William White, "Mayflower" Passenger (c.1591 - 1621) MP

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Nicknames: "Pilgrim William White"
Birthplace: England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts
Cause of death: Died soon after arrival in Plymouth
Occupation: Came over on the Mayflower. Signer of the Mayflower Compact, Mayflower passenger, PAssenger on Mayflower ?, Tobbaco Merchant, Mayflower passenger!
Managed by: Thomas Edward Shirley
Last Updated:

About William White, "Mayflower" Passenger

William White (1591-c.1621) was a Mayflower Pilgrim. He was born 10 Nov 1591 in Leiden, Holland and died during the winter of 1620-1621 in Plymouth Colony.

His parents are not known.

His only known marriage was to Susanna Fuller (1594-1680) on 11 Feb 1612 in Leyden, Holland. (Susanna's second marriage was to Gov. Edward Winslow).

Children of William White and Susanna Fuller:

i. Resolved White (1615-1687)

ii. Peregrine White (1620-1683)

Peregrine (meaning "wanderer") White, was born on the Mayflower at harbor in America on November 20, before the settlement at Plymouth.

http://www.winslowtree.com/tree/getperson.php?personID=I2810&tree=Winslow

http://homepages.together.net/~jdresser/mayflow.html

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bdoyle795/1623.htm

Note: "For many years genealogists have assumed that Pilgrim William White spent his early married years in Holland, marrying at Leiden in 1612 and burying children there in 1615 and 1616. A critical examination of Leiden sources casts heavy doubt on this assumption."

William White is a difficult individual to research, and much as been mispublished about him. There is a marriage record in Leiden, Holland, which records the marriage of a William White to Anna Fuller on 27 January 1612; the marriage was witnessed by Sarah Priest and Anna's brother Samuel Fuller. For many years this was thought to have been the Mayflower passenger, Susanna and Anna being reasonable variants of the same name.

This has been a heavily-debated issue: was this the marriage of the Mayflower passenger, or not? There are at least two William White's living in Leiden during the appropriate time period, one was a woolcomber, and one was a tobacco merchant. The William White who married Anna Fuller was called a woolcomber in the 1612 marriage record, which was witnessed by Sarah Priest. On 10 April 1621, well after the Mayflower had departed, William White woolcomber was a party to the antenumptual agreement of Samuel Lee in Leiden. Thus, William White, woolcomber, could not have been the Mayflower passenger. And since Sarah Priest had witnessed the will of William White in 1612, wouldn't it be reasonable to assume it was the same William White who witnessed her own marriage to Godbert Godbertson in Leiden in October 1621? The Mayflower passenger was also not the tobacco merchant, who appears in numerous Leiden records throughout the 1620s. So there was either a third William White in Leiden, or else the William White of the Mayflower may have joined onto the Mayflower's voyage from England.

In any case, William and his wife Susanna came on the Mayflower in 1620 with son Resolved; Susanna gave birth to son Peregrine while the Mayflower was still anchored off the top of Cape Cod waiting for the Pilgrims to discover a place to build their colony. William died the first winter, on the same day as three other passengers, including William Mullins. His wife Susanna remarried to Edward Winslow a few months later, being the first marriage to occur at Plymouth.

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Died soon after arrival at Plymouth. He. m. about 1615 Susanna ______. Two children from her marriage to William White. Their second son Peregrine was born 4 December 20 aboard the Mayflower and m. Sarah Bassett, dau. of William Bassett

http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/mayflower/mayflower_passenger_list.htm

William White died early after his arrival. He married by about 1615 (Sus)anna (?Fuller). She married shortly after his death, 12 May, 1621 Edward Winslow. Their child Peregrine was born aboard the Mayflower, and his cradle is one of the few relics remaining from the period.

Children of William and Susanna:

Resolved, b abt 1615 m. Scituate 8 April 1640 Judith Vassall, daughter of William Vassall

Peregrine, b. 4 Dec 1620 aboard the Mayflower, m. by 6 March 1648/9 Sarah Bassett, daughter of William Bassett.

