William Pennington (1765 - 1844) MP

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Birthplace: Wilkes County, Province of North Carolina
Death: Died in Lawrence County, Kentucky, United States
Occupation: Blacksmith, Farmer
Managed by: Merle Simpson
Last Updated:

About William Pennington


William Pennington (son of Ephraim Pennington V)2612, 2613 was born 1764 in Prob. North Carolina2614, 2615, and died 1840 in Webbville, Lawrence, KY2616, 2617. He married Abigail Caudill on Abt. 17852618, daughter of James Caudill and Mary Adams.

Notes for William Pennington:

- blacksmith & farmer per Betty Inman (Pennington Research Association) Sources - Pennington Pedigrees, Wm. Adkins Family Book, LDS files, Clayton Cox Annuals of Floyd Co KY, US census of Lawrence Co KY (1830, 1860, 1880), Eleanor Brewster Lawrence Co Will Book, The Tree Shaker, The East Kentuckian

- buried at Webbville, KY

- Baptist Church deacon - charter member of Oven Fork Baptist Church 1820 - Big Blaine Baptist Church 1828 - Wm & Abigail & Abel & Elizabeth received 1834


William Pennington was born on November 3, 1765 in NC. (1) He died about 1844 in Webbville, Lawrence Co., KY. He was buried in Webbville, Lawrence Co., KY, Webbville Cem.. Source: Elmer Boggs, Pennington Pedigrees 17-2, p. 29 & 33 Death: Entry in Pennington/Lester Bible held by Paul Lafayette Webb, II, (note: address and phone number deleted by Gene Pennington, Research Director) (from Pat Starzer). Pennington Pedigrees 8-2, p. 36: When Fred Sawyer wrote that he had proved the father of Elijah to be William, and not John, as they had formerly supposed, I wrote asking him to give us information of this William. According to census, William was born 1763, South Carolina, and married Abigail Caudill born 1767, Wilkes County, North Carolina. I will quote from Fred's letter now: "I have just come upon a bit of information that places William in Lee County, Virginia, for a time: Lee County Deed Book 2, p. 207-23 September 1805. William Shepprd and wife Una deeded to William Pennington of Lee County for $50 a parcel of land in Lee County on North Fork Powell River being dated 28 June 1886. On 25 June 1811 William Pennington of Knox County, Kentucky deeded to William Sheppard of Lee County, Virginia for $50 a parcel of land on North Fork Powell River -- 100 acres (note description of land is the same). Thus we know that he was in Knox County as early as 1810, as he was in the 1810 Census there. Note that the Census checks with the date in the Kelley Bible (Pennington Pedigrees 8-1, p. 36). The death record of William's daughter Rebecca McHunter gives her birth as 1794, Lee County, Virginia, which places William there on that date.

In Harlan County Records, I find Early Court Order Book A (Knox County became Harlan in 1819) William Pemberton p. 21, 1801; p. 182, 1805; p. 193, 1806. William Pennington p. 537, 1815. Knox County grants are described as follows: 18 acres Oven Fork, Poor Fork Cumberland River 1814; 100 acres Clear Fork Cumberland River 1816; 50 acres Forks Cumberland River 1818; Harlan County 100 acres Forks Cumberland River 1823 and 50 acres Poor Fork Cumberland River 1826.

The Harlan Tax Records show William Pennington, Sr. taxed 1820-1832; William Jr. 1824-1832; James 1820-1832; AAron 1821-27; Micajah 1824; Alfred 1831. No tax books for 1832, and no Penningtons by 1833 (some moved in later). In Lawrence County Deed Books William got land 1832 on Dry Creek (Sr. or Jr.), then William Jr. received land on Little Sandy 1843 (William Sr. died 1840). Other sons of William Sr. bought land in Lawrence County; Abel 1832 on Little Sandy; also 1833. Sometimes record mentions they were from Harlan County. William Sr.'s son James died in Lawrence County 5 Oct 1854, age 56, blacksmith, son of William and Abigail.

Pennington Pedigrees 13-2, p. 38: William and Abigail were known to be founders of the Oven Fork Church and the Blaine Trace Church in Kentucky. They may have been sent by a northern church to found a church community. They were members of Washington Association of Regular Baptist. A glance at their church minutes shows a great likeness to Quaker ways. It is obvious that religion was their life.

William and Abigail moved from Wilkes County, North Carolina to South Carolina where their first two children were born: Mary in 1786 and Abel in 1789. In the 1790 census of Pitt County, North Carolina, a Wm. and Abby are listed. This seems odd as only heads of households were listed. Census takers did some odd things. William next appears in Lee County, Virginia for several years. Elizabeth b. 1792, Rebekah b. 1794, John W. b. 1796, James b. 1799, William b. 1801 (d. 1801), Abigail b. 1803 and William Nelson b. 1806, were all born in Lee County, Virginia. Their land deed showed William purchased land on the Powell River in 1805. He sold this same property back to William Sheppard in 1811. By then he had resided in Knox County, Kentucky for 2 years. Here in Knox County, Alfred (Alford) was born in 1809, Elijah was born in 1812 and Elisha in 1816. William received land grants on the Poor Fork of the Cumberland River. Then in 1820 this part of Knox County became Harlan County. The 1821-31 tax list shows William as paying on a great deal of property. In 1832 he sold his land and moved to Lawrence County, where he purchased land on Dry Creek and Little Sandy River. William died in 1844 at the home of his daughter, Elizabeth Webb, and is buried in Webbville Cemetery along with most of his children.. His sons William, James and Jonathan all took up land grants on Blaine Trace, Elliott County, Kentucky.

He was married to Abigail Caudill (daughter of James Caudill II and Mary Adams) on February 9, 1785 in Wilkes Co., NC. Abigail Caudill was born on March 27, 1767 in Wilkes Co., NC. (2) She died in Webbville, Lawrence Co., KY. She was buried in Webbville, Lawrence Co., KY, Webbville Cem.. William and Abigail's dates of birth from Paul Pennington. William Pennington and Abigail Caudill had the following children:

+2 i. Mary "Polly" Pennington (born on December 14, 1786).

+3 ii. Abel Pennington (born on August 20, 1789).

+4 iii. Elizabeth Pennington (born on February 7, 1792).

+5 iv. Rebecca Pennington (born on February 8, 1794).

+6 v. John W. Pennington Sr. (born on July 23, 1795).

+7 vi. James Washington Pennington (born on January 31, 1799).

8 vii. William Pennington was born on July 28, 1801 in Lee Co., VA. He died in October 1801 in Lee Co., VA.

+9 viii. Abigail Pennington (born on May 9, 1803).

+10 ix. William Nelson Pennington (born on September 24, 1806).

+11 x. Alford Pennington (born on March 27, 1809).

+12 xi. Elijah Pennington (born on May 1, 1812).

+13 xii. Elisha Pennington (born on October 20, 1814).

More About William Pennington and Abigail Caudill:

Marriage: Abt. 17852618

Children of William Pennington and Abigail Caudill are:

+Abel Pennington, b. August 20, 1789, South Carolina2618, 2619, d. October 16, 1865, Webbville, Lawrence, KY2620, 2621.

view all 18

William Pennington's Timeline

November 3, 1765
Wilkes County, Province of North Carolina
Wilkes County, Province of North Carolina
February 9, 1785
Age 19
Wilkes, NC, USA
December 14, 1786
Age 21
South Carolina, United States
August 20, 1789
Age 23
South Carolina, USA
February 7, 1792
Age 26
February 7, 1792
Age 26
Lee, VA, USA
Age 28
July 23, 1796
Age 30
Pennington Gap, Lee, VA, USA
Age 33