About William Ogden
A LIFE HISTORY OF WILLIAM AND MARY VICKERS OGDEN
By Their Son
Joseph Ogden 1938
My father, William Ogden was born 26 Oct., 1820 at Lancashire, England. My mother Mary Vickers Ogden was born 6 Oct. 1819 at Lancashire, England. My father was the son of Thomas and Olive Lomax Ogden. My mother was a twin daughter of William and Mary Greenhalgh Vickers.
Father while a young man, became an apprentice where they colored' all kinds of cloth; Afterwards, he became an expert weaver for James Ashworth. Father, when a young man, courted my mother who was a twin sister of Alice. When father and his boy friend came to see the girls, neither could tell which was his girl until she spoke as the sisters were so much alike. To have some fun with the boys they would just sit without speaking for a while. When they did speak, each boy knew which one he was courting.
To this wonderful couple (Mary & William) was born seven children: five boys and two girls. All grew to man and womanhood. They were James, Mary Ann, Thomas, Jane, William, John, and Joseph. Mother and all her children were born in the same house. This house was built in 1482 and still stands (1990). In this house, Samuel Crompton invented the First Spinner Ginnery or Spinning Mule, a device which greatly improved the art of spinning. Samuel as a boy was a spinner but became dissatisfied with the spinning Jenny and spent several years developing his machine. Samuel is a cousin of the Ogden family (his wife is a Wilson). This old home is one of the noted places in England, being in the cotton district. Hall-ith Wood was the name of the house. Father was very active in many Branches. What ever he put his mind to he become, a builder, a painter, Carpenter, and weaver. During his spare time after his day's work was done, he made shoe-blacking. Other things which were used for cleaning the floors were also made and sold. The floor was made of stone flags, and these were colored white and blue. He was never idle. On Saturday after noons, the boys would go out and sell these things. It all helped to keep the family and saves a little money to go to Utah. While father was doing all this work, mother was not idle. She was just as active in her labors. They worked together. No matter how hard it was mother never complained of the task. All during all this extra work father and the family still worked for Mr. Ashworth in the mill. There were 1,000 looms in one room. Father ran four of them, James three, Mary Ann three, Thomas, three and Jane two. William worked in the warehouse and John in the cotton mills. The place where they worked was called Ogden Ally. When father decided to quit and move, he gave notice of it to Mr. Ashworth who asked if he was not satisfied with the works. Father said he was going to Utah. Mr. Ashworth said, "If you are not satisfied there, come back, and there will be a place for you any time." He didn't like to see them leave.
My father was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in November 1847 and my mother the following April. They were both very active in the church. He was one of the leaders in the Bolton Branch, and for a long time, he Presided over all the branch. While in England father did a great deal of shopping with a man by the Name of H. Orrock. Father being quite anxious to let people know he was a Mormon, told Mr. Orrock about the trouble that Joseph Smith had predicted would come between the North and the South and where the first shot would be fired many years before it happened. He said that it would happen because Joseph Smith was a Servant of the Lord. He said that England would~ not be able to get cotton from the U.S. and goods would be very high. - Mr. Orrock made light of it and said that no one could tell, but father told him that it would come to pass just as sure as they lived and it did. After wards, Mr. Orrock told father that he wished he could have believed him as he did. If he had bought cotton when it was low and sold it during the war, he could have become very rich.
Four years before we left England, we moved from the old house to Banks Tops a little closer to the mill. When father decided to move to America, the president of the village came to Father to prevail upon him not to go among those Mormons. He said they were not a good class of people and that Brigham Young would take his wife and daughters away from him and marry them.
'Father answered, "If he wants them more than I do he can have them, but I am not afraid of that."
Father and the family prepared and got every thing ready for the trip. The family had their picture taken to leave with their friends and relatives before bidding them good-bye. We prepared to leave Old England on the 18 day of June 1868, for the United States. We went by train to Liverpool and stayed there two nights and one day. When everyone was on the good ship Emerald Isle there were over nine hundred saints on board. The ship raised her anchor and started across the ocean’s mighty deep stopping at Ireland to take on more people. We glided along nicely for a few days when the water became very rough and everyone became ill. The ship tossed from side to side. The slop buckets rolled across the floors and the trunks would slide. We got used to it before the journey's end. The first death on the ship was a small girl. They put her in a box and put her over in the sea where it drifted away as far as the eye could see while the mother watched it go. Thirty-eight other persons died before we got to the U.S. America.
