed by Act of Congress a Major in the 2d United States Regiment on October 20, 1786. After the war he settled in Duanesburg, New York, where he married Mary Duane, daughter of James Duane, on October 14, 1787, and had six children. The General William North House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.
He was a member of the New York State Assembly from Albany County in 1792, 1794 and 1795, from Albany and Schenectady Counties in 1796, and from Schenectady County in 1810. He was Speaker in 1795, 1796 and 1810.
North was appointed as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Sloss Hobart and served from May 5, 1798, to August 17, 1798, when James Watson was elected and qualified to succeed.
He was appointed adjutant general of the United States Army with the rank of brigadier general on July 19, 1798, but was mustered out on 10 June 1800, as tensions with France diminished. In March 1812, he was again appointed adjutant-general of the Army, but declined.
He was a member of the first Erie Canal Commission, from 1810 to 1816.
The bulk of Baron Steuben's property was bequeathed to General North, who divided it among his military companions. General North was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He died in New York City, and was buried in the crypt under the Christ Episcopal Church in Duanesburg.
Dates of birth and death and titles from "The Norths of Ireland", http://www.bomford.net/IrishBomfords/Chapters/Chapter16/norths_of_ireland.htm, which also gives his wife and descendants.