Bradford's Passenger List: mr William White, and Susana his wife; and one sone caled resolved, and one borne a ship-bord caled perigriene; &.2 servants, named William Holbeck, & Edward Thomson

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http://www.winslowtree.com/tree/getperson.php?personID=I2810&tree=Winslow

Birth 10 Nov 1591 Leyden, Holland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location

Gender Male

Died Yes, date unknown

Person ID I2810 Winslow Genealogy, Ancestry & Heritage

Last Modified 07 Jan 2005 21:36:00


Family Susanna (Fuller) White, b. 1594, England

Married 11 Feb 1612 Leyden, Holland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location [1, 2, 3, 4]

Children

	1. Resolved White
	2. Peregrine White

Last Modified 05 Feb 2006 20:47:00

Family ID F2076 Group Sheet


Sources

  1. [S55] Plymouth Colony Its History & People 1620-1691, Eugene Aubrey Stratton, (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, Utah 1 _MEDI Book).
  2. [S286] "The Truth About the Pilgrims", Francis R. Stoddard, (New York, NY: Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1952 (Reprinted for Clearfield Company, Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1992, 1993, 1995)).
  3. [S254] "MAYFLOWER Web Pages", Caleb Johnson, (, 1995-2000).
  4. [S255] "The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633", Robert Charles Anderson, (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

http://www.mouldfamily.com/white/pekg01.htm#16081

William WHITE Pilgrim of The Mayflower - RIN:16081 was born on 10 Nov 1591 in England. He died on 14 Mar 1621 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. He was buried on 15 Mar 1621 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.

[Notes]

William married Susanna - RIN:17231. Susanna was christened on 22 Apr 1577 in Redenhall, Norfolk, England. She died on 1 Oct 1680 in Marshfield, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. She was buried in Oct 1680 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.

[Notes]

William and Susanna had the following children:

Resolved WHITE - RIN:18524 was born on 9 Sep 1616. He died on 19 Sep 1687.

Peregrine WHITE - RIN:20037 was born on 19 Dec 1620 in On the Mayflower, Provincetown Harbor, Barnstable, Massachusetts. He died on 20 Jul 1704 in Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. [Notes]

Peregrine married Sarah BASSETT - RIN:19313.

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William and his son Resolved White crossed on the Mayflower.

--------------------

Arrived on the Mayflower

http://www.winslowtree.com/tree/getperson.php?personID=I2810&tree=Winslow

http://homepages.together.net/~jdresser/mayflow.html

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bdoyle795/1623.htm Note: "For many years genealogists have assumed that Pilgrim William White spent his early married years in Holland, marrying at Leiden in 1612 and burying children there in 1615 and 1616. A critical examination of Leiden sources casts heavy doubt on this assumption."

William White is a difficult individual to research, and much as been mispublished about him. There is a marriage record in Leiden, Holland, which records the marriage of a William White to Anna Fuller on 27 January 1612; the marriage was witnessed by Sarah Priest and Anna's brother Samuel Fuller. For many years this was thought to have been the Mayflower passenger, Susanna and Anna being reasonable variants of the same name.

This has been a heavily-debated issue: was this the marriage of the Mayflower passenger, or not? There are at least two William White's living in Leiden during the appropriate time period, one was a woolcomber, and one was a tobacco merchant. The William White who married Anna Fuller was called a woolcomber in the 1612 marriage record, which was witnessed by Sarah Priest. On 10 April 1621, well after the Mayflower had departed, William White woolcomber was a party to the antenumptual agreement of Samuel Lee in Leiden. Thus, William White, woolcomber, could not have been the Mayflower passenger. And since Sarah Priest had witnessed the will of William White in 1612, wouldn't it be reasonable to assume it was the same William White who witnessed her own marriage to Godbert Godbertson in Leiden in October 1621? The Mayflower passenger was also not the tobacco merchant, who appears in numerous Leiden records throughout the 1620s. So there was either a third William White in Leiden, or else the William White of the Mayflower may have joined onto the Mayflower's voyage from England.

In any case, William and his wife Susanna came on the Mayflower in 1620 with son Resolved; Susanna gave birth to son Peregrine while the Mayflower was still anchored off the top of Cape Cod waiting for the Pilgrims to discover a place to build their colony. William died the first winter, on the same day as three other passengers, including William Mullins. His wife Susanna remarried to Edward Winslow a few months later, being the first marriage to occur at Plymouth.