We were eight weeks and four days on the water. The water was so bad that it caused much sickness. We had a very rough trip. Some days we went back while other days we didn't move because of lack of winds. We could see all kinds of fish swimming about the boat, big and little. Before we arrived in New York, the inspectors came and ordered fresh water and the sick were taken to Castle Garden at the end of our journey. Our family enjoyed the trip over the ocean, but it seemed good to put our feet on land again after being on the ship so long and seeing nothing but water day after day sometimes dashing over the deck of the ship. We couldn't see much of New York as everyone was getting his things ready to get on the train for another journey. The train stopped and started and we had to change from passenger to box car. They wanted Father's family to get in a cattle car but father took a firm stand against that though some of the Saints did. Some of the cars had stoves in. This trip took about a week The end of this trip was at Fort Benton on the North Platte River. Here is where we met the Ox and Mule teams from Utah. Here is where first pioneer life started. We camped out and cooked by the fire Father's family was assigned to travel by mule team. Of course, it took some time to get ready for the trip. It took about three or four weeks. Most of the English Saints went by mule teams and the Danish saints by ox teams. Both companies kept together for protection from the Indians. While crossing the
plains, Mother was sick most of the time and had to ride, but the rest of the family walked, most of the way.
One after noon the captain told some of the people to take a cut-off, but it turned out to be a longer route, so they did not get to camp until dark when they reported they had been fired upon by some Indians. All teamsters were ordered to arms and went back to meet those that had been left behind, but every thing was all right. After supper was over, people gathered around a big camp-fire and sang and danced. The Utah girls would teach the girls to dance. Everyone was supposed to go to bed at the call so that they could be up early next morning for the day's travel.
The road was very rough and in some places dry and dusty. In order to avoid trouble when crossing streams and mud holes, we had to double up teams. I can remember the Captain would come and yell at the teams, and they would pull through. When wood was scarce we would have to burn buffalo chips. We saw herds of buffalo running.
Coming in to view of Salt Lake City made us feel that our journey would soon come to an end. The mule-team's company came into Salt Lake City on September the 24,1868 with Captain Munford in Charge. The ox team's company arrived on September 25, 1868. We camped on the public square where the City and County Building now stands. We were met by a cousin of father's by the name of Levi Openshaw. Levi lived in Santiquin Utah. We went a distance of seventy-five miles with him by horse train. When we arrived in Santaquin we were met by many of Father's and Mother's old friends who had been members of the same branch in the old country. These Openshaw families are cousins on mother's side of the family. My mother's Grandmother Openshaw and John Greenhalgh were brother and sister.
Our first home in Utah was a two-roomed log house that we rented. Here is where our family started to live since we left England. William Orrock and his sister Elizabeth was put in Fathers charge by their mother so he could take care of the trip to Utah Their mother came later. James and Thomas Ogden and William Orrock went to the railroad in Echo Canyon and later hauled lumber from wood Canyon for the Salt Lake Temple all winter. After we arrived, the first job was digging potatoes. Father dug them with a spade while I scraped mud off them. We got part of them for winter's potatoes. Jane worked for Cousin Nelson, Part of the time shucking corn for which she received every sixth bushel which was ground into meal for food. All kept working until we got our winter's supply of potatoes, syrup, and corn-meal. We had no wheat flour for it cost ten dollars a sack. People used very few matches for they were twenty-five cents a box. Many banked their fires with some ashes, or would go to the neighbors with a fire scoop for live coals or borrowed a fire brand from a neighbor to start their own new fire. You could see people going here and there with fire.
Not long after we arrived all the family had to be baptized again. That was required by the church. The water was so cold in October and November, and we had to run about a block to change clothes. Our first Christmas dinner was with Grandpa Openshaw. It was a big family dinner. The snow was over one foot deep and it stayed all winter. The younger boys went to the day school until spring. Father bought a yoke of oxen and traded for a wagon. He rented some land which the boys agreed to farm while father herded the cows all summer. Father and I herded the cows most of the time except on Sundays when some of the other boys herded them and I stayed home. We herded the cows on foot all of the time except once when a friend loaned me a horse. We had a very good dog named Ring which was about as good as a man. We lived out in the open all summer but gathered material with which to build a house with in the fall. After we threshed, we made a hole in the straw for a bed-room until the bottom of the house was finished. Then we moved into the basement until the other part was finished. Father did all the work, and when it was finished it was a very nice house.
