William Comyn, 1st Earl of Buchan

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About William Comyn, 1st Earl of Buchan

William Comyn was one of four sons (and three daughters) of Richard Comyn, Justiciar of Lothian and Hextilda of Tynedale. He was born Scotland, in Altyre, Moray in 1163 and died in Buchan in 1233 where he is buried in Deer Abbey. He was Lord of Badenoch and was earl-consort of Buchan.

William made his fortune in the service of king William I of Scotland fighting the Meic Uilleim in the north. William witnesses no less than 88 charters of the king. William was sheriff of Forfar (1195-1211), Justiciar of Scotia (1205-33) and warden of Moray (1211-2). Between 1199 and 1200, William was sent to England to discuss important matters on King William's behalf with the new king, John.

William was appointed to the prestigious office of Justiciar of Scotia, the most senior royal office in the kingdom, in 1205. Between 1211 and 1212, William, as Warden of Moray (or Guardian of Moray) fought against the insurgency of Gofraid mac Domnaill (of the Meic Uilleim family), who William beheaded in Kincardine in 1213.[1] Upon finally destroying the Meic Uilleim's in 1229, he was given the Lordship of Badenoch and the lands it controlled.

From an unknown date, William held the title Lord of Kilbride.

He helped oversee the construction of St Mungo's Cathedral in Glasgow and after his death, Marjory continued his work there.

William (is believed to have) had six children through his first wife Sarah Fitzhugh and eight through Marjory, Countess of Buchan. The two branches would be associated with the Lordship of Badenoch through his first wife and the Earldom of Buchan through the second. For the historian Alan Young, William's life, and particularly his marriage to the Countess of Buchan, marks the beginning of the "Comyn century".

NB. Children are ranked according to either accounts showing a specific rank in the order of Williams children's birth or according to the earliest available date the child was thought to have been born.

   * father Richard Comyn (b.c.1115-1123 d.c.1179); mother Hextilda of Tynedale (aka. Hextilda FitzUchtred or Hextilda FitzWaldeve) (b.1112-1122 d.c. 1149-1189). Hextilda's first husband was Malcolm, 2nd Earl of Atholl, making their son Henry, 3rd Earl of Atholl, William Comyn's half-brother.
         o first wife married 1193: Sarah Fitzhugh (aka. Sarah filia Roberti) (b.1155-1160 d.c.1204)
               + 1. Richard (b.c.1190-1194 d.c.1244-1249); married to unknown wife; father of John I Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (b.c.1220 d.c.1277)
               + 2. Jardine Comyn, Lord of Inverallochy (b. during or before 1190)
               + 3. Walter, Lord of Badenoch (b.1190 d.c.1258) married Isabella, Countess of Menteith
               + 4. Johanna (aka. Jean) (b.c.1198 d.c.1274); married c.1220: Uilleam I, Earl of Ross (aka. William de Ross) (b.c.1194-1214 d.1274)
               + 5. John Comyn, jure uxoris Earl of Angus (d.1242); married (c.1242); Matilda, Countess of Angus (aka. Maud) (b.c.1222, d.1261)
               + 6. David Comyn, Lord of Kilbride (d.1247); married Isabel de Valoigne (d.1253)
         o second wife married c.1209-1212: Marjory (aka. Margaret), Countess of Buchan (aka. Margaret Colhan of Buchan) (b.c.1184 d.c.1243-1244)
               + 1. Idonea (aka. Idoine) (b.c.1215-1221); married 1237: Gilbert de Haya of Erroll (aka. Gilbert de la Hay) (d.1262)
               + 2. Alexander, Earl of Buchan (b.c.1217 d.c.1289-1290); married: Elizabetha de Quincy (aka. Isabel) (b.1220 d.1282)
               + 3. William (b.c.1217)
               + 4. Margaret (b.c. 1218-1230); married Sir John de Keith, Marischal of Scotland (b.1212 d.1270)
               + 5. Fergus (b.c.1219-1228 d.); married 1249: unknown wife; father of Margaret Comyn (b.c.1270)
               + 6. Elizabeth (b.c. 1223 d.1267); married: Uilleam, Earl of Mar (d.1281)
               + 7. Agnes (b.c.1225); married 1262: Sir Philip de Meldrum, Justiciar of Scotia (aka. Philip de Fedarg or Philip de Melgarum)

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ "Scotland". http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-13. 

References

   * Young, Alan, Robert the Bruce's Rivals: The Comyns, 1213-1314, (East Linton, 1997)

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Comyn,_jure_uxoris_Earl_of_Buchan -------------------- William Comyn, 5th Earl of Buchan became Earl of Buchan by right of his wife, Margaret.

