William l "Tallebois" FitzGilbert de Lancaster, 5th Baron of Kendal

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William l "Tallebois" FitzGilbert de Lancaster, 5th Baron of Kendal

Also Known As: "wife: Ada Warenne had other husbands: confusing", "Baron of Kendal and Lancaster"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Probably , Kendal, Westmoreland, England, UK
Death: Died in Kendal, Westmoreland, England, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Gilbert FitzKetel de Lancaster, 4th Baron Kendal and Godith Fitzreinstein de Taillebois
Husband of Unknown 1st Wfe of William de Lancaster and Gundred de Warenne, Countess of Warwick
Father of Gilbert de Stainton, of Kendal; William de Lancaster, Baron of Kendal; Avice (Hawise) de Lancaster; Agnes de Wyndsore and Robert de Lancaster
Brother of Agnes FitzReinfred; Jordan De Lancaster; Sir Nicholas de Radcliffe, Knight; Siegrid FitzReinfred; Sir Roger de Lancaster, Knight and 3 others
Half brother of Walter Or De Constances Fitzreinfred

Occupation: Baron of Kendal and Lonsdale, Baron of Kendal
Managed by: Bernard Raimond Assaf
Last Updated:

About William l "Tallebois" FitzGilbert de Lancaster, 5th Baron of Kendal

Summary for William "Taillebois" de Lancaster (d. after 1166)

Parents:

  • Father: Gilbert
  • Mother: Goditha (sister of Ketel FitzElthred)

Siblings:

  • 2. Gilbert de Lancaster

Spouse and children:

  • First Wife: Unknown (Speculative)
    • 1. Hawise (called Avicia by English Wikipedia) de Lancaster (m1. William de Peverel of Nottingham, m2. Richard de Moreville)
  • Second Wife: Gundred de Warrenne, (c1120 - after 1166, widow of Roger de Beaumont, Earl of Warwick)
    • 2. William de Lancaster (d. 1184, bur. Furness Abbey, m. Helwise de Stuteville)
  • Other children speculated by English Wikipedia:
    • 1. Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Pré in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
    • 2. Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore (Farrer 1906).
    • 3. Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang. (Farrer 1906).
    • 4. Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea"

Basic Information

Birth: Unknown. (No source gives an 1110 date, as a user previously indicated)

Baptism: Unknown.

Marriage:

  • First Marriage: Unknown.
  • Second Marriage: 1153/1156

Death: After 1166 according to FMG. English Wikipedia suggests 1170 without giving any sources. Location unknown.

Burial: Unknown.

Occupation: Lord of Kendale and Lonsdale in Westmoreland (1166 - death)

Alternate Names: William "Taillebois" de Lancaster, William Fitz Gilbert, William de Tailboys or de Taillebois.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medlands Project page on English Nobility Medieval:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3L-O.htm#WilliamLancasterdiedafter1166A

GODITHA .

  • Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter of William of Lancaster to York St Leonard's, confirming a donation by his "avunculus" Ketel fitz Eldred, from which it can be deduced that William´s mother was Ketel´s sister (assuming that avunculus is interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle)[168]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.

m GILBERT, son of ---.

  • An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Gilbertum” as son of ”Ketellus”[169], but this is proved incorrect by the charter cited above which confirms that Gilbert´s wife was the sister of Ketel.

Gilbert & his wife had [two] children:

i) WILLIAM "Taillebois" de Lancaster (-after 1166).

  • An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus” as son of ”Gilbertus”[170]. “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee´s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by “Willielmus filius Gilberti de Lancastria”[171].

ii) [GILBERT de Lancaster .

  • "…Gillebto de Lancas--- Ricardo filio Gillebti" witnessed the undated charter under which "Ricardus de Moravilla constabularius regis Scotie et Willelmus filius eius et heres" donated property "in Witelei" to Melrose abbey[172].
  • It is possible that "Gillebto de Lancas" in this charter was related to Hawise de Lancaster, the wife of Richard de Morville, possibly her paternal uncle. It is not known whether "Ricardo filio Gillebti" was the son of the same person, although this is suggested because the name follows Gilbert´s.]

---

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medlands Project page on English Nobility Medieval:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3L-O.htm#WilliamLancasterdiedafter1166

WILLIAM "Taillebois" de Lancaster (-after 1166).

  • An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus” as son of ”Gilbertus”[173]. “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee´s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by “Willielmus filius Gilberti de Lancastria”[174]. An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmum de Lancaster” as son of ”Gilbertus”[175]. A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willilemum filium Gilberti” also named “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys”[176].
  • Lord of Kendale and Lonsdale in Westmoreland in 1166[177]. A charter of King Henry II records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”[178].

[m firstly ---.

  • No direct proof has been found of this supposed first marriage. However, assuming that Hawise, wife of Richard de Moreville, was the daughter of William de Lancaster, she must have been born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage, given the estimated birth date of William´s known wife Gundred de Warenne.]

m [secondly] ([Jun 1153/1156]) as her second husband, GUNDRED de Warenne, widow of ROGER de Beaumont Earl of Warwick, daughter of WILLIAM de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Elisabeth de Vermandois [Capet] ([1120 or after]-after 1166).

  • Guillaume de Jumièges records that the elder daughter of "Guillaume II de Warenne comte de Surrey" & his wife married "Roger comte de Warwick, fils du comte Henri, frère de Robert comte de Meulan et né de Marguerite sœur de Rotrou comte du Perche" but does not name her[179]. Robert of Torigny names "Gondrada sorore uterine Galeranni comitis Mellenti" as wife of "Rogero comite Warwicensi"[180]. An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmum de Lancaster” married ”Gundredam prius comitissam de Warwyke”[181].
  • Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter of King Henry II which records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”[182].

William & his [first] wife had [one child]:

a) [HAWISE de Lancaster .

  • "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter[183]. "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…"[184].
  • There is uncertainty surrounding this "Hawise de Lancaster". Her marriage to William Peveril is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter[185]. According to Domesday Descendants, she married secondly Richard de Morville (no corresponding primary source cited)[186]. The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified.
  • There is also a difficulty concerning Hawise´s parentage. Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was the daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited)[187]. As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster´s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage. On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable for this affiliation, as each succeeding generation of the "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster. A different affiliation is suggested by the Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche[188]. This is not an ideal fit. Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later. In any case, the chronology is unfavourable. It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest.
  • On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel´s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135). Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s.
  • m firstly as his second wife, WILLIAM Peverel of Nottingham, son of WILLIAM Peverel & his wife Adeline ([1100/05]-after 1155). m secondly RICHARD de Moreville, son of HUGH de Morville & his wife Beatrice de Beauchamp (-1189).

William & his [second] wife had one child:

b) WILLIAM de Lancaster (-bur Furness Abbey).

  • An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” as son of ”Willielmum de Lancaster”[189]. A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willilemum filium Gilberti” and names “Willielmum secundum” as son of “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” and his wife “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”[190]. “Willielmus de Lancastre” donated property to Furness Abbey, for the soul of “Agnetis sponsæ meæ” by charter dated 6 Nov 1240 which records that “avi mei…Willielmi de Lancastre” was buried in the abbey[191].
  • m HELWISE de Stuteville, daughter of ---. An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam”[192]. A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi”[193].
  • William & his wife had one child: Hawise de Lancaster.

References:

  • [168] Domesday Descendants, p. 539, citing Ragg ´Charters to St Peter´s (St Leonard´s) Hospital, York´, p. 237 (not yet consulted).
  • [169] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [170] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [171] Dugdale Monasticon III, St. Bee´s Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 577.
  • [172] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 106, p. 95.
  • [173] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [174] Dugdale Monasticon III, St. Bee´s Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 577.
  • [175] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [176] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.
  • [177] Domesday Descendants, p. 539.
  • [178] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.
  • [179] Guizot, M. (ed.) (1826) Histoire des ducs de Normandie, par Guillaume de Jumiège (Paris) (“WJ”), VIII.41, pp. 307-8.
  • [180] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1153, p. 273.
  • [181] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [182] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.
  • [183] Bannatyne Club (1837) Liber Sancte Marie de Melros: Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Cisterciensis de Melros (Edinburgh) ("Melrose Liber"), Tome I, 94, p. 82.
  • [184] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 95, p. 83.
  • [185] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Derley Priory, Derbyshire, XIX, p. 361.
  • [186] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XV (1892) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 16th year of King Henry II *(London) ("Pipe Roll 16 Hen II (1169/70)"), Lancashire, p. 53.
  • [187] Domesday Descendants, p. 603.
  • [188] CP I Appendix I, p. 762.
  • [189] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [190] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.
  • [191] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, V, p. 247.
  • [192] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.
  • [193] Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.

--------------

From the English Wikipedia page on William de Lancaster I:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Lancaster_I

William de Lancaster I, or William Fitz Gilbert, was a nobleman of the twelfth century in Northwest England. He was possibly also referred to as William de Tailboys (de Taillebois) when younger. He is the first person of whom we have any record to bear the name of Lancaster and pass it on to his descendants as a family name. He died in about 1170.

The blazonry attributed to William de Lancaster I and several of his main line descendants: "Argent (silver or white), two bars gules (red), and on a canton of the second, a lion, passant guardant, or (gold or yellow)"

Titles and positions

Earliest holdings

The general impression given by the known appearances of William and his relatives in contemporary documents, is that his own family origins lay in the modern county of Cumbria, especially Coupland in western Cumberland, Furness in the Lake District, The Barony of Kendal, which became part of Westmorland, and various areas such as Barton between Kendal and Ullswater, also in Westmorland.

Because of the surname he took up he is better remembered for the power he later wielded in Lancashire, near to the above areas, but just to the south of modern Cumbria.

The following are areas associated with him...

Muncaster in Cumberland. According to William Farrer, in his 1902 edition of Lancashire Pipe Rolls and early charters, p. 305, "It appears that he was possessed of the lordship of Mulcaster (now Muncaster), over the Penningtons of Pennington in Furness, and under Robert de Romilly, lord of Egremont and Skipton, who held it in right of his wife, Cecilia, daughter and heiress of William de Meschines."

According to Farrer, this title would have been one of those granted by Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel de Albini, having come into his hands after the decease with male heirs of Ivo de Taillebois. He also believes that this grant to William de Lancaster came to be annulled.

Workington, Lamplugh and Middleton. The manors of Workington and Lamplugh in Cumberland were given by William de Lancaster, in exchange for Middleton in Westmorland, to a relative, Gospatric, son of Orme, brother-in-law of Waldeve, Lord of Allerdale. [1]

Hensingham. The Register of St Bees shows that both William and his brother Roger granted land in this area.

Ulverston. See Farrer in "Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids" who argues that this may have been held by William and perhaps his father Gilbert, before it was granted by Stephen, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, to Furness Abbey in 1127. The possible connection of William's father Gilbert to Furness will be discussed further below.

Enfeoffment from Roger de Mowbray

Around 1150, a major enfeoffment by Roger de Mowbray put William in control, or perhaps just confirmed his control, of what would become of the Barony of Kendal, plus Warton, Garstang, and Wyresdale in Lancashire, as well as Horton in Ribblesdale and "Londsdale" - the latter two sometimes apparently being interpreted as indicating possession of at least part of what would become the Wapentake of Ewcross in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

William de Lancaster is often described as having been a Baron of Kendal. In fact this is not so clear. William Farrer wrote, in the Introduction to his Records of Kendal: "After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189-90; and that neither William de LANCASTER, son of Gilbert, nor William de LANCASTER II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as 'baron' of Kentdale."

Part of the problem comes from the time he lived in:

  • Fewer records were kept than later times.
  • Inheritance rules and other regularities which help us guess what happened in the later Middle Ages were not yet fixed and predictable in their workings.
  • William lived in a time of turmoil, with two rival claims to the throne of England (Stephen of England and Empress Matilda) and a major period of Scottish rule under David I of Scotland in the Northwest of England where William's holdings were.

What became the Barony of Kendal is generally accepted as having come together under Ivo de Taillebois (d.1194) in the time of William Rufus. And, as will be discussed below, at least in later generations William was depicted by his family as having been a Taillebois. A continuity is therefore often asserted between what Ivo held, and what William later held, despite the fact that William had no known hereditary claim on Kendal. (This is apparently also the reason for the frequent assertion that William held the entire Wapentake of Ewcross, even though it seems that the family of Roger de Mowbray kept hold of at least Burton in Kendal. William held two parts of it, mentioned above, while Ivo had held another, Clapham. The rest is speculation.)

According to Farrer, the Barony of Kendal became a real barony only in the time of William's grand daughter Hawise, who married Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid. Both he and his son William de Lancaster III, both successors of William de Lancaster I (and possibly of Ivo de Taillebois) were certainly Barons of Kendal.

The Scottish period

Egremont Castle. During the Scottish occupation, according to several websites, William was castellan in the castle of Egremont under William fitz Duncan. Others have suggested that his later enfeoffments and good marriage perhaps suggest that he played a role in leading the fight back against Scotland.

Note that, if it be accepted that William ever held Ewcross in Yorkshire, then it is probably during this period William seems to have lost control of some of them, which were later not in his possession.

Concerning other specific holdings and ranks

Furness and the Forests. According to a later grant to Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, William must have held some position over the whole forest of Westmarieland (the Northern or Appleby Barony of Westmorland), Kendal and Furness. His claims in Furness may have gone beyond just the forest, but this appears to have put him in conflict with the claims of the Furness Abbey, and this conflict continued over many generations. His family may have had links there before him. Some websites report that his father Gilbert was known as "Gilbert of Furness". (This apparently comes from a 17th century note by Benjamin Ayloffe, mentioned below.)

Lancaster Castle. According to Dugdale, the eminent English antiquarian, he was governor of Lancaster Castle in the reign of Henry II, about 1180. Little is known about how William came to hold the honour of Lancaster and use the surname, but it is sometimes suggested that it implies connections to royalty, perhaps coming from his apparent marriage to Gundred de Warrenne (or was this just yet another reward for some forgotten service, perhaps against the Scots?).

Seneschal. According to a note written by the 17th century antiquarian Benjamin Ayloffe, which is reproduced in the introduction of Walford Selby's collection of Lancashire and Cheshire Records, p.xxix, William was Seneschallus Hospitii Regis, or steward of the king's household. The same note also states that William's father was the kings "Receiver for the County of Lancaster".

Ancestry

Most securely, we can say that William's father was named Gilbert, and his mother was Godith. They are both mentioned clearly in a benefaction of William to St Mary de Pré. Indeed, William was often referred to as William the son of Gilbert.

William was also said to have descended from both Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred of Workington, contemporaries of William Rufus, but the exact nature of the relationship is unclear and indeed controversial. Most likely, the connection is through daughters or illegitimate sons of these two men. Some sources exist, as follows. ..

1. The most widespread account, that Ivo was simply the father Eldred, and Eldred the father (or grandfather) of Gilbert, unfortunately now seems to be wrong, or at least has gone out of favor.

The two authorities for a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert to William de Lancaster were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary’s Abbey in Yorkshire. See for example William Farrer’s comments in 1902: “The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A.D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A.D. 1155-1189; Richard I., A.D. 1189-1199; and King John, A.D. 1199-1216” See p.vii (Addenda and Corrigenda) concerning p.389 I.18. Also see what he wrote in 1909: “The Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey of the Premonstratensian Order” See p.305-8.

2. A connection to the Taillebois family, if it was indeed one family, seems to be justifiable as follows. The Coucher Book of Furness Abbey contains a concord (CCVI on pages 344-345 of the edition printed for the Chetham Society in 1887) wherein Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is party. In the genealogical notice it is claimed that William had been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale". This is the only relatively contemporary evidence for this assertion however, and it is has in fact been argued by John F. Curwen that William was not Baron in Kendal, but rather an under-lord there.

3. Concerning the connection to Eldred, in a Curia Regis Roll item dated 1212, R., 55, m. 6, Helewise and her husband Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid make claims based upon the fact that "Ketel filius Eutret" was an "antecessor" of Helewise. This could mean he was an ancestor, but it could also perhaps merely mean he was a predecessor more generally. More intriguingly, in one charter to St Leonard's York William refers to Ketel, the son of Elred, as his avunculus, which would literally mean "maternal uncle" (but the word was not always used precisely, the more general meaning of uncle might have been intended). (A 1357 charter printed in Ragg 1910 repeats the claim that Ketel son of Aldred was the avunculus of William son of Gilbert.)

Therefore Godith may have been a daughter of Elred of Workington, while Gilbert may have been a relative of Ivo de Taillebois, either through illegitimate sons, or perhaps one of his seeming brothers. There was in any case a Tailboys family present in Westmorland during the 12th century, for example in Cliburn, and these were presumably relatives of William de Lancaster. This family used the personal name Ivo at least once.

Descendants and relatives

William married Gundreda, perhaps his second wife, who was said to be the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois. She was the widow of Roger, the Earl of Warwick. Note that King Stephen's son, William, married Gundred's niece, Isabel de Warenne. This implies a very close relationship with the King's party.

William had issue:

  • Avicia, who married first to William de Peveral, and secondly to Richard de Morville, constable of Scotland.
  • William, who became William de Lancaster II, and whose legitimate heir Helewise de Lancaster married Gilbert son of Roger Fitz Reinfrid. Many modern Lancasters, especially in Cumbria, appear to descend from his two illegitimate sons, Gilbert and Jordan.
  • Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Pré in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
  • Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore (Farrer 1906).
  • Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang. (Farrer 1906).
  • Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea". The charters concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary say, firstly that William de Lancaster II confirmed a grant made by his father to Warine, father of Henry de Lea, and secondly, in Hugh de Morville's confirmation that this William de Lancaster I was "his uncle" (awnculi sui). Was William Henry's uncle or Warine's? If he was Warine's uncle then the theory is that Warine was the son of an otherwise unknown brother of William de Lancaster I named Gilbert.

Gilbert fitz Reinfrid and Helewise's son William also took up the name de Lancaster, becoming William de Lancaster III. He died without male heirs, heavily indebted - apparently due to payments demanded after he and his father were involved in the Baron's revolt.

William de Lancaster III's half brother Roger de Lancaster of Rydal inherited some of the Lancaster importance. It is thought that Roger was a son of Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, but not of Helewise de Lancaster. Roger is widely thought to be the ancestor of the Lancasters of Howgill and Rydal in Westmorland. (In fact the line starts with one John de Lancaster of Howgill, whose connection to Roger de Lancaster and his son, John de Lancaster of Grisedale and Stanstead, is unclear except for the fact that he took over Rydal and Grasmere from the latter John.)

The Lancasters of Sockbridge, Crake Trees, Brampton, Dacre, and several other manors in Westmorland and Cumberland, were apparently descended from William de Lancaster II's illegitimate son Gilbert de Lancaster. Many or perhaps all of the old Lancaster families found throughout Cumbria seem to descend from Gilbert and his brother Jordan.

The de Lea family eventually lost power in the time of Thomas de Lancaster, who was a member of the Plantagenet royal family.

Another Lancaster family, in Rainhill in Lancashire, also seems to have claimed descent, given that they used the same coat of arms as Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid and his sons (argent, two bars gules, with a canton of the second, and a "lion of England", either white or gold, in the canton). However the exact nature of the link is unknown. A branch of this family is said to have lived in Herstmonceaux in Sussex in recent centuries.

References

  • F. W. Ragg (1910) "De Lancaster". In Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. pp.395-493.
  • W. Farrer ed. (1902) The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A.D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A.D. 1155-1189; Richard I., A.D. 1189-1199; and King John, A.D. 1199-1216. The Latin Text Extended and Notes Added. Also Early Lancashire Charters of the Period From the Reign of William Rufus to That of King John. Liverpool: H. Young and Sons.
  • W. Farrer (1906) "The Lancaster Fee of Warton and Garstang". In William Farrer & J. Brownbill A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 1. pp.357-66.
  • "The Lancaster Family-by H.F. Lancaster- 1902" Library of Congress Call CS71.L245 1902
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 34-24, 38-25, 88-25.
  • Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants

External links

   * Paul Lawrence's webpage concerning the Lawrence family of Ashton who descend from the de Lancasters
   * William Dugdale's Monasticon. Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire.
   * Farrer's Introduction to his Records of Kendal. On British History Online. On Edenlinks website.
   * The Register of St Bees
   * The Lancaster webpage on mysite website and an ongoing work of Wade Lancaster

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  Contact: Carolyn Clark Campbell  

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ID: I8836

Name: William DE LANCASTER Gov.of Lancaster

Sex: M

Birth: 1100 in Lancaster, England

Death: 1170

Occupation: Gov.of Lancaster

Change Date: 14 MAR 1999

Father: Gilbert DE MERCIA

Mother: Godith

Marriage 1 Gundred DE WARREN b: ABT 1117 in Vermandois, Normandy, France

Children

Henry DE LANCASTER DE LEA
Avice DE LANCASTER b: ABT 1134 in Cumberland, England

----

Pedigree on the male line:

William de Lancaster -> Gilbert de Lancaster -> Ketel of Kendal -> Eldred of Kendal -> Yves Taillebois

-------------------------------------

From the British History Online page on Records relating to the Barony of Kendale, Volume 1:

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49272 Date accessed: 09 August 2010.

We now come to the difficult period which covered the reign of Stephen. Fortunately we possess distinct and clear evidence that Stephen, as king, enfeoffed a knight of the lands of Warton in Kentdale and the wide territory of Garstang, in Lancashire, to hold for the service of one knight. This was William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert by Godith his wife, (fn. 2) described in the Inquest of service made in 1212 as "Willelmus filius Gilberti primus," (fn. 3) that is, the first to be enfeoffed of that fee.

About the same time Roger de Mowbray, who was of age about the year 1140, enfeoffed the same William of all the grantor's land of Lonsdale, Kentdale and Horton in Ribblesdale, to hold by the service of four knights. (fn. 4) The date of this charter is indeterminate, but it was certainly issued during the period 1145–1154. It did not continue effective for very long.

During the greater part of Stephen's reign, Cumberland, Westmarieland, and probably Kentdale and Lancashire as far south as the Ribble, were in the hands of David of Scotland. A few of his charters of confirmation of this period relating to these regions have come down to us in monastic chartularies. (fn. 5)

Whilst under his rule all Westmarieland was granted to Hugh de Morevill, whom Sir Archibald C. Lawrie describes as David's "life-long friend." (fn. 6) He was constable of Scotland during the latter part of David's life.

When Henry II came to the throne, in 1154, it is certain that Westmarieland was in Morevill's hands and with it the lordship over the greater part of Kentdale. At that time William de Lancaster no longer held anything in Kentdale of Roger de Mowbray; but he appears to have held his lands in Westmarieland and Kentdale of Morevill by rendering Noutgeld of £14 6s. 3d. per annum, and some 16 carucates of land in nine vills in Kentdale as farmer under Morevill.

In 1166 William de Lancaster I held only two knight's fees, of the new feoffment of Roger de Mowbray in Sedbergh, Thornton, Burton in Lonsdale, and the other places in Yorkshire previously named, which his descendants held long after of the fee of Mowbray by the same service.

The Mowbray connexion with Kentdale had come to an end upon the accession of Henry II, who placed Hugh de Morevill in possession of Westmarieland in return, possibly, for past services and in pursuance of the policy of planting his favourites in regions of great strategic importance. Probably the change of paramount lord had little, if any, effect on the position of William de Lancaster in Kentdale.

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William was also called Willelm.

Willelm filius Gilberti, Baron Kendal of Workington, served as castellan of William FitzDuncan's castle of Egremont in 1138.

He married Gundred de Warenne, daughter of Guillaume II de Varennes, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Isabel de Vermandois, between 1153 and 1156.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p373.htm#i7935 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm )

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William l "Tallebois" FitzGilbert de Lancaster, 5th Baron of Kendal's Timeline

1102
1102
Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, Cumbria, England
1109
1109
Kendal, Westmoreland, England, UK
1144
1144
Age 35
1150
1150
Age 41
Kendal Castle, Westmorland, England
1154
1154
Age 45
Kendal, Westmoreland, England
1166
1166
Age 57
Kendal, Westmoreland, England, UK
1295
1295
Age 57
1992
November 19, 1992
Age 57
1993
April 30, 1993
Age 57
????