William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln, Baron of Kendall, Lord of Bolingbroke (c.1096 - ) MP

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Nicknames: "William /De Romara/", "Châtelain de Neufmarché"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Crowland, Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England
Death: Died in before 1611, Revesby, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England (as monk)
Occupation: Seigneur de Roumare, Earl of Cambridge (before 1141) and Lincoln (1141)
Managed by: Henrik Sætness
Last Updated:

About William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln, Baron of Kendall, Lord of Bolingbroke

William de Roumare

son of Roger FitzGerold de Roumare & Lucy Thoroldsdottir of Lincoln (her second marriage)

from Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands Database:

WILLIAM de Roumare ([1096]-31 May before 1161, bur Revesby). The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Willielmum postea comitem de terris paternis et Lincoln comitatus” as son of “Rogero filio Geroldi Romara” and his wife Lucy[752]. Seigneur de Roumare, near Rouen. Châtelain de Neufmarché[753].

  • Orderic Vitalis records that he disembarked before the sailing of the White Ship in Nov 1120, realising that "there was too great a crowd of wild and headstrong young men on board"[754].
  • He rebelled against Henry I King of England in Sep 1123, after being refused the restoration of his mother's lands which his stepfather had given to the king in exchange for the earldom of Chester[755].
  • The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Roumara" in Wiltshire (two entries)[756].
  • He appears to have been created Earl of Cambridge in [1138] by King Stephen[757].
  • He opposed the grant of the earldom of Lincoln to William d'Aubigny, having inherited estates in the county from his mother. He and his half-brother Ranulf "de Gernon" Earl of Chester seized Lincoln castle in Dec 1140, and after combining forces with Robert Earl of Gloucester, captured the king 2 Feb 1141. After the king was released, he created Earl of Lincoln in [1141].
  • “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolniæ” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][758].
  • “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[759].
  • "…Willelmo de Rolmare conestabuli…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[760].
  • The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmi de Romara" in Hampshire in [1158/59][761].
  • The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery records that he was buried at Revesby where he had become a monk before he died[762].
  • The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "31 May" of "Willelmus comes de Romara, fundator prioratus de Novo Mercato"[763].

m HAWISE de Reviers, daughter of RICHARD Seigneur de Reviers & his wife Adelise Peverel of Nottingham (-after 1161). “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[764]. A manuscript detailing the descendants of the founders of Twinham Priory names “Hadwysam de Rumara comitissam Lincolniæ” as daughter of “Ricardus de Radvers comes Devoniæ…ex Adeliza comitissa uxore sua”[765], although other sources do not show that her father bore the comital title. “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolniæ” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][766]. Earl William & his wife had one child:

a) WILLIAM de Roumare "Hélie"[767] (-[12 Sep] 1151, bur [Revesby]). “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolniæ” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][768]. “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[769]. The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Willielmum de Romara” as son of “Willielmum postea comitem de terris paternis et Lincoln comitatus”, specifying that he predeceased his father and was buried “apud Revesby”[770]. [The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "12 Sep" of "Willelmus de Romara"[771].] m (after 1143) as her first husband, AGNES d'Aumâle, daughter of ETIENNE de Blois Comte d'Aumâle & his wife Hawise de Mortimer. A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmus” had “sorores quatuor, filias Stephani” who married “una…vicedomino de Pynkeney, altera…vicedomino de Verberay, tertia…Bertanno de Brikebet, quarta Willielmo de Romare et postea Petro de Brus”[772]. She married secondly (after 1151) Peter [I] de Brus.

William & his wife had three children:

i) WILLIAM (-[1198], bur [Revesby]). He succeeded his paternal grandfather in [1160] as Earl of Lincoln, as a minor probably until 1166[773]. The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Romara" with 14 knights "in Romeis apud Novum Mercatum" and seven other knights[774]. “Willielmus de Roumara nepos Willielmi comitis et hæres eius” confirmed donations to Revesby abbey, founded by “avus meus”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1172[775]. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Roumara" paying "xxix l xii s vi d, lvii milites et quartam" in Lincolnshire[776]. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Romare" paying "lix l xv s" in Lincolnshire[777]. m firstly ALICE, daughter of ---. She is named as William's wife in a charter to Spalding[778].

m secondly as her first husband, PHILIPPA d'Alençon, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix de Maine [Anjou] (-before [1220]). She married secondly Guillaume [III] Malet de Graville, and thirdly (before Oct 1215) as his [first] wife, Guillaume de Préaux.

ii) ROBERT . "Willelmo de Roumara, Roberto fratre eius…" witnessed the charter, dated to the reign of King Henry II, under which "Matheus de Beningworde" acknowledged a donation of property by "Rogero de Benigworde fratre meo"[779].

iii) ROGER . Domesday Descendants notes "Roger de Romara, son of William de Romara and grandson of William I de Romara earl of Lincoln"[780].

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In Normandy, he was Seigneur (Lord) of Roumare.

He was created Earl of Lincoln by King Stephen after 1143. The Earl lived at both Bolingbroke and Lincoln Castle.

He was the ducal constable of the fortress of Neufmarche, stoutly resisting Hugh de Gournay, then in rebellion there, in 1118 in Normandy.

Family and children

He married Hawise de Reviers, sister of Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon (Reviers) and had children:

  1. William de Roumare (c. 1151)
  2. Hawyse de Roumare (b. c. 1117?), married Gilbert de Gant, Earl of Lincoln.
  3. Rohese de Roumare, married Roger FitzReinfride (1114 – 1198).

The direct descendants of William de Roumare can still be found, although they might be using some of the variations of the noble surname, such as: Romare, Romayre and Romay.

References

   * [S209] Somerset Herald J.R. Planché, The Conqueror and His Companions (London, England: Tinsley Brothers, 1874). Hereinafter cited as Planché, J.R.
   * [S842] Harleian Society, "The Genealogy of the Earls of Chester", in The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, F.S.A. John Paul Rylands, editor. (London: Harleian Society, 1882). Hereinafter cited as "Visitiation Cheshire 1580: Chester Earls".
   * [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), III:166. Hereinafter cited as CP.
   * [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, VII:667.
   * [S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 457. Hereinafter cited as B:xP.
   * Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 50-27, 132A-26.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Roumare

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William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln, Baron of Kendall, Lord of Bolingbroke's Timeline

1096
1096
Crowland, Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England
1117
1117
Age 21
Spalding, Lincolnshire, England
1138
1138
Age 42
Cheshire, UK
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May 31
before 1611, Revesby, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England (as monk)
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