He was born before 1176.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p390.htm#i7749 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- William Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Comyn was one of four sons (and three daughters) of Richard Comyn, Justiciar of Lothian and Hextilda of Tynedale. He was born Scotland, in Altyre, Moray in 1163 and died in Buchan in 1233 where he is buried in Deer Abbey. He was Lord of Badenoch and was earl-consort of Buchan.

William made his fortune in the service of king William I of Scotland fighting the Meic Uilleim in the north. William witnesses no less than 88 charters of the king. William was sheriff of Forfar (1195-1211), Justiciar of Scotia (1205-33) and warden of Moray (1211-2). Between 1199 and 1200, William was sent to England to discuss important matters on King William's behalf with the new king, John.

William was appointed to the prestigious office of Justiciar of Scotia, the most senior royal office in the kingdom, in 1205. Between 1211 and 1212, William, as Warden of Moray (or Guardian of Moray) fought against the insurgency of Gofraid mac Domnaill (of the Meic Uilleim family), who William beheaded in Kincardine in 1213.[1] Upon finally destroying the Meic Uilleim's in 1229, he was given the Lordship of Badenoch and the lands it controlled.

From an unknown date, William held the title Lord of Kilbride.

He helped oversee the construction of St Mungo's Cathedral in Glasgow and after his death, Marjory continued his work there.

Earl of Buchan

During his period as Warden of Moray, Comyn was so successful, it may have been the reason he received the hand of Marjory (aka. Margaret), Countess of Buchan, sometime between 1209-1212. Her father Fergus, Earl of Buchan, had no male heirs and so in marrying his daughter to William he ensured a suitable line for his titles before his death. Dying sometime around 1214 (perhaps earlier) William took over the management of the mormaerdom (earldom) of Bucham, by right of his wife.

[edit]Family tree

William (is believed to have) had six children through his first wife Sarah Fitzhugh and eight through Marjory, Countess of Buchan. The two branches would be associated with the Lordship of Badenoch through his first wife and the Earldom of Buchan through the second. For the historian Alan Young, William's life, and particularly his marriage to the Countess of Buchan, marks the beginning of the "Comyn century".

NB. Children are ranked according to either accounts showing a specific rank in the order of Williams children's birth or according to the earliest available date the child was thought to have been born.

father Richard Comyn (b.c.1115-1123 d.c.1179); mother Hextilda of Tynedale (aka. Hextilda FitzUchtred or Hextilda FitzWaldeve) (b.1112-1122 d.c. 1149-1189). Hextilda's first husband was Malcolm, 2nd Earl of Atholl, making their son Henry, 3rd Earl of Atholl, William Comyn's half-brother.

first wife married 1193: Sarah Fitzhugh (aka. Sarah filia Roberti) (b.1155-1160 d.c.1204)

1. Richard (b.c.1190-1194 d.c.1244-1249); married to unknown wife; father of John I Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (b.c.1220 d.c.1277)

2. Jardine Comyn, Lord of Inverallochy (b. during or before 1190)

3. Walter, Lord of Badenoch (b.1190 d.c.1258) married Isabella, Countess of Menteith

4. Johanna (aka. Jean) (b.c.1198 d.c.1274); married c.1220: Uilleam I, Earl of Ross (aka. William de Ross) (b.c.1194-1214 d.1274)

5. John Comyn, jure uxoris Earl of Angus (d.1242); married (c.1242); Matilda, Countess of Angus (aka. Maud) (b.c.1222, d.1261)

6. David Comyn, Lord of Kilbride (d.1247); married Isabel de Valoigne (d.1253)

second wife married c.1209-1212: Marjory (aka. Margaret), Countess of Buchan (aka. Margaret Colhan of Buchan) (b.c.1184 d.c.1243-1244)

1. Idonea (aka. Idoine) (b.c.1215-1221); married 1237: Gilbert de Haya of Erroll (aka. Gilbert de la Hay) (d.1262)

2. Alexander, Earl of Buchan (b.c.1217 d.c.1289-1290); married: Elizabetha de Quincy (aka. Isabel) (b.1220 d.1282)

3. William (b.c.1217)

4. Margaret (b.c. 1218-1230); married Sir John de Keith, Marischal of Scotland (b.1212 d.1270)

5. Fergus (b.c.1219-1228 d.); married 1249: unknown wife; father of Margaret Comyn (b.c.1270)

6. Elizabeth (b.c. 1223 d.1267); married: Uilleam, Earl of Mar (d.1281)

7. Agnes (b.c.1225); married 1262: Sir Philip de Meldrum, Justiciar of Scotia (aka. Philip de Fedarg or Philip de Melgarum)

[edit]Notes

^ "Scotland". Retrieved 2007-06-13.