Many times when we were herding cows, the grasshoppers were so thick we couldn't see the sun but only a light. At night, they would settle and devour every thing before them. I remember one Sunday after Sunday School, the hoppers settled in our garden. Father got all the family out with clothes to drive them into the water ditches. The hoppers came so fast that the children had to get out many days and catch the hoppers in sacks. You could see a nice grain field all headed out, and in the morning, almost every head was nipped of by the hoppers. In about 1870, Father and Mother went to Salt Lake City and got their endowments in the endowment house. The temple was not finished, but in about 1879, all the family went down to the Saint George Temple as it was finished and all the children become sealed to Father and Mother. My sister Jane, Got married to Henry Dall, and they moved to Arizona. We all went down by team 185 miles. Father did a great deal of temple work while there. My brother James married a girl from England named Alice Wray. She only lived about one year. She had a baby, and they both died. A number of years later, he married another emigrant girl by the name of Betsey Marsh.
My sister, Mary Ann, married William C. B. Orrock. The first time he met her was Sunday when she was out for a stroll. She was out getting a bucket of water. There was a spring across the road from the old home in England. Of course, he saw her Sunday when he went to church. We all took part in church affairs. Father bought some land and was doing all right although there was little chance for the family to make homes. In the winter of 1871, Father heard about Sevier County being opened up after the Indian troubles, so he, the four boys and W. C. B. Or rock went to Sevier County over to Central and bought a farm and several blocks of lots. There arose some trouble about a new canal, so Father told them that if they were going to have trouble, he would move. Then they came to Richfield. I think it was a good trade. They bought some land and some city lots and commenced a home. By fall, the home was finished, so they came after Mother and me. They sold the home and moved to Richfield in the middle of December. My Father, Will Orrock, and my two brothers, Thomas and John, came with two teams. The Keeler family came with us. We came as for as Nephi that night and then turned the horses out. One team started back so we had to hunt for it all the next day. We finally found it and every thing went all right until we got just south of Salina when a tire ran off one of the wagon wheels. Father and the rest went on to Richfield leaving John and I to watch the broken wagon. After they had been gone-a little while, we become frightened thinking of Indians so we took our things in packs on our backs and started to walk. Soon we met a Yolk of Steers with a long rope tied to them. We turned them around and started them back. We had not gone very far when we met our brothers, William and Thomas coming back from Richfield after the broken wagon. We were soon in our new home.
All the stock we had was two cows, one horse, and four sheep. All of our family was here. Father and the boys had a contract building the mill ditch through the point to carry water to the Grist Mill. The winter was very mild so they could work all winter getting the land cleared and ready for spring when they put in large crops. There being quite a crowd, Mother had her share of the work taking care of the family. As we were just starting out, there were so many things to fix. Father helped her a good deal. He could do the house work and cook as well as most women. He made all kinds of little cakes all his life for Christmas. When all were married and the Grand Children came, all would come at Christmas bringing their stockings down to mother. They would be hung and filled with candy, nuts, and cakes. This was the practice as long as my Parents lived." (My Mother told me every Christmas as a child and as long as I was at home how much fun it was to go to Grandpas and Grandmas Christmas morning. - R. C. Wilson.)" They enjoyed having the children and grandchildren come on Christmas. Over the fire-place was a string filled with stockings all full of candy, nuts, cakes, apples and what ever they could find. Father and Mother always wanted My Brother James to let the New Year in as that was the custom in the old country where lived. If the children couldn't let the New Year in they would ask one of their friends to let in the New Year. They would treat them to bring good cheer and Happiness into the home. Their son, Thomas, married Ann Marsh, a girl from England. The two brothers lived. in dug outs until their homes were built.
Father become president of the Elders Quorum and Joseph Ogden the secretary. Father was made a High Priest, and was elected to the City Council. Father's Responsibility was the city water supply. He acted without pay. He was president of the Co-op store for some time until the United order. All the family joined and turned their property in. They all worked in different branches. Father supervised the building of many homes in Richfield working also in the mill ditch moving moss and raking it out. James and Thomas worked on the farm in different companies. There would be five or six in a company and several teams. In that way, much choice land could be taken care of.