--------------------

Died soon after arrival at Plymouth. He. m. about 1615 Susanna ______. Two children from her marriage to William White. Their second son Peregrine was born 4 December 20 aboard the Mayflower and m. Sarah Bassett, dau. of William Bassett

http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/mayflower/mayflower_passenger_list.htm

William White died early after his arrival. He married by about 1615 (Sus)anna (?Fuller). She married shortly after his death, 12 May, 1621 Edward Winslow. Their child Peregrine was born aboard the Mayflower, and his cradle is one of the few relics remaining from the period.

Children of William and Susanna:

Resolved, b abt 1615 m. Scituate 8 April 1640 Judith Vassall, daughter of William Vassall

Peregrine, b. 4 Dec 1620 aboard the Mayflower, m. by 6 March 1648/9 Sarah Bassett, daughter of William Bassett.

Bradford's Passenger List: mr William White, and Susana his wife; and one sone caled resolved, and one borne a ship-bord caled perigriene; &.2 servants, named William Holbeck, & Edward Thomson

--------------------

http://www.winslowtree.com/tree/getperson.php?personID=I2810&tree=Winslow

Birth 10 Nov 1591 Leyden, Holland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location

Gender Male

Died Yes, date unknown

Person ID I2810 Winslow Genealogy, Ancestry & Heritage

Last Modified 07 Jan 2005 21:36:00


Family Susanna (Fuller) White, b. 1594, England

Married 11 Feb 1612 Leyden, Holland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location [1, 2, 3, 4]

Children

	1. Resolved White
	2. Peregrine White

Last Modified 05 Feb 2006 20:47:00

Family ID F2076 Group Sheet


Sources

  1. [S55] Plymouth Colony Its History & People 1620-1691, Eugene Aubrey Stratton, (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, Utah 1 _MEDI Book).
  2. [S286] "The Truth About the Pilgrims", Francis R. Stoddard, (New York, NY: Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1952 (Reprinted for Clearfield Company, Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1992, 1993, 1995)).
  3. [S254] "MAYFLOWER Web Pages", Caleb Johnson, (, 1995-2000).
  4. [S255] "The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633", Robert Charles Anderson, (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

http://www.mouldfamily.com/white/pekg01.htm#16081

William WHITE Pilgrim of The Mayflower - RIN:16081 was born on 10 Nov 1591 in England. He died on 14 Mar 1621 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. He was buried on 15 Mar 1621 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.

[Notes]

William married Susanna - RIN:17231. Susanna was christened on 22 Apr 1577 in Redenhall, Norfolk, England. She died on 1 Oct 1680 in Marshfield, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. She was buried in Oct 1680 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.

[Notes]

William and Susanna had the following children:

Resolved WHITE - RIN:18524 was born on 9 Sep 1616. He died on 19 Sep 1687.

Peregrine WHITE - RIN:20037 was born on 19 Dec 1620 in On the Mayflower, Provincetown Harbor, Barnstable, Massachusetts. He died on 20 Jul 1704 in Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. [Notes]

Peregrine married Sarah BASSETT - RIN:19313.

--------------------

William White was a passenger on the Mayflower that arrived at Massachusetts in 1620. See Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Thirteen, Third Edition, published by General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006. Page 5 of that publication suggested that he was probably born in England where he probably married Susanna (marriage date and maiden name not given).

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Mayflower

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Came from England on The Mayflower

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Mayflower

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Mayflower Passager.

Died with many others the first winter at Plymouth, MA. The year of his death is given in the old style. New style would be 1621.

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William White immigrated in 1620 to Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, onboard the Mayflower.1

   William married Susannah Fuller. 

Children of William White and Susannah Fuller

   * Resolved White+ ( - a 1680)2,1
   * Peregrine White+ ( - 20 Jul 1704)1

Citations

  1. Landis, John T. Mayflower Descendants and Their Marriages. 1922. Reprint Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985.
  2. McTeer, Frances Davis and Frederick C. Warner. "Descendants of Reuben Powers of Shutesbury, Mass", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (October 1969).