[edit]References

Young, Alan, Robert the Bruce's Rivals: The Comyns, 1213-1314, (East Linton, 1997) -------------------- 1st Earl of Buchan, Justiciar of Scotland (d 1233, 2nd son)

-------------------- http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Comyn-4

Lord William Comyn of Tynedal aka of Badenoch

Born 1163 in Buchan, Aberdeenshire, , Scotlandmap Son of Richard Comyn and Hextilda F. (Tynedale) Comyn Brother of Unknown (Atholl) Lundin, Henry (Atholl) of Atholl and Margaret (Comyn) Atholl Husband of Margaret Countess of Buchan (Buchan) Comyn Countess o — married [date unknown] [location unknown] Husband of Sarah (Fitzhugh) Comyn — married [date unknown] [location unknown] Father of Richard Comyn, Walter Comyn Lord of Ba, Johanna (Comyn) Ross, Alexander Comyn II Earl of, Margaret (Comyn) Keith and Elizabeth Comyn Died 1233 in Buchan, Aberdeenshire, , Scotlandmap Profile managers: Jacques Charles Pictet private message [send private message], Katherine Patterson private message [send private message], Ted Williams private message [send private message], David Robinson private message [send private message], Sharon Meeds private message [send private message], and Allan Stuart private message [send private message] Last profile change on 10 January 2014 13:07: Eugene Quigley edited the Biography for William Comyn. [Thank Eugene for this] This page has been accessed 594 times. Nominate for Profile of the Week by posting the link http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Comyn-4 in our G+ Community. Vote by clicking the +1 button above.

This person was created through the import of Howland Mayflower-dude.ged on 12 September 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Contents [hide]

   1 Source
   2 Sources
   3 Biography
       3.1 Name
       3.2 UPD
       3.3 Note
       3.4 Record ID Number
       3.5 User ID
   4 Sources
       4.1 Note
       4.2 User ID
   5 Biography
       5.1 Name
       5.2 Birth
       5.3 Death
   6 Sources
       6.1 Source
       6.2 Sources
       6.3 Name
       6.4 Birth
       6.5 Occupation
       6.6 Note
       6.7 User ID
       6.8 Data Changed
       6.9 Marriage
       6.10 Sources
       6.11 User ID
       6.12 Source
       6.13 Sources
   7 Biography
   8 Sources

Source

   Source: #S-2091054882
       Page: Ancestry Family Trees 
       Note: 
       Data:
           Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=18828741&pid=736242867 
   Source: #S-2091054882
       Page: Ancestry Family Trees 
       Note: 
       Data:
           Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=18828741&pid=736242867 

Sources

   Source S-2091054882 
   Repository: #R-2091054883 
   Title: Ancestry Family Trees 
   Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. 
   Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. 

No REPO record found with id R-2091054883.

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited. Name

   Name: William /Comyn/
       Name Prefix: Lord 
       Given Name: William 
       Surname: Comyn 
       Name Suffix: of Tynedale 1st Earl of Buchan 

The suffix of Tynedale 1st Earl of Buchan is non-traditional and may be too long for the WikiTree suffix. UPD

   UPD 3 JUL 2011 09:30:42 GMT -0500 

Note

   Note: Web content link:<LinkURL>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Comyn,_jure_uxoris_Earl_of_Buchan</LinkURL><LinkName>history</LinkName> 

Record ID Number

   Record ID Number: MH:I2521 

User ID

   User ID: 05B044EF-2EQ8-K2J1-1CUK-1CUK0F4D22E4 

Sources

   WikiTree profile Comyn-136 created through the import of 2e4y9w_6792005b2a92y72e4mejcc.ged on Jul 27, 2011 by Allan Stuart. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Allan and others. 
   Source: S170 UPD 3 JUL 2011 07:14:35 GMT -0500 Title: shreve family web site Text:
   MyHeritage.com family tree
   Family site: shreve family web site
   Family tree: 126332342-33 Type: Smart Matching Media: 126332342-33 Page: William Comyn** Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Date: 3 JUL 2011 Text: Added by confirming a Smart Match Event: Smart Matching Role: 33033574 

This person was created through the import of DR fam 9.ged on 14 September 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Note

   Note: @N453@ 
   @N453@ NOTE 
   AR7 114A-26 

User ID

   User ID: D46BAAA503BA4325A4CC3A619B08DAE01B4C 

While processing relationships in the gedcom some additional information was found which may be relevant.

Could not parse date out of ABT 1214.

   @F543@ FAM 
   Husband: @I1047@ 
   Wife: @I1058@ 
   Marriage:
       Date: ABT 1214 
   User ID: 71D7DDE1E60448918DEA4AAF2F253BAC744B 
   Child: @I142@ 

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited. Name

   Name: William /Comyn/[1][2] 

Birth

   Birth:
       Date: 1163 
       Place: Buchan, Aberdeenshire, , Scotland[3] 

Death

   Death:
       Date: 1233 
       Place: Buchan, Aberdeenshire, , Scotland[4] 

Sources

   WikiTree profile Comyn-126 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Ted and others. 
   Source: S004330 Title: Millennium File Author: Heritage Consulting Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA Repository: Note: #NS043303 
   Note NS043303 
   NAME Ancestry.com 
   ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com 
   NOTE 
   Source: S004444 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: #NS044441 Repository: Note: #NS044443 

No NOTE record found with id NS044441.

   Note NS044443 
   NAME Ancestry.com 
   ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com 
   NOTE 
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:
   ↑ Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=414839672
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:

This person was created through the import of Sheppard_Duncan_Bickham_Stroud.ged on 01 February 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Source

   Source: #S-2141108661
       Page: Ancestry Family Trees 
       Note: 
       Data:
           Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6601291&pid=1323176847 

Sources

   Source S-2141108661 
   Repository: #R-2141108662 
   Title: Ancestry Family Trees 
   Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. 
   Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. 
   Repository R-2141108662 
   Name: Ancestry.com 
   Address: http://www.Ancestry.com 
   Note: 

This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Name

   Name: William /COMYN/
       Source: #S994 

Birth

   Birth:
       Date: ABT 1160 
       Place: Altyre, Moray, Scotland 

Removed ABT from Birth Date and marked as uncertain. Occupation

   Occupation: Lord of Badenoch, jure uxoris Earl of Buchan 

Note

   Note: @N13397@ 
   @N13397@ NOTE 
   Ancestor of James Veatch (Nancy Jane Prather) and of Philp Nelson (David Dickinson). 

User ID

   User ID: 68F475B55B2D4B06A213CD4DC88313982405 

Data Changed

   Data Changed:
       Date: 31 OCT 2010 

Prior to import, this record was last changed 31 OCT 2010. Marriage

   Husband: William Comyn 
   Wife: Sarah Fitzhugh 
   Marriage:
       Date: ABT 1187 
   User ID: AF6B7712176A4EC7AE1671D780F46B1F4302 
   Child: Johanna Comyn 
   Child: Richard Comyn 
   Child: Walter Comyn 

Could not parse date out of ABT 1187.

   Husband: William Comyn 
   Wife: Margery Buchan 
   Marriage:
       Date: 1209x12 
   User ID: 32673767E4384DF28AA8F1A33C8BB4FED1B6 
   Child: Alexander Comyn 
   Child: Elizabeth Comyn 
   Child: Margaret Comyn 

Could not parse date out of 1209x12.

Sources

   Source S994 
   Text: This individual (or object) is the subject of an article or stub at Wikipedia. 

This person was created through the import of master 11_12.ged on 21 October 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. User ID

   User ID: E1ACF7E14567714DB25F54E3782085F92DAE 

Source

   Source: #S-2024265464
       Page: page 120 

While processing relationships in the gedcom some additional information was found which may be relevant.

Could not parse date out of BEF. 1290.

   @F425@ FAM 
   Husband: @P-2032328457@ 
   Wife: @P-2032328456@ 
   Child: @P-2032328458@
       Relationship to Father: Natural 
       Relationship to Mother: Natural 
   Marriage:
       Date: BEF. 1290 
   User ID: CE3771FAB90FC34AAFD451A836D381CA1511 

Sources

   Source S-2024265464 
   Repository: #R-2024265400 
   Title: Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, The 
   Author: Frederick Lewis Weis, Th. D. 
   Publication: Fourth Edition (With Additions and Corrections By Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., M. S.; 1971 
   Note: Excellent
       NS057983 
       Source Media Type: Book 
   Repository R-2024265400 

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited. Sources

   WikiTree profile Comyn-95 created through the import of FISCUS Family Tree.ged on Jun 6, 2011 by Liisa Small. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Liisa and others. 
   Source: S572556085 Repository: #R2190409259 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=225892&pid=5054
   Repository: R2190409259 Name: Ancestry.com Address: 360 West 4800 North, Provo, UT 84604 Note: 
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:
   ↑ Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=414839672
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:
   ↑ Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1170Birth place: Buchan, ScottlandDeath date: 1233Death place:

-------------------- Chancellor of Scotland

Sources [S265] Colquoun_Cunningham.ged, Jamie Vans

[S301] History of the Lands and their Owners in Galloway, Vols III, IV and V, P. H. McKerlie, (James Bell, Kirkcudbright)

view all 22

William Comyn, 1st Earl of Buchan's Timeline

1163
1163
Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1180
1180
Age 17
Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1189
1189
Age 26
Scotland
1194
1194
Age 31
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland
1214
1214
Age 51
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland
1214
Age 51
Altyre,Morayshire,Scotland
1215
1215
Age 52
Aberdeenshire, UK
1216
1216
Age 53
Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1219
1219
Age 56
Of, Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland
1219
Age 56
UK