William Sydney Porter
|Also Known As:||"O. Henry", "Olivier Henry", "Oliver Henry", "William Porter"|
|Death:||Died in New York, New York, New York, United States|
|Cause of death:||complications of cirrhosis of the liver|
|Place of Burial:||Asheville, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About O. Henry
William Sydney Porter, best known as O. Henry
- Birth: 11 September 1862 - "Worth Place", a plantation in Guilford County near Greensboro, North Carolina, United States
- Parents: Dr. William Algernon Porter, Mary Jane Virginia Swaim
- Married: Athol Estes, Sarah (Sallie) Lindsey Coleman
- Children: Margaret Worth Porter
- Death: 5 June 1910 - New York, New York, United States
- Funeral Services: Little Church Around the Corner, New York, New York, United States
- Burial: Riverside Cemetery, Ashville, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States
O. Henry (1862-1910) was a prolific American short-story writer, a master of surprise endings, who wrote about the life of ordinary people in New York City. A twist of plot, which turns on an ironic or coincidental circumstance, is typical of O. Henry's stories.
Porter gave various explanations for the origin of his pen name. In 1909 he gave an interview to The New York Times, in which he gave an account of it:
It was during these New Orleans days that I adopted my pen name of O. Henry. I said to a friend: "I'm going to send out some stuff. I don't know if it amounts to much, so I want to get a literary alias. Help me pick out a good one." He suggested that we get a newspaper and pick a name from the first list of notables that we found in it. In the society columns we found the account of a fashionable ball. "Here we have our notables," said he. We looked down the list and my eye lighted on the name Henry, "That'll do for a last name," said I. "Now for a first name. I want something short. None of your three-syllable names for me." "Why don’t you use a plain initial letter, then?" asked my friend. "Good," said I, "O is about the easiest letter written, and O it is."
A newspaper once wrote and asked me what the O stands for. I replied, "O stands for Olivier, the French for Oliver." And several of my stories accordingly appeared in that paper under the name Olivier Henry.
In the introduction to The World of O. Henry: Roads of Destiny and Other Stories (Hodder & Stoughton, 1973), William Trevor writes that when Porter was in the Ohio State Penitentiary "there was a prison guard named Orrin Henry, whom William Sydney Porter . . . immortalised as O. Henry".
The writer and scholar Guy Davenport offers another explanation: "[T]he pseudonym that he began to write under in prison is constructed from the first two letters of Ohio and the second and last two of penitentiary [bold added]."
- Connie Patterson, "PORTER, WILLIAM SYDNEY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpo20), accessed June 14, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
O. Henry's Timeline
September 11, 1862
July 5, 1887
September 30, 1889
Austin, Travis, Texas, United States
November 27, 1907
June 5, 1910
New York, New York, New York, United States
Asheville, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States