My brother William, hauled lumber from the saw mill off the mountains. Father and I made a great many thousands of adobes. One thousand would be a day's work. Father would mold them while I mixed the mud. This continued for a number of years until the United Order broke up. My brother John and I worked the last year on the farm. Our family had the most credit coming to them. They had more than any other family when they settled up. We got some land and some grain and some clothes and what ever they could get. Others drew every penny they could get, but we didn't. I got a horse which was the first one I had ever owned.
After the Order discontinued, Father and the boys put up a Salt Factory on father's lot. We hauled our rock salt from Salina. Then it was boiled in a big tank about ten feet long and three feet wide. The salt, would settle down to the bottom where we could lift it out with a shovel when it had crystallized and dried. At one end of the tank there, was a large flag stone, and the salt was put on this to dry. It was then sacked and sold. This was done for a number of years. My Father and I later leased a salt spring in the hills north of Glenwood. We would leave Richfield in the morning with an ox team and mules: In the afternoon we would get a jag of wood, boil salt all night and come home the next day. This was kept up for some time. We also got other work.
My brother William, married Emma Frazer, John married Martha Outzen, in 1883; Joseph married Hannah M. Christensen at the Saint George Temple. March 25, 1885. Father was named a High Priest and became a member of the High Council for a number of years.
At the death of A. K. Thurber, My Father was one of the Paul bearers. Father died April the 25th, 1888. Mother died May 28, 1893. They both were Faithful, prayerful, honest citizens and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints doing good in all their undertakings.
In a beautiful part of England covered with green, rolling hills, near the city of Bolton, at Tong, Lancashire, William Ogden was born the twenty-eighth of October 1820. William was the sixth child of Thomas and Olive Lomax Ogden. He had six sisters and one brother; Nancy, Alice, Elden, Betty, Jane and James. As the family grew up and married they remained in England, the land of their birth. William was the first to leave the old home and come to America. Later his brother James, possessed with a desire to see other countries, roamed to different parts of Europe. It is thought that he finally made his home in Sweden.
At the same place in England where William was born, there was a picturesque, little spot located on a bluff covered with heavy oak timber. In the center of a clearing stood a large mansion with many gables, erected by some wealthy landowner in the year 1482. At a later date it was remodeled and enlarged; more wings were added to the building. One portion was constructed of dressed stone, while the other part was built of oak timbers held together with plaster. The combination lent distinction to the beautiful Hall'i'th'Wood, as it was called. Two hundred feet below ran a small river, which supplied a number of manufacturing plants with water power. It flowed a distance of about twelve miles before joining with other streams to become a part of the Manchester Ship Canal. There was a paper mill not far away and also two or three other houses close by. The owner of Hall’i’th’Wood had finally arranged the building to be occupied by several different families, and so it became an apartment dwelling.
In one part of the building was the home of William Vickers and his young bride Mary Greenhaulgh. Vickers was six feet tall and stately built. In the latter part of his life he held the honored position of Queen Victoria's body guard. As a youth, young Vickers served as a cavalryman in the English Army. He marched into the Battle of Waterloo with his comrades and had three horses killed from under him. William Vickers experienced many hardships due to war and army life. We have in the family his military Bible, which we highly prize. Just one hundred three years after the Battle of Waterloo, John Dall, a great grandson of William Vickers, was in the engineering division of the United States Army in the World War. He went over the same ground as his great grandfather, building bridges and constructing roads for more battles. No doubt young Vickers, as others, was glad when peace was signed, and he was released from the army to return home again to his people, take up his duties in the community, marry, and settle down to a normal life.
In this Hall'i'th'Wood home were born to the Vickers couple four children, Mary, Alice, Betsy, and William. The first two youngsters were twin daughters born October 6, 1819. Mary and Alice, who looked very much alike, grew up under the kind and protecting care of their parents and were very charming girls, we are told.
The twins were very popular with the younger set. Many beaux came courting, but none knew which was which unless they heard the girls’ voices. That gave them the clue, and then they knew which damsel they came to court. The twins, seeming to enjoy it, kept the boys guessing much of the time. It caused a great deal of merriment.
Among those who came wooing from the village were two young men in whom the sisters appeared to be more interested than any of the others. Their names were both William. It seemed that the identical Vickers twins ran true to form. They even liked the same names. Mary fell in love with William Ogden, whereas her sister Alice loved William Horridge. Both girls married their Williams and began homes of their own. William and Mary Ogden secured living quarters in Hall'i'th'Wood, the building in which she had always lived. They were very happy to be located so near their own families and friends.
At the age of twenty-eight years, in 1848 William heard for the first time, the gospel preached by the elders of the Latter Day Saints. He was very much impressed and after investigation was baptized in November of the same year. His wife Mary was baptized the following April, and from this time on they were active and happy church members. William was chosen to be the branch clerk and took care of all the emigration funds. He was filled with a desire to emigrate to Utah at some future date, but it was many years-afterward before he was able to come to Zion.
When quite a young man, William became an apprentice in a dye shop, where they colored all kinds of yarn. Later he became an expert weaver at a cotton factory. Lancashire, which is known as the greatest cotton manufacturing district in the world, contained hundreds of factories, and employed thousands of people.
As time went on and their family grew one by one, life was very full. William, and Mary spent all their efforts caring for the children and providing them with the necessities of life as well as giving them the best education possible, but which was very little. William and Mary’s family consisted of five boys and two girls (as follows, according to age: James, Mary Ann, Thomas, Jane, William, John, and Joseph.)
The Ogdens were a very hard working, industrious and thrifty couple, and as such they always taught their children to be the same. The young members of the family were always given responsibilities in and about the home. Then as they grew up, both sons and daughters obtained employment in the mills and factories. In this way they helped to support the family. William and his two older sons and two daughters worked in the cotton factory as weavers taking care of fourteen power looms among them. Since they were all close together in that part of the factory, it was called Ogden Alley.
Because wages were low, in the factories, it was hard to make any headway financially, and William used to do other work at night in order to swell the family budget and lay by a little each month in the emigration fund. He was very handy at most things he tried to do. The man was a good carpenter and cabinet maker, mason and builder. He was also called on to decorate large halls for entertainments of different kinds.
During the days when war was going on in the United States between the North and South, times were very bad in Great Britain. England had to depend mostly on the Southern States for her supply of cotton, and as a result of the war the supply was cut off to a great extent. The cotton that could be procured was generally of a poor quality. The outcome was that cotton factories had to run part time only, about three days a week. Naturally, this affected other industries as well. Now the combined earnings of the five members of the family amounted just to fourteen shillings a week, in American money about $3.36. Two shillings went for rent and he remaining money had to keep the family of nine members. While they did not suffer for want of a meal, frequently they ate only mush three times a day. William, now even more, tried to be self sustaining. He would do all the jobs on the side possible. He made shoe blacking and idle backs to polish flag stone floors, as well as other things, the two younger boys would sell them during the afternoon. There was so much distress among some of the poor at times, that the wealthy people throughout England erected soup houses in the cities. There the people might go once each day and get a serving of hot vegetable soup to help out their scant rations, until conditions grew better.
In connection with the war, an incident happened which showed the faith William had in the prophecies made by Joseph Smith. During the pre-war excitement in the United States, William was conversing with a prominent merchant on the possibilities of war. When the merchant insisted that there was absolutely no danger of the North and South going to war, William answered that the Prophet Joseph Smith had said there would be war, and his prophecies would come to pass. The merchant laughed and was quite amused, but later he told William he could have saved thousands of pounds if he could only have believed the prophecy. Goods of different kinds advanced to tremendous prices and the merchant would have been a rich man. All these years the family had been active church members and William had been made president of the Bolton Branch.
In 1866, the family moved from their much loved Hall'i'th'Wood home nearer to the factory. The place was called Bank Top and the factory owners owned the houses. William was afraid they might all lose their jobs if they refused the request to rent one of their employers houses. Mary was almost broken hearted at leaving the home of her birth as well as the birthplace of all her family. They were rewarded; however, by finding the new home more convenient, there being running water besides other conveniences in the house. Some years later a wealthy philanthropist purchased Hall'i'th'Wood and presented it to the City of Bolton. The building was thereupon reconditioned and turned into a museum in honor of Samuel Crompton, who invented the spinning wheel in Hall'i'th'Wood many years before. It is now a very noted place in England.
After the war in the United States, prosperity began to return and work was more plentiful. Additional members of the family could receive full time employment; more and more money could be spared to emigrate. By the year 1868, they had sufficient means saved to pay all the family’s emigration to America. When William gave notice to the superintendent of the factory that the Ogdens were quitting work and going to Utah, he answered, “We are very sorry to lose you but if you become dissatisfied with your new home and want to come back let me know. There will be a place waiting for you here.” The priest of the village came to William and tried to persuade him to not go among "those Mormons" as they were not a good class of people, and that Brigham Young would surely take his wife and daughters away from him and marry them himself." William answered, “I am not afraid of that."
The Ogdens had a great many relatives in England, but William and Mary, with their children, were the only ones who joined the church. Quite naturally their people hated to see them go with those of such an unpopular religion. No matter, their minds could not be changed; they were firmly convinced the gospel was true, so they made preparations to leave. They had a large number of friends and relatives to visit before their departure. So, many of them wanted a family picture of the Ogdens for remembrance. The picture was taken, but there were not nearly enough copies to go around. Some more were ordered but still the supply ran out, so many of their friends offered to buy pictures if they would let them have one.
At last the day came when the family of nine accompanied by W. C. B. Orrock and his sister Elizabeth, bade their friends good-bye and took the train for Liverpool. There, they boarded the ship named Emerald Isle which sailed from Liverpool, England with, eight hundred seventy-six Saints under the direction of Hans Jensen Hals. It was on Saturday, the twentieth of June, 1868. The voyage of eight weeks was very unpleasant. There was a great deal of sickness on, ship board, and thirty-seven deaths occurred, while others died in the hospital at New York after landing. The sea was somewhat rough at times, and to make matters worse, they had very bad drinking water, and poor food which contributed to so much sickness. The ship was quarantined four days after landing in the New York harbor August 14, 1869. All were glad to put their feet on ground once more, and were especially thankful that their lives had been spared during the uncertain voyage.
The third eldest Ogden boy, Thomas, remembered that while crossing the ocean their ship, being a very old one, began to leak. A flag of distress was raised by the ship's crew. Soon another vessel answered their signal. After the captain of the vessel was told the trouble he asked if they had Mormons on board. The answer was, “We have hundreds of them.” To which the captain replied, “Go right on, you will be all right. That damn ship will never sink with Mormons on board.” They heard afterward that the vessel sank on the return voyage to England.
They journeyed from New York by rail to Benton where they were met by mule teams from Utah. In this way the Ogdens were conveyed across the plains. Most of the English Saints traveled by mule team, while the Danish Saints traveled by ox team. The captain's name was Edward T. Mumford. Mary was ill most of the way and had to ride, but the majority of the family did a great deal of walking. At night, when all were camped and the evening meal had been partaken of, the people would gather around the campfires, sing songs, and dance, with the Utah boys teaching the girls how. When wood was scarce, they burned buffalo chips, which were plentiful as herds of buffalo roamed across the wagon trails. They had a merry time, especially, the young folks. At bell call, everyone retired that they might take up their journey again in the early morning. Nevertheless, it was a long, weary journey and they were indeed happy to reach Zion.
During that year a very light crop was raised on account of the grasshoppers. The men were advised to work on the railroad which was being built through Echo Canyon. This advice was taken by the older sons in the Ogden family, as well as W. C. B. Orrock, and they stopped to work before reaching their ultimate destination. The rest of the family continued to Salt Lake City where they were met on the twenty-fourth of September, 1868 by a relative, Levi Openshaw. Mr. Openshaw took them to his home in Santaquin. There they met many old friends whom they had known in England.
In a very short time, William had a two roomed log house rented, and the family moved into their own place. After shelter was provided, the next task was to secure some means of livelihood. William got a job of digging potatoes with a spade, while his youngest son Joseph scraped the mud off. In this way they earned their winters supply of potatoes. Mary Ann and Jane did various kinds of work. They dried fruit on shares and husked corn, getting every sixth bushel for pay. This was ground into meal for food. They could get no white flour as it sold for ten dollars per hundred pounds; matches were twenty-five cents per box. William Jr. secured work at harvesting corn, sugar cane, and other crops. He received for pay products of the farm and some chicken, so By the time winter set in, the family had earned sufficient corn, potatoes, fruit, and molasses to supply them during the winter When all the fall work was over. William and his three younger sons obtained a yoke of oxen and hauled wood on shares before winter was over they had one of the largest wood piles in Santaquin.
Their first Christmas dinner in Utah was at the Openshaw home. The families sat down to a feast feeling warm and comfortable, while outside the snow was over a foot deep and very cold.
In the spring, William secured some land to farm and also took the town cow herd for that year. The young boys herded cows while the older ones farmed and helped their father get materials together to build a home. The boys made the adobes, hauled lumber and other materials and William did the masonry and carpenter work. The home was not yet completed when they were compelled to vacate the house in which they were living so they built a shed and covered both sides with straw. That became their home until the adobe home was finished enough to be occupied. With all the family working and putting their strength together, they soon managed to gather material things about them. Shortly, several acres of land to be farmed was bought.
Joseph remembers of one Sunday after Sunday School when the grasshoppers settled in their garden. Their father called all the family out with clothes to drive them away, but they came back so fast that no headway could be made. Despair was written in their faces as they saw the whole garden mowed down. Many days all the children went into the fields and drove the hoppers into a water ditch. There they would be caught by the sacks full. Sometimes they were unable to see the sun for the flying grasshoppers, which would settle on the fields at night. The next day the land would be stripped from all vegetation.
In the year 1871, William learned of the resettlement of Sevier Valley and desired to investigate its possibilities as he realized that Santaquin was not a very good place for farming. The land was not strong and the water scarce. He, therefore, made a trip to Sevier with his son William and son-in-law W. C. B. Orrock. There seemed to be a good location where Central now stands and good prospects for water. He bought some city lots and drew some land at this place, but there arose such a dispute over the water and where the canal should be located that he finally decided it was best to move to Richfield. William and his sons acquired some land and planted a crop. They also began to build another home. In the fall of 1872, four years after coming to Utah, William sold his property in Santaquin and moved his family to Richfield where they made their permanent home.
All but the two younger boys in the family, John and Joseph, were now grown. The two daughters, Mary Ann and Jane, were already wed, and James and Thomas were soon to be married. The Ogdens began pioneering all over again. The habit of thrift and hard work they had learned in their youth was of priceless value to them now. The land that had been cultivated before the people were driven out by the Indians had grown over with brush and had to be recleared. New land had to be grubbed and broken in, canals had to be made, and bridges and roads in the valley and mountains had to be built. All required a lot of hard manual labor. The next year steps were taken to enlarge the Richfield canal and extend it farther north. The land was surveyed and divided into ten acre lots and drawn for. William and his three older sons each drew ten acres, which they cleared ready for spring planting. Additional land was also obtained.
The family took a contract to construct a mill ditch from the canal to the point of the mountain south of town. The ditch brought the water to the grist mill. All this work they did that winter as the weather was very mild, and the ground did not freeze. Because they cooperated and worked with one accord, it seemed they accomplished so much work in a short time. William helped all his sons build houses of their own when they married and left the family home. They worked so unitedly together that the tasks before them were achieved in a surprising way.
In 1873 and 1874 President Brigham Young and a number of the apostles traveled through the country preaching the United Order. The Ogden family joined the Order organized in Richfield and turned in all their property. The men were assigned to different branches of work. William was given the supervision of all buildings. He helped build many of the homes in Richfield. James and Thomas worked on the Order farms while William Jr. was given the labor of hauling lumber from the Order Sawmill on Cove Mountain, and also hauling poles to make fences. John and Joseph made adobes with there father, along with other jobs that were assigned them. The Order proved to be a good school of experience, but they would have been better off financially working outside.
After the breaking up of the Order, William and sons erected a salt factory on the north part of his lot. Salt rock was hauled from Salina and boiled in a large tank then left to settle. After the water was clear, it was drawn into another boiler and boiled again. When the salt would settle to the bottom, it was shoveled out and placed on some large flag-stones to dry. It would then be nice and white, ready to be sacked and sold. This work continued for many years. William also had a work shop where he did his carpentry and other odd jobs. As he grew older, he left all the farm work for his sons to take care of.
William was very active all his life in the community. He was at one time, president of the Richfield Co-op store. He also served as City Councilman at the time Joseph Horne was mayor. Some of the offices in the church that he held were President of the Elder's quorum and a member of the Sevier Stake High Council.
Through the years his faithful companion stood by his side doing her part as a wife and mother, trying bravely to meet the trials and hardships that would cross their path, succeeding in helping to make this country a better place to live for all that came after them. Both were kind and considerate of each other and of their family. Their children loved and honored them. By this time their family was all married, but living close around them, and as time passed they had many grand children who also loved and respected them.
Mary and William formed the habit of playing Santa Claus to their grand children each Christmas morning as long as they lived. On every Christmas Eve, we grandchildren were asked to take our stockings down to grandma's where they were hung on a string stretched across the fireplace. Needless to say, very early Christmas morning would find us all down there very early to see what they had put in our stockings. We would find them full to the brim with Dixie Raisins in the toe, nice home-made cookies, nuts, candy, popcorn and some brightly polished apples from their own trees. When apples were scarce there would be a small mince pie and also little gifts in the top. I think there were never children so happy. I can see grandpa and grandma's smiling faces now, and how much pleasure it seemed to give them to do things for their grandchildren. As I remember the last Christmas there were about twenty-five filled stockings hanging in a row. William was a good cook and would love to bake the cookies and pies for Christmas as for other occasions, also. He always did help his wife in the house as he felt that she had more to do than she was able to.
I can never forget grandpa and grandma's well in their back yard. It was the old fashioned kind with a rope and two buckets attached to a pulley. While one bucket was being pulled up, the other was going down to be filled. For many years their sons and daughters and grand children carried their drinking water from that well. The water was very good too.
Joseph Orrock says he dearly loved those grandparents. He remembers of grandpa gathering all kinds of seeds from his garden. He would hang them by bunches in the attic over the rafters until dry. When the little grandsons came around, he would say "How would you like to help me clean seeds today?" Away they would troop to the attic where they would work carefully gathering each kind of seed in piles. When enough work was done for the day, he would say, “Now let us go down and see if Grandma has a nice meat pie for us." Each time the children would help with any kind of work they were rewarded with something nice to eat.
W. T. Ogden, a grandson, says he remembers grandpa taking him up on the roof of the house while he nailed on the shingles. He gave little William the job of handing him the nails. It always made the boy so pleased when he would be asked to help.
Grandpa and grandma always had an excellent orchard of fruit trees, and a good vegetable garden and well kept yards and animals. Then too, grandma's house was ever spotless and clean as she was.
In the year 1888, the fourteenth of August their son John, at the age of thirty years, died leaving a wife and two children. This was the greatest sorrow that had yet come into their lives as it was the first death in their family, but there were soon to be others. Before another year had passed two more of the family had gone to the Great Beyond. William passed away on the twentieth of April, 1888 leaving his beloved companion grief stricken and very lonely. A month later their oldest daughter Mary Ann died, leaving a husband and seven children mourning her loss. It was indeed a terrible blow to Mary in her old age. It was as if her little heaven had suddenly crumpled at her feet.
Her home was never the same any more. She didn't want to leave her own home and live with any of her family, nor could, she stand the thoughts of being alone all the time. It was decided to send for her daughter Jane and her family from Arizona to come to make their home with her mother. Jane's husband, Henry Dall, was to run the farm, and Jane would take the responsibility of the home.
It took some time before Jane and her husband were able to dispose of their belongings and travel that long distance by team, but during that time Mary was being looked after by her family. The grandchildren would take turns sleeping with her at night for company. She was very happy the evening the Dall's family arrived from Arizona and the children remember the nice large pan of shiny apples that were sitting on the table waiting for them. No one could tell the younger people that anyone ever polished apples as brightly as did grandma. Life went on for four more years.
Mary seemed to grow old fast. One day she said to her daughter Jane, “I think I will go and visit with our James, our Thomas, our William, and our Joseph,” as was always the way she called her children. After making the rounds calling upon them, she returned home tired but happy. She had visited them once more. Shortly after, she was taken very ill and became blind. Mary never did see again, nor recover, but lingered on for almost a year. She passed away on the twenty-eighth of May, 1893. Her oldest son James followed her the next year.
We, as their grandchildren, are glad to have such a wonderful heritage, and that they came to this country where we all had the privilege of being born. They lived a noble life and set their descendents a fine example. At this present time there are about four hundred-five direct living descendents and forty other have passed away. Out of this group there are five pairs of twins. Thirty-two of the descendents have been on missions; two of their sons have been on two missions each. All told, seventy years have been spent in the mission.
William Ogden's Timeline
October 28, 1820
Tong, Lancashire, England
August 11, 1844
Bolton Le Moors, Lancashire, England
January 7, 1845
December 26, 1846
Bolton, Lancashire, England
November 25, 1848
September 25, 1849
Hallithwood, Bolton, lances, ENG
January 26, 1852
October 25, 1854
Bolton, Lancashire, England
January 31, 1857
August 30, 1859