William Strong, Jr
|Birthplace:||Somers, Tolland County, Connecticut, United States|
|Death:||Died in Lake Minnewaska, Ulster County, New York, United States|
|Place of Burial:||Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Managed by:||Scott David Hibbard|
About William Strong, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
William Strong (May 6, 1808 – August 19, 1895) was an American jurist and politician. He was a justice on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States.
Strong was born in Connecticut and later moved to Pennsylvania. He was the cousin of U.S. Representative Theron Rudd Strong of New York. William Strong attended the Munson Academy in Massachusetts, and graduated from Yale University in 1828 Phi Beta Kappa before starting his legal practice in Reading, Pennsylvania.
House of Representatives
In 1846, Strong was elected to the United States House of Representatives as an abolitionist Democrat. Strong served two terms in the House, and was the chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Elections during his second term. He did not seek reelection in 1850, but returned to private practice.
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
Strong was elected to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 1857 as a Democrat. Strong switched to the Republican Party soon after taking the bench. He resigned from the court in 1868 to return to a lucrative private practice in Philadelphia.
United States Supreme Court
When Justice Robert C. Grier retired from the U.S. Supreme Court, Strong was suggested as a possible replacement. However, President Ulysses S. Grant was heavily lobbied to nominate former Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. Stanton was nominated, and confirmed by the United States Senate, but he died just four days later without having served on the Court. Grant then nominated Strong, who was confirmed without a recorded vote and was sworn in on March 14, 1870. Justice Strong wrote the opinion for an early equal protection case in Strauder v. West Virginia, 100 U.S. 303 (1879).
Strong was one of five Supreme Court Justices who sat on the Electoral Commission that was convened to resolve the disputed electoral votes in the U.S. presidential election of 1876. Strong voted along with his fellow Republicans, who held the majority on the Commission, to award every disputed vote to Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican candidate, thus ensuring his presidency.
Strong served on the Supreme Court until December 14, 1880, when he retired despite still being in good health, partly to set an example to several infirm justices who refused to give up their seats. Strong resumed the practice of law and pursued religious causes until his death, at Lake Minnewassa in Ulster County, New York, on August 19, 1895. He was interred in Charles Evans Cemetery in Reading, Pennsylvania. The Historical Society of Berks County has in its collection a few pieces relating to Justice Strong.