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LOWER DESCENDANTS section on William White family by Ruth and Robert Sherman, officers of Mayflower Society and descendants of William. - - "Little is known about Pilgrim William White. Governor Bradford says that among the Mayflower passengers were 'Mr. William White and Susanna, his wife, and one son called Resolved, and one born a-shipboard called Peregrine, and two servants named William Holbeck and Edward Thompson.' In 1651, he added that 'Mr. White and his two servants died soon after their landing. His wife married with Mr. Winslow.... His two sons are married and Resolved hath five children, Peregrine two, all living. So their increase is seven." "William and Susanna White left England with a son Resolved. At Cape Cod, on November 11, 1620 according to the old calendar, William was one of the forty-one signers of the Mayflower Compact. Two to three weeks later son Peregrine was born, the first English birth in Plymouth Colony. Susanna was widowed in February. She became the first colony bride in May, marrying Edward Winslow, a Mayflower passenger before who had lost his wife a few weeks. At least four children were born to Susanna and Edward."

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The ancestry of William White of the Mayflower is not known. Incorrect royal lineages have been given for him, as well as an incorrect identification of him as the son of Rev. John White of London.

William Bradford wrote that William White came on the Mayflower with his wife "Susanna". There is a marriage record in Leyden on 27 January 1612 for a William White, woolcomber, and an "Anna" Fuller, sister of Samuel Fuller. The marriage was witnessed by Sarah Priest and Samuel Fuller. This record, however, does not relate to the Mayflower passenger, as commonly claimed. The reasons for this conclusion are as follows:

   * A William White had Sarah Priest witness his marriage; a William White in 1621 witnessed the marriage of Sarah Priest.  However, the William White of the Mayflower was dead in America and could not have witnessed Sarah Priest's marriage.  It would therefore appear that this is not the William White who came on the Mayflower.
   * Susanna, widow of William White, married second Edward Winslow.  Anna Fuller was baptized in 1577, and Edward Winslow in 1595.  It is most unlikely that 25-year old Edward Winslow would marry a woman 18 years older than him for his first wife.
   * Children of William White were buried in infancy in 1613, 1615, and 1616.  These deaths indicate it would be most unlikely they had a child Resolved in 1615. 

Susanna, wife of William White, is not Susanna Tilley either, another common claim. That "theory" was disproved in Pilgrim Notes & Queries 1:1.

Almost nothing is known about William White. The often-stated fact that he was a "wool comber" comes from the marriage record which is disproved above, so even his occupation is unknown. There were several William White's in Leyden, and it is possible he was one of them; but there is no evidence he was from Leyden either, and he could very well have boarded the Mayflower in London.

William White brought his 7-months pregnant wife Susanna, and son Resolved on the Mayflower. Susanna gave birth to Peregrine onboard the Mayflower in Provincetown Harbor in early December, 1621. The name Peregrine means wanderer, traveller, or foreigner. The "tradition" to use a unique name such as Peregrine to commemorate the Mayflower's voyage and the Pilgrims journey may have come from the Hopkins family, who named their son who was born on the voyage, Oceanus.

Caleb Johnson © 1998

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William and his wife Susanna came on the Mayflower in 1620 with son Resolved; Susanna gave birth to son Peregrine while the Mayflower was still anchored off the top of Cape Cod waiting for the Pilgrims to discover a place to build their colony. William died the first winter, on the same day as three other passengers, including William Mullins. His wife Susanna remarried to Edward Winslow a few months later, being the first marriage to occur at Plymouth.

William died along with half of the other settlers during the winter following their arrival. One of the men coming over on the Mayflower with William White, and one of those signing the Mayflower Compact was Edward Winslow. His wife, Elizabeth Baker, had also died that winter. After William's death, Susanna married Edward Winslow.

William and Susanna had 2 children

1. Resolved White born in Leyden, Netherlands

2. Peregrine White who was born onboard the Mayflower in Provincetown Harbor in early December, 1621. The name Peregrine means wanderer, traveller, or foreigner. The "tradition" to use a unique name such as Peregrine to commemorate the Mayflower's voyage.

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Passenger on the Mayflower

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William White of the Mayflower. Father of Resolved White. Great grandfather of Josiah White

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The following entry appears in the town records of Leyden, Holland (translated from the Dutch) :

"William White, wool comber, unmarried man from England, accompanied by William Jepson and Samuel Fuller, his acquaintances, with Ann Fuller, single woman also from England, accompanied by Rosamond Jepson and Sarah Priest, her acquaintenances. They were married before Jasper van Bauchern and William Cornelison Tybault, sheriffs, this eleventh day of February, 1612."

The marriage ceremony was performed by their beloved minister, John Robison. Although the bride's name is given here as Ann, she is referred to as Susanna in later years.

William and Susanna and their 6 year old son, Resolved, left Delft Haven on 7/22/1620 with part of what was to become the Mayflower company on the ship "Speedwell." The 60 ton ship was to make for Southampton, England to await the "Mayflower."

[One Branch of the White Family by Charles H. White]

Excerpts from One Branch of the White Family by Charles H. White :

On a map of England displayed in Pilgrim Hall, William White is shown as having come from Suffolk which is southeast of Scrooby Manor (Elder Brewster's home) where the Pilgrims worshipped before fleeing to Holland. In Leyden records, he is referred to as "William White of London."

It is widely written that he was the son of Bishop John White of London, however, this is still open to doubt amongst many researchers.

William apparently was not a member of the Scrooby company in England as he joined them in 1608 in Amsterdam. He moved with the company to Leyden, Holland in 1609.

His coat of arms bore the motto "Sit Justus Etne Tineas." It is described as He beareth gules, a chevron between three boar's heads couped argent armed or. Crest, out of a mural coronet gules a boar's head argent.

He solved his problem of earning a living in a foreign country by learning the trade of a wool comber or carder.

William came to America with wife Suzanna and son Resolved, on the Mayflower, along with servants, William Holbeck and Edward Thompson (per Bradford's History]. He was apparently a young man of substance as he was addressed as Master or Mr. - "those addressed as such were relatively the aristocrats of the company -- in general those with the means to bring indentured servants."

He, along with Carver, Bradford, Brewster and Winslow (all but Carver were educated men of the times), "drew up on the lid of Elder Brewster's chest an instrument of individual liberty as a right which has influenced the destiny of man ever since." On November 11, 1620/1 each man was asked to sign the Compact. William White was the sixth signer of the Mayflower Compact.

William, at age 29, was unfortunately one of the unlucky group who died in Plymouth during the first hard winter after landing. A monument stone was raised on the hill overlooking the harbor (" Burial Hill ") in Plymouth, MA commemorating the 104 passengers who died that year and were buried at the site. Individual graves were not laid out at the time as the Pilgrims did not want the neighboring Indians to know how much their numbers had been thinned by disease. "Those that died were secretly buried at night on Cole's Hill, above Plymouth Rock, levelling off the graves and planting them over with corn to hide their great and growing losses from the Indians."

The monument has the following inscriptions :

"The bones of the Pilgrims found at various times in and near this inclosure [sic] and preserved for many years in the canopy over the Rock were returned at the time of the tercentenary celebration and are deposited within this monument." -- north face

"This monument marks the first burying ground in Plymouth of the passengers of the Mayflower" -- west face

"Of the One Hundred & Four Passengers, These Died in Plymouth the first year" -- followed by the names of the 104 -- east face

William's servants died early on also - William Holbeck in 1621 and Edward Thompson in 1620.

Relics of the Pilgrims are housed in Pilgrim Hall in Plymouth. William's cabinet (brought over on the Mayflower), his cane, and his brass candle stick are displayed there. Also Peregrine's cradle and an ancient deed signed by Resolved are displayed. -------------------- Died soon after arrival in Plymouth -------------------- Arrived in Plymouth on The MAYFLOWER- Died First Winter Febuary 21-1621- Wife Later Re-Married Edward Winslow Of The MAYFLOWER! -------------------- See Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Thirteen, Third Edition, William White, copyright 2006, General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 4 Winslow Street, Plymouth, MA 02360. -------------------- In the 1623 Plymouth division of land William White received five acres as a passenger on the Mayflower even though he had been dead for two years.

view all 18

William White, "Mayflower" Passenger's Timeline

1589
October 10, 1589
Hatherleigh, Devonshire, England, United Kingdom
1591
November 10, 1591
England, United Kingdom
1612
February 11, 1612
Age 20
Leiden,Zuid-Holland,,Netherlands
1615
September 9, 1615
Age 23
Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland
1620
November 19, 1620
Age 29
Cape Cod Harbor, Plimouth future Colony
1620
Age 28
Plymouth, MA
1620
Age 28
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
1620
Age 28
1620
Age 28

Mayflower

1621
February 21, 1621
Age 29